Elizabeth A. Mack

Elizabeth A. Mack
Michigan State University | MSU · Department of Geography

Ph.D. Geography

About

102
Publications
24,131
Reads
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1,761
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - February 2016
Michigan State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2011 - June 2015
Arizona State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Automation continues to be a disruptive force in the workforce. In particular, new automated technologies are projected to replace many mid-skill jobs, potentially displacing millions of workers. Career planning agencies and other organizations can help support workers if they are able to effectively identify optimal transition occupations for disp...
Article
Research investigating the linkages between broadband and new business activity in countries around the world produce mixed results related to important nuances in this relationship pertaining to industry characteristics, geography, and the skill level of the workforce. Given these nuances, the goal of this study is to investigate the connection be...
Article
Older adults’ smartphone use has been shown to be a double-edged sword, linked to health and social benefits but also creating vulnerabilities. Similarly, the use of smartphones and other information and communication technologies (ICTs) in organizations also affords workers advantages, such as increased flexibility, while exposing them to risks su...
Article
While disparities in broadband in rural areas are well documented, little research exists about broadband in tribal communities. This gap means we lack information about the trajectory of broadband deployment in tribal areas. It also means we lack comparative information about the similarities or differences in the trajectory of broadband deploymen...
Article
COVID-19 resulted in health and logistical challenges for many sectors of the American economy, including the trucking industry. This study examined how the pandemic impacted the trucking industry, focused on the pandemic’s impacts on company operations, health, and stress of trucking industry employees. Data were collected from three sources: surv...
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This paper synthesizes the contemporary challenges for the sustainability of the social-environmental system (SES) across a geographically, environmentally, and geopolitically diverse region – the Asian Drylands Belt (ADB). This region includes 18 political entities, covering 10.3% of global land area and 30% of total global drylands. At the presen...
Article
High-resolution spatio-temporal data are needed to improve coastal management programs, particularly along the Great Lakes where lake level fluctuations pose challenges to coastal decision-making and planning. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of coastal change monitoring datasets, particularly those that document event-scale changes over a large s...
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Research analyzing perceptions of water services has focused on water quality, water safety, and the propensity to consume water from different sources. It has not assessed perceptions of water costs. To address this knowledge gap, this study collected nationally representative survey data from households in the United States about water issues and...
Article
Remittances are an important source of cash flows for lower-middle income countries, but may also enhance vulnerability to shocks if these financial flows are concentrated among a few sources. We utilize descriptive statistics and panel econometric models estimated via generalized least squares (GLS) to investigate whether remittances are a source...
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Integrating the dynamics and interconnections of natural and human system properties into a single measure would make it simpler to reliably and repeatedly assess and compare different social-environmental systems (SES). We propose a novel metric to assess the magnitudes and variations in SES dynamics by integrating longitudinal gross domestic prod...
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The COVID-19 pandemic caused a variety of social, economic, and environmental changes. This paper examines the employment-related impacts of the pandemic on workers in the transportation industry compared to other industries, and within different transportation sectors. We estimated random effects logistic regression models to test the following th...
Article
This article describes a scalar field topology (SFT)‐based methodology for the interactive characterization and analysis of hotspots for density fields defined on a regular grid. In contrast to the common approach of simply identifying hotspots as areas that exceed a chosen density threshold, SFT provides various data abstractions—such as the merge...
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To evaluate actions taken to implement the Telecommunications Act of 1996, the primary goal of which was to foster competition in the industry, the FCC created a standardized form (Form 477) to collect information about broadband deployment and competition in local telephone service. These data represent the best publicly available record of broadb...
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Water insecurity may precipitate interpersonal conflict, although no studies to date have rigorously examined these relationships. We examined relationships between household demographics, water insecurity, regional conflict, and interpersonal conflict over water. Using survey data from eight sub-Saharan African countries, we found that interperson...
Article
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) typify the nexus of smart Internet-based technology and prior innovations in transportation. A challenge with AV research is that the technology is not yet readily available for consumers to experience. Thus, public perceptions of AVs are often assessed through survey research which has uncovered demographic and socio-econ...
Article
Deviations in rainfall duration and timing are expected to have wide-ranging impacts for people in affected areas. One of these impacts is the potential for increased levels of conflict and accordingly, researchers are examining the relationship between climate variability and conflict. Thus far, there is a lack of consensus on the direction of thi...
