Elke Albrecht

Elke Albrecht
Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology | FBN · Institute of Muscle Biology and Growth

35.9
 · 
Dr. agr.

About

113
Publications
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Publications

Publications (113)
Article
Full-text available
The premelanosome protein (PMEL) is important for fibril formation within melanosomes during vertebrate melanogenesis. Fibrils form a matrix for pigment deposition within pigmented tissues such as skin and hair. PMEL mutations are known to modulate eumelanic pigmentation in vertebrates. However, in bovines, PMEL mutations were also found to alter p...
Article
Full-text available
The elucidation of the mechanisms of preadipocyte differentiation and fat accumulation in adipocytes is a major work in beef cattle breeding. As important post-transcriptional regulators, microRNAs (miRNAs) take part in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and fat metabolism through binding seed sites of targeting mRNAs. The aim of this...
Article
Full-text available
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can influence transcriptional and translational processes in mammalian cells and are associated with various developmental, physiological and phenotypic conditions. However, they remain poorly understood and annotated in livestock species. We combined phenotypic, metabolomics and liver transcriptomic data of bulls div...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Considerable uncertainty remains regarding the veracity of measuring myokine irisin more than seven years after its original description. Unresolved issues include the nature of transcription of the irisin precursor fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (FNDC5) gene across species, the reliability of irisin levels measured with commerc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Genomic regions associated with divergent livestock feed efficiency have been found predominantly outside protein coding sequences. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) can modulate chromatin accessibility, gene expression and act as important metabolic regulators in mammals. By integrating phenotypic, transcriptomic, and metabolomic data with...
Article
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This study is aimed at improving a protocol for measuring fatty acids in cattle hair with respect to sensitivity, repeatability, and speed to increase its applicability as a biomarker. For the investigation, 14 hair samples from German Holstein cows are used. Alternative methods for grinding the hair (mortar vs mill), lipid extraction (modified Fol...
Article
This study aimed at improving a protocol for measuring fatty acids in cattle hair with respect to sensitivity, repeatability, and speed to increase its applicability as a biomarker. For the investigation, 14 hair samples from German Holstein cows were used. Alternative methods for grinding the hair (mortar versus mill), lipid extraction (modified F...
Article
Full-text available
High ambient temperature has multiple potential effects on the organism such as hyperthermia, endotoxemia, and/or systemic inflammation. However, it is often difficult to discriminate between cause and consequence of phenotypic effects, such as the indirect influence of heat stress via reduced food intake. Lactating dairy cows are a particularly se...
Article
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Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) facilitates the transport of retinol in the body but is also an adipokine and fatty acid transporter. Our study was aimed at investigating the associations between RBP4 abundance and fat deposition in cattle. Blood samples of 246 crossbred bulls were taken at 8 months of age and at slaughter at 18 months of age for...
Article
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Unlike specific expression in the skin of wild mice, the agouti signaling protein (ASIP) is expressed widely in the tissue of cattle, including adipose and muscle tissue. Hence, it has been suggested that ASIP plays a role in bovine fat metabolism. An inserted L1-BT element was recently identified upstream of the ASIP locus which led to an ectopic...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was conducted to assess the effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium AL41 (EF) and of the enteric pathogen Salmonella Enteritidis PT4 (SE) on the development of posthatch pectoralis major muscle (PM) of broiler chicks. The four experimental groups were control (CON), EF, SE, and EF+SE (EFSE). EF and SE were given per os from...
Article
Retinol deficiency in concentrate rich diets is known to increase body fat deposition in cattle. Retinol is carried through the blood stream to different organs and tissues by retinol binding proteins (RBP), synthesized and secreted primarily in the liver. The current study investigated whether RBP4 abundance in circulation, liver and adipose tissu...
Conference Paper
High temperatures jeopardize animal welfare of dairy cows. During periods of hot weather, leaky gut syndrome, characterized by impaired gut integrity, may occur. Diminished intestinal barrier facilitates penetration of toxic and bacterial compounds, leading to increased inflammation in jejunum and reflected by increased appearance of immune cells....
