Elizabeth J. Glennie

Elizabeth J. Glennie
RTI International | RTI International · Education and Workforce Development

PhD

About

43
Publications
18,788
Reads
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1,300
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
775 Citations
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Introduction
Much of my work focuses on the U.S. educational system - particularly the impact of policies on schools, teachers, and students, with a primary focus on factors influencing success in secondary school and access to post-secondary education. For these studies, I have analyzed large national databases as well as data collected by states and specific intervention programs. I also have conducted surveys of students and teachers.
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - present
RTI International
Position
  • Senior Education Research Analyst
Description
  • I focus on the impact of policies on teachers and students, particularly the factors influencing success in secondary school and access to college. This work involves analyzing large national databases, state and program data, and surveys.
January 2001 - August 2007
Duke University
Position
  • Research Scientist, Director North Carolina Education Research Data Center
Education
September 1991 - November 1997
Duke University
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (43)
Book
A post-secondary credential is more important today than ever, but our separate secondary and post-secondary systems create unnecessary barriers that keep too many students from accessing college. A new book argues that the most effective way to address those barriers might be to combine high school and college, an approach that has been tested and...
Article
Full-text available
Advancing in key courses in ninth grade is an early, crucial step in preparing for college. Students who miss academic targets early in high school may not be ready to go to college 4 years later. In the United States, when students fail key courses in ninth grade, they may struggle to catch up to their peers who successfully took and passed these...
Article
Industry-recognized credentials, or certifications, provide one path to match people with jobs effectively. Certifications are nationally recognized, standardized credentials created by businesses and industry groups to demonstrate proficiency in skills related to specific jobs. State education systems increasingly provide students the opportunity...
Article
Early colleges are a new model of schooling in which the high school and college experiences are merged, shortening the total amount of time a student spends in school. This study uses a lottery-based experimental design to examine the impact of the model on longer term outcomes, including attainment of a postsecondary credential and academic perfo...
Article
Introduction: Even though the majority of youth in the U.S. work, and workers under the age of 18 are seriously injured on the job at higher rates when compared to adults, most adolescents lack instruction on workplace safety and health. Method: This qualitative study examines the extent to which selected U.S. school districts provide workplace...
Preprint
This paper examines whether students attending inclusive STEM high schools were better prepared for post-secondary work than their matched peers in traditional high schools. We then examined whether these STEM schools provided greater benefits to those underrepresented in STEM.
Article
Given concerns that students are not prepared for STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) college and careers, some states have created schools to enhance STEM proficiency. Inclusive STEM schools are designed to develop STEM interest and talent in groups of students underrepresented in STEM careers. We examined inclusive STEM school...
Article
Project-based learning (PjBL) is an approach often favored in STEM classrooms, yet some studies have shown that teachers struggle to implement it with academic rigor. This paper explores the relationship between PjBL and rigor in the classrooms of ten STEM-oriented high schools. Utilizing three different data sources reflecting three different perc...
Article
Examining repeated classroom encounters over time provides a comprehensive picture of activities. Studies of instructional practices in classrooms have traditionally relied on two methods: classroom observations, which are expensive, and surveys, which are limited in scope and accuracy. Teacher logs provide a “real-time” method for collecting data...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored student abilities in applying conceptual knowledge when presented with structured performance tasks. Specifically, the study gauged proficiency in higher-order applications of students enrolled in earth and environmental science or biology. The student sample was drawn from a Redesigned STEM high school model where a tested perf...
Book
People providing services to schools, teachers, and students want to know whether these services are effective. With that knowledge, a project director can expand services that work well and adjust implementation of activities that are not working as expected. When finding that an innovative strategy benefits students, a project director might want...
Article
Gender differences in arts consumption have early roots among adolescents. Girls have historically dominated participation in extracurricular arts activities. Yet research does not consider whether gender gaps in participation are consistent across schools and whether school-based resources might influence them. In this paper, we combine data on ni...
Article
Developed in response to concerns that too few students were enrolling and succeeding in postsecondary education, early college high schools are small schools that blur the line between high school and college. This article presents results from a longitudinal experimental study comparing outcomes for students accepted to an early college through a...
Article
Full-text available
Some states have created science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) schools to encourage student interest and enhance student proficiency in STEM subjects. We examined a set of STEM schools serving disadvantaged students to see whether these students were more likely to take and pass advanced science and mathematics classes than their...
Article
Full-text available
In many countries, novice teachers, or those with fewer than four years of experience, have a higher turnover rate than do more experienced teachers. Using teacher employment data, we examine whether schools in an American whole-school reform model are better able to retain novice teachers. Using survey data, we investigate whether novice teachers...
Article
Full-text available
Using a nationally representative longitudinal data-set, we examine the influence of precollege access programs on high school achievement, college preparation, postsecondary enrollment, and postsecondary persistence. Results do not show much difference in the level of academic preparation between participants and non-participants. However, precoll...
