Elke van der Meer

Elke van der Meer
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | HU Berlin · Department of Psychology

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129
Publications
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Publications

Publications (129)
Article
The perception of everyday events is thought to imply the segmentation into discrete sub-events. Involvement of dopaminergic networks in this process could relate to particular problems of persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD) to recall recent activities. In an event segmentation task, persons with PD and healthy controls had to indicate the beginn...
Article
Full-text available
Persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) often show particular problems in seemingly simple routines despite relatively preserved cognitive function. We therefore investigated the processing of everyday events on behavioral and neurophysiological levels in a PD and control group. The participants had to indicate via button press whether three sequenti...
Article
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Aging has been associated with a motivational shift to positive over negative information (i.e., positivity effect), which is often explained by a limited future time perspective (FTP) within the framework of socioemotional selectivity theory (SST). However, whether a limited FTP functions similarly in younger and older adults, and whether inter-in...
Chapter
Digitalwissenschaft kann Temposteuerung und Erkenntnisvalidität auf ihrem Gebiet, aber im abgesicherten Modus auch für andere Bereiche ermöglichen. Sie wird sich dabei der Medien und Techniken bedienen, die sie selbst erforscht, sie wird also teilnehmende Beobachterin sein. Aber auch das ist seit der Antike nichts Neues. Was große Philosophen durch...
Article
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Musical expertise promotes both the perception and the processing of music. The aim of the present study was to analyze if musicians compared to non-musicians already have auditory processing advantages at the neural level. 50 musicians and 50 non-musicians worked on a task to determine the individual auditory difference threshold (individual JND t...
Article
Present evidence regarding widely used risk assessment tools suggests that such tools may have inferior predictive validity for offenders with a migration background (MB), especially from Turkey and Arab countries. Based on a thorough literature review, we investigated additional risk and protective factors via a postdictive correlational study des...
Article
Full-text available
Present evidence regarding widely used risk assessment tools suggests that such tools may have inferior predictive validity for offenders with a migration background (MB), especially from Turkey and Arab countries. Based on a thorough literature review, we investigated additional risk and protective factors via a postdictive correlational study des...
Preprint
Full-text available
Present evidence regarding widely used risk assessment tools suggests that such tools may have inferior predictive validity for offenders with a migration background (MB), especially from Turkey and Arab countries. Based on a thorough literature review, we investigated additional risk and protective factors via a postdictive correlational study des...
Article
The synchrony effect (i.e. superior performance at optimal, inferior performance at suboptimal times of day) has been broadly studied within the context of circadian rhythms. Whether one chronotype copes better with the synchrony effect than the other received only insufficient empirical attention. We report on an applied experimental study investi...
Article
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We systematically linked cross-cultural literature to the Central Eight risk factors as an example of risk assessment procedures. We expected offenders with a migration background (MB) from Turkey or Arab countries to score higher on criminal history, criminal attitudes, antisocial companions, and education and employment problems in comparison to...
Article
During information processing, individuals benefit from bimodally presented input, as has been demonstrated for speech perception (i.e., printed letters and speech sounds) or the perception of emotional expressions (i.e., facial expression and voice tuning). While typically developing individuals show this bimodal benefit, school children with dysl...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Warum Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund (MH) delinquent werden, ist eine Frage, die gesellschaftlich intensiv diskutiert wird und durch die hohe Diversität der Straffälligenpopulation auch kriminalpolitisch sehr bedeutsam ist. Bislang gibt es jedoch kaum Kriminaltheorien, die systematisch Migrationsstressoren und Aspekte der kultur...
Article
Our everyday interactions depend on the ability to maintain a feeling of control over our bodily actions, that is, the sense of agency. The intentional binding effect – a perceived temporal shortening between voluntary actions and sensory outcomes – has been shown to implicitly measure agency. We investigated the effect’s underlying mechanisms: pre...
Chapter
Diese Studie untersuchte am Beispiel der Einweisungsabteilung in Berlin anhand welcher Kriterien die Entscheidung über eine Unterbringung im offenen Vollzug getroffen wurde und welchen Einfluss der Migrationshintergrund auf die Entscheidung hatte. Dem retrospektiv aktenbasierten Studiendesign wurde ein Forschungsmodell zugrunde gelegt, in welchem...
