Elizabeth Peel

Elizabeth Peel
Loughborough University | Lough · School of Social Sciences

30.43
 · 
BA, PhD, C.Psychol, FBPS

About

111
Publications
16,345
Reads
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Introduction
Elizabeth Peel's research has explored diversity training, diabetes self-management, same sex relationships and families, and dementia care and communication. She is a critical social psychologist that predominantly uses discursive and conversation analytic approaches. Her latest books are LGBTIQ Psychology (CUP, 2020), Critical Kinship Studies (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016) and Psychologies of Ageing (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018). She is Associate PVC for Loughborough University Doctoral College.
Research Experience
July 2013 - April 2016
University of Worcester
Position
  • Professor of Psychology and Social Change

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Whether and how patients should be told their dementia diagnosis, has been an area of much debate. While there is now recognition that early diagnosis is important for dementia care little research has looked at how dementia-related diagnostic information is actually verbally communicated. The limited previous research suggests that the...
Article
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Understanding dementia is a pressing social challenge. This article draws on the 'Dementia talking: care conversation and communication' project which aims to understand how talk about, and to people living with dementia is constructed. In this article I draw on the construction of dementia manifest in two data sets - a corpus of 350 recent UK nati...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the accounts of adult children caring for a parent with dementia. It is well documented that caring for a person living with dementia is stressful and generates depression and anxiety, but much research focuses on heterosexual spousal carers. This chapter draws on data from the British Academy funded ‘Duties to Care’ and ‘Deme...
Book
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This book showcases developments in theory, research and practice regarding sexuality and ageing, considering the differences as well as similarities between and among ageing heterosexual and LGBT older people. Identifying the questions central to future social scientific research on ageing and sexuality, it focuses on the important, emerging dimen...
Article
Women are disproportionately affected by dementia, both in terms of developing dementia and becoming caregivers. We conducted an integrative review of English language literature of the issues affecting women in relation to dementia from an international perspective. The majority of relevant studies were conducted in high income countries, and none...
Article
The Future of Legal Gender (FLaG) project is interested in examining the implications, for a wide range of stakeholders, of changing how legal sex/gender is regulated in England and Wales. In this article, we explore the views of 'the wider public' as manifest in responses to our 'Attitudes to Gender' survey (n=3,101), which ran October to December...
Book
Cambridge Core - Sociology of Gender - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Intersex, and Queer Psychology - by Sonja J. Ellis
Article
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The traditional marriage initiation script entails male partners ‘proposing’ to female partners. However, little is known about how same-gender couples initiate a marriage or civil partnership. Drawing on qualitative survey data from 82 people in a UK civil partnership or same-gender marriage we identify two marriage initiation themes which foregro...
Article
Building on Bakhtin's work on discourse, this paper uses the concept of polyphony to explore capacity law praxis. Drawing on everyday interaction about power of attorney, we demonstrate how legal, lay, and medical understandings of capacity operate dialogically, with each voice offering distinct expressions of legality. Analysing lay and medical in...
Article
Evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people are more likely to attempt to take their own lives in their youth when compared to heterosexual and/or cisgender people. This study draws on in-depth interviews with 17 LGBT individuals living in England, and explores the narratives used by participants to better understand their...
Chapter
The aim of this edited collection is to highlight the contribution of a series of key approaches which provide a unique perspective on ageing. These perspectives were chosen to illustrate current psychological research on ageing which adopts a more critical and less reductionist approach. As an introduction to this collection, this chapter consider...
Book
This book brings together a diversity of perspectives on the psychology of ageing. Exploring theoretical, conceptual, empirical and practical viewpoints on the topic, the authors offer insight into a range of contemporary issues. Dedicated chapters discuss themes within social and critical psychology such as ageing identities, sexuality and empathy...
Article
The topics we cover in our book Critical Kinship Studies: An Introduction to the field are complex. Not only is talking about kinship always complex, but our aim for the book was to draw upon posthumanist theorising to extend our understanding of kinship beyond humans, and to critically examine Western human understandings of kinship. The stories g...
