Elizabeth Halpenny

Elizabeth Halpenny
University of Alberta | UAlberta · Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation

PhD

About

66
Publications
31,646
Reads
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1,569
Citations
Introduction
Elizabeth Halpenny currently works at the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta. She currently teaches and conducts research in the areas of tourism, marketing, environmental psychology and protected areas management. Elizabeth’s research focuses on individual's interactions with nature environments, tourism experience, and environmental stewardship. Current research projects include: (a) the effect of mobile digital technologies on visitors’ experiences: (b) the impact of World Heritage designation and other park-related brands on travel decision making; (c) individuals’ stewardship of natural areas; (d) tourism operators, sustainability, and climate change (e) tourism-related social media conversations on climate change in Canada’s Rocky Mountain parks.l
Additional affiliations
July 2006 - present
University of Alberta
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2001 - May 2006
University of Waterloo
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we outline progress and challenges in establishing effective health promotion tied to visitor experiences provided by protected and conserved areas in Canada. Despite an expanding global evidence base, case studies focused on aspects of health and well-being within Canada's protected and conserved areas remain limited. Data pertain...
Article
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This article explores innovative and novel research methods and adaptive approaches during the COVID-19 pandemic to examine visitor learning and proenvironmental behavior. We present a mixed methods study that used a methodological bricolage approach to field-based data collection. The pandemic limited our ability to carry out the original study de...
Article
The conservation of biodiversity requires various forms of evidence to ensure effective outcomes. In this study, we provide an updated assessment of the state of evidence-based decision-making in Canada’s protected areas organizations by examining practitioner perceptions of: (i) the value and use of various forms of evidence, (ii) the availability...
Article
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In November 2017, over 15,000 scientists issued a second letter to humanity that outlines how we are “jeopardizing our future” by failing to protect key ecological systems [...]
Article
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Case studies offer rich insight into the way knowledge is gathered, understood, and applied (or not) in parks and conservation contexts. This study aims to understand how knowledge and information have been used to inform decision-making about human-wildlife co-existence—specifically what knowledge has informed decisions related to grizzly bear man...
Article
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This study explores how knowledge was and is mobilized to advance the objectives of the Beaver Hills Biosphere Reserve, located in Alberta, Canada. Established in 2016, a 12-year collaborative effort worked to establish the biosphere reserve and achieve formal UNESCO designation. Subsequent efforts to grow the newly established biosphere reserve ha...
Article
Park managers use personal interpretation to achieve a variety of outcomes for park visitors and the natural environment. This project examines whether these outcomes are achieved, the factors influencing how the outcomes are achieved, and the overlap among these factors across the outcomes. Based on interviews with visitors in three Alberta provin...
Article
With increased interest in emotions and tourism, ‘savoring’, a process of attending to, enhancing, or prolonging positive emotions, should receive more scholarly attention. This article offers a conceptual look at the issues and perspectives related to the relationship between savoring and place attachment in the tourism context. Drawing from the p...
Article
Purpose Using a cross-cultural perspective, the purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of cultural difference and travel motivation on event participation and how cultural difference may influence the relationship between travel motivation and event participation. The paper highlights the importance of culture in tourism research. Design/...
Article
Tourism and recreation have included attitudes in their pro-environmental behaviour prediction frameworks, though not many have assessed the cognitive and affective dimensions of attitudes in their analyses. In environmental psychology, environmental values are antecedent to attitudes, where ecological worldviews are reflective of environmental val...
Article
This research advances understanding of mobile device use in a leisure context by applying and expanding the Unified Theory of the Acceptance and Use of Technology 2 (UTAUT2) to festival settings. Through on-site surveys at three festivals the UTAUT2 model and an adapted version for mobile device use at a festival were examined using confirmatory f...
Article
Purpose World Heritage sites (WHS) can play an important role in promoting visitation to emerging and remote destinations. Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this study aims to investigate factors that predict intentions to visit WHS. Design/methodology/approach Survey questionnaires were used to collect data from visitors ( n = 519)...
Article
The purpose of this paper was to examine how practitioners think about and implement nature play in a Canadian context. Using data from interviews with 21 practitioners, we examined two overarching research questions: (1) How do practitioners conceptualise (think about and discuss) nature play? and (2) How do practitioners operationalise (i.e. plan...
Article
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Participation in sport and recreation may contribute to various holistic benefits among Indigenous youth in Canada. However, there is a need for a consolidated evidence base to support the development of sport and recreation opportunities that could facilitate such holistic benefits. The purpose of this research was to produce a meta-study of quali...
Article
Rapid environmental change in vulnerable destinations has stimulated a new form of travel termed “last chance tourism” (LCT). Studies have examined the risks of LCT, while leaving potential opportunities within this new tourism market largely underexplored. Results of survey (n = 399) research in Jasper National Park, Canada reveal that a LCT motiv...