Article
Innovation in urban water systems is required to address drivers of change across natural, built, and social systems, including climate change, economic development, and aged infrastructure. Water systems are complex socio-technical systems that interact with biophysical systems to supply and reclaim water. We present a vision for enhancing urban w...
Article
Rising infrastructure costs for water providers and the rising cost of water for households pose several challenges for water providers, policy makers, and the research community. Consumers may utilize several strategies for coping with rising water costs including reduced water use or spending reductions on other household goods and services. To p...
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Globally, coastal communities are impacted by hazards including storm events, rising water levels, and associated coastal erosion. These hazards destroy homes and infrastructure causing human and financial risks for communities. At the same time, the economic and governance capacity of these communities varies widely, impacting their ability to pla...
Article
The ability to pay for water and wastewater services is a growing issue in the developed world. To this point in time, utilities have helped customers grappling with affordability issues using different types of customer assistance programs (CAPs). Income‐based billing approaches differ from CAPs in that bills are structured so as to be affordable...
Article
Billions of people globally, living with various degrees of water insecurity, obtain their household and drinking water from diverse sources that can absorb a disproportionate amount of a household's income. In theory, there are income and expenditure thresholds associated with effective mitigation of household water insecurity, but there is little...
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Long-term exposure to stress places people at risk for chronic diseases including but not limited to obesity, Type-2 diabetes, and heart disease. Various aspects of technology use are associated with stress. Known as technostress, this unique stress is characterized by individuals’ inability to cope with demands generated by computer-related techno...
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Understanding the regional economic implications of rising water and wastewater services is important, because these services are household necessities. To date, however, there are few (if any) studies examining the link between water costs and indicators of economic vitality such as jobs, output, and regional income. To advance work on this partic...
Article
How people perceive the risks of climatic hazards is currently a major research thrust in the field of risk perception. In the wake of recent flood disasters in the United States (US) and globally, more researchers are investigating social vulnerabilities as well as the role of cognition in explaining risk perceptions. This study analyzed how peopl...
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The necessity of freshwater for sustaining human life has prompted the development of numerous estimation techniques and metrics for understanding where, when, and why water is used. While estimates are valuable, techniques for estimating water use vary, and may be difficult to replicate and/or unavailable on an annual basis or at the regional scal...
Article
This article reviews sources of uncertainty in broadband provision data from Federal Communications Commission’s Form 477 database, which is the largest publicly available broadband database for the United States. This uncertainty analysis reveals that reporting thresholds result in understating of broadband in rural areas serviced by smaller provi...
Article
There are concerns across government, industry, and academia over the inadequacies of data on broadband Internet connections. These inadequacies are important to consider because government policies and regulations, industry strategies, and scholarly research can be impacted by inaccurate or distorted data. Given that there are ongoing discussions...
Article
The choropleth map is an essential tool for spatial data analysis. However, the underlying attribute values of a spatial unit greatly influence the statistical analyses and map classification procedures when generating a choropleth map. If the attribute values incorporate a range of uncertainty, a critical task is determining how much the uncertain...
Article
Despite burgeoning interest in entrepreneurial ecosystems, there is little information on metrics for studying the actors and interconnections within these systems. The increasing availability of data and metrics for characterizing entrepreneurial activity in recent years provide opportunities for analyzing EE in more holistic ways. A critical firs...
Article
There are concerns across government, industry, and academia over the inadequacies of data on broadband Internet connections. These inadequacies are important to consider because government policies and regulations, industry strategies, and scholarly research can be impacted by inaccurate or distorted data. Given that there are ongoing discussions...
Article
Full-text available
Background Food access is a global issue, and for this reason, a wealth of studies are dedicated to understanding the location of food deserts and the benefits of urban gardens. However, few studies have linked these two strands of research together to analyze whether urban gardening activity may be a step forward in addressing issues of access for...
Article
Over the years, research on relocation activity has provided insights about the characteristics of firms and regions that drive relocation. The spatial dimensions of these relocation decisions, however, particularly within states or metropolitan areas, remain an understudied aspect of the relocation literature. There is also little work comparing t...
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Multinational enterprises (MNEs) now exhibit knowledge-seeking behaviors which are critical to maintain or gain a competitive advantage. Emerging work about the interaction between MNEs, space, and place also highlights the need for finer scale research to understand the strategy and knowledge exchange of MNEs, which remains limited to this point....
Article
The concept of entrepreneurial orientation is widely accepted to be a significant theory in the literature on firm-level entrepreneurship. Despite the collectivity of research, which continues to demonstrate that entrepreneurship and EO differ in nature greatly and according to context, too often, context is ignored. To address this gap, this paper...
