Elizeu Macedo

Elizeu Macedo
Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie | Mackenzie

About

105
Publications
40,379
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1,427
Citations
Citations since 2017
22 Research Items
769 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (105)
Article
Understanding the effect of the HIV, HTLV-1, and HCV viruses on cognitive aspects can help in the better characterization of dementia, as well as the best conducts to be suitable for rehabilitation. Thus, the present study aimed to characterize and compare the neuropsychological profile of 3 groups of patients with infectious diseases: HIV, HTLV, a...
Chapter
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The eyes are windows to the soul. This phrase present in the common sense popularly expresses that it is possible to deeply understand people’s minds just by how their eyes behave. This assumption is not that far from reality. Analyzing the eyes of subjects, researchers have answered questions of how people think, remember, pay attention, recognize...
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Purpose This study explores adolescent well-being during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in two high-income countries from Europe and one middle-income country from South America. The aim is to investigate the correlates of different dimensions of subjective well-being in 10- to 16-year-olds from different cultural contexts. Methods An onl...
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Family involvement is essential for positive results with interventions and for the learning of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The literature demonstrates that the use of tablets is a resource that complements therapies and teaching for the children with ASD. Tablet application accessibility is important as it guarantees comprehensi...
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Abstract. A test battery (BALS On-line) was created to assess the development of language skills in Portuguese and Libras(Brazilian Sign Language) by deaf students via WWW.The battery consists of six tests, namely: Picture Namingby Matching Written Words (PNM On-line), Picture Naming by Spelling (PNS On-line), Sign Naming by Matching Written Words...
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Predictors of problematic smartphone use have been found mainly in studies on elementary and high school students. Few studies have focused on predictors related to social network and messaging apps or smartphone model. Thus, the objective of our study was to identify predictors of problematic smartphone use related to demographic characteristics,...
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Many studies have shown that children with reading difficulties present deficits in rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonological awareness skills. The aim of this study was to examine RAN and explicit phonological processing in Brazilian Portuguese–speaking children with developmental dyslexia and to explore the ability of RAN to discriminate be...
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Cognition in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) shows large variability. Nonverbal tests can be more suitable for cognitive assessment in this group. We investigated cognitive abilities in ASD using the SON-R 6-40 Nonverbal Intelligence Test. A total of 37 individuals with ASD (AG) aged 6-24 years participated. Cognitive assessment of...
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Background Preterm and low weight children at birth are exposed to higher risks and rates of motor, cognitive, behavioral and emotional problems. Being born under low socioeconomic conditions adds even more complexity to these children. This report describes the emotional and behavioral issues of a group of children who were born in low income fami...
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The lexicon plays a fundamental role in reading, but little is known about how it influences reading efficiency. Thus, this study seeks to identify which lexical factors in a lexical decision task are relevant in a semantic decision test. A total of 33 university students were recruited to perform a lexical decision task and a semantic decision tas...
Chapter
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Neste capítulo serão abordadas questões relativas à avaliação cognitiva das habilidades de leitura e da inteligência. Nesse sentido, será abordado como o equipamento de rastreio ocular, também conhecido como eye-tracking, pode auxiliar numa nova forma de avaliação. Desse modo, também será apresentado como esse equipamento funciona, algumas das medi...
Article
Low birthweight (<2500 g), associated with low socioeconomic status, has a negative effect on cognition and development. This is especially true for fluid intelligence and language. This study aimed to examine and identify (1) fluid intelligence and language in low- and adequate-birthweight children in a low-income Brazilian neighborhood and (2) th...
Article
This study aimed to compare the performance in the Children's Memory Test (CMT) between 7 and 8 year olds from public and private schools, as well as to verify if there is a relationship between the performance in TIME with the maternal schooling level and notes in the Portuguese and Mathematics in children at the beginning of Elementary School. Pa...