Article
Full-text available
Since the introduction of same-sex marriage, there have been two parallel institutions (marriage and civil partnership) for the legal recognition of same-sex relationships in England, Wales and Scotland. The current study aimed to examine how those in a civil partnership or a same-sex marriage perceive civil partnership in the context of marriage e...
Article
Full-text available
The needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people with dementia are poorly recognised. This is due partly to assumptions that all older people are heterosexual or asexual. One quarter of gay or bisexual men and half of lesbian or bisexual women have children, compared with 90% of heterosexual women and men, which means LGBT older adults a...
Book
This book draws together research on posthumanism and studies of kinship to elaborate an account of western human kinship practices. Studies of kinship have increasingly sought to critique the normative assumptions that often underpin how caring relationships between humans are understood. The categorisation of 'human' and 'kinship' is brought into...
Chapter
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) psychology is the current term used to refer to what was previously known as the affirmative field of lesbian and gay psychology, which developed from the late 1960s onwards. This field of psychology is closely aligned to the psychology of sexualities, but with a specific focus on non-heterosexual and/...
Chapter
This chapter offers three tools of critique that we see as central to critical kinship studies. These are an understanding of kinship as a technology, a discursive account of subjectivity, and a focus on affective ambivalence. Having outlined our points of critique in Chapter 2 and tools for examining them, the subsequent analytic chapters explore...
Chapter
This chapter outlines in detail three points of critique that we believe are central to critical kinship studies, namely kinship as a nodal point of power, kinship and the ‘natural order of things’, and lastly the valorization of genetic relatedness.
Chapter
This chapter explores the intersections and overlaps between accounts of humans raising non-human animals as kin, and accounts of heterosexual human couples planning for a first child. Our central claim in this chapter is that human relationships with other animals often serve primarily to tell us more about humans than they tell us anything about...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on acknowledging that how kinship is enacted is highly dependent on context. Kinship is shaped by, and through, institutional contexts both at a broad discursive level and also through moments of institutional interaction. In this sense kinship is dynamic and contingent on context. In this final substantive chapter we again con...
Chapter
This chapter explores narratives of kinship about both organ donation and donor sperm conception. We frame the chapter through a focus on the instrumentalization of non-human animals with regard to breeding, and from there explore how such instrumentalization is both implied in, and resisted by, narratives of organ and sperm donation. By exploring...
Chapter
This chapter explores how personhood is routinely denied in the context of certain losses (i.e. the loss of a companion animal, and in the case of pregnancy loss), while in others certain forms of personhood are devalued (i.e. when children are diagnosed with autism or are transgender). By bringing together multiple accounts of loss across these co...
Chapter
This chapter considers how motherhood is normatively constructed as being alive for one’s children for as long as possible, and how being a mother involves conceiving, birthing and parenting children. We then trouble this understanding of motherhood by juxtaposing two under-recognized groups of mothers, namely transgender mothers and cisgender moth...
Chapter
This chapter brings together the complex and seemingly competing assemblages of people, personhood, and kinship that we have explored throughout the book. Specifically, this chapter provides some final thoughts on norms, criticality, and personhood so as to highlight how stories of kinship are shaped by a very specific Western humanist logic of per...
Article
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The purpose of this report is to understand the main issues affecting women in relation to dementia from an international perspective. The report examines the effect of gender on three specific groups: women living with dementia; woman caring for people with dementia in a professional caring role; women undertaking an informal caregiving role for s...
Article
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To examine the views and current practice of SMBG among Black Caribbean and South Asian individuals with non-insulin treated Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Twelve participants completed semi-structured interviews that were guided by the Health Belief Model and analyzed using thematic network analysis. The frequency of monitoring among participants varie...
Article
Full-text available
Dementia is a challenging, progressive set of conditions which present a large care burden to informal, familial carers. A complex array of health and social care services are needed to support people living with dementia. Drawing on the interlinked 'Duties to Care' and 'Dementia Talking' projects, in this article we focus on British carers' talk a...
