Elizabeth A Bates

Elizabeth A Bates
University of Cumbria · Applied Psychology

PhD Psychology

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55
Publications
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634
Citations

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
The present study represents the second part of a two-part project that has sought to explore the demographic characteristics, assessment of abuse risks, and provision needs of service users of specialist Domestic Violence and Abuse (DVA) services in the United Kingdom (UK; see Hine, Bates, et al., in press for Part 1). The current study utilised a...
Article
Despite longstanding investigation into the experiences and needs of female victims of domestic violence and abuse (DVA), and a burgeoning literature on abused men, information on service engagement by both of these groups is limited, particularly in direct comparison. This is in part due to a lack of large-scale quantitative data on victim needs u...
Article
Research suggests that there are differences between sexes in physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization that could lead to different injury patterns. In addition, research shows that men under-report their injuries yet may suffer grave consequences. It is, thus, vital to establish physical injury patterns in male IPV victims. A retrosp...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence suggests that male victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are less likely to seek help for their victimization than female victims. Studies exploring barriers to help seeking are relatively scarce in the United Kingdom (UK) and those that have been undertaken across Europe, United States, Canada, and Australia have tended to rely on sm...
Article
Current research and statistics support that there are a significant number of male victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), yet less is known about how men cope with, and indeed move on from, these experiences postseparation. The aim of the current study is to discuss the findings from a photo elicitation study exploring men’s postseparation ex...
Article
Current research and statistics support that there are a significant number of male victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), yet less is known about how men cope with, and indeed move on from, these experiences postseparation. The aim of the current study is to discuss the findings from a photo elicitation study exploring men's postseparation ex...
Article
The Police Education and Qualification Framework (PEFQ) mandated that from 2020 police recruits must be educated to degree level. This change has generated much debate around the relationship between academia and the police. There has been less discussion about parallel organisational change. To explore the opportunities for graduate officers to fi...
Article
Full-text available
While previous studies have begun to provide evidence on the experiences of male victims of domestic violence and abuse (DVA), current understanding in this area is still limited, and subject to narrow methods of inquiry. Moreover, little is known regarding the challenges of providing support to men in abusive relationships, and how barriers to eff...
Article
The 'what works' approach to evidence‐based practice has emphasized the need for systematic reviews and meta‐analyses to explore the effectiveness of correctional interventions. This chapter explores current approaches to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) perpetrator programmes and contrasts these with the empirical evidence in terms of treatment nee...
Article
Full-text available
Gendered models of abuse describe intimate partner violence (IPV) as unilaterally perpetrated by dominant, aggressive men toward vulnerable women. This unidirectional conceptualization has contributed to a “domestic violence stereotype” which, alongside broader attitudes regarding gender, influences attitudes toward “non-typical” victim and perpetr...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The use of emergency barring orders (EBO) in the form of domestic violence protection notices and orders (DVPN-O) in reported domestic abuse (DA) cases is a relatively new development in the UK; the effectiveness of these orders has been challenged. The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors influencing their issue. Design/methodo...
Article
Full-text available
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is considered stereotypically as a gendered phenomenon, empirical evidence contradicts such gender asymmetry in reported rates of victimisation and perpetration. The current research explored the impact of stereotype priming on implicit attitudes associated with IPV victimisation (Study 1) and perpetration (...
Article
Full-text available
The present commentary explores the impact of gender role stereotypes on perceptions of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence. Two papers published in this issue of Sex Roles explored the influence of gender stereotypes on both IPV (Bates et al., 2019) and rape myths (Klement et al., 2019). An overarching theme of these papers is...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore the impact of men's experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a non-help-seeking sample. Utilizing an anonymous online survey to encourage disclosure, men were asked how their experiences had impacted on them, what barriers they had experienced to leaving the relationship, and what their perceptions were...
Article
Full-text available
The traditional view of intimate partner violence (IPV) is that the perpetrator is male and the victim is female (Dobash, Dobash, Wilson & Daly, 1992). As a result of this, most research into victimisation experiences appears to be conducted with female victims of IPV (Morin, 2014), and research with male victims, and victims from the LGBTQ+ commun...
