Elke Van Hoof

Elke Van Hoof
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Experimental and Applied Psychology (EXTO)

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91
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Publications (91)
Article
Full-text available
The Covid-19 pandemic is primarily viewed as a threat to physical health, and therefore, biomedical sciences have become an integral part of the public discourse guiding policy decisions. Nonetheless, the pandemic and the measures implemented have an impact on the population’s psychosocial health. The impact of Covid-19 on the psychosocial care sys...
Article
The current paper presents a detailed examination of a lay theory perspective on the Sensory-Processing-Sensitivity (SPS) personality profile within the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality. The lay SPS personality profile was assessed by asking self-identified highly sensitive people to rate themselves on a Five-Factor Model questionnaire (NEO-P...
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Although it is believed that physical activity, sedentary, and dietary behavior (i.e., energy balance-related behavior) may decrease the risk of burn-out, the association between both is currently not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesize studies investigating the relationship between energy balance-related...
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This study aimed to investigate whether people scoring higher (compared to lower) on sensory-processing sensitivity respond differently to the work environment. Specifically, based on the literature on sensory-processing sensitivity and the Job Demands-Resources model, we predicted that the three components of sensory-processing sensitivity (i.e. e...
Article
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Purpose To describe: (i) patterns of self-employment and social welfare provisions for self-employed and salaried workers in several European countries; (ii) work-related outcomes after cancer in self-employed people and to compare these with the work-related outcomes of salaried survivors within each sample; and (iii) work-related outcomes for sel...
Article
Objective An increasing number of breast cancer (BC) survivors of working age require return to work (RTW) support. Previous research indicated that effective RTW interventions start early, are participatory and contain adjuvant occupational therapy (OT). This paper aims at developing an OT oriented RTW intervention to be embedded as usual care wit...
Article
Rationale, aims, and objectives: The systematic assessment of cancer patients well-being and care needs is internationally recommended to optimize comprehensive cancer care. The Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System (CARES) is a psychometrically robust quality of life and needs assessment tool of US origin, developed in the early 1990s. This art...
Chapter
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effectiveness of screening and assessment of psychosocial well-being and care needs on the well-being of people with cancer. To explore the intervention characteristics of these screening and assessment interventions (interventionists, instruments,...
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Purpose An increasing number of breast cancer (BC) survivors of working age require return to work (RTW) support. Objective of this paper is to describe the development of a RTW intervention to be embedded in the care process bridging the gap between hospital and workplace. Method The Intervention Mapping (IM) approach was used and combined formati...
Article
Mede als gevolg van maatschappelijke ontwikkelingen is de gezondheidszorg voortdurend in beweging en onderhevig aan veranderingen.
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Background The Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System (CARES) is a quality of life (QOL) and needs assessment instrument of US origin that was developed in the 90’s. Since November 2012 the copyright and user fee were abolished and the instrument became publicly available the present study aims to reinvestigate the psychometric properties of the C...
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Background: The prevalence of cancer increases every year, leading to a growing population of patients and survivors in need for care. To achieve good quality care, a patient-centered approach is essential. Correct and timely detection of needs throughout the different stages of the care trajectory is crucial and can be supported by the use of scr...
Article
Limburg Sterk Merk (LSM) is the funder of the PhD-project of Bojoura Schouten, where this work is part of. This project was supported by the National Institute for Health Research, via infrastructure funding to Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancers. The views and opinions expressed therein are those of the authors and do not ne...
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This observational study aimed to adapt a computer-tailored step advice for the general population into a feasible advice for breast cancer survivors and to test its usability. First, several adaptations were made to the original design (adding cancer-related physical activity (PA) barriers and beliefs, and self-management strategies to improve sur...
Article
An increasing number of patients are confronted with breast cancer (BC) and functional limitations after treatment. Occupational therapy (OT) is successful in return to work (RTW), but not yet available for BC patients. This paper explores experts' opinions on OT interventions for RTW in BC patients in the Belgian context. Primary data were topic-i...
Article
Burnout and work engagement among journalists in Flanders (Belgium): prevalence, antecedents and consequences Burnout and work engagement among journalists in Flanders (Belgium): prevalence, antecedents and consequences This study explores the prevalence, work related antecedents (job demands versus job resources) and consequences of burnout for ab...
Article
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Purpose: Improved therapies and early detection have significantly increased the number of breast cancers survivors, leading to increasing needs regarding return to work (RTW). Occupational therapy (OT) interventions provide successful RTW assistance for other conditions, but are not validated in breast cancer. This paper aims to identify a theore...