Chapter
Ziel dieser Studie war es, Erkenntnisse aus der Interkulturellen Psychologie für die Kriminalprognose nutzbar zu machen. Ausgehend von diesen Erkenntnissen wurden Hypothesen über Unterschiede in der Ausprägung der „Big 4“ (Andrews & Bonta, 2010) formuliert. Darüber hinaus wurde überprüft, inwieweit sich die Rückfallvorhersage je nach kulturellem Hi...
Article
Full-text available
Intact phonological processing is crucial for successful literacy acquisition. While individuals with difficulties in reading and spelling (i.e., developmental dyslexia) are known to experience deficient phoneme discrimination (i.e., segmental phonology), findings concerning their prosodic processing (i.e., suprasegmental phonology) are controversi...
Article
This study on analogical reasoning evaluates the impact of fluid intelligence on adaptive changes in neural efficiency over the course of an experiment and specifies the underlying cognitive processes. Grade 10 students (N=80) solved unfamiliar geometric analogy tasks of varying difficulty. Neural efficiency was measured by the event-related desync...
Chapter
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The process of knowledge acquisition involves a variety of challenges students are typically faced with. This chapter focuses on some less familiar cognitive and physiological mechanisms strongly infl uencing learning and memory that, if applied correctly, can have a boosting effect on the brain and its cognitive performance. After a short overview...
Article
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Purpose: The diagnosis of cancer, the symptoms of the illness and its treatment have an influence on how patients and their caregivers experience distress. However, data focusing on caregivers and their cancer-related distress in the outpatient setting is sparse. This study aimed to compare cancer-related distress of caregivers and patients and to...
Article
Previous work on the neural underpinnings of emotional conflict processing has largely focused on designs that instruct participants to ignore a distracter which conflicts with a target. In contrast, this study investigated the noninstructed experience and evaluation of an emotional conflict, where positive or negative cues can be subjectively prio...
Article
In 2013, there were nearly 40.000 road accidents under the influence of alcohol in Germany. This is only one indicator for the hazard of alcohol in traffic. Only 0.17 % of about 54 million driving license holders have to take part in a medical-psychological assessment ordered by the driving license authority. Of these, 0.17 % only 48 % are due to d...
Article
Scripts that store knowledge of everyday events are fundamentally important for managing daily routines. Content event knowledge (i.e., knowledge about which events belong to a script) and temporal event knowledge (i.e., knowledge about the chronological order of events in a script) constitute qualitatively different forms of knowledge. However, th...
Article
Successful communication in everyday life crucially involves the processing of auditory and visual components of speech. Viewing our interlocutor and processing visual components of speech facilitates speech processing by triggering auditory processing. Auditory phoneme processing, analyzed by event-related brain potentials (ERP), has been shown to...
Article
This study investigates the representation of the temporal progression of events by means of the causal change in a patient. Subjects were asked to verify the relationship between adjectives denoting a source and resulting feature of a patient. The features were presented either chronologically or inversely to a primed event context given by a verb...
Article
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This study investigates the impact of cultural background on creativity and schizotypy. Verbal and figural creativity, as well as schizotypal personality traits were assessed in 45 German and 46 Russian individuals. First, while Russian women scored higher on creative abilites than German women, German men scored higher than Russian men. Second, Ge...
Article
Despite promising experimental findings, few studies have addressed the potential long-term health benefits of frequent contact with different kinds of urban nature. We examine the cross-sectional relations between two kinds of urban nature (neighborhood vegetation visible from the home, use of public green spaces) and health outcomes (life satisfa...
Article
The aim of this study was (a) to examine the factorial structure of coping with ambient stress and (b) to examine the stressor-specificity of coping strategies. A German questionnaire was compiled and tested in an online survey (N = 703). Most of the final 23 items referred to environmental burdens and pollution in general. Exploratory and confirma...
Article
This study investigates cognitive resource allocation dependent on fluid and numerical intelligence in arithmetic/algebraic tasks varying in difficulty. Sixty-six 11th grade students participated in a mathematical verification paradigm, while pupil dilation as a measure of resource allocation was collected. Students with high fluid intelligence sol...
Article
Full-text available
The present study explores the processing of temporal information in event knowledge by focusing on the transition from an earlier, source state to a later, goal state. Participants were presented with an event verb followed by antonymous adjectives or adverbs denoting an earlier state and a later state. The states were presented either chronologic...
Article
Objectives: We aimed to examine the efficacy of two psycho-oncological interventions in anxiety, depression, and self-perceived as well as physiological stress in inpatients with gynaecological cancer. Methods: Forty-five women were included in the trial. Thirty-five were categorized as being at high risk of anxiety and depression, and were rand...
