Ella Assaf

Ella Assaf
Tel Aviv University | TAU · Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near East Cultures

Phd

About

17
Publications
7,364
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315
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
263 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the techno-typological affinities of a specific Acheulo-Yabrudian lithic assemblage dated to over 300 ka years ago from Qesem Cave, a middle Pleistocene site in central Israel. Aspects of blade production, knapping trajectories, and lithic recycling are examined in detail, demonstrating that this assemblage, notwithstanding its...
Article
Full-text available
We present the techno-typological characteristics of a lithic assemblage earlier that 300 ka originating from the southern area of Qesem Cave, a Middle Pleistocene site in central Israel. Aspects of knapping trajectories were examined in detail (including core analyses), demonstrating that the southern area assemblage has some distinguishable featu...
Article
Full-text available
Shaped stone balls are ubiquitous in Oldowan and Acheulian sites worldwide. Despite years of research, very little is known about the shaping process of these items. A comprehensive literary review indicates variability in the types of rocks from which these items were shaped. At a number of sites, however, selectivity in the choice of materials us...
Article
Full-text available
Horashim East is a newly discovered Middle Palaeolithic open‐air occurrence in central Israel, revealed during a thematic prehistoric survey. Hundreds of lithic items were found, including an early‐stage biface, Levallois cores and products. As only a few open‐air settlements are known from the Middle Palaeolithic Levant, the discovery of Horashim...
Article
In this paper, I contend that children had a unique position in prehistoric social systems, functioning as primary assimilators of new technologies. Their role is especially crucial at significant turning points in history, due to a number of childhood-cognitive mechanisms that are activated in learning and playing while engaging in innovative acti...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we discuss the universal selection of exceptional materials for tool making in prehistory. The interpretation suggested in the literature for these non-standard materials is usually limited to a general statement, considering possible aesthetic values or a general, mostly unexplained, symbolic meaning. We discuss the implications of v...
Article
Social learning and knowledge transmission mechanisms are known to have played a key role in human cultural evolution. Findings from Middle Pleistocene Qesem Cave (420-200 kya) suggest that the cave's inhabitants learned and shared knowledge about stone knapping and other adaptive skills throughout the recurrent human occupation of the cave. Here I...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of shaped stone balls at early Paleolithic sites has attracted scholarly attention since the pioneering work of the Leakeys in Olduvai, Tanzania. Despite the persistent presence of these items in the archaeological record over a period of two million years, their function is still debated. We present new results from Middle Pleistocene...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents evidence of possible early human collaboration – the sharing of procured stone and of knowledge of lithic technology in the Middle Pleistocene at Qesem Cave (Israel). the results of a techno-typological analysis of lithic cores used for knapping stone tools reveal that some cores were shared among several knappers, both experien...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For some three million years humans have been collecting various materials - mainly stones and occasionally bones - for the production of tools and for other reasons. Many studies emphasize considerations of material's quality, ease of extraction from the enclosing matrix as well as proximity of the occupation sites to the source, as leading reason...
Article
Full-text available
This paper sheds light on the presence and significance of unusually small, colorful, unmodified, flint pebbles unearthed at Qesem Cave, a late Lower Paleolithic site in Israel. For over two million years, early humans were noticing, collecting and bringing "home" various non-utilitarian objects with aesthetic visible characteristics, in what seems...
Article
This paper focuses on the results of a preliminary study of flint items densities in different areas and different parts of the stratigrapahic column of Qesem Cave. Qesem Cave is a karst chamber cave with a ~10m stratigraphic sequence assigned to the Acheulo-Yabrudian Cultural Complex (AYCC) of the late Lower Paleolithic in the Levant dated to 420-...
Article
Full-text available
The study of lithic recycling in Paleolithic cultures throughout the Old World is increasingly becoming a topic of interest for many scholars. Technological analyses, refitting, and spatial analyses are disclosing the “recycling behavior” of many contexts, especially those of Lower and Middle Paleolithic sites. Still lacking, however, is a function...
Article
Full-text available
Qesem Cave is a Middle Pleistocene site in Israel assigned to the Acheulo-Yabrudian Cultural Complex (AYCC). The cave reveals a suite of innovative behaviors including intensive flint recycling activities. In this paper, we present a new classification system, developed for the study of lithic recycling at Qesem Cave. Through the careful technologi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents new results regarding lithic recycling in three flint assemblages from Qesem Cave, a late Lower Paleolithic site in Israel assigned to the Acheulo-Yabrudian Cultural Complex (AYCC). The study focuses on the similarities and differences in lithic recycling at the cave between the Amudian and Yabrudian industries as well as within...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Exploring spheroids/polyhedrons from Acheulo-Yabrudian Qesem Cave
Project
Identifying learning processes related to knapping in the Paleolithic period