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Eye movements help to infer the cognitive strategy that a person uses in fluid intelligence tests. However, intelligence tests demand different relations/rules tokens to be solved, such as rule direction, which is the continuation, variation or overlay of geometric figures in the matrix of the intelligence test. The aim of this study was to underst...
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The present study aims to narrate an experience of application of the Response to Intervention model in a 5th grade class of a Public Elementary School. Twenty-two children, aged 10 and 11, took part in this experience. We used an adaptation of tier 1 of the RTI model that aims for an instructional, preventive intervention, offered by the teacher t...
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Studies have suggested that reading speed (RS) or fluency should be a component of reading comprehension (RC) models. There is also evidence of a relationship between RS and RC. However, some questions remain to be explored, as the changes in such a relationship may be a function of development. In addition, while there are studies published with E...
Article
The problems encountered during the learning process are one of the most frequent reasons for seeking care by psychopedagogues, psychologists and speech therapists. These difficulties have been analyzed according to two important subtypes: Learning Difficulties (LD) and Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD), Developmental Dyslexia (DD) being the mos...
Article
The aim of the study was to develop a multisensory intervention program used in the psychopedagogical practice for reading and writing skills. The study was conducted with a 10-year-old male, a student in 3rd grade of Elementary School, who came from a private school in the city of São Paulo, complaining of difficulties in reading and writing. Pre-...
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A competência em leitura é uma função importante para o ser humano e se relaciona com o crescimento da educação formal no último século. Durante a leitura de textos, os olhos se movem em um padrão típico e a análise desse padrão pode ajudar a compreender o processamento linguístico e semântico. Estudos com equipamentos que registram os movimentos o...
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Purpose: to investigate the psychometric properties of a performance test for assessment of word recognition and a self-report checklist for reading difficulties/ dyslexia indicators in adults. Methods: a total of 54 subjects aged 18-57 years (M = 24.16, SD = 7.34) who had complete high school or were enrolled in college were investigated. The fol...
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Scales with evidence of validity and reliability are important to evaluate child development. In Brazil, there is a lack of standardized instruments to evaluate young children. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III). It was translated into Brazilian Portuguese, cult...
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Scales with evidence of validity and reliability are important to evaluate child development. In Brazil, there is a lack of standardized instruments to evaluate young children. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III). It was translated into Brazilian Portuguese, cult...
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RESUMO-Este estudo verificou os parâmetros psicométricos da escala não-verbal de inteligência Leiter-R. Esta foi administrada em 213 crianças com idade entre 6 e 8 anos. Análise fatorial exploratória e índices de ajustes confirmatórios mostraram adequação da estrutura interna para dois fatores conforme a versão original do instrumento. Foi verifica...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cognitive skills like visual processing and fluid intelligence assessed by the Leiter-R and arithmetic performance in elementary school students. 51 children were evaluated between 7 and 8 years of age (52.94% boys and 47.06% girls), belonging to the 2nd and 3rd years of public and p...
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O estudo investigou o uso e o comprometimento especifico das estrategias de leitura em estudantes normolexicos e dislexicos. No estudo 1, participaram 141 estudantes da 5a a 8a serie (de 10 a 14 anos), avaliados no teste de competencia de leitura de palavras e pseudopalavras (TCLPP). No estudo 2, participaram 15 estudantes com dislexia (de 10 a 13...
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Funcionamento adaptativo se refere a habilidades conceituais, sociais e praticas que permitem adaptacao ao ambiente. Este estudo objetivou uma revisao da literatura a partir do SciELO e realizacao de novas analises estruturais com o Abas-II, um dos principais instrumentos de avaliacao do construto. Os resultados mostraram que estudos nacionais sao...
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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between non-verbal cognitive skills evaluated by the Leiter-R Intelligence International Scale and variables in the educational context. The Leiter-R was administered to 213 children aged between 6 and 8 years old, belonging to public and private schools, along with the Reading Competence Te...