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This paper examines the importance of place-making in economic development by evaluating the relationship between specific urban design features – based on Jacobs' " four generators of diversity " (1961) and Ewing and Cervero's " Five-D's " (2010) – and business sales volume. Despite the increased recognition of the importance of walkable urbanism...
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Inner city revitalization efforts centered on fostering new business activity are controversial because they assume that the job creating capacity of new businesses is capable of impacting aggregate employment levels in inner city neighborhoods. Given this controversy, this paper examines the link between new business activity and inner city employ...
Article
The goal of this study is to quantitatively examine the relationship between walkability and arts-related businesses in metropolitan areas across the United States. Model results indicate that the relationship between arts businesses and walkability is sensitive to the size or scale of the business considered, as well as to the definition of the ar...
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Due to the ubiquity of mobile phones around the globe, studies are beginning to analyze their influence on health. Prior work from developed countries highlights negative mental health outcomes related to overuse of mobile phones. However, there is little work on mental health impacts of mobile phone use or ownership in developing countries. This i...
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While basic access to clean water is critical, another important issue is the affordability of water access for people around the globe. Prior international work has highlighted that a large proportion of consumers could not afford water if priced at full cost recovery levels. Given growing concern about affordability issues due to rising water rat...
Data
Water Cost Information by Provider. (XLSX)
Article
While it is recognized that the Internet and entrepreneurial opportunity are linked, the majority of studies analyzing business use of the Internet focus on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). To address a need for adoption studies focused on new ventures, which differ from SMEs in terms of organizational stage and number of employees, this...
Article
Although broadband Internet infrastructure is acknowledged as a key ingredient to competitiveness, an unfortunate aspect of current work is the dominant focus on households. Given the need for more research on the multidimensional relationship between broadband and businesses, or the broadband-business nexus, this study estimates econometric models...
Article
As we begin to understand who uses particular social media platforms, this user information represents a way forward for understanding the types of research questions for which big data might prove valuable. In this respect, the use of social media data for analyzing entrepreneurial networks represents a promising research domain. Not only does the...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional multivariate clustering approaches are common in many geovisualization applications. These algorithms are used to define geodemographic profiles, ecosystems and various other land use patterns that are based on multivariate measures. Cluster labels are then projected onto a choropleth map to enable analysts to explore spatial dependenci...
Article
Gonzalez A. V., Mack E. A. and Flores M. Industrial complexes in Mexico: implications for regional industrial policy based on related variety and smart specialization, Regional Studies. The goal of this paper is to identify and analyze the location of industrial complexes in Mexico with the purpose of providing an analytical foundation for the cons...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurial ecosystems (EE) consist of interacting components, which foster new firm formation and associated regional entrepreneurial activities. Current work on EE however focuses on documenting the presence of system components, which means there is little understanding of interdependencies between EE components and their evolutionary dynami...
Research
This study analyzes the intra-metropolitan location patterns of entrepreneurial activity in ten U.S. metropolitan areas between 1989 and 2010. In this time period, new establishment activity has both intensified in urban centers and followed the outward expansion of people into suburban and exurban spaces. From a temporal perspective, new establish...
Research
This study analyzes the intra-metropolitan location patterns of entrepreneurial activity in ten U.S. metropolitan areas between 1989 and 2010. In this time period, new establishment activity has both intensified in urban centers and followed the outward expansion of people into suburban and exurban spaces. From a temporal perspective, new establish...
Research
This study analyzes the intra-metropolitan location patterns of entrepreneurial activity in ten U.S. metropolitan areas between 1989 and 2010. In this time period, new establishment activity has both intensified in urban centers and followed the outward expansion of people into suburban and exurban spaces. From a temporal perspective, new establish...
Research
This study analyzes the intra-metropolitan location patterns of entrepreneurial activity in ten U.S. metropolitan areas between 1989 and 2010. In this time period, new establishment activity has both intensified in urban centers and followed the outward expansion of people into suburban and exurban spaces. From a temporal perspective, new establish...
Book
Full-text available
This study analyzes the intra-metropolitan location patterns of entrepreneurial activity in ten U.S. metropolitan areas between 1989 and 2010. In this time period, new establishment activity has both intensified in urban centers and followed the outward expansion of people into suburban and exurban spaces. From a temporal perspective, new establish...
Article
This study estimates econometric models to evaluate the linkage between broadband Internet connections and firms in counties across the urban hierarchy within the continental U.S. Industry-related variations in this relationship are also explored using varied definitions of the urban hierarchy. Model results indicate broadband presence in remote ar...