Article
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This paper explores the legal position of the off-label prescription of antipsychotic medications to people with dementia who experience behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Dementia is a challenging illness, and BPSD can be very difficult for carers to manage, with evidence that this contributes to carer strain and can result...
Chapter
In this chapter we outline some empirical evidence of interest to therapists on the physical health of non-heterosexuals. We provide an overview of health disparities between heterosexuals and non-heterosexuals. We then outline some psychological implications of living with a chronic health condition, before considering how such experiences may int...
Article
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The Internet is used across a range of disciplines to conduct qualitative research, and qualitative psychologists are increasingly turning to the Internet as a medium for conducting interviews. In this article, we explore the first author's experience of conducting synchronous online interviews using instant messaging or ‘chat’ software. We highlig...
Article
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Around 50 per cent of men with diabetes experience erectile dysfunction. Much of the literature focuses on quality of life measures with heterosexual men in monogamous relationships. This study explores gay and bisexual men's experiences of sex and diabetes. Thirteen interviews were analysed and three themes identified: erectile problems; other 'ph...
Article
Since their introduction in 2005, thousands of same-sex couples in the UK have had a civil partnership. However, many other couples have chosen not to have one. This qualitative study explores why some same-sex couples are choosing not to have a civil partnership. Seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 people (five couples and two...
Article
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Physical activity is particularly important for people with type 2 diabetes, as evidence suggests that any reduction in sedentary time is good for metabolic health. To explore type 2 diabetes patients' talk about implementing and sustaining physical activity. Longitudinal, qualitative study using repeat in-depth interviews with 20 patients over 4 y...
Article
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The legal recognition of same-sex relationships is a contested terrain that has been hotly debated by feminists. This article provides a social constructionist analysis of the UK newspaper media coverage around the time of the introduction of the Civil Partnership Act (2004). In examining the 348 national newspaper coverage over a three month perio...
Book
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The book is divided into three sections plus a concluding chapter. Section 1 (Histories, Contexts and Debates in LGBTQ Psychology) provides an overview of the theoretical, methodological, political and practical issues and debates that inform LGBTQ psychological research. Chapter 1 explores the history and development of the field of LGBTQ psycholo...
Article
Full-text available
This exciting and engaging textbook introduces students to the psychology of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer lives and experiences. It covers a broad range of topics including diversity, prejudice, health, relationships, parenting and lifespan experiences from youth to old age. The book includes ‘key researcher’ boxes, which outline the con...
Article
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Although pregnancy loss is a distressing health event for many women, research typically equates women's experiences of pregnancy loss to 'married heterosexual women's experiences of pregnancy loss'. The objective of this study was to explore lesbian and bisexual women's experiences of miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death. This study analysed...
Article
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In this article we contribute to the expansion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) health psychology beyond the confines of sexual health by examining the experiences of lesbian, gay and bisexual people living with non-HIV related chronic illness. Using a (predominantly) qualitative online survey, the perspectives of 190 LGB pe...
Article
This paper focuses on the questions which heterosexual trainees ask about lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) experience within diversity training about LGB issues. Drawing on a data corpus of 162 questions asked by trainees in 13 tape-recorded training sessions, questions were coded into six categories: (1) general ‘understanding’ questions; (2) quest...
Article
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Objective: To examine patients' perceptions and experiences over time of the devolvement of diabetes care/reviews from secondary to primary health-care settings. Design: Repeat in-depth interviews with 20 patients over 4 years. Participants and setting: Twenty type 2 diabetes patients recruited from primary- and secondary-care settings across...
Chapter
IntroductionFindingsThe role of self in the onset of diabetesAttributing blame: contextualising responsibility and controlDiscussionAcknowledgementsNoteReferences
Article
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Neuroimaging is increasingly used to understand conditions like stroke and epilepsy. However, there is growing recognition that neuroimaging can raise ethical issues. We used interpretative phenomenological analysis to analyse interview data pre-and post-scan to explore these ethical issues. Findings show participants can become anxious prior to sc...
