Elise Buisson

Elise Buisson
Avignon Université · IMBE - Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie

PhD

About

183
Publications
60,620
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Introduction
Elise Buisson currently works at Université d'Avignon et Pays de Vaucluse, in the research institute IMBE - Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie marine et continentale - research team IRPNC - Ingénierie de la Restauration des Patrinoimes Naturels et Culturels. Elise does research in Restoration Ecology, Community Ecology and Conservation.

Publications

Publications (183)
Article
Conceptual frameworks for landscape restoration commonly take an approach focused on ecological (biotic and abiotic) aspects. Yet the recent initiatives demanding that restoration be scaled up to restore millions of hectares of degraded land often encounter socio-cultural challenges too, such as competing land-use interests and low stakeholder enga...
Article
Grasslands, which constitute almost 40% of the terrestrial biosphere, provide habitat for a great diversity of animals and plants and contribute to the livelihoods of more than 1 billion people worldwide. Whereas the destruction and degradation of grasslands can occur rapidly, recent work indicates that complete recovery of biodiversity and essenti...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims - Plant phenology, defined as the timing of recurring life events like leaf flushing, flowering, or fruiting, is highly sensitive to environmental factors such as photoperiod, temperature, and moisture. Phenological synchrony between interacting species-such as plants and their pollinators-is of major importance to the structure...
Article
Full-text available
Pioneering investigations on the effects of introduced populations on community structure, ecosystem functioning and services have focused on the effects of invaders on taxonomic diversity. However, taxonomic-based diversity metrics overlook the heterogeneity of species roles within and among communities. As the homogenizing effects of biological i...
Article
Understanding the determinants of early invasion resistance is a major challenge for designing plant communities that efficiently repel invaders. Recent evidence highlighted the significant role of priority effects in early community assembly as they affect species composition, structure and functional properties, but the consequences of native com...
Article
Quarry restoration is difficult to implement due to the scarcity of the original soil. The restoration of Mediterranean dry grasslands to mitigate similar ecosystem/habitat loss is thus still a developing process. So far, very few studies have created artificial substrates to address the lack of soil. In the La Crau plain (southeastern France), qua...
Article
The prevailing nature-based solution to tackle climate change is tree planting. However, there is growing evidence that it has serious contraindications in many regions. The main shortcoming of global tree planting is its awareness disparity to alternative ecosystem types, mainly grasslands. Grasslands, where they constitute the natural vegetation,...
Article
Mountain grassland restoration success may be hampered by limited seed dispersal and poor soil seed banks of many grassland species. These constraints can be overcome by actively introducing propagules from nearby non-degraded communities. We tested different restoration techniques in order to understand the mechanisms favouring target species seed...
Article
We introduce the concept of Biome Awareness Disparity (BAD)-defined as a failure to appreciate the significance of all biomes in conservation and restoration policy-and quantify disparities in (i) attention and interest, (ii) action, and (iii) knowledge amongst biomes in tropical restoration science, practice, and policy. By analysing 50,000 tweet...
Article
Full-text available
Le colloque REVER 10 « Restaurer ou reconquérir » organisé en mars 2019 par le MNHN et l’association REVER, a été l’occasion de faire un point d’étape sur le développement de l’écologie de la restauration et de la restauration écologique, au moment où débute la « décennie de la restauration des écosystèmes » décrétée par l’ONU. En France, le dévelo...
Article
How much leaf area do insects eat? A data set of insect herbivory sampled globally with a standardized protocol. Ecology 102(4): Abstract. Herbivory is ubiquitous. Despite being a potential driver of plant distribution and performance, herbivory remains largely undocumented. Some early attempts have been made to review, globally, how much leaf area...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration (ER) of terrestrial ecosystems has become widespread in past decades. However, assessing its success is complex mainly due to the diversity of objectives pursued, actions undertaken but also statistical methods for treating data. We demonstrate here that, due to the heterogeneity of collected data, the success of restoration...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive plant species, such as Carpobrotus species, threaten the biodiversity of Mediterranean islands. Ecological restoration can include the control of invasive plants, but the effect of Carpobrotus removal on arthropods is understudied. Here, we evaluated the influence of Carpobrotus removal on beetle assemblages, on a Mediterranean island. Bet...
