Elizabeth Nell Flint

Elizabeth Nell Flint
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service · Pacific Islands Refuges and Monuments Office

About

30
Publications
8,855
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1,150
Citations
Citations since 2016
8 Research Items
437 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Invasive mice ( Mus spp.) can negatively impact island species and ecosystems. Because fewer island rodent eradications have been attempted for mice compared to rats ( Rattus spp.), less is known about efficacy and palatability of rodenticide baits for mouse eradications. We performed a series of bait acceptance and efficacy cage trials using a sta...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Copies of this report are available from: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1845 Wasp Boulevard, Building #176, Honolulu, Hawaii 96818 Or online at: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/ DOI: https://doi.org/10.25923/nb95-gs31
Article
Invertebrates are key to island ecosystems but impacts from invasive mammalian predators are not well documented or understood. Given this knowledge gap, we studied terrestrial arthropod communities in the presence of a common invasive rodent (house mice, Mus musculus) on a subtropical atoll—Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge (MANWR). Here, inva...
Article
Sampling seabirds The vastness of the worlds' oceans makes them difficult to monitor. Seabirds that forage and breed across oceans globally have been recognized as sentinels of ocean health. Sydeman et al. looked across seabird species of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and found varying patterns. Northern Hemisphere species exhibited gr...
Chapter
Sand Island, Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge (MANWR), is home to 21% of all nesting black-footed albatross (Phoebastria nigripes) and 47% of all nesting Laysan albatross (P. immutabilis) worldwide. During the 2015– 2016 nesting season predation and disturbance by non-native house mice (Mus musculus), here documented for the fi rst time, resul...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reef and seabird communities in the central equatorial Pacific were disrupted by record-setting sea surface temperatures, linked to an anthropogenically forced trend, during the 2015/16 El Niño.
Article
Seabirds are among the most threatened groups of birds, and predation by invasive mammals is one of the most acute threats at their island breeding stations. Island restoration projects increasingly involve the eradication of invasive non-native mammals, with benefits for seabirds and other island fauna. To date, demonstrated benefits of invasive m...
Article
Full-text available
More than 18 million seabirds nest on 58 Pacific islands protected within vast U.S. Marine National Monuments (1.9 million km2). However, most of these seabird colonies are on low-elevation islands and sea-level rise (SLR) and accompanying high-water perturbations are predicted to escalate with climate change. To understand how SLR may impact prote...
Article
Past tracking studies of marine animals have primarily targeted adults, biasing our understanding of at-sea habitat use toward older life stages. Anthropogenic threats persist throughout the at-sea ranges of all life stages and it is therefore of interest to population ecologists and managers alike to understand spatiotemporal distributions and pos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
AbstrAct: Palmyra Atoll National Wildlife Refuge is a moist Central Pacific atoll that supports one of the best remaining tropical forest ecosystems in the region, including 10 species of breeding seabirds and a robust population of the world's largest terrestrial invertebrate, the coconut crab. Despite these riches, the atoll's ecosystem has been...
Article
Full-text available
.Abstract Feral cats (Felis catus) were eradicated from Howland, Baker and Jarvis Islands, all U.S. National Wildlife Refuges in the equatorial Central Pacifi c Ocean, by the 1980s. The cats were introduced during the 1930s to control rodents, and succeeded in extirpating Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and Pacifi c rats (R. exulans), but not mice...
Article
For the purposes of making many informed conservation decisions, the main goal for data collection is to assess population status and allow prediction of the consequences of candidate management actions. Reducing the bias and variance of estimates of population parameters reduces uncertainty in population status and projections, thereby reducing th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pacific remote island areas (PRIA) are sovereign United States unincorporated and unorganized territories not falling within the jurisdiction of any other US territory or State (GAO 1997; US DOI 2003). There are eight PRIA and all are under the jurisdiction of the US Department of Interior (DOI). All are low reef islets or atolls in the central Pac...
Article
Full-text available
This is the second of two chapters on the coral reefs of the five US Line and Phoenix Islands, consisting of Baker, Howland and Jarvis Islands, Kingman Reef, ; and Palmyra Atoll (Fig. 16.1). The previous chapter (Chapter 15, Maragos et al.) covers the history, geology, oceanography and biology, while this chapter covers the status, threats and sign...
Article
Full-text available
Climatic changes over the North Pacific which began in the mid 1970s, peaked in the early 1980s, and ended by the late 1980s, appear to have altered productivity at various trophic levels in the marine ecosystem in the central North Pacific. The climatic change resulted in increased mixed layer depth and the frequency of deep mixing events, particu...
Article
Data on the amount and type of small debris items deposited on the beaches of the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge Tern Island station, French Frigate Shoals were collected over 16 years. We calculated deposition rates and investigated the relationship among deposition and year, season, El Niño and La Niña events from 1990 to 2006. In tota...
Article
Full-text available
Summary 1. Industrial longline fishing has been suspected to impact upon black-footed albatross populations Phoebastria nigripes by increasing mortality, but no precise estimates of bycatch mortality are available to ascertain this statement. We present a general frame- work for quantifying the relationship between albatross population and longline...
Article
Full-text available
The sandbur, Cenchrus echinatus, an annual grass native to Central America, was first documented occur-ring at Laysan Island, Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, in 1961. The military or researchers visiting the island probably took it there inadvertently. By 1991 it had spread to become the dominant species in some 60 hectares or 30% of the...
Article
Because it is rarely possible to monitor all species that occur in sensitive or threatened ecosystems, much theoretical consideration has been given to the process of choosing indicator species. We evaluated whether foraging guild classification or nest site might be an adequate means to select indicator species for monitoring the reproductive succ...
Article
Full-text available
In the vicinity of the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea, abundance of food available to surface-foraging seabirds was greater during the chick-rearing period in 1988 than in 1987, whereas abundance of food available to pursuit-diving seabirds was greater in 1987. Here we examine how breeding success and resource allocation of surface-foraging bla...
Article
Full-text available
We studied short-tailed shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris foraging near the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, USA, during the summers of 1987, 1988, and 1989. Their foods were almost exclusively the euphausiid Thysanoessa raschii, which they obtained both from near-surface swarms and from epibenthic layers. Near-surface mating swarms of euphausiids occurre...
Article
The incubation period (30.3 days) of the Gray-backed Tern (Sterna lunata) is longer than would be expected from the mass of the freshly-laid egg. Measured values for the water loss from unpipped eggs, the water-vapor conductance and the functional pore area of the shell, and the number of pores in the shell are all lower than predictions based sole...
Article
Full-text available
The CO2 production of free-ranging Sooty Terns (Sterna fuscata) was measured using doubly labeled water (HTO-18). Metabolic rate during flight was determined to be 4.8 times standard metabolic rate (SMR). This value is much lower than estimates of flight metabolism predicted from previously published equations. Observations of these birds at sea in...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 1984. Typescript (photocopy). Includes vita. Includes bibliographical references.

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