Article
Full-text available
Transcriptome analyses of bovine muscle tissue differing in intramuscular fat (IMF) content identified agouti signaling protein (ASIP) as a promising candidate gene for fat deposition. The protein is secreted from adipocytes and may serve as a signaling molecule in cross-talk between adipocytes and muscle fibers or other cells. Known receptors for...
Article
Full-text available
The protective effect of polysaccharide glucan in chickens fed low doses of T-2 toxin was assessed. The binder effect of β-D-glucan on jejunal mucosa in relation to the expression of Na ⁺ /K ⁺ -ATPase, proliferative activity of enterocytes and number of goblet cells was investigated. A total of 40 one-day-old chickens were allocated to four groups:...
Article
Activity of brown and beige adipocytes could contribute to breed differences in fat deposition. Therefore, we compared the abundance of markers for adipocyte types in steers from three cattle breeds differing in fat deposition (Japanese Black, Holstein, Charolais). Markers for white (leptin (LEP)), beige (transmembrane protein 26 (TMEM26), uncoupli...
Article
Birth weight differences have been shown to affect body composition in pigs and other species. However, data on effects of birth weight differences on morphological and cellular traits of carcass in bulls with a longer fattening period are scarce. Consequently, we have analyzed 2 groups of bulls from an experimental F2 cross (Charolais × Holstein)...
Article
Appearance, distribution, and amount of intramuscular fat (IMF), often referred to as marbling, are highly variable and depend on environmental and genetic factors. On the molecular level, the concerted action of several drivers, including hormones, receptors, transcription factors, etc., determines where clusters of adipocytes arise. Therefore, th...
Article
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Thyroid hormone responsive protein (THRSP) is known to be involved in lipogenic processes in rodents. In cattle, THRSP could be a potential molecular marker for intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition since mRNA abundance was frequently found to be increased in skeletal muscle with high IMF content compared to those with low IMF. The aim of this study w...
Article
Free fatty acid receptors (FFAR) play significant roles in various physiological processes, including energy metabolism, through interaction with their ligands, fatty acids. To determine whether the receptors FFAR1 and FFAR2 are involved in the regulation of liver metabolism during the peripartal period, we selected 13 German Holstein multiparous d...
Article
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Maternal nutrition is important for the risk of the offspring to develop insulin resistance and adiposity later in life. The study was undertaken to determine effects of maternal butyrate supplementation on lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity in the offspring skeletal muscle. The offspring of rats, fed a control diet or a butyrate diet (1% sod...
Article
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For the assessment of genetic or conditional factors of fat cell browning, novel and polygenic animal models are required. Therefore, the long-term selected polygenic mouse line DUhTP originally established in Dummerstorf for high treadmill performance is used. DUhTP mice are characterized by increased fat accumulation in the sedentary condition an...
Article
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Transcriptomes of Musculus longissimus dorsi (MLD) were compared between bulls from a F2-cross derived from Charolais and Holstein Friesian. Two groups of 10 bulls were selected which differed significantly in intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition despite standardized husbandry and feeding conditions and identical sires in both groups. Consequently, g...
Article
Among several potential animal models that can be used for adipogenic studies, Wagyu cattle is the one that presents unique molecular mechanisms underlying the deposit of substantial amounts of intramuscular fat. As such, this review is focused on current knowledge of such mechanisms related to adipose tissue deposition using Wagyu cattle as model....
Article
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Intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition is a physiological process in cattle and is highly variable among breeds suggesting a large influence of genetic factors besides environmental factors. In order to elucidate molecular pathways underlying the genetic variation in this trait we compared transcriptomes of Musculus longissimus dorsi (MLD) in steers of...
Article
Intrauterine growth retardation is associated with metabolic consequences in adulthood. Since our previous data indicate birth weight-dependent effects of feed restriction (R) on protein degradation processes in the liver, it should be investigated whether effects on connective tissue turnover are obvious and could be explained by global changes of...
Article
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White adipose tissue is recognized as a highly active organ, which is closely related to a large number of physiological and metabolic processes besides storing triglycerides. However, little is known regarding the response of adipose tissue to acute inflammation. Therefore, in this study we employed growing pigs to investigate the changes of lipid...
