Elizabeth L Jeglic

Elizabeth L Jeglic
City University of New York - John Jay College of Criminal Justice | John Jay CUNY · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

174
Publications
143,150
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,740
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
City University of New York - John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2005 - present
CUNY Graduate Center
Position
  • Professor
September 2003 - present
Education
May 2001 - January 2004
Binghamton University
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology

Publications

Publications (174)
Chapter
Models are important in the development and testing of theories related to a construct. As sexual grooming has yet to be well understood in the research literature, a model of sexual grooming may be particularly important for the assessment and measurement of this construct. This chapter examines models that have been used to explain child sexual a...
Chapter
The term sexual grooming has become synonymous with the concept of child sexual abuse, yet there has yet to be a definition of sexual grooming that is widely adopted across fields. This chapter addresses the many obstacles to defining sexual grooming and highlights the importance of defining the construct in order to better understand it. Next, we...
Chapter
Child sex trafficking has become a pervasive problem across the world, with many of those engaging in sex trafficking using recruitment and maintenance tactics that are analogous to the concept of sexual grooming. In this chapter, we provide an overview of proposed models of the tactics used by sex traffickers to recruit and maintain the compliance...
Chapter
Instances of sexual abuse often go unreported, but there are some cases of child sexual abuse that are formally reported to law enforcement and subsequently processed through the courts. This chapter describes how knowledge of sexual grooming can be helpful in guiding law enforcement investigations, such as through evidence gathering and interviewi...
Chapter
Assessment and treatment of individuals who commit sexual offenses are vital in efforts to prevent future offending, and sexual grooming may help inform these clinical tasks. While there have been some proposed measures to assess for sexual grooming from the perspective of those who committed an offense or who were victimized, they have limitations...
Chapter
It has been theorized that those who abuse children may also engage in a process that has been termed self-grooming, which permits a motivated individual to abuse a child by justifying their behavior or denying the harm to the child. The construct of self-grooming appears to be similar other constructs and theories described in the general sexual o...
Chapter
It has been well established in the research literature that there are many negative long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse. This chapter reviews the psychological, physical, psychosocial, and economic impact to those who have experienced childhood sexual abuse. However, there is almost no research specifically examining whether those who...
Chapter
In order to prevent child sexual abuse before it occurs, laws must be in place to intervene before the sexual abuse begins. Despite there being many challenges to defining sexual grooming, this chapter reviews current United States Federal and State Enticement statutes as well as international sexual grooming legislation designed to criminalize sex...
Chapter
Despite the global impact of child sexual abuse, it has been dubbed a problem that is 100% preventable. Given that many cases of childhood sexual abuse involve sexual grooming behaviors and tactics, this chapter focuses on prevention strategies specific to child sexual grooming. To situate prevention within context, the chapter begins with a review...
Article
Research suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can decrease recidivism for those who sexually offend. The use of CBT for the treatment of those who sexually offend is recommended as part of the responsivity principle of the risk-needs-responsivity model. However, in recent years there has been a movement in the field to incorporate eleme...
Chapter
Juveniles are responsible for committing approximately one-third of sexual offenses against minors. This chapter provides an overview of the research on juveniles who commit sexual offenses, including the typologies of juveniles who commit sexual offenses that have been developed to better understand their motivations and characteristics. Subsequen...
Chapter
This conclusion chapter describes how the understanding of the construct of sexual grooming can be an integral factor in the prevention, investigation, prosecution, assessment, and treatment of sexual offenses. We provide our recommended next steps for moving the field of sexual grooming forward, including recommendations for research, education, t...
Chapter
An adult seeking to commit a child sexual offense may spend time and effort grooming the family (familial grooming) and community (community grooming). This chapter begins with a description of how families and communities serve as risk or protective factors for child sexual abuse victimization. Next, we describe the process and behaviors involved...
Chapter
Child sexual abuse within youth-serving organizations has been identified as a serious problem globally. Cases of child sexual abuse have been documented in schools, religious organization, care homes, foster care, sporting organizations, volunteer organizations, and other child-serving organizations such as the Boy Scouts of America and the Young...
Chapter
Sexual abuse is generally thought to be a male perpetrated crime, and official records indicate that only 2.2% of all sex crimes are perpetrated by a woman. However, recent self-report research suggests that up to 12% of cases of sexual abuse are perpetrated by a woman. Consequently, relatively little is known about how women perpetrate sexual abus...
