Elizabeth Maly

Elizabeth Maly
Tohoku University | Tohokudai · International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS)

About

36
Publications
4,487
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252
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
236 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
With the proliferation of several dozen new exhibits and museums dedicated to this specific disaster, the 3.11 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster, can be considered a turning point in the preservation of disaster memory in Japan. Although there is limited research on disaster museums, they play a significant role in shaping...
Article
Although scholars recognize the importance of long-term recovery outcomes for disaster risk reduction and community empowerment, even within the limited research on long-term housing recovery, cross-national and temporal comparisons of multiple reconstruction projects are still rare. Drawing on a systematic literature review and case-study approach...
Article
Full-text available
Public meeting spaces can enhance justice in communities by providing a suitable platform where all community members can attend events, meet others, and express themselves freely. Many homes and gathering spaces were destroyed by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in 2011, and as a result, important platforms where communities could gathe...
Article
Full-text available
Although many studies have investigated relationships between tsunami characteristics and the impact on physical property and infrastructure, such information cannot explain how the damage to each object or type of infrastructure can trigger failures of other facilities. To understand these connections and the cascading impacts, this article review...
Article
Both Sendai City in Japan and Seattle-King County (hereafter referred to as “Seattle”) in Washington State in the United States are in seismically active areas with high earthquake risks. An Earthquake Early Warning (EEW) system has been publicly available in Japan since 2007. The ShakeAlert system on the U.S. West Coast is still being developed an...
Article
Devastated by the Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear meltdown on March 11, 2011, Japan’s Tohoku coast has been in the process of disaster recovery for almost a decade. Several international frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainable development have also been established during this time. Sharing a holistic approach to co...
Article
Japan has an established tradition of museums commemorating its long history of disasters, which memorialize lives lost and convey the scientific mechanisms of natural hazards, disaster history, and people’s experiences during and after disasters. The first part of this paper provides an overview of seven modern disaster museums in Japan establishe...
Article
Full-text available
Super Typhoon Yolanda caused destruction across the Philippines and devastated communities in Tacloban City on November 8, 2013. Recovery programs in Tacloban City focused on relocating people away from heavily damaged coastal areas to new housing in resettlement sites in Tacloban North. Using an asset-based approach to consider residents’ percepti...
Article
Full-text available
Eight years have passed since the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami, which devastated communities along Japan’s northeast Tohoku coast on March 11, 2011. Housing reconstruction programs in tsunami-affected municipalities included the provision of new residential lots in highland areas and the construction of public housing. The implementation...
Article
The World Bosai Forum/International Disaster Risk Conference@Sendai 2019 (WBF2019) held in November 2019 in Sendai City, Japan, was successful in bringing together actors from multiple sectors to advance the goals of disaster risk reduction (DRR). We would like to take this opportunity to express our heartfelt gratitude to all those who participate...
Article
The goal of the Scientific Session: “Advances of International Collaboration on M9 Disaster Science” at the 2nd World Bosai Forum (WBF) in Sendai in November 2019 was to share progress on research projects and findings related to an M9 mega-disaster event, building on outcomes from a March 2019 collaborative workshop on M9 disaster science between...
Article
Coastal regions around the Pacific Ring of Fire share the risk of massive earthquakes and tsunamis. Along with their own political-economic, cultural and biophysical contexts, each region has their own history and experiences of tsunami disasters. Coastal areas of Washington State in the U.S. are currently at risk of experiencing a tsunami followin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This series of articles represents the outcomes of a two-part webinar, titled Bottom-Up Resilience and hosted by APRU Plus in July 2020. Through a partnership between Pacific Rim Community Design Network and the APRU Sustainable Cities and Landscapes Hub, the discussion brought together a group of activists, organizers, and researchers across the r...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explains the characteristics of land use management after three mega coastal disasters: Canterbury Earthquake in Christchurch, Hurricane Sandy in New York and the Great East Japan Earthquake in Tohoku region. These three cases have led to spatial transformation after each disaster, thus, examined as mega-disaster. Three ability; sustaina...
Article
Full-text available
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (SFDRR) represents an inclusive approach to disaster risk reduction, linked to development and recovery. Building on previous international guidelines, the SFDRR promotes practical and measurable outcomes for reducing disaster losses, including indicators to measure progress towards seven s...