Article
Full-text available
The present commentary explores the impact of gender role stereotypes on perceptions of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence. Two papers published in this issue of Sex Roles explored the influence of gender stereotypes on both IPV (Bates et al., 2019) and rape myths (Klement et al., 2019). An overarching theme of these papers is...
Preprint
The present commentary explores the impact of gender role stereotypes on perceptions of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence. Two papers published in this issue of Sex Roles explored the influence of gender stereotypes on both IPV (Bates et al., 2019) and rape myths (Klement et al., 2019). An overarching theme of these papers is...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aimed to investigate gender differences within primary and secondary psychopathy and how cognitive empathy, emotional empathy, anxiety, and self-control were associated in a non-clinical sample. Men displayed significantly higher rates of primary psychopathy than women, but no significant difference was found for secondary psychop...
Article
Research has demonstrated, in Western nations, men and women are both perpetrators and victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, to the best of our knowledge, IPV and the Dark Tetrad (Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism, subclinical psychopathy, and subclinical sadism) have not been included in this research fully. We investigated h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is considered stereotypically as a gendered phenomenon, empirical evidence contradicts such gender asymmetry in reported rates of victimisation and perpetration. The current research explored the impact of stereotype priming on implicit attitudes associated with IPV victimisation (Study 1) and perpetration (...
Article
Full-text available
In view of recent changes in the Higher Education sector, such as increased tuition fees, a greater focus has been placed on widening participation initiatives and monitoring student satisfaction. The aims of the current study were twofold: 1), to explore whether pre-entry programmes foster successful transition to higher education, and 2), to exam...
Article
Research suggests that students entering Higher Education are doing so with greater expectations around their graduate employability. Students’ volunteering activities have been of interest to academics, but the impact of these activities on learning, employability and student satisfaction has been neglected. The current study investigated whether...
Article
Student satisfaction is both an important, yet controversial issue within the Higher Education sector, which is typically measured through policy-driven metrics such as the National Student Survey (NSS). However, less is understood about the qualities of a satisfying student experience “as lived” from the perspective of the student, thus questio...
Presentation
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is experienced in many forms by victims, such as physical, psychological, emotional, financial, and coercive abuse (Jaffe & Schub, 2011). In particular, the lived experience of IPV victimisation has been the subject of many recent research projects (e.g. Morgan, Williamson, Hester, Jones & Feder, 2014). The aim of th...
Article
The use of photo elicitation is limited within the field of psychology despite its theoretical and practical potential. It offers significant benefits as a qualitative method that could present a new and interesting way of exploring previously understood topics within the discipline. Within our discussions, we present a Step-by-Step guide in which...
Conference Paper
Student satisfaction is both an important, yet controversial issue within the Higher Education sector, which is typically measured through policy-driven metrics such as the National Student Survey (NSS). However, less is understood about the qualities of a satisfying student experience “as lived” from the perspective of the student, thus questionin...
Article
The aim of the current study was to conduct a review of current intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrator provision within the UK. The objective of the review was to explore the characteristics of intervention programs currently within the UK. Using a questionnaire based design we explored characteristics of current programs including program str...
Article
Full-text available
There is a wealth of research that details the bidirectional nature of the majority of intimate partner violence (IPV; Langhinrichsen-Rohling et al. Partner Abuse, 3(2), 199–230, 2012). However, there is a tendency for interventions to treat perpetrators and victims unilaterally from a gendered standpoint. The current paper discusses the evidence t...
Article
The current studies examined whether several risk and protective factors operate similarly for intimate partner violence (IPV) and same-sex aggression (SSA) in the same sample, and to assess whether they show similar associations for men and women. Study 1 (N = 345) tested perceived benefits and costs, and instrumental and expressive beliefs about...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Much of the research exploring student experiences and student satisfaction has used quantitative methodology (e.g. Gibbons et al., 2011; Lee & Anantharaman, 2013) where as qualitative research offers richer data about participants’ experiences. Photo elicitation is a way of using photographs as stimulants for qualitative interviewing that is long...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Domestic violence is a social issue that is controversial and politically charged. Unlike many other academic and practitioner based areas there is a lack of discourse meaning current interventions are often not informed by a scientific evidence base. The aim of the current study was to review the current provision of domestic violence perpetrator...