Chapter
Most of the sexual abuse of adults is perpetrated by someone known to the victim. However, the majority of research studying the modus operandi of adult sexual abuse has focused on the behaviors and tactics of stranger rapists. There has been reference in the media to adult sexual grooming, but as of yet this phenomenon has yet to be explored empir...
Chapter
The online solicitation and sexual grooming of minors via online settings (e.g., chatrooms, social media, gaming) is pervasive. Researchers have sought to understand the individuals who seek to commit online sexual offenses and those who may be victimized, which has included the development of typologies related to different types of offense patter...
Poster
Full-text available
Honorable Mention for the Researching Injustice and Social Equality (RISE) Research Award
Article
Educator sexual misconduct is a serious problem in the United States (U.S.), with a 2004 Department of Education report estimating that 9.6% of K-12 students in the U.S. had experienced either verbal, visual, or physical educator misconduct at some point during their school career. However, since that report almost 20 years ago, there have been few...
Article
The prevalence rates of paraphilic interests and disorders in the general population have been understudied, in large part due to the lack of a standardized assessment measure. As a result, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM)-5 provides little information regarding the prevalence of paraphilic disorders. The present stu...
Article
Following the exposure of child sexual abuse (CSA) within the U.S. Catholic Church, it was postulated that many of these cases went unreported because sexual grooming was involved. The present study examined the prevalence of sexual grooming behaviors of clergy through the lens of the content-validated Sexual Grooming Model (SGM). The study used ar...
Article
Initial research has indicated that college students have experienced numerous stressors as a result of the pandemic. The current investigation enrolled the largest and most diverse sample of college students to date ( N = 4714) from universities in New York (NY) and New Jersey (NJ), the epicenter of the North American pandemic in Spring 2020. We d...
Article
Sex offender laws were designed to decrease sexual violence. The current mixed methods study examined attitudes and opinions of parole and probation officers who have supervised individuals convicted of sexual offenses (n = 361) regarding sex offender legislation and how these policies can be most effective in preventing recidivism. About half of t...
Chapter
Young people involved in the justice system are at a higher risk for suicidal behavior compared to their non-justice-involved peers. Risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are more prevalent among court-involved, non-incarcerated young people than among general population adolescents. Further, detained youth are at an increased ris...
Book
This handbook provides a holistic and comprehensive examination of issues related to criminal justice reform in the United States from a multidisciplinary perspective. Divided into five key domains of reform in the criminal justice system, it analyzes: - Policing - Policy and sentencing - Reentry - Treatment - Alternatives to incarceration Each se...
Chapter
Sexual grooming has been deemed an integral part of the child sexual abuse (CSA) process. However, there has yet to be a widely accepted definition or model conceptualizing the construct. Sexual grooming behaviours are complex and often mirror normal adult–child interactions, which makes them difficult to detect and define. This chapter first provi...
Article
Research indicates that individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are overrepresented among sexual offenders, and that those with ID might differ from those without ID in terms of the etiology of offending behavior. Despite this, few studies have explored ID using incarcerated U.S. samples. The present study sought to identify relevant charac...
Article
According to official statistics, two percent of those who commit sex crimes are women, most of which involve child victims. However, victimization surveys suggest the true rate of female-perpetrated child sexual abuse is significantly higher than official statistics, and that it is under-detected and under-reported. Compared to men, relatively lit...
Article
Providing treatment to those who have committed sexual offenses can be difficult and challenging work. Older studies have suggested that service providers may experience changes in mood, symptoms of trauma, and countertransference reactions due to their work. Recent research has found that effective coping and self-care strategies may mitigate thes...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual grooming has been deemed an integral component of child sexual abuse (CSA). However, the nature and extent of sexual grooming remains understudied in large part because an empirically-validated scale for child sexual grooming has yet to be developed. We developed the Sexual Grooming Scale – Victim Version (SGS-V) to assess the stages and beh...
Article
Full-text available
Since the #MeToo movement, sexual abuse on airlines has been receiving increased attention, however there is a dearth of empirical research investigating this phenomenon. This study is one of the first to examine characteristics of victims and perpetrators of in-flight sexual assaults, as well as data on situational risk factors, victim reporting,...