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Adaptive behavior refers to conceptual, social and practical skills, which allow adaptating to the environment. This study aims to do a scientific literature review from the SciELO and to conduct further structural analysis with the ABAS-II, one of the main instruments to evaluate the construct. The results showed that Brazilian studies are recent,...
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The study investigated the use and the specific commitment of reading strategies in normal and dyslexic students. In study 1, 141 5th to 8th graders students (10-14 years) were evaluated in Reading Competence Test of words and nonwords (RCTWN). In study 2, 15 students with dyslexia (10-13 years), also attending the 5th to 8th grade, participated an...
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A Síndrome de Down (SD) é uma das causas mais conhecidas da deficiência intelectual e o baixo funcionamento cognitivo está associado a déficits no comportamento adaptativo. Parte do conhecimento em relação às habilidades cognitivas na SD pauta-se na comparação entre tarefas verbais e não-verbais. No entanto, dificuldades relacionadas à linguagem po...
Article
Down syndrome (DS) is one of the best known causes of intellectual disability, and low cognitive functioning is associated with deficits in adaptive and functional behavior. Part of the knowledge regarding cognitive abilities in DS is based on comparisons between verbal and nonverbal tasks. However, difficulties related to language may compromise t...
Book
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www.memnon.com.br Prefácio por Corinne Smith, PhD - Syracuse University "Vocês estão prestes a ler um livro que certamente se tornará umas das referências mais úteis em seu trabalho com crianças com dificuldades de aprendizagem..."
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This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention program for preschool children in an area where educational standards are poor. The participants, 129 children aged between 3 and 6 years, belonging to a public kindergarten in a Brazilian state with the second lowest human development index were involved in this research. The childre...
Article
Educational interventions with preschool children are important for the cognitive skills development, necessary for learning. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive stimulation program "Ativamente" in preschool children of São Luis do Maranhão. The study included 20 children between 3 and 6 years old. We evaluated intelligence, att...
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The present study investigated the cognitive profiles of dyslexic adults on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III, Brazilian version). A total of 31 adults with dyslexia and 31 control readers who were matched by age and education level performed a phonological awareness and word reading test. They also completed the WAIS-III. The outcome...
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Devido à carência de testes psicológicos que avaliam crianças pré-escolares e à dificuldade no que tange à avaliação de indivíduos com distúrbios do desenvolvimento, se faz necessária a disponibilidade de instrumentos que possam dar conta desta demanda. Uma possibilidade para avaliação não-verbal de inteligência nessas populações é a Escala Interna...
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The literature shows that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) demonstrate a heterogeneous pattern of cognitive abilities, including nonverbal abilities. However, there is a need for better cognitive characterization of this population for both research and intervention purposes. The present study aims to verify the Leiter-R performance pr...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an intervention conducted by faculty based on phonic approach to overcome difficulties in reading and writing. Children attended 3rd and 4th year of elementary school in public schools in São Paulo, subdivided into experimental group underwent phonics intervention (GE): composed of children with difficulti...
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This study aimed to investigate eye movement patterns of adults normal readers, while reading texts with two different degrees of difficulty, and with three distinct texts: everyday situations, textbooks and newspapers. Twenty-four participants read texts aloud while monocular eye movements were recorded and answered questions related to text compr...
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The relevance of cognitive assessment in Autism Spectrum Disorders is due to the association between cognitive deficits and severity of symptoms, adaptive functioning, prognosis and planning of more effective interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the non-verbal test of intelligence SON-R 2½-7[a] adequacy in ASD group of children....
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The relevance of cognitive assessment in Autism Spectrum Disorders is due to the association between cognitive deficits and severity of symptoms, adaptive functioning, prognosis and planning of more effective interventions.Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the non-verbal test of intelligence SON-R 2 ½ - 7 [a] adequacy in ASD group of childr...
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The intelligence assessment of deaf and hard-of-hearing students has been a challenge for Brazilian psychologists, due to the lack of standardized and validated instruments for this population. The objective of this study was to assess the intelligence of deaf and hard-of-hearing students with the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence, Third Edition (TONI...