Article
In this article we consider the relationship between lesbian and gay psychology, latterly known as lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer (LGBTQ) psychology and queer theory. We signal some ways that the field could become more intersectional by, for example, taking gender seriously, before turning our attention to queer theory. We explore some of...
Article
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We undertook a longitudinal qualitative study involving of 20 patients from Scotland who had type 2 diabetes. We looked at their perceptions and understandings of why they had developed diabetes and how, and why, their causation accounts had changed or remained stable over time. Respondents, all of whom were white, were interviewed four times over...
Article
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There are now more postgraduate programmes that include qualitative methods in psychology than ever before. This poses problems for teaching qualitative methods at M level because we still lack consistency in what qualitative methods are taught at the undergraduate level. Although the British Psychological Society requires accredited undergraduate...
Chapter
Addressing Absences and Forging New DirectionsOut Across the SpectrumThemes in Out in PsychologyAcknowledgementsReferences
Chapter
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IntroductionOutlawing Discrimination in the WorkplaceDiversity Training About SexualitiesTackling Heterosexism at Work: Combining Legal and Educational ApproachesConcluding RemarksAcknowledgementsReferences
Article
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The aims of this study were to examine Type 2 diabetic patients' expectations, perceptions and experiences of oral glucose-lowering agents (OGLAs), including their reasons for taking/not taking these drugs as prescribed and to provide recommendations for developing interventions to improve OGLA adherence. Longitudinal, qualitative study using repea...
Article
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We undertook a secondary analysis of in-depth interviews with white (n = 32) and Pakistani and Indian (n = 32) respondents who had type 2 diabetes, which explored their perceptions and understandings of disease causation. We observed subtle, but important, differences in the ways in which these respondent groups attributed responsibility and blame...
Article
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To explore views of patients with type 2 diabetes about self monitoring of blood glucose over time. Longitudinal, qualitative study. Primary and secondary care settings across Lothian, Scotland. 18 patients with type 2 diabetes. Results from repeat in-depth interviews with patients over four years after clinical diagnosis. Analysis revealed three m...
Article
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This paper outlines the recent history of LGBT psychology and psychotherapy in the United Kingdom, focusing on key publications,1 and the current terrain, highlighting similarities and differences between the UK and the US contexts.2 The paper is divided into four sections: the first focuses on the early development of the field in the late 1960s....
Article
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In this article we describe and evaluate the process of conducting online survey research about the legal recognition of same-sex relationships (key findings from which we have reported elsewhere, see Harding and Peel, 2006). Our aim in so doing is to contribute to the growing generic literature on internet-based research methods (Nosek et al., 200...
Article
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Purpose - To describe the utility of three of the main cognitive neuroscientific techniques currently in use within the neuroscience community, and how they can be applied to the emerging field of neuromarket research. Design/methodology/approach - A brief development of functional magnetic resonance imaging, magnetoencephalography and transcranial...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate participants' experiences of taking part in research conducted using fMRI or MEG procedures. Forty-four participants completed a questionnaire after taking part in either fMRI or MEG experiments; the questionnaire asked about experiences of and attitudes toward fMRI/MEG. Ten follow-up interviews were conduct...
Book
There has been a recent explosion of interest in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer (LGBTQ) Psychology amongst students and academics, and this interest is predicted to continue to rise. Recent media debates on subjects such as same-sex marriage have fuelled interest in LGBTQ perspectives. This edited collection showcases the latest thinking i...
Article
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Gain insight into crucial British mental health approaches for LGB individuals. There is very little collaborative literature between LGB-affirmative psychologists and psychotherapists in the United States and the United Kingdom. British Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Psychologies: Theory, Research, and Practice may well be a crucial beginning step in...
Article
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In this article, the authors analyze participants' accounts of why they took part in a repeat-interview study exploring newly diagnosed patients' perceptions of diabetes service provision in Lothian, Scotland. The study involved three semistructured in-depth interviews with each patient (N = 40), which spanned a year. The authors provide a thematic...