Article
Full-text available
Questions Seedling recruitment is a key step in any seed‐based ecological restoration project. There is a controversial discussion (a) whether soil preparation is required to reduce competition of pre‐existing vegetation, or whether vegetation cover facilitate seedling recruitment, and (b) whether grazing should be excluded in initial stages of gra...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean island biodiversity is threatened by invasive plants, especially by Carpobrotus species. Invasive plant control is a major management tool for the restoration of invaded areas, but the effect of Carpobrotus removal on arthropods is poorly understood. In this study, we evaluate how spider assemblages are influenced by Carpobrotus remov...
Article
Seed dispersal has key implications for community dynamics and restoration ecology. However, estimating seed rain (the number and diversity of seeds arriving in a given area) is challenging, and the lack of standardization in measurement prevents cross-site comparisons. Seed trap effectiveness and accuracy of seed sorting methods are key components...
Article
Full-text available
Despite growing recognition of the conservation value of grassy biomes, our understanding of how to restore biodiverse tropical and subtropical grassy biomes (grasslands and savannas; TGB) remains limited. Several tools have recently been identified for TGB restoration including prescribed fires, appropriate management of livestock and wild herbivo...
Presentation
Mediterranean island biodiversity is threatened by invasive plants, especially by Carpobrotus species. Invasive plant control is a major management tool for the restoration of invaded areas, but the effect of Carpobrotus removal on arthropods is poorly known. In this study, we evaluate how beetle and spider assemblages are influenced by Carpobrotus...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Translation of the original article "Myth-busting tropical grassy biome restoration” published in Restoration Ecology Tradução do artigo original “Myth-busting tropical grassy biome restoration” publicado na Restoration Ecology que pode ser acessado aqui (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/rec.13202?af=R). Em caso de citação, deve-se...
Article
Species from OCBILs (old, climatically-buffered, infertile landscapes) are expected to exhibit reduced dispersability, linked with long-term stable environmental conditions. We tested the prediction of limited dispersability in plant communities in campo rupestre, a megadiverse OCBIL grassland. In a field experiment, we sampled sticky and funnel tr...
Article
Question Species of the genus Carpobrotus, or iceplant, are succulent mat‐forming perennial herbs often introduced for soil stabilization. They are common in coastal environments and may thus threaten island biodiversity. While their effects are well known on soils, plant communities and associated fauna, the effects of Carpobrotus control on veget...
Article
Full-text available
Dry grasslands of the North‐western Mediterranean Basin are semi‐natural species‐rich ecosystems, composed of many annual species and some structuring perennial species. As these grasslands have been used as rangelands for centuries, human management (grazing; fire regimes) is one of their main ecological and evolutionary drivers, along with the Me...
Technical Report
Full-text available
L’île de Bagaud est un site littoral soustrait à l’impact anthropique direct grâce à son statut de réserve intégrale de parc national. Dans le cadre d’un programme décennal (2009-2019) alliant restauration écologique à grande échelle et suivis globaux de la biodiversité (végétation, arthropodes, vertébrés), des opérations d’éradication d’espèces ex...
Article
Full-text available
In restoration ecology, the reference ecosystem represents a key concept which is well defined from a theoretical point of view. In practice, however, selecting reference systems, such as reference plant communities, often lacks clear methodology. In order to facilitate this selection, we provide a framework based on ecological theory and more prec...
Article
Full-text available
The historical focus in research and policy on forest restoration and temperate ecosystems has created misunderstandings for the restoration of tropical and subtropical old-growth grassy biomes (TOGGB). Such misconceptions have detrimental consequences for biodiversity, ecosystem services and human livelihoods in woodlands, savannas and grasslands...