Article
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Based on a psychological stress perspective, this paper investigates the relation between the physical environmental quality and neighborhood social capital. A survey and qualitative interviews were conducted in urban residential street blocks with high and low levels of environmental burdens as a dichotomous predictor. The socioeconomic condition...
Article
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Little is known about the impact of temporal orientation (chronotype; time perspective) on cognitive performance. This study adopted a psychophysiological approach to explore how chronotype (morningness-eveningness) and time perspective (present; future) influence time succession as another aspect of psychological time that is entailed within scrip...
Article
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Perceptual decisions not only depend on the incoming information from sensory systems but constitute a combination of current sensory evidence and internally accumulated information from past encounters. Although recent evidence emphasizes the fundamental role of prior knowledge for perceptual decision making, only few studies have quantified the r...
Article
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Event knowledge includes persons and objects and their roles in the event. This study investigated whether the progression of patients from a source to a resulting feature, such as the progression of hair that is cut from long to short, forms part of event representations. Subjects were presented with an event prime followed by two adjectives and a...
Article
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Two of the most important cultural abilities are reading and writing. One can imagine how essential they are for addressing the challenges in everyday life. It is surprising that even in Germany, a highly developed country, there are still about 7.5 million individuals who cannot read or write sufficiently [1]. This large number of individuals with...
Article
Objectives: The present review of literature examines the relationship of alcohol consumption and fitness to drive. The legal limit (1,6 ‰) for establishing fitness to drive by means of a medical-psychological assessment (MPA) in Germany is analyzed on the background of published empirical research to present recommendations for the improvement of...
Article
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Pathological gambling (PG) shares clinical characteristics with substance-use disorders and is thus discussed as a behavioral addiction. Recent neuroimaging studies on PG report functional changes in prefrontal structures and the mesolimbic reward system. While an imbalance between these structures has been related to addictive behavior, whether th...
Article
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How do humans perceive the passage of time and the duration of events without a dedicated sensory system for timing? Previous studies have demonstrated that when a stimulus changes over time, its duration is subjectively dilated, indicating that duration judgments are based on the number of changes within an interval. In this study, we tested predi...
Article
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The chronotype (morningness/eveningness) relates to individual differences in circadian preferences. Time perspective (past, present, future) refers to the preference to rely on a particular temporal frame for decision-making processes and behavior. First evidence suggests that future time perspective is associated with greater morningness and pres...
Poster
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Despite the growing body of literature identifying cross-cultural differences concerning numerous aspects of human behavior, intercultural issues are hardly addressed in the domain of psychology and law. The limited literature that deals with the applicability of popular risk-assessment tools suggests that there may be differences between ethnicall...
Article
Full-text available
While ischemic stroke reflects focal damage determined by the affected vascular territory, clinical symptoms are often more complex and may be better explained by additional indirect effects of the focal lesion. Assumed to be structurally underpinned by anatomical connections, supporting evidence has been found using alterations in the functional c...
Article
These days, illiteracy is still a major problem. There is empirical evidence that auditory phoneme discrimination is one of the factors contributing to written language acquisition. The current study investigated auditory phoneme discrimination in participants who did not acquire written language sufficiently. Auditory phoneme discrimination was an...
Article
Full-text available
As urban green spaces are important for residential satisfaction, human preferences are a key criterion in their design. However, preferences may vary between landscape planners and residents, which may result in differences between residents’ demands and the actual design. With urban derelict land becoming an important part of the urban green infr...
Article
Full-text available
Mental representations of events contain many components such as typical agents, instruments, objects as well as a temporal dimension that is directed towards the future. Whilst the role of temporal orientation (chronological, reverse) in event knowledge has been demonstrated by numerous studies, little is known about the influence of time perspect...
Article
Urban living environments are known to influence human well-being and health; however, little is known about the multidimensionality of different environmental burdens. The aim of this study is to examine the relations between multiple burdens and self-rated health of city residents in Berlin. A spatial analysis was conducted to determine neighborh...
Article
How do observers judge the passage of time at a short time-scale? Humans are not equipped with a dedicated sensory system for perceiving durations in the same way as they are equipped with systems for perceiving light and sound. Thus, subjective duration depends on the sensory and cognitive processes triggered by sensory input, eg visual or auditor...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific models of schizophrenia (SZ) lack specificity with regard to progression and etiology of the disease. The aim of this review is to demonstrate that cognitive aberrations associated with impairments of the visual system are disease progression markers from the early SZ prodrome to the chronic, stabilized syndrome. We argue that disrupted...