Article
The aim of this study was to develop adequate in vitro conditions for the differentiation of bovine skeletal muscle cells. Therefore, satellite cells isolated from the left foreleg of a Holstein-Friesian fetus at 4.5 mo of gestation were seeded on 24-well plates coated with extracellular matrix gel. Cells were cultured for 5 d in growth medium cont...
Article
Full-text available
Feed efficiency is a paramount factor for livestock economy. Previous studies had indicated a substantial heritability of several feed efficiency traits. In our study, we investigated the genetic background of residual feed intake, a commonly used parameter of feed efficiency, in a cattle resource population generated from crossing dairy and beef c...
Article
Full-text available
The myokine irisin is supposed to be cleaved from a transmembrane precursor, FNDC5 (fibronectin type III domain containing 5), and to mediate beneficial effects of exercise on human metabolism. However, evidence for irisin circulating in blood is largely based on commercial ELISA kits which are based on polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) not previously t...
Article
Localization and abundance of early markers of adipogenic differentiation were investigated in bovine muscle tissue to verify their association with marbling development. Bovine skeletal muscle samples were used for immunohistochemical localization and measurement of mRNA and protein abundance of delta-like homolog 1 (DLK1) and CCAAT/enhancer-bindi...
Article
Full-text available
Adipose tissue is considered as a major endocrine organ that secretes numerous proteins called adipokines. The heterogeneous nature of adipose tissue in different parts of the body suggests respective heterogeneity of proteomes and secretomes. This review consolidates knowledge from recent studies targeting the diversity of different adipose depots...
Conference Paper
Abstract Text: Recent studies highlighted the NCAPG/LCORL region as well as the GDF8 gene encoding myostatin being associated with genetic modulation of growth in several mammalian species. Specifically, the NCAPG I442M locus had been associated with pre- and postnatal growth in cattle. Furthermore, it had been demonstrated that the highest effect...
Article
Full-text available
Recent findings regarding the response of fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5 (Fndc5) and irisin to exercise are partly controversial. While the 25 kDa form of Fndc5 can be observed in muscle and serum of different species, the ~12 kDa irisin band was not detectable up to now. The present study aimed to clarify whether irisin exists in...
Article
Full-text available
The transmembrane protein FNDC5 was recently characterized as precursor of an exercise induced myokine named irisin. Previous studies found a relationship between circulating irisin levels and muscle mass in humans. Consequently, we tested the hypothesis whether FNDC5/irisin is involved in the modulation of body composition in cattle. Since informa...
Article
Objective of the study was to assess the breed effect on fatty acid (FA) composition of different adipose tissues and on mRNA expression of genes involved in adipogenesis and fat metabolism. Japanese Black (JB) and Holstein (HS) steers were kept under equivalent conditions with high energy intake resulting in large differences in intramuscular fat...
Article
Intramuscular fat (IMF) is a major determinant of beef quality but the underlying genetic mechanisms for its accumulation in skeletal muscle are only partially understood. The study aimed at identification of candidate genes for IMF deposition in cattle. Global gene expression was analyzed in M. longissimus of 2 x 10 bulls of a Charolais x Holstein...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological and experimental data indicate that caloric restriction in early postnatal life may improve liver lipid metabolism in low birth weight individuals. The present study investigated transcriptional and metabolic responses to low (U) and normal (N) birth weight (d 75, T1) and postnatal feed restriction (R, 60% of controls, d 98, T2) fol...
Article
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Systems biology enables the identification of gene networks that modulate complex traits. Comprehensive metabolomic analyses provide innovative phenotypes that are intermediate between the initiator of genetic variability, the genome, and raw phenotypes that are influenced by a large number of environmental effects. The present study combines two c...
Article
The present study was conducted to investigate whether maternal dietary fat affects the fatty acid composition of the longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle in offspring pigs at weaning and finishing stages. Fourteen sows were randomly assigned to a control or a high fat (HF) group. The HF sows received a diet containing 8% corn oil starting seven days b...
Article
Agouti-related protein (AgRP), produced by neurons located in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus stimulates feed intake. During early lactation dairy cows increase their feed intake and additionally mobilize their fat reserves leading to increased plasma non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations. Since cows with a higher extent of fat mo...