Article
Questions Giving a time advance to restored native plant species has recently been considered as a promising way to improve their persistence and reduce invasion success (i.e. through priority effects). However, little is known about the influence of the elapsed time between seeding and invasion and its interaction with other characteristics such a...
Article
Questions Anthropogenic disturbances are known to be followed by extremely poor recovery in edaphic grasslands. However, the role of interactions with diaspore predators and secondary dispersers, which compose the dispersal filter and modulate plant community recovery, remains overlooked. We performed field experiments to investigate how soil distu...
Article
The control of invasive species is a central topic of both applied and theoretical research. Understanding how and which ecological theories can be used to improve invasion resistance of plant communities is essential, to design effective control strategies. The theory of limiting similarity, stating that coexistence between species is more limited...
Preprint
Full-text available
Biological invasions have reached an unprecedented level and the number of introduced species is still increasing worldwide. Despite major advances in invasion science, the determinants of success of introduced species, the magnitude and dimensions of their impact, and the mechanisms sustaining successful invasions are still debated. Empirical stud...
Article
Biological invasions have reached an unprecedented level and the number of introduced species is still increasing worldwide. Despite major advances in invasion science, the determinants of success of introduced species, the magnitude and dimensions of their impact, and the mechanisms sustaining successful invasions are still debated. Empirical stud...
Article
Full-text available
Bastin et al .’s estimate (Reports, 5 July 2019, p. 76) that tree planting for climate change mitigation could sequester 205 gigatonnes of carbon is approximately five times too large. Their analysis inflated soil organic carbon gains, failed to safeguard against warming from trees at high latitudes and elevations, and considered afforestation of s...
Article
Bastin et al.’s estimate (Reports, 5 July 2019, p. 76) that tree planting for climate change mitigation could sequester 205 gigatonnes of carbon is approximately five times too large. Their analysis inflated soil organic carbon gains, failed to safeguard against warming from trees at high latitudes and elevations, and considered afforestation of sa...
Article
Despite growing recognition of the conservation values of grassy biomes, our understanding of how to maintain and restore biodiverse tropical grasslands (including savannas and open‐canopy grassy woodlands) remains limited. To incorporate grasslands into large‐scale restoration efforts, we synthesised existing ecological knowledge of tropical grass...
Article
An innovative microwave-based process to control invasive species in the field is currently under development. We investigated the effect of soil compaction levels under three microwave treatment pairings of power and duration (2kW4 min, 2kW8min and 4kW4 min), on seedling emergence of a diverse seed bank and three major invasive species in Europe (...
Poster
Full-text available
Large-scale ecological disturbance in grassland is increasing worldwide mainly due to land use changes and habitats destruction. In our study area, the Haute-Durance valley in the Southern French Alps, the construction of a high-voltage transmission line involves a degradation of soil and plant communities. Our research project is carried out to an...
Article
Full-text available
We currently face both an extinction and a biome crisis embedded in a changing climate. Many biodiverse ecosystems are being lost at far higher rates than they are being protected or ecologically restored. At the same time, natural climate solutions offer opportunities to restore biodiversity while mitigating climate change. The Bonn Challenge is a...
Article
Many anthropic activities generate soil disturbances, favoring competitive, fast growing invasive plant species at the expense of natives. Active restoration of invasion-resistant plant communities is increasingly recognized as a relevant strategy to combat invasive plant colonization in disturbed areas, but results are often unsatisfying. Historic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tradução do artigo original "Ecology and evolution of plant diversity in the endangered campo 26 rupestre: a neglected conservation priority. Plant and Soil 403: 192-152" que pode ser acessado aqui (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11104-015-2637-8). Em caso de citação, deve-se mencionar o artigo original. A permissão para a tradução foi...