Article
Full-text available
Stranger rape cases are one of the most difficult sexual assault crimes to solve for law enforcement. This study aimed to compare crime-scene characteristics between serial rapists and single-victim rapists in stranger rape cases and build a predictive model to predict rapist type. An archival database of released sex offenders included 385 who com...
Article
It is estimated that 30–45% of child sexual abusers use sexual grooming tactics. While sexual grooming is considered integral to the child sexual abuse process, there has yet to be a universally accepted definition of the construct that condenses and summarizes this complex process. Based upon a thorough evaluation and critique of prior definitions...
Article
There has yet to be universally-accepted model of child sex trafficking recruitment tactics. Research suggests that child sex traffickers may use strategies to recruit and retain minors that mirror the tactics used by child abusers when sexually grooming minors. Based on a thorough review of the child sex trafficking literature and integrating it w...
Article
Substance use is often involved in sexual offending. Understanding the ways in which substances are used in sexual offending is critical for developing prevention strategies. The present study explored the ways that substances are involved in the perpetration of sexual abuse against adults and minors, including intoxication and supplying substances...
Article
Sex trafficking constitutes a severe international issue, affecting 4.8 million victims worldwide, with those affected in the United States numbering in the thousands (Global Slavery Index, 2016). Despite this, little is known about the characteristics of sex traffickers, especially female sex traffickers. This paper aimed to increase our knowledge...
Article
Child sexual abuse is a prevalent problem within our communities, yet policies that address it are mostly responsive rather than preventive. Given its impact on victims, it is important to move toward secondary prevention strategies, such as targeting individuals at higher risk for offending due to their sexual interest in minors, but who have yet...
Book
This handbook examines research on youth suicide, analyzes recent data on suicide among adolescents, and addresses the subject matter as a serious public health concern. The book explores the research on youth suicide, examining its causes, new and innovative ways of determining suicide risk, and evidence-based intervention and prevention strategie...
Article
Full-text available
Disclosure rates of child sexual abuse (CSA) to both social supports and law enforcement are concerningly low, although more research is needed to understand factors that impact disclosure. Thus, the present study examined rates of informal (i.e., to a social support) and formal (i.e., to law enforcement) disclosure of CSA, as well as victims' self...
Article
Sexual grooming has been deemed an integral part of the child sexual abuse process. However, there has yet to be a universally accepted model for this process and as a consequence there is no clear understanding of which behaviors constitute sexual grooming. One proposed model of in-person sexual grooming outlined five stages of the process: 1) vic...
Article
Internet predation of minors has become a focus of child sexual abuse research and legislation. Studies reveal that many American youth report experiencing sexual solicitation and sexual grooming online, but the youth perspective of these experiences has not been examined. This study examined retrospective perspectives of online sexual solicitation...
Preprint
Full-text available
We examined state-wide data of persons evaluated for Sexually Violent Predator (SVP) commitment and compared risk-relevant data of three groups: those committed as SVPs ( n = 374), those not recommended for commitment ( n = 2,707), and those nearly committed (recommended for commitment but ultimately not committed; n = 117). Consistent with legal l...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Although research has identified interpersonal, intrapersonal, and achievement-related factors that precipitate suicide attempts (SAs), how these factors vary by race/ethnicity is unknown. We examined racial/ethnic differences in SA precipitants in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of young adults (YAs) with a SA history. Method: Two-...
Article
The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of mindfulness in suicide ideation (SI) in college students by testing which component(s) of mindfulness would add to the explanation of SI when depression, hopelessness and suicide attempt history were considered. Seven hundred sixty-three undergraduate college students provided survey data on well...
Article
Sex trafficking constitutes a severe international issue, affecting 4.8 million victims worldwide, with those affected in the United States numbering in the thousands (Global Slavery Index, 2016; International Labour Office, 2017) This paper aimed to increase the current literature available on sex traffickers in the United States. It examined a sa...
Article
Full-text available
Deviant sexual fantasy is identified as a risk factor for sexual offending, yet no study has examined deviant sexual fantasy across the lifespan in nonoffending adult males. To bridge this gap, this study examined the frequencies of normative and deviant sexual fantasies among 318 nonoffending adult males in the United States. Participants were rec...