Article
INTRODUCTION: There are several researches on reading and writing skills and their difficulties, and the Battery for the Assessment of Reading and Writing (BALE) has proven an effective tool to identify these difficulties. However, there are few studies on bilingualism and language comparisons, as the processes of acquisition and fluency in Portugu...
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The cognitive abilities developed in preschool age are critical to acquiring knowledge in the following years. In the cognitive assessment of preschool children it is possible to recognize delays in the development and establish different profiles of competence concerning various cognitive functions. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to present a...
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PURPOSE: to evaluate the response pattern of dyslexic subjects in the written version of a picture naming task, by analyzing the types of orthographic errors committed. METHODS: the performance of a group of 15 dyslexics was compared to two control groups matched by age and by reading level. RESULTS: the dyslexic and the reading control groups did...
Book
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Sumário: 1. Modelos de inteligência 2. Modelos de funções executivas 3. Relações entre inteligência e funções executivas 4. Testes de funções executivas no Brasil 5. Inteligência e transtornos do desenvolvimento 6. Funções executivas e transtornos do desenvolvimento 7. Avaliação da inteligência em crianças pré-escolares 8. Inteligência e desempenho...
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INTRODUCTION: Writing deficits are common in dyslexic children especially in orthographic and phonological coding domains. Procedures of psychopedagogy assessment should consider the semiology of spelling errors to promote the effective development these skills. Interventional programs focused on phonological processing contribute to improvement in...
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The Phonological Deficit theory explains confusions and deficits in phonological awareness presents in subjects with Developmental Dyslexia. Interventions focused on this process contributes to improvement in reading. The study examined the effectiveness of a Phonic Literacy Software in promoting phonological awareness and graphophonemic correspond...
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the working memory is a cognitive skill that contributes to adequate development of language and to the acquisition of reading and writing. A consistent evaluation of the working memory in pre-school and basic school children demonstrates to be important for the early identification of possible learning impairments. to evaluate the development of w...
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o objetivo do estudo foi verificar a eficácia da intervenção com o software Alfabetização Fônica Computadorizada em alunos com deficiência mental. O software possibilita a realização de atividades que desenvolvem a consciência fonológica e a compreensão das relações grafofonêmicas. Participaram do estudo 22 crianças e adolescentes com idades entre...
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the aim of the study was to verify the effectiveness of computer based intervention with the Phonological Awareness Literacy Software for students with intellectual disabilities. The software enables participation in activities that stimulate the development of phonological awareness and grapheme to phoneme conversion. Twenty-two children and teena...
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No Brasil, as Classes de Recuperação de Ciclos são destinadas a desenvolver habilidades deficitárias dos alunos. Esse estudo verificou os possíveis ganhos em leitura e escrita de 23 crianças inseridas na Recuperação do Ciclo I do Ensino Fundamental de uma escola pública de São Paulo. Os alunos foram avaliados no final do 2º e do 4º semestre. O...
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In Brazil, the Recovery Cycles Classes are implemented to improve academics abilities of some students. The aim of this research was to assess the impact of the Recovery Cycle I Class in reading and writing abilities of 23 children inserted in a public school in São Paulo. Students were evaluated at the end of the 2nd and 4th semesters. The teacher...
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Objective: Compare pattern of exploratory eye movements during visual scanning of the Rorschach and TAT test cards in people with schizophrenia and controls. Method: 10 participants with schizophrenia and 10 controls matched by age, schooling and intellectual level participated in the study. Severity of symptoms was evaluated with the Positive and...
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Novas possibilidades promissoras de avaliação vêm sendo estudadas nos Transtornos Invasivos do Desenvolvimento (TID) como, por exemplo, análise dos movimentos oculares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar crianças com TID e crianças com desenvolvimento normal na percepção de faces humanas, por meio da análise do rastreamento visual. Foram avalia...