Article
The introduction of the new UK tuition fees resulted in concerns about the impact on Higher Education (HE) uptake, and raised questions regarding students’ motivations for attending university. The current study explored first year undergraduate psychology students’ (N = 56) reasons for attending Higher Education through a series of focus groups. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Students’ volunteering activities have long been an area of interest within academic research, frequently focussing on motivations behind students’ decision to volunteer (e.g.Carlo, Okun, Knight & de Guzman, 2005) and personal benefits such as career progression (Hackl, Halla & Pruckner, 2007). More recent research suggests that, not only are exist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Student satisfaction is considered a key priority for many Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and effective transition into HE is one factor commonly associated with a positive student experience. The current research examined the effectiveness of pre-entry programmes on a number of psychological factors in first year undergraduate students. Eigh...
Article
The aim of the current study was to test two of Johnson’s (1995) assumptions regarding intimate partner violence (IPV); namely that there are sex differences in the type of physical aggression men and women use; and that controlling aggression is more problematic and requires more outside intervention than non-controlling aggression. These assumpti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to test two competing views on the study of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), namely the feminist and general violence perspectives. The feminist perspective views IPV as having an individual etiology and should not be considered within the context of other types of aggression (e.g. Dobash & Dobash, 1979). The first part of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Student satisfaction is considered a key priority for many Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and effective transition into HE is one factor commonly associated with a positive student experience. The current research examined the effectiveness of pre-entry programmes on a number of psychological factors in first year undergraduate students. Eigh...
Article
The introduction of the new tuition fee regime in the UK academic session 2012-13 has resulted in concerns in the Higher Education (HE) community that students’ expectations may become unmanageable [1]. Bates and Kaye [2] explored the expectations and experiences of undergraduate psychology students; the current study extended this, by considering...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to test predictions from the male control theory of intimate partner violence (IPV) and Johnson’s (1995) reported on their use of physical aggression and controlling behavior, to partners and to same‐sex non‐intimates. Contrary to the male control theory, women were found to be more physically aggressive to their partners...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to test predictions from the male control theory of intimate partner violence (IPV) and Johnson’s (1995) reported on their use of physical aggression and controlling behavior, to partners and to same‐sex non‐intimates. Contrary to the male control theory, women were found to be more physically aggressive to their partners...
Conference Paper
Based on the strive towards personal development planning and employability provision within HE curricular, the current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of two distinct forms of PDP provision at two UK HEIs. Within this, “linked” versus “embedded” PDP provisions were compared to assess their impact on first year psychology students’ (N = 7...
Article
The introduction of the new tuition fee regime in the UK has resulted in growing concerns about the impact on students’ expectations of their university experiences (e.g. Jones, 2010). This is coupled with reports from those such as the OIA (Office of the Independent Adjudicator, 2013) which detailed the rise in the number of student complaints yea...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to test predictions from the male control theory of intimate partner violence (IPV) and Johnson's [Johnson, M. P. (1995). Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 282–294] typology. A student sample (N = 1,104) reported on their use of physical aggression and controlling behavior, to partners and to same-sex non-intimates....
Conference Paper
The introduction of the new fee regime has resulted in growing concerns about its impact on Higher Education (H.E) uptake, and on students’ expectations of their H.E experiences (Jones, 2010). Specifically, it is speculated that students will place greater emphasis on employment prospects following university, resulting in more strategic approaches...
Conference Paper
With the rising cost of fees, there is a concern that there will be rising student expectations of Higher Education to become less intellectually and academically focussed, and be more directed towards a “consumer culture” (Jones, 2010). Research pre-fee rise has highlighted the possibility that students would view themselves as consumers and their...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This project examined gender stereotypes pertaining to intimate partner violence.
Project
Domestic Violence Protection Notices (and Orders; DVPN/O) were enacted under the Crime and Security Act 2010. A DVPN can be issued by the Police in order to provide emergency protection to victims of Domestic Violence, prior to an order being made by Magistrates prohibiting contact for up to 28 days. Anecdotal research suggests that these orders are applied sporadically and have varying degrees of effectiveness. The orders were designed to allow victims time without a perpetrator and are normally applied on occasions where the criminal threshold for charging a perpetrator is not met. The aim of the current study is to explore the perceptions and application of these orders by those who are engaged in using them.
Project
Aims to synthesise research examining the experiences of intimate partner violence victims. This will be done across both the gender and sexuality spectrum's.