Article
Many school systems have ended social promotion by implementing accountability systems where students who fail academic assessments are retained in grade. Additionally, some parents have delayed their children’s entry into school, believing that older students have an advantage. This study analyzes the association between the presence of old for gr...
Article
Full-text available
Historically, African Americans and white girls have not had the same access to playing sports as white boys have had. Changes in laws led to racial integration of sports teams and equal athletic opportunities for girls. Yet, racial and gender gaps in playing sports persist, and intersections between race and gender, as well as different contexts o...
Article
Efforts to improve student achievement should increase graduation rates. However, work investigating the effects of student-level accountability has consistently demonstrated that increases in the standards for high school graduation are correlated with increases in dropout rates. The most favored explanation for this finding is that high-stakes te...
Article
Early college high schools are a new and rapidly spreading model that merges the high school and college experiences and that is designed to increase the number of students who graduate from high school and enroll and succeed in postsecondary education. This article presents results from a federally funded experimental study of the impact of the ea...
Article
Self-report data from 2,088 sixth-grade students in 11 middle schools in North Carolina were combined with administrative data on their eighth-grade end-of-the-year achievement scores in math and reading to examine the influence of students' perceived parental school behavior expectations on their academic performance. Through use of multilevel mod...
Book
Full-text available
This book provides an overview of recent research on the relationship between noncognitive attributes (motivation, self efficacy, resilience) and academic outcomes (such as grades or test scores). We focus primarily on how these sets of attributes are measured and how they relate to important academic outcomes. Noncognitive attributes are those aca...
Chapter
This book provides an overview of recent research on the relationship between noncognitive attributes (motivation, self efficacy, resilience) and academic outcomes (such as grades or test scores). We focus primarily on how these sets of attributes are measured and how they relate to important academic outcomes. Noncognitive attributes are those aca...
Article
As implemented in North Carolina, Early College High Schools are small, autonomous schools designed to increase the number of students who graduate from high school and are prepared for postsecondary education. Targeted at students who are underrepresented in college, these schools are most frequently located on college campuses and are intended to...
Article
Studies suggest that students who participate in extracurricular activities benefit in a number of ways. However, schools provide different opportunities to participate in these activities. Using information from high school yearbooks and administrative data on students and schools in North Carolina, we examine whether school characteristics influe...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose: The sixth grade is a pivotal year for students as they move from the primary to the secondary grades. For students who attend middle school in the sixth grade, they move from a primary school with one teacher to a school setting where they change classes, experience multiple teachers, and where they must assume more independ...
Article
Longitudinal self-report data from 4,071 students are used to examine the degree to which students’ perceptions of their social environments (people and places) are associated with changes in 3 school success outcomes: school engagement, trouble avoidance, and grades. Specific variable dimensions within the neighborhood, peer, and family domains ha...
Article
For a three-year time period beginning in 2001, North Carolina awarded an annual bonus of $1800 to certified math, science and special education teachers working in public secondary schools with either high-poverty rates or low test scores. Using longitudinal data on teachers, we estimate hazard models that identify the impact of this differential...
Article
Full-text available
Between 2001 and 2004, the state of North Carolina gave an annual salary bonus of $1,800 to certified math, science, and special education teachers in a set of low-performing and/or high-poverty secondary schools. Eligible teachers were to continue receiving the bonus as long as they continued in the school. In a survey of teachers and principals,...
Article
Full-text available
Teens may leave school because of academic failure, disciplinary problems, or employment opportunities. In this article, the authors test whether the reasons dropouts leave school differ by grade level and age. We compare dropout rates and reasons across grade levels and ages for all high school students, ethnic groups, and gender groups. Across al...
Article
This document compiles a series of three policy briefs focused on the subject of grade retention. The first brief, "Grade Retention: A Flawed Education Strategy," suggests educators and policymakers caution the use of grade retention as a remedy for poor student performance. As concluded by the majority of past studies, grade retention is a failed...
Article
A recent study of ninth- and tenth-grade dropouts in North Carolina shows that Hispanic adolescents have the highest early dropout rate among the state's largest ethnic groups. This relationship persists when boys and girls are analyzed separately: Hispanic boys are more likely to drop out early than other boys are, and Hispanic girls are more like...
Article
Societal variations in the organization of educational institutions are thought to affect the distribution of students into levels of educational achievement. This paper analyzes the diverging achievements of British and American cohorts as they pass through secondary and post-secondary education. The ways students' locations in the systems' struct...
Article
This article compares the degree to which educational attainment and cognitive skill, individually and together, serve to explain labor force outcomes (occupational status and earnings). Although the same antecedent factors affect both of them and they both are associated with labor force outcomes, they are not redundant measures. They are affected...
Chapter
Full-text available
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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Florida promotes earning industry certifications in secondary school. This study is examining the high school practices that best support students' earning industry certifications and the influence of earning certifications on high school completion, enrollment in post-secondary educational institutions, and persistence. (Project funded by U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, Grant # R305A170222)