Article
This study examines the care needs of rehabilitating breast cancer survivors and determines what sociodemographic and medical characteristics are associated with these care needs. A large-scale cross-sectional study (n = 465, response rate = 65%) was conducted among survivors who had ended primary treatment less than 6 months previously. Questionna...
Article
Objective: Physical activity determinants are subject to change when confronted with the diagnosis of 'cancer' and new cancer-related determinants appear. The aim of the present study is to compare the contribution of cancer-related determinants with more general ones in explaining physical activity 3 weeks to 6 months post-treatment. Methods: A...
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Little is known of cancer rehabilitation needs in Europe. EUROCHIP-3 organised a group of experts to propose a list of population-based indicators used for describing cancer rehabilitation across Europe. The aim of this study is to present and discuss these indicators. A EUROCHIP-3 expert panel reached agreement on two types of indicators. (a) Canc...
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Cancer is a major European public health issue and represents the second most important cause of death and morbidity in Europe. Moreover, as a result of constant advances in medicine, medical technology and other sciences, and due to improvements in economic circumstances, cancer survival rates are increasing in Europe and prevalent cases (i.e. num...
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Background On-line provision of information during the transition phase after treatment carries great promise in meeting shortcomings in post-treatment care for breast cancer survivors and their partners. The objectives of this study are to describe the development and process evaluation of a tailored informative website and to assess which charact...
Article
This study examined treatment-related and psychosocial variables in explaining total and leisure time physical activity in breast cancer survivors three weeks to six months post-treatment. A questionnaire was used to measure total and leisure time physical activity and relevant determinants among 464 breast cancer survivors (aged 18-65 years). Pers...
Article
CHARLIER C., PAUWELS E., LECHNER L., SPITTAELS H., BOURGOIS J., DE BOURDEAUDHUIJ I. & VAN HOOF E. (2012) European Journal of Cancer Care Physical activity levels and supportive care needs for physical activity among breast cancer survivors with different psychosocial profiles: a cluster-analytical approach The transition from breast cancer patient...
Article
Introduction: For many years, MS patients have been advised to avoid physical activity, because symptoms may worsen with an elevated body temperature. However recent research has shown beneficial effects of exercise training in MS. The present study investigates the coordination quality in terms of stability and accuracy of bilateral leg movements...
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This study examines which psychosocial characteristics are associated with breast cancer survivors' partners' posttreatment needs for information and support. Eighty-four partners completed measures of coping, social support, illness representations, perceived stress, self-efficacy, anxiety, depression, and marital malfunctioning. Partners in need...
Article
Abstract Review of the literature indicated the lack of disease specific measures for assessing activity limitations and participation restriction in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Retrospective analysis of Karnofsky Performance Status questionnaires and Activities of Daily Living questionnaires (a Dutch version of the Barthel index, modif...
Article
Fibromyalgia (FM) and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) are related yet overlapping disorders; the current case definitions prohibit a clear-cut differential diagnosis. These diagnostic criteria mainly address the impairment level of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. This study aimed at...
Article
On October 4, 1992, the El Al Boeing crashed in the residential quarter ‘Bijlmermeer’ in Amsterdam (The Netherlands). In the years after the plane crash, local residents and assistance personnel began reporting a variety of unusual symptoms not unlike those reported by patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and Gulf War Syndrome (GWS). The ai...
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The primary aim of this review study was to gather evidence on the effectiveness in terms of return to work (RTW) of occupational therapy interventions (OTIs) in rehabilitation patients with non-congenital disorders. A secondary aim was to be able to select the most efficient OTI. A systematic literature review of peer-reviewed papers was conducted...
Article
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To evaluate the immunogenicity, clinical efficacy, and safety of prophylactic HPV vaccines in females. The assessment of clinical efficacy will address protection against HPV infection (for homologous and heterologous HPV types), against re-infection, against...
Article
The objective was to establish the extent to which physical functioning capacity and self-report measures are able to predict the habitual walking performance in ambulatory persons with multiple sclerosis. Fifty persons with multiple sclerosis (Expanded Disability Status Scale, EDSS, 1.5-6.5) were tested on leg muscle strength as well as walking an...
Article
Background: Little data exist on the reasons for dropout in consecutive preventive breast-cancer screenings among (Belgian) women. Since drop-out rates appear high, it is important to further investigate why women do not re-attend for subsequent screening in order to lower the drop-out rates. Subsequently, a target-group-based survey, including cli...