Article
Full-text available
With a goal of improved social media communication by park agencies, the content from seven Englishlanguage North American park agencies' Twitter accounts were counted, interpreted, coded and compared. Trends in usage of Twitter by park agencies were examined by comparing tweets from 2014 (n=764) and 2017 (n=1,395). Special attention was directed t...
Article
The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been successfully tested in leisure and outdoor recreation studies over the last few decades. However, the inclusion of new predictors to improve the theory's predictive power has been encouraged. Utilizing leisure constraints approach, we extended the TPB by adding constraints to the theory. The literature...
Article
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p>Ghalegaon represents one of Nepal’s most popular rural community based tourism entrepreneurship initiatives in a form of home stays. This paper explores the socio cultural sustainability of the Ghalegaon home stays. Fourteen individual interviews, five focus group discussions and onsite observations were used to discuss four categories of socio c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To better comprehend mobile device acceptance and use at attractions and during tourism experiences broadly, we need to know and understand the factors that influence the decision to use technology in varying contexts. This presentation will discuss the Unified Theory of the Acceptance and Use of Technology 2 in relation to mobile device use at fes...
Article
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Place-based collaboration is of increasing interest as a means to involve scientists, managers and local stakeholders in resource management. Although place attachment, place identity and place meanings often have been used to investigate place-based collaboration, the processes facilitating cooperation are not yet clearly defined. Through a case s...
Article
Purpose This study explores the multi-phasic experience of festivals to understand the nature, purpose and degree of social media (SM) use before, during and after festival occurrence and how this may inform better engagement of attendees. Design/methodology/approach A census of tweets and posts from four festivals’ Twitter handles and Facebook...
Chapter
This chapter reports subjective experiences in nature of five children aged 6–10 years collected during a 5-day camp in a botanical garden. Creative expressive visual methods and semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. Inductive analysis produced three themes: (1) caring, children being positioned to take care of nature and to be take...
Article
This study examined structural models of associations among constraints to pro-environmental nature-based tourism behavior, negotiation through these constraints, motivations to engage in pro-environmental behavior, and knowledge of pro-environmental activities. Three types of constraints (i.e., intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural) were in...
Article
An important form of economic sustainability for tourism businesses is customer loyalty. Using a sample of 387 active sport tourists, factors that influence destination and event tourism loyalty are reported on in this paper. Thirty-six per cent of destination loyalty’s variance was explained – operationalized as intentions of active sport tourists...
Article
The Institute for Hospitality and Tourism Research was founded in 2010 to undertake both academic and industry projects that aid business, policy makers and the overall industry with key issues in hospitality and tourism. What is the issue? Ubiquitous use of information communication technology and particularly mobile devices, is permeating across...
Article
Full-text available
Landscapes and settings are important travel motivators, especially for sport tourism events. Understanding perceptions of sportscapes and travel motivations are essential for sport event organizers and destination managers’ to create sustainable and successful sport tourism events and destinations. This paper reports findings from a survey of acti...
Article
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In many countries volunteers are playing an increasing role in nature conservation. Many factors have lead to this trend including reduced government budgets assigned for conservation and an increased awareness and interest expressed by each country's general population to contribute to environmental health and nature conservation. This paper utili...
Chapter
This chapter reports subjective experiences in nature of five children aged 6–10 years collected during a 5-day camp in a botanical garden. Creative expressive visual methods and semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. Inductive analysis produced three themes: (1) caring, children being positioned to take care of nature and to be take...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports subjective experiences in nature of 5 children aged 6–10 years collected during a 5-day camp in a botanical garden. Creative expressive visual methods and semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. Inductive analysis produced the follow themes: children being positioned to take care of nature and to be taken care of by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines technology non-use in a leisure context. Specifically, people were interviewed about their mobile device use / non-use during a festival experience to better understand their reasons for using / not using a mobile device in this context. The findings presented here focus on non-use and reveal that reasons for non-use are both in...
Article
Full-text available
This article combines a review of literature with observations from an empirical study that examined how five children aged 6 to 10 years experienced nature in a botanical garden setting with a focus on the behavioural, sensory, affective and cognitive dimensions of these experiences. Visually expressive methods (sculptures, drawings, photography a...
Article
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Since the emergence of the concept of ecotourism in the late twentieth century, the influence of knowledge and education on nature tourists' behaviour has been explored in a number of studies. This paper reports on Iranian mountaineering club members' engagement in and awareness of ‘ideal’ ecotourism practice. Also reported are observed relationshi...
Article