Article
Current sexual violence prevention initiatives have focused on addressing and changing societal norms that are supportive of sexual assault. One area of focus has been the way in which people describe women and sexual acts as it has been suggested that people perceive sex differently. The present study investigated what people consider normative se...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing from Race-Based Traumatic Stress theory, the present study examined whether traumatic stress and depressive symptoms differentially help explain the relation between racial/ethnic discrimination and suicidal ideation across gender and racial/ethnic groups. A racially/ethnically diverse group of emerging adults (N = 1344; Mage = 19.88, SD =...
Article
Although education has been demonstrated to promote desistance, a person with a sex offense conviction faces numerous obstacles when pursuing a postsecondary education. In the present study, we investigated perceptions of university administrators toward applicants convicted of sexual offenses. Responses were collected through an online survey diss...
Article
While education has been demonstrated to promote desistance, a person with a sex offense conviction faces numerous obstacles when pursuing a postsecondary education. In the present study, we investigated perceptions of university administrators toward applicants convicted of sexual offenses. Responses were collected through an online survey dissemi...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the growing Latino presence in the U.S. criminal justice system and among those who have committed sex offenses specifically, little is known about the barriers and challenges faced by this population when accessing treatment services. This study sought to gather more information about responsivity factors that may be specific to Latinos wh...
Article
Suicide is the leading cause of preventable death in US jails and prisons, with rates three to nine times higher than those of the general population. Although suicide in correctional settings has been recognised as a serious problem, the research on suicide among incarcerated individuals remains limited. Individuals who have committed sexual offen...
Article
Objective: To test associations between viewing 13 Reasons Why, Season 1 and past week suicide ideation severity, behavior risk, stigma, and knowledge in college students. To explore whether personal exposure to suicide and depressive symptom severity moderated these associations. Participants: Eight-hundred and eighteen college students, 64% (n =...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we examined the role of racial discrimination, social support (viz., family and friends), and hope (viz., agency and pathways) in accounting for negative psychological adjustment (viz., anxious and depressive symptoms) and positive psychological adjustment (viz., vitality and life satisfaction) in a sample of 249 African Ameri...
Article
There has been little research on the sexual offending behavior of different racial groups. This study compares the characteristics and risk factors for American, non-Hispanic Whites ( n =797) and Blacks ( n = 788) who had been convicted of a sexual crime in New Jersey. The results indicated that Whites appeared more paraphilic whereas Blacks displ...
Article
Full-text available
Among college students, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features are prevalent and impairing. Different types of childhood maltreatment (CM) are associated with BPD features, though the type(s) of CM that is most robustly associated with BPD features and the mechanism by which CM leads to BPD features are not well-studied. Thus, the purpose o...
Article
Full-text available
Forensic psychologists and psychiatrists are regularly called upon to conduct sexually violent predator (SVP) evaluations. Commonly, the DSM-5 diagnostic category of paraphilic disorders is used to establish whether an offender has a mental abnormality outlined by the SVP laws. Importantly, the use of paraphilic disorders to establish the mental ab...
Article
In recent years, instances of educator sexual assault against students have flooded the media. In particular, female teachers who abused students have seized the public’s attention as they are often portrayed as attractive and a sexual fantasy. This portrayal can then impact the way society perceives these sexual assaults. Importantly, however, it...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the role of basic psychological needs as a mediator of the association between future orientation and depressive symptoms in a sample of 202 (159 female & 43 male) multiethnoracial adults. Participants were two hundred and two multiethnoracial adults (159 females & 43 males) with a mean age of 20.6 years. Multiple mediation analysis wit...
Article
Full-text available
This study tested a psychosocial model of suicide risk in a sample of 156 Latino college students. Specifically, depression and loneliness were hypothesized to be important predictors of suicide risk (namely, hopelessness and suicidal behaviors) in Latino students. Results of conducting regression analyses indicated that, independent of age and gen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Over the past four decades, ongoing research in the field of forensic psychology has evolved and expanded the domains of forensic evaluation, such as risk assessment and personality assessment, and treatment and care of offending populations and those involved with the criminal justice system. This chapter will review research advances in two of th...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates whether leuprolide acetate (Lupron) adds to the efficacy of traditional sex offender treatment. A group of sex offenders receiving both Lupron and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT; n = 25) were compared with a group of sex offenders receiving only CBT ( n = 22). Treated subjects were compared with norms available wit...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we examined the role of ethnoracial discrimination, social support (viz., family & friends), and hope (viz., agency & pathways) in accounting for negative psychological adjustment (viz., worry & depressive symptoms) and positive psychological adjustment (viz., vitality & life satisfaction) in a sample of 203 (164 females & 39...