Article
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Patients experience considerable difficulties in making and sustaining health-related lifestyle changes. Many Type 2 diabetes patients struggle to follow disease risk-management advice even when they receive extensive information and support. Drawing on a qualitative study of patients with Type 2 diabetes, the paper uses discourse analysis to exami...
Article
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Adopting and maintaining a healthy diet is pivotal to diabetic regimens. Behavioural research has focused on strategies to modify/maintain healthy behaviours; thus 'compliance' and 'noncompliance' are operationalized by researchers. In contrast, discursive psychology focuses on the actions different accounts accomplish--in this case regarding diets...
Article
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To explore newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetes patients' views about Scottish diabetes services at a time when these services are undergoing a major reorganization. To provide recommendations to maximize opportunities brought by the devolvement of services from secondary to primary healthcare settings. Qualitative panel study with 40 patients newly dia...
Article
Full-text available
The growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes is placing Scottish health services under considerable strain. Consequently, diabetes services are undergoing a major process of reorganisation, including the devolvement of routine diabetes care/diabetic review from secondary to primary healthcare settings. This qualitative study was devised to explore new...
Article
Full-text available
From the first recognition of AIDS as a disease, it was publicly conceptualized as a ‘gay plague’. In response, health education and diversity training sought to counter this association claiming that AIDS is an ‘equal opportunity’ virus - that it can affect anyone. In this article, we analyse talk about HIV/AIDS within a data corpus of 13 tape-rec...
Article
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In this paper, we outline some of the similarities and differences between lesbian and gay psychology (more recently known as LGBT psychology) and feminist psychology. Both fields developed in response to the oppressive practices of psychology; however, lesbian and gay psychologists have been far more willing to using the theoretical and methodolog...
Article
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The commentators in this reappraisal describe The Social Construction of Lesbianism (1987) as ‘classic’ (Coyle1), ‘exciting’ (Tiefer), ‘important’, (MacBride-Stewart), ‘fascinating’ (Snelling), a ‘remarkable achievement’ (Snelling), and an ‘engagingly written, political tour de force’ (Coyle). Like some of the commentators (Coyle, Snelling), one of...
Article
In this article about ‘For Better or Worse? Lesbian and Gay Marriage’ (Feminism & Psychology, 14[1]) we focus on the contributions to the special feature, the commentaries provided by Ellen Lewin (2004), Sheila Jeffreys (2004) and Sue Wise and Liz Stanley (2004), and on wider debates about lesbian and gay marriage and partnership recognition. We ag...
Article
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To date, there is no convincing evidence that non-insulin treated patients who undertake self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM) have better glycaemic control than those who test their urine. This has led to a recommendation that non-insulin dependent patients undertake urine testing, which is the cheaper option. This recommendation does not take acco...
Article
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Research about diagnosis of chronic illness indicates this is an emotional time for patients. Information provision is especially salient for diabetes management. Yet current orthodoxy suggests that too much information at the time of diagnosis is unhelpful for patients. In this study, we used in-depth interviews with 40 newly diagnosed type 2 diab...
Article
Full-text available
Our aim was to examine how diagnosis is perceived by a sample of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients. A qualitative study was carried out in the Lothian region of Scotland using in-depth interviews of 40 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients recruited from 16 general practices in four Local Health Care Co-operatives and three hospital clini...
Article
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Self-monitoring of blood glucose is controversial in the management of type 2 diabetes. Some research suggests that self-monitoring improves glycaemic control, whereas other research is sceptical about its value for people with type 2 diabetes who are not on insulin. Although blood glucose meters are widely available and used by this group, patient...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
People with dementia experience numerous barriers to engaging with physical activity. Professionals who work with dementia are positioned to aid people with dementia to navigate these barriers and engage with physical activity. This study thematically analyses semi-structured interviews with professionals and explores the three themes of physical activity and the environment, social connectivity of physical activity and the Structure of Physical Activity facilitation.
Archived project
My PhD research, in which I use conversation analysis (CA) to explore how doctors empathise with patients in palliative care. The project aims to reveal the practices via which doctors empathise with patients, the contexts in which doctors empathise with patients and the effect that empathising has on the interaction thereafter.