Elizabeth S. Garcia

Elizabeth S. Garcia
University of Washington Seattle | UW · Department of Atmospheric Sciences

PhD

About

26
Publications
2,533
Reads
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276
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2014 - present
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2010 - December 2014
University of California, Santa Barbara
Position
  • PhD Student
January 2009 - December 2014
University of California, Santa Barbara
Position
  • PhD Candidate and Graduate Student Researcher

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
2017. Prototype campaign assessment of disturbance-induced tree loss effects on surface properties for atmospheric modeling. Ecosphere 8(3): Abstract. Changes in large-scale vegetation structure triggered by processes such as deforestation, wild-fires, and tree die-off alter surface structure, energy balance, and associated albedo—all critical for...
Article
Increasingly sophisticated process-based ecosystem models account for the ability of plants to vary the proportion of net photosynthate that is allocated to individual organs – such as leaves, stems and roots. Because the governing mechanisms are still not well understood, models differ in the strategies used to represent carbon allocation processe...
Article
Full-text available
Forest loss in hotspots around the world impacts not only local climate where loss occurs, but also influences climate and vegetation in remote parts of the globe through ecoclimate teleconnections. The magnitude and mechanism of remote impacts likely depends on the location and distribution of forest loss hotspots, but the nature of these dependen...
Data
Anomalies in annual averaged precipitation. Anomalies in annual average precipitation in mm per day in three experiments: (a) wNA, (b) Amazon, (c) wNA+Amazon. Results are not masked for significance. Anomalies are calculated as the difference between the control and experimental cases. We include all values, including those that do not pass a signi...
Data
Change in climate variables calculated as the area-weighted difference between the experimental and control case. Significance of change is indicated with p-values, reported in parentheses. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
In the winter-wet, summer-dry forests of the western United States, total annual evapotranspiration (ET) varies with precipitation and temperature. Geologically mediated drainage and storage properties, however, may strongly influence these relationships between climate and ET. We use a physically based process model to evaluate how plant accessibl...
Article
Full-text available
Context Vegetation is projected to continue to undergo major structural changes in coming decades due to land conversion and climate change, including widespread forest die-offs. These vegetation changes are important not only for their local or regional climatic effects, but also because they can affect climate and subsequently vegetation in other...
Article
Full-text available
In the winter-wet, summer-dry forests of the western United States, total annual evapotranspiration (ET) varies with precipitation and temperature. Geologically mediated drainage and storage properties, however, may strongly influence these relationships between climate and ET. We use a physically based process model to evaluate how soil available...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Warmer temperatures, reduced snow accumulation and earlier melt, and changes in precipitation patterns all influence forest productivity and mortality rates. In the complex topography of mountain environments, how forests respond to drought stress is likely to vary along gradients between water and energy limited envir...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental regulations frequently mandate the use of "best available" science, but ensuring that it is used in decisions around the use and protection of natural resources is often challenging. In the Western US, this relationship between science and management is at the forefront of post-fire land management decisions. Recent fires, post-fire t...
Article
Most spatially explicit hydrologic models require estimates of air temperature patterns. For these models, empirical relationships between elevation and air temperature are frequently used to upscale point measurements or downscale regional and global climate model estimates of air temperature. Mountainous environments are particularly sensitive to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background/Question/Methods Recognizing that degradation of mountain ecosystems affects nearly half the world’s population, the United Nations declared 2002 the International Year of Mountains. We published Rocky Mountain Futures, An Ecological Perspective that same year in an attempt to look objectively at the cumulative ecological effects of hu...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Global scale climate model projections show increases in temperatures, climate extremes, and inter-annual variability. Our understanding of the response to these changes in mountain environments is confounded by strong seasonal and altitudinal gradients in temperature, precipitation, and snowpack; diverse vegetation sp...
Poster
Full-text available
Simulated impacts of climate on the timing, magnitude and duration of streamflow can vary greatly as a function of the scale of the input data, model assumptions, and model structure. Three models have been used recently to simulate streamflow in the Pacific Northwest US: the MC1 Dynamic Global Vegetation Model that simulates ecosystem processes an...
Conference Paper
NOTE: Please note the last two co-authors on this talk. The automated system would not allow me to add additional co-authors after the seventh (7th) co-author, Alex Abdelnour. Information about the 8th and 9th co-authors can be found, below (and in the "notes" section). After their relevant information is included, please remove this note and the "...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Recent studies suggest that forests in the Western U.S. are experiencing increases in background mortality rates. There is evidence of increases in drought-related dieback and disturbance losses due to wildfire and insects. These changes may accelerate climate-driven changes in forest structure and composition. Since s...
Article
This study presents a method to assess the contributions of 21st-century sea-level rise and groundwater extraction to sea water intrusion in coastal aquifers. Sea water intrusion is represented by the landward advance of the 10,000 mg/L iso-salinity line, a concentration of dissolved salts that renders groundwater unsuitable for human use. A mathem...
Conference Paper
At regional scales, spatial variation in eco-hydrologic processes is a complex function of geology, soil, topography, climate and vegetation patterns. Understanding how these different controls vary and interact remains a key challenge for climate change impact assessment. In snow-dominated mountain environments, there is growing evidence that redu...
Article
Recent studies suggest that forests in the Western U.S. are experiencing increases in background mortality rates and that mortality may further increase under a warming climate and greater drought stress. Understanding and modeling forest vulnerability to climate variability requires considering how controls on vegetation water use vary in space an...

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