Article
Although women demonstrate higher levels of rumination than men, it is unknown whether instruments used to measure rumination have the same psychometric properties for women and men. To examine this question, we evaluated measurement invariance of the brooding and reflection subscales from the Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS) by gender, using data...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing body of research demonstrating that the therapeutic alliance (TA) affects outcomes among specialized forensic populations, including sexual offenders. Despite this consensus, researchers continue to question whether higher levels of psychopathic traits are conducive to the formation of a therapeutic relationship for high-risk sex...
Chapter
Suicide is a major concern among those who are involved with the criminal justice system. Specifically, suicide is the leading cause of preventable death in US jails and prisons, with rates three to nine times higher than those of the general population. This chapter will examine the rates of suicidal behavior in jails and prisons both in the U.S....
Poster
Exploratory study investigating barriers experienced by individuals convicted of sexual offenses (IHSOs) pursuing higher education; disseminated an online survey to national higher education administrator organizations to evaluate perceptions and policies in place for IHSO admission and attendance to institutions of higher education
Chapter
This chapter will review the history of evidence-based practice within corrections. We will then address the evidence-based practice movement within the general psychotherapy treatment field and how there remains a disjoint between what we know works, and what is being practiced within corrections. The chapter will conclude with a discussion of how...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the current state of the field of treatment with clients involved in the criminal justice system and how evidence-based interventions are being adapted to meet the needs of justice-involved individuals. The authors propose continued avenues of research and treatment development and conclude with recommendations on how to ach...
Chapter
This chapter will review what is known about therapist-related factors, how these factors impact the outcome in the general psychotherapy literature, and what is known about the characteristics of effective therapists who work with criminal justice-involved clients. We will present research examining therapist training and how it affects treatment...
Book
This book reviews how new and promising evidence-based interventions are being used with those involved in the criminal justice system. While there has been an increased emphasis on evidence-based practice within forensic treatment, there remains a disjoint between what we know works and adapting these interventions to those involved in the crimina...
Article
Full-text available
It is commonly assumed that victims of sexual abuse feel more negatively toward sex offenders and advocate for harsher punishments than individuals who have not been victimized. This belief was examined by comparing attitudes toward sex offenders and their treatment, support of registration, notification, and residence restriction policies, as well...
Article
This study examined the role of ethnic identity and loneliness as predictors of suicide risk, namely, hopelessness and suicidal behaviors, in Latino college students. One hundred sixty Latino students completed a survey assessing for the aforementioned constructs. Results of conducting regression analyses indicated that ethnic identity was a signif...
Article
Full-text available
Suicide is one of the leading causes of inmate deaths in correctional settings. Furthermore, there is heightened risk for suicide among individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) who present in jails and prisons. In the present article, the authors review suicide risk factors associated with SMI, with emphasis on incarcerated individua...
Article
Full-text available
Non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal behavior are prevalent in young adults, and often constitute a continuum of self-destructiveness. Not all those who self-injure, however, engage in suicidal behaviors with intent to die, perhaps due to protective intrapersonal characteristics. We examined the role of one such potential buffer, social problem-so...
Article
Full-text available
Research examining ethnic and cultural differences among individuals who commit sex offenses remains limited. Specifically, literature focusing on sex offenses committed by Latinos is scarce. Using archival data from a large sample of individuals who committed sex offenses, this study explored differences between Latino, White, and African American...
Article
Full-text available
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem not only in the community but also in institutional settings such as youth-serving organizations, churches, and schools. Although research has started to examine the problem of abuse in institutional settings, there remains a dearth of information about the nature and context of CSA in different employm...
Article
Full-text available
Although there has been considerable study of desistance from criminal offending in general, very little of this research has focused on sex offenders specifically. Given the increasing number of restrictive legislations targeting sex offenders which can serve as formal social controls, it is important to understand the impact of these laws on the...
Article
Sex offender legislation is influenced by public pressure. However, there is evidence suggesting that the public's beliefs about sex offenders may be based upon myths and misperceptions. This study examined the relationship between knowledge of sex offenders in areas concerning their recidivism rates, treatment outcomes, and victim types, as well a...