Article
This work characterises the changes in composition of the weed flora commonly associated with certain south‐eastern Algerian crops over a 20‐year period. Vegetation sampling was carried out between 1990 and 2010 in three 1 ha date palm plantations that do not have understory crops, six 400 m² glasshouses used for market gardening and three 30 ha ce...
Poster
Full-text available
Large-scale ecological disturbance in grassland is increasing worldwide mainly due to land use changes and habitats destruction. The construction of high-voltage transmission lines in our study area, the Haute-Durance valley in the Southern French Alps, involves a degradation of soil and plant communities along transitory access tracks and construc...
Article
Full-text available
This report synthesizes all aspects of the taxonomy, distribution, history of introduction and spread, ecological constrains (including preferred climate, substratum and habitats), responses to biotic and abiotic factors, biology (including phenology, vegetative and reproductive biology), economic importance and human uses, ecological impacts, legi...
Article
Full-text available
L'île de Bagaud (archipel des îles d'Hyères, Var, France) a été soumise à deux perturbations majeures d'origine anthropique au cours des derniers siècles : l'invasion du rat noir (Rattus rattus) et des griffes de sorcière (Carpobrotus sp.). Un programme d'éradication de ces deux taxons a été lancé en 2010 par le Parc national de Port-Cros. Ce proje...
Article
L’île de Bagaud (archipel des îles d’Hyères, Var, France) a été soumise à deux perturbations majeures d’origine anthropique au cours des derniers siècles : l’invasion du rat noir (Rattus rattus) et des griffes de sorcière (Carpobrotus sp.). Un programme d’éradication de ces deux taxons a été lancé en 2010 par le Parc national de Port-Cros. Ce proje...
Article
Full-text available
Seed rain, the number of seeds reaching an area, is a process that plays a key role in recruitment and regeneration in plant communities. A better understanding of seed rain dynamics is therefore a critical step for restoration practices. A wide variety of methods to study seed rain in grasslands are available, but there is little agreement to whic...
Article
Species dispersal, establishment and assembly are crucial stages of the life history of plants, and clear understanding of the governing forces and rules that shape species composition in a particular community is vital for successful ecological restoration. In our paper we focus on five aspects of seed dispersal and plant establishment, which shou...
Article
Full-text available
Le premier site naturel de compensation français a été inauguré le 11 mai 2009 sur le site d’un verger abandonné dans la plaine de Crau (Bouches-du-Rhône, France). Cette opération avait notamment pour objectif d’expérimenter le premier mécanisme d’offre de compensation français via la réhabilitation d’une végétation herbacée permettant le retour de...
Article
Le premier site naturel de compensation français a été inauguré le 11 mai 2009 sur le site d’un verger abandonné dans la plaine de Crau (Bouches-du-Rhône, France). Cette opération avait notamment pour objectif d’expérimenter le premier mécanisme d’offre de compensation français via la réhabilitation d’une végétation herbacée permettant le retour de...
Article
Restoration success of species-rich grasslands is often limited by low seed dispersal. To reintroduce target species of local provenances, bulk topsoil transfer is performed by excavating soil and vegetation from donor sites and spreading these on receptor sites. Our first objective was to determine the most advantageous season for transferring top...
Data
Figure S1: Theoretical framework showing the boundaries between seed rain dynamics (direct measurements) and other indirectly related processes (indirect measurements), represented by aspects of reproductive potential and seed bank dynamics. Figure S2: Cumulative number of seed rain studies in grasslands from 1980 to 2016 within climatic global ran...
Article
A microwave-based process to control invasive species (seeds and adult stages) in the field prior to plant community restoration is currently under development. We investigated the effect of four microwave treatment pairings of Power × Duration (2kW4min, 4kW2min, 2kW8min, and 4kW4min) on seedling emergence of (1) an abandoned field seed bank used a...
Article
Quarrying represents one of the oldest and most important human activities; the impacts of which have largely influenced vegetation and landscape. Despite its character as a vital and non-renewable resource, the soil has been poorly studied with regard to either the impact resulting from the exploitation of quarries or its restoration after exploit...