Article
Full-text available
Dedifferentiated fat cells (DFAT cells) are derived from lipid-containing (mature) adipocytes, which possess the ability to symmetrically or asymmetrically proliferate, replicate, and redifferentiate/transdifferentiate. Robust cell isolation and downstream culture methods are needed to isolate large numbers of DFAT cells from any (one) adipose depo...
Article
Muscle fiber development during gestation determines the muscle structure at birth and establishes the conditions for muscle development in growing cattle. Differences in muscle structure among beef cattle breeds and between beef and dairy cattle are obvious already shortly after birth. The objective of the study was to investigate the development...
Article
Full-text available
As the obesity epidemic continues, more Americans are getting fatter, having more weight-related problems such as cardiovascular disease, and are experiencing new metabolic dysfunctions. For over 50 years, the adipose tissue (AT), commonly referred to as fat, has been of interest to academic and clinical scientists, public health officials and indi...
Article
Full-text available
Dedifferentiated fat cells (DFAT cells) are derived from lipid-containing (mature) adipocytes, which possess the ability to symmetrically or asymmetrically proliferate, replicate, and redifferentiate/transdifferentiate. Robust cell isolation and downstream culture methods are needed to isolate large numbers of DFAT cells from any (one) adipose depo...
Chapter
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in pigs has been shown to increase body fatness and decrease meat quality (Rehfeldt et al., 2006). Moreover, IUGR was reported to lead to altered metabolic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function later in life (Poore et al., 2003). Previous experiments indicated that caloric restriction in early...
Data
a b s t r a c t The dynamics of human and animal adipogenesis has been defined using several traditional cell sys-tems including stromal vascular cells and adipocyte-related cell lines. But a relatively new cell system using progeny cells stemming from the dedifferentiation of purified cultures of mature adipocytes may be used for studying the deve...
Article
Full-text available
Beef and dairy cows differ in the way in which they utilise nutrients and in accretion or mobilisation of body reserves during lactation. Thus far, little is known about the impact of lactation performance on body composition, meat quality, and the related muscle structure of cows with a defined, combined beef and dairy genetic background. In the d...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, Erhualian and Pietrain pigs were employed to investigate the breedspecific patterns of hepatic gluconeogenesis by detecting the related enzyme mRNA expression, and to analyse the relationship with the hepatic glucocorticoid receptors and 11ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) expression. Furthermore, hepatic DNA me...
Article
Ruminal vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (vH(+)-ATPase) activity is regulated by metabolic signals. Thus, we tested if its localization, expression and activity were changed by different feeding. Young male sheep (n = 12) were either fed hay ad libitum (h) or hay ad libitum plus additional concentrate (h/c) for two weeks. The vH(+)-ATPase B subunit signal was...
Article
The dynamics of human and animal adipogenesis has been defined using several traditional cell systems including stromal vascular cells and adipocyte-related cell lines. But a relatively new cell system using progeny cells stemming from the dedifferentiation of purified cultures of mature adipocytes may be used for studying the development and biolo...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the present study was to examine the effects of long-term supplementing diets with saturated or unprotected polyunsaturated fatty acids from two different plant oils rich in either n-3 or n-6 fatty acids (FAs) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich algae on mammary gene expression and milk fat composition in lactating dairy cows. Gene...
Article
Full-text available
Beside its role in melanogenesis, the agouti signaling protein (ASIP) has been related to obesity. The potentially crucial role in adipocyte development makes it a tempting candidate for economic relevant, fat related traits in farm animals. The objective of our study was to characterize the mRNA expression of different ASIP transcripts and of puta...
Data
Full-text available
L1-BT insertion at the ASIP locus, expression of transcript 2C and genotypes at the coat color locus MC1R in different cattle breeds and crosses. (PDF)
Data
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Primers sequences and characteristics. (PDF)
Data
Full-text available
ASIP mRNA abundance (all transcripts) and abundance of transcript 1B in bovine subcutaneous fat (SCF). Bars represent means of fold changes compared to Holstein (n = 5) with 95% confidence interval, marked by vertical lines. Different letters indicate significant differences to Holstein within tissue (p<0.05). Number of samples: Japanese Black (n =...