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New promising assessment possibilities have been studied in Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) such as eye tracking analysis. This study compares the perception of human faces in children with PDD and children with typical development through the analysis of eye-tracking patterns. Ten participants with PDD, mean age of 11.9 years (SD=3.22), we...
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Novas possibilidades promissoras de avaliação vêm sendo estudadas nos Transtornos Invasivos do Desenvolvimento (TID) como, por exemplo, análise dos movimentos oculares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar crianças com TID e crianças com desenvolvimento normal na percepção de faces humanas, por meio da análise do rastreamento visual. Foram avalia...
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The objective of present study was compared the behavioral profile of two different groups of children and adolescents with obesity. Ten subjects presented diagnoses of exogenous obesity and ten Prader-Willi syndrome. The Prader-Willi syndrome is a genetic disease which the main behavioral symptom is hyperphagia. The samples were paired by sex and...
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Presente estudo avaliou a capacidade de discriminação fonológica de sílabas em crianças com dislexia do desenvolvimento e bons leitores. Participaram do estudo 10 disléxicos e 10 controles pareados por idade, sexo, série, nível intelectual e atencional. 45 pares de sílabas diferentes quanto à sonorização, ponto de articulação e sílabas iguais foram...
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The present study assessed the syllables' phonological discrimination ability in children with developmental dyslexia and good readers. 10 dyslexics and 10 controls matched for age, gender, school grade, intelligence and attention participated in the study. 45 pairs of syllables differentiated by sound, point of articulation and identical syllables...
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One of the main difficulties in children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) is social interaction. Eye tracking research in PDD population has shown the possibility of quantifying their social phenotype. The objective of the present paper is to access differences on perception of social pictures (faces) and non-social pictures (objects) fo...
Article
The objective of the present study is to use eye tracking in neuropsychological assessment of PDD children and adolescents. Ten clinically diagnosed PDD children and adolescents, mean age 11,9 (SD=3,22), were assessed. All children were pared by age and gender with a control group. The WISC III was used to assess intelligence and the eye movements...
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Several studies have reported that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive method of neuromodulation, enhances some aspects of working memory in healthy and Parkinson disease subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of anodal tDCS on recognition memory, working memory and selective attention in Alzheimer...
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We aimed to assess whether modulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLFPC) with noninvasive brain stimulation, namely transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), modifies food craving in healthy subjects. We performed a randomized sham-controlled cross-over study in which 23 subjects received sham and active tDCS (anode left/cathode ri...
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The objective of present study was to analyze eye movements patterns during reading words in Brazilian Portuguese. Eye movements during the words reading were recorded from 13 students from Education for Young and for Adults (EYA) (people project with the mean age of 48,33 years, with 7 females, 7 of grade level 3 and 6 of grade level 4. The Genera...
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The work aims to assess the abilities of reading and writing in dyslexic and normal children through the following tests: Sentence Reading Comprehension Test (SRCT), of Sentence Hearing Comprehension Test (SHCT), of Picture-Print Writing Test (PPWT 1.1-Writing), of Picture-Print Matching Test (PPMT 1.1-Choice) and Word Reading Competence Test (WRCT...
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Distinct reading and writing instruction methods are based on different theories that explain how the acquisition of reading abilities occurs. This study aims to verify the correlation of reading and writing results of two different procedures of evaluation following quantitative and qualitative criteria. The study was conducted with 52 first grade...
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OBJECTIVE: to assess changes in the subjective state of mood of mothers of pre-term babies, comparing different kinds of mother-infant interaction: the Kangaroo Mother Method (KMM) and those observed on a visit to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. METHODS: the Visual Analogue Mood Scale was used with 60 mothers divided into two groups: mothers includ...
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Analyses of eye movement's pattern contribute significantly to the discrimination between good and poor readers. The pattern of eye movements during reading is affected by psycholinguistic properties of words such as: length, regularity, and frequency. The objective of the present study was to analyze eye movements during words and non-words readin...