Presentation
Full-text available
Ecological restauration of Bagaud Island (Parc National de Port-Cros)
Article
Climate tends to explain phenological variations in tropical ecosystems. However, water availability and nutrient content in soil strongly affect plant communities, especially those on old, climatically-buffered, infertile landscapes (OCBILs), and may impact these ecosystems’ plant reproductive phenology over time. Here, we compare the reproductive...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration has developed greatly over recent decades. Promoting harmonious relationships between scientists and practitioners, between restoration ecology and ecological restoration, is essential to improving restoration projects. These relationships are difficult to achieve at a global scale, although international action remains essen...
Article
The Mediterranean basin is extremely vulnerable to climate change, and one of the areas most impacted by human water demand. Yet the green roofs increasingly created both for aesthetic reasons and to limit pollution and urban runoff are themselves very water-demanding. Successful green roof installation depends on the establishment of the vegetatio...
Article
Full-text available
Successful invasive plant eradication is rare, because the methods used target the adult stage, not taking into account the development capacity of a large seedbank. Heating by microwave was considered, because it offers a means to quickly reach the temperature required for loss of seed viability and inhibition of germination. Previous results were...
Poster
Full-text available
La plupart des écosystèmes de la Terre sont modifiés par les activités humaines qui les modifient. Ces écosystèmes ne ressemblent en rien à leurs précurseurs naturels. Face à ce constat, un nouveau concept émerge : celui des ”nouveaux écosystèmes” de Hobbs et al., 2006. Ces derniers sont définis comme n’ayant plus aucun lien avec l’écosystème. En e...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN: Se confirma para España y la Península Ibérica la presencia de Orobanche pubescens d'Urv. Se presenta una ilustración y un mapa de distribución. Palabras clave: plantas vasculares, Orobanchaceae, Orobanche, corología, planta rara, Cataluña, España. RÉSUMÉ: Sur la présence d'Orobanche pubescens d'Urv. (Orobanchaceae) en péninsule Ibérique....
Article
Full-text available
Invasive species management (eradication or control) can be used to promote native plant restoration. The objective of this study is to evaluate different treatments to guide the selection of future modalities for the eradication (i.e. elimination of all individuals in a population) of Carpobrotus sp. from a strict nature reserve. Two removal metho...
Poster
Full-text available
It is currently recognized that vegetation is a crucial step in the installation of green roofs. This stage depends strongly on the substrate, without which the vegetation can only rarely establish. The substrate is thus probably the most important element of a green roof, providing moisture, nutrients and an essential physical support to plant spe...
Article
Full-text available
Restoration ecology in France. Current dynamic and actions of a multi-stakeholders network, REVER. In the past few decades, ecological restoration and restoration ecology have widely developed. This trend can be explained by a rather favourable context, in particular legally speaking and regulatory framework-wise both at the European and nation-wid...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical grassy biomes have been widely neglected for conservation and, after unplanned land use conversion, ecological restoration becomes urgent. The majority of interventions have been based on the misapplication of forest restoration techniques, because there are no validated techniques to restore the species-rich ground layer. In search for in...
Article
Old‐growth grasslands, including savannas and tropical grasslands, need centuries to assemble; they are therefore expected to have low resilience to anthropogenic activities that disturb the soil (e.g. cultivation, quarrying, mining, etc.). Understanding which parameters restrict the natural recovery of degraded ecosystems is a major prerequisite f...
Article
Restaurer ou laisser faire la nature, ces deux approches sont-elles définitivement antagonistes ou complémentaires ? Faut-il arrêter de restaurer les « écosystèmes culturels » sur lesquels ont été créés en grande majorité nos parcs et réserves naturels au profit d’un « réensauvagement » de l’Europe ? « Laisser faire la nature » ne risque-t-il pas d...