Article
Depopulation is a severe problem in many urban areas globally. Massive population migrations can occur due to relocation after natural disasters and significantly change the demographic composition of regions and cities. The 2011 Great Tsunami in Japan resulted in a combined total of deaths and missing persons of more than 24,500. Post-tsunami reco...
Article
Full-text available
Localized disaster recovery housing refers to housing made using local resources (materials, people, and skills). Using local resources to build temporary and permanent housing for people who lost their homes helps revitalize the disaster-affected area by contributing to the local economy and supporting local businesses. In the context of Japan, lo...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change poses complex challenges for coastal cities. Accelerated sea level rise, elevated tidal inundation, increased flood frequency, land erosion, rising water tables, increased saltwater intrusion, land subsidence and environmental degradation are only a few of the hazards increasingly affecting coastal regions worldwide. This policy brie...
Chapter
Recovery from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami is ongoing in Japan’s northeast Tohoku region. Facing aging and depopulation even before the tsunami, planning and implementation of recovery projects to support the reconstruction of residents’ lives and ensure a sustainable future of tsunami-devastated coastal towns is complex. In add...
Conference Paper
After recent disasters in Japan and the United States, government acquisition of residential land has played a larger and increasing role within and in relation to housing recovery support programs. With different historical, legal, and governance contexts, residential buyouts are shaped by the respective policies of each country. Framed by earlier...
Article
Full-text available
After Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004, Government, NGO and private organizations provided various types of post-disaster permanent housing. This study focuses on Relocate houses in Namkem community, Phangnga after residents live long-term in this post-disaster house. Aims to analyze resident’s satisfaction to Housing after lived more than...
Chapter
Land use management in the United States is decided at the local level and not directly controlled by disaster recovery plans and policies. However, disaster mitigation and recovery policies and initiatives are closely connected to and influence land use patterns. After Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and Superstorm Sandy in 2012, recovery policies and p...
Article
Since 2006 when “Build Back Better“ (BBB) was used in Aceh to advocate for post-tsunami recovery that reduces risk and improves people's lives, BBB has become widely-used in disaster risk reduction and recovery, post-disaster recovery plans, and was recently featured in the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. While improving upon pre...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2004, when "Build Back Better" (BBB) was used to call for post-tsunami recovery in Aceh that reduces risk and improves people's lives, BBB has become widely-used in disaster risk reduction and recovery, and has been featured in post-disaster recovery plans of several countries and the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Improvi...
Chapter
Housing relocation has been avoided as much as possible for its disruptive impact on people’s lives. Recent large-scale disasters worldwide have, on the contrary, lead to debate on the pros and cons of relocating residents away from coasts to save lives. This chapter examines the first 20 months of housing relocation efforts in Tacloban City, Phili...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of ‘building back better’ is being mainstreamed in international development tominimize future devastation from natural disasters. This paper reports on presentations and discussions from the Second International Symposium on Recovery afterMega Disasters: People, Community and Planning, held March 16, 2015 during the Third World Confere...
Chapter
Since March 11 2011, the national government of Japan has invested significant resources to aid recovery in the Tohoku region, devastated by the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and tsunami. Thus far, 25 trillion yen (approximately US$ 250 billion) has been committed, a 10-year national Reconstruction Agency has been established to guide the proc...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to consider the current situation of relocation in Japan after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) in the context of past examples and post-disaster housing relocation projects in other countries. Design/methodology/approach – Information about international cases of post-disaster housing relocation was gathered t...
Article
On Aug. 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the southern coast of the United States, causing the most damage of any disaster in the country's history. Faced with a need for housing relief that overwhelmed all expectations, and failures and criticisms surrounding FEMA's use of trailers as temporary housing, the Alternative Housing Pilot Project (AHPP...
Article
The goal of disaster recovery is for survivors to regain stability in their lives, livelihoods, and housing. A people-centered housing recovery requires that residents are empowered to make decisions about their housing reconstruction, and that policies create housing options that support the ability of all residents to reconstruct their homes and...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Categorize housing relocation patterns after Mt.Merapi Eruption in Yogyakarta, and evaluates each patterns in terms of resiliency and sustainability