Article
Full-text available
Accessing the temporal position of events (early or late in the event sequence) can influence the generation of predictions about upcoming events. However, it is unclear how the temporal position is processed strategically. To investigate this, we presented event pairs to 23 healthy volunteers manipulating temporal order (chronological, inverse) an...
Article
Illiteracy remains a world-wide problem not only for children but also for adults. Phonological processing has been defined as a crucial factor for the acquisition of written language, which usually occurs in childhood. However, it is unclear to what extent phonological processing is necessary in order for adults to acquire written language skills....
Article
Full-text available
lliteracy remains a world-wide problem not only for children but also for adults. Phonolog- ical processing has been defined as a crucial factor for the acquisition of written language, which usually occurs in childhood. However, it is unclear to what extent phonological pro- cessing is necessary in order for adults to acquire written language skil...
Article
Full-text available
Accessing the temporal position of events (early or late in the event sequence) can influence the generation of predictions about upcoming events. However, it is unclear how the temporal position is processed strategically. To investigate this, we presented event pairs to 23 healthy volunteers manipulating temporal order (chronological, inverse) an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Damit vegetationsbestandene Brachflächen in Städten Funktionen herkömmlicher Grünflächen übernehmen und dabei ihre ökologischen und ökonomischen Vorteile beibehalten können, sind auf Planungsseite sehr gezielt kleine, aber wirkungsvolle Gestaltungseingriffe vorzunehmen. Die vorliegende Untersuchung nutzte computergenerierte Fotos, um effektive Gest...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive deficits of patients with schizophrenia have been largely recognized as core symptoms of the disorder. One neglected factor that contributes to these deficits is the comprehension of time. In the present study, we assessed temporal information processing and manipulation from short- and long-term memory in 34 patients with chronic schizop...
Article
Developmental neuropsychology and functional neuroimaging evidence indicates that simple and complex mental calculation is subserved by a fronto-parietal network. However, the effective connectivity (connection direction and strength) among regions within the fronto-parietal network is still unexplored. Combining event-related fMRI and multivariate...
Article
Scripts store the temporal order of component events of everyday activities as well as the temporal position of the events within the activity (early or late). When confronted with an activity, predictions are generated about how the component events will unfold. Thereby, an error-detection mechanism continuously monitors whether they unfold as ant...
Article
The development of language proficiency extends late into childhood and includes not only producing or comprehending sounds, words and sentences, but likewise larger utterances spanning beyond sentence borders like dialogs. Dialogs consist of information units whose value constantly varies within a verbal exchange. While information is focused when...
Article
The current study investigated cognitive resource allocation in discourse processing by means of pupil dilation and behavioral measures. Short question-answer dialogs were presented to listeners. Either the context question queried a new information focus in the successive answer, or else the context query was corrected in the answer sentence (corr...
Article
Briefly presented (e.g., 10 ms) emotional stimuli (e.g., angry faces) can influence behavior and physiology. Yet, they are difficult to identify in an emotion detection task. The current study investigated whether identification can be improved by focusing participants on their internal reactions. In addition, we tested how variations in presentati...
Chapter
In psychology, there is converging empirical evidence that it is necessary to differentiate between objective and subjective attributes of the environment and to take into account accompanying processes of perception and evaluation in examining the way humans interact with the environment. Amérigo (1990) and Amérigo and Aragonés (1997) proposed a c...
Article
Full-text available
Fluid intelligence is the ability to think flexibly and to understand abstract relations. People with high fluid intelligence (hi-fluIQ) perform better in analogical reasoning tasks than people with average fluid intelligence (ave-fluIQ). Although previous neuroimaging studies reported involvement of parietal and frontal brain regions in geometric...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive deficits are of fundamental importance to the clinical picture of schizophrenia and are on the verge to be included as diagnostic criteria in the DSM-V. While focusing on information processing deficits, no emphasis has been put on whether patients' deficits can be accounted for by maladaptive information acquisition strategy deployment....
Article
Full-text available
About one tenth of the world’s population cannot read and write sufficiently. Cognitive abilities, such as se- lective attention and crystallized as well as fluid intelligence, have been defined as crucial factors for the ac- quisition of written language skills. However, it is unclear whether these abilities are necessary also for the alphabetizat...