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The World Heritage (WH) brand signals property so irreplaceable that its values must be sustained intact in perpetuity. A primary function of the WH symbol, one element of the WH brand, is to prompt positive visitor emotions and behaviors favored by management agencies. This paper investigates if the symbol communicates any message to viewers. To d...
Article
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Homestay tourism is popular in many destinations; it adds authentic sociocultural richness to the tourist's experience. For a nation that cannot make extensive infrastructural investment a priority but which possesses an abundance of tourism richness in remote communities, homestays are an attractive alternative tourism product. This paper discusse...
Article
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In order to study children's subjective experiences, researchers need to employ methods that are interesting and engaging but at the same time can produce data that answers research questions. This article critically reflects on the use of an innovative visually expressive method, sand tray pictures, which allows children to communicate their multi...
Article
As the fastest growing social media platform, and one that is fuelled by mobile (i.e., smartphone) technology, Twitter was chosen as the social media forum for analysis. This paper reports on a content analysis of tweets, the 140 character Twitter messages, pre, during, and post events at three festivals: Pride Toronto (2013), Taste of the Danforth...
Article
With the complexity and resource intensity needed to manage parks, protected area managers increasingly rely on their constituencies to assume stewardship responsibilities. To meet the intentions of the Convention on Biodiversity Target 11, thousands of new protected areas will need to be gazetted. This dramatic increase in the number of global pro...
Article
Since 2005, Parks Canada has embarked on an agency-wide effort to face the challenge of remaining relevant to Canadians. Visitation to Canada’s system of National Parks, National Historic Sites, and National Marines Conservation Areas has been declining, in part, because of a changing social context. Parks Canada Agency believes that fostering visi...
Article
This paper outlines how conservation volunteer programmes contribute to biodiversity protection and conservation in Canada’s national parks. An inventory of some of these volunteer programmes is summarized and specific examples of volunteer conservation activities are provided through a case study of Kejimkujik National Park’s volunteer programme....
Article
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This paper reports on differences and similarities between people who identify themselves as avid, casual, or non-sport fans. Attitudes and behavioural intensions relating to a small scale sport event in a Canadian national park were examined. Significant differences were found regarding the appropriateness of hosting the sport event in the park, n...
Article
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This longitudinal study examined Chinese immigrants’ leisure participation and satisfaction. A model where participation predicted satisfaction indicated that: satisfaction at Time 1 affected satisfaction at Time 2, and satisfaction at Times 1 and 2 affected satisfaction at Time 3, while participation at Time 1 directly affected satisfaction at Tim...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationship between leisure satisfaction and acculturative stress. Chinese immigrants to Canada were surveyed six months apart. Four kinds of acculturative stress (all at Time 2) were each hierarchically regressed on: age and gender, years in Canada, the corresponding stressor, and six types of l...
Article
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Understanding volunteer motivations for participating in nature conservation programs is an important element in the design and provision of programs intended to harness the increasingly important talents and labour that volunteers bring to conservation programs. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the motivations of participants in Volunteer...
Article
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While there is considerable research on environmental contamination and degradation, there is equally credible evidence on the healthful qualities of the environment. Being in and caring for nature can be health promoting for individuals, families, communities, ecosystems and the planet. In this paper, we use a conceptual model for nature-based hea...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of place attachment to predict place-specific and general pro-environment behavioural intentions. The study sample (n = 355) consisted of visitors to a Canadian national park, Point Pelee National Park. The place attachment scale utilized in this study was designed to measure three subdimensions:...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of the study is to develop best practice recommendations for visitor management at Dinosaur Provincial Park. The objectives of this study include: 1. To assess the current state of Dinosaur Provincial Park relative to critical topics identified in a Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis completed one year befor...
Article
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SUMMARY The last decade has brought many innovations to cooperative park management approaches used by park agencies and aboriginal peoples. This paper briefly reports on cooperative management efforts in six northern Canadian national parks, Wapusk, Nahanni, Tuktuk Nogait, Kluane, Vuntut and Auyuittuq, and two US national parks, Grand Canyon and B...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The UNDP/UNEP/GEF Biodiversity Planning Support Programme (BPSP) had a mandate to provide assistance to national biodiversity planners as they develop and implement their national biodiversity strategies and action plans, or equivalent plans, programmes and policies. The integration of biodiversity into other sectors of the national economy and civ...
Article
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This document is part of a set of related papers: 1. Overview – describes general issues and "lessons learned" in the context of visitor fees. 2. Country review – describes fee systems and experience in various countries. 3. Summary – a distillation of the above two documents, with a focus on Belize. Includes a table summarizing fee levels and rela...

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