Article
Aim of the present study was to compare chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients, attending 2 "ideologically" contrasting clinics for CFS, on various patient and illness characteristics. Fifty-nine CFS patients of each clinic, located in Leuven and Brussels (Belgium), participated. Patients did not differ with regard to age, levels of fatigue, psych...
Article
When confronted with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), general practitioners (GPs) need to deal with diverse complaints. This may introduce a sense of powerlessness and frustration in the GP, which could possibly undermine the doctor-patient relationship. Our aim was to list the perspectives of patients with CFS regarding the medical encounter. This...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine if a 1-year lifestyle intervention study (cycling to work) has an influence on coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors and health-related quality of life, in previously untrained healthy adults. Healthy, untrained men and women, who did not cycle to work, participated in an intervention study. Sixty-five s...
Article
Background: One of the most invalidating secondary consequences of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is muscle weakness and increased muscle fatigue. This may be due to inactivity and/or impaired motor unit recruitment. Recent literature date indicates that exercise therapy may beneficially affect muscle functional capacity in MS-affected persons. Aim: We e...
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Background: Recent studies highlight the importance of social support in multiple sclerosis (MS). Social support is included in the prognostic risk factors and is believed to correlate statistically significant with an early development of chronic disability. Goals: To examine whether and how social support was positively influenced when following...
Article
Background: Recently, a new instrument was developed to measure soical support. It consists of two parts; the Social Support Questionnaire for Transactions (SSQT) and the Social Support Questionnaire for Satisfaction with the supportive transactions (SSQS). There are, on the one hand, actual supportive transactions and, on the other hand, the perce...
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This study examined possible interactions between immunological abnormalities and symptoms in CFS. Sixteen CFS patients filled in a battery of questionnaires, evaluating daily functioning, and underwent venous blood sampling, in order to analyse immunological abnormalities. Ribonuclease (RNase) L cleavage was associated with RNase L activity (rs=0....
Article
Patiënten met het chronische–vermoeidheidsyndroom (CVS) rapporteren een verminderde levenskwaliteit door onder andere beperkte cognitieve functies, zoals aandacht en geheugen. Deze subjectief gemelde beperkingen kunnen echter niet altijd geobjectiveerd worden. In onderzoek waarover in deze bijdrage wordt gerapporteerd, wordt een minimale neurocogni...
Article
Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) present a disordered sleep pattern and frequently undergo polysomnography to exclude a primary sleep disorder. Such studies have shown reduced sleep efficiency, a reduction of deep sleep, prolonged sleep initiation, and alpha-wave intrusion during deep sleep. Deregulation of the 2-5A synthetase/RNase L a...
Article
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For a diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), most researchers use criteria that were developed by Fukuda et al. (1994), with modifications suggested by Reeves et al. (2003). However, this case definition was established for adults rather than children. A Canadian Case Definition (ME/CFS; Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/CFS) has recently been develo...
Article
Pediatric chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) posits even more challenges for professional caregivers in comparison with adult CFS samples. Most children with CFS display a decrease in school attendance and a decrease in social activities. As several conditions such as school phobia, primary psychiatric disorders or family disturbance present the same c...
Article
Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome suffer from a diminished quality of life caused by e.g. their limited cognitive functions such as attention and memory. This article offers a minimal neurocognitive battery which allows a comparison with the existing scientific literature. Seventy-one patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and 28 sedentary con...
Article
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Article
To date, the exact cause of abnormal exercise response in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) remains to be revealed, but evidence addressing intracellular immune deregulation in CFS is growing. Therefore, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the interactions between several intracellular immune variables and exercise performance in CFS...
Article
Objective: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) functionally impairs many patients. Despite numerous studies and reviews in CFS, little is known about the behavioral consequences. Several researchers have already suggested the influential role of personality as a possible predisposing or perpetuating factor. Method: A case study is presented of a 34-year...
Article
All patients suffering from a chronic condition, are challenged to manage the reality of their disease, the accompanying anxiety, the problems of daily living, and the effect on relationships. Therefore, when confronted with debilitating complaints, patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) need to adapt to a new way of living during t...
Article
Overlap exists between several functional somatic illnesses like chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), multiple chemical sensitivity and myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Recently, researchers suggested that these entities are due to similar mechanisms with possible differences in symptom clusters. For instance, post-exertional malaise and impairment of me...
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The present study is a follow-up of the research con-ducted by Jason, Fennell et al. (1995, 1999, 2000) on a multistage the-ory for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). This multistage model is a very promising method for the evaluation of patients suffering from CFS and could facilitate the appropriate selection of various psychoso-cial therapies that...
Article
Full-text available