Article
Full-text available
Tranos E. and Mack E. A. Broadband provision and knowledge-intensive firms: a causal relationship?, Regional Studies. Despite the discussions about the importance of the digital economy, we are still far from understanding how information and communication technologies (ICTs) affect economic activity in space. Recent studies have started untangling...
Article
Problems with currently available broadband data sources highlight the pressing need for novel data analytical methods and tools that enable policy makers to explore broadband market dynamics. Given this pressing need, the goal of this paper is to discuss the current state-of-the-art in geovisual analytic tools that could be applied to broadband an...
Article
A foundational tenet of US broadband policy is that competition will yield benefits to consumers. An outstanding question related to this policy is whether stimulating competition has worked. This study outlines a methodology and index, the broadband evolution index (BEI) that facilitates the spatio-temporal analysis of broadband markets. Study res...
Article
Land-grant universities are distinctly American institutions of higher education in two respects. First, the establishment of a land-grant university was an independent act by the US federal government that endowed specific counties across the country with a university. Second, their mission of inclusion, with an emphasis on the agricultural and me...
Article
The industrial composition of places has received considerable attention because of the widespread belief that industrial diversity buffers regional economies from economic shocks. Subsequently, a variety of toolkits and indices have been developed with the goal of better capturing the compositional dynamics of regions. Although useful, a key drawb...
Article
Abstract This study evaluates the relationship between the spatial distribution of broadband providers and the presence of knowledge intensive firm clusters in US counties. Results highlight this relationship is heterogeneous and localized. In some places, broadband appears to be an essential link that enables knowledge firms to strategically locat...
Article
This article introduces a new approach to the analysis of changes in sex offender residences over time. Using a Markov chain framework, we analyze residential movement patterns of registered sex offenders in Hamilton County, Ohio, over a three-year period (2005–2007). Results indicate a 46 percent reduction in offenders violating spatial restrictio...
Article
Full-text available
While the productivity paradox has been largely resolved, debate persists about the impacts of information and communications technologies on productivity, particularly as regards broadband Internet connections. To date, the bulk of the literature has not addressed the impacts of broadband provision on regional variations in productivity. This stud...
Article
Despite the competitive implications of broadband availability for businesses, entrepreneurship, and innovation, the majority of research about broadband adoption and use is focused around households and individuals. This is a critical gap in our knowledge base given the likely linkages between the quality of regional technology infrastructure and...
Article
Much of the existing research on broadband provision and accessibility focuses on residential markets, indicating that disparities related to demographics, socio-economic status, and educational attainment exist in the United States, Europe and many parts of the developing world. Recent research on businesses and telecommunication technologies has...
Article
In addition to highlighting improvements in the availability and speed of broadband as a national priority, the National Broadband Plan also includes several recommendations for improving access and use of broadband by small businesses. The plan also recommends economic development officials include broadband in their local development strategies....
Article
Despite the widespread attention devoted to broadband and its anticipated impacts, surprisingly little is known regarding the linkages between broadband provision and establishment location. This is particularly true with respect to broadband speed. Given the understudied nature of this relationship, this study estimates econometric models to exami...
Chapter
The social, economic, and cultural impacts of sex offender legislation are topics of considerable interest in recent years. Despite the number of studies evaluating the collateral consequences of these laws, the implications of spatial restrictions on housing availability and residential mobility for convicted sex offenders remain an empirical ques...
Article
Common to all tests of space–time interaction is the assumption that the population underlying the events of interest exhibits a trajectory of growth that is consistent through time and across space. In practice, however, this assumption is often untenable and, when violated, can introduce population shift bias into the results of these tests. Whil...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of three different modeling approaches for exploring structural theories of violence. Specifically, ordinary least squares regression, geographically weighted regression and data envelopment analysis will be utilized to evaluate violent crime. This type of analysis expands upon traditio...
Article
The Jacquez k nearest neighbor test, originally developed to improve upon shortcomings of existing tests for space-time interaction, has been shown to be a robust and powerful method of detecting interaction. Despite its flexibility and power, however, the test has three main shortcomings: (i) it discards important information regarding the spatial...
Article
Entrepreneurship is increasingly viewed as a critical aspect of U.S. economic vitality and competitiveness. However, the dynamic nature of the global business environment and rapid pace of technological change provide challenges for recommending best practices for fostering entrepreneurship. The dynamic global business environment suggests entrepre...