Elisabetta Starnini

Elisabetta Starnini
Università di Pisa | UNIPI · Department of Civilisations and Forms of Knowledge

PhD (Prehistory)
Senior Researcher, Prehistory and Protohistory, University of Pisa, Italy

About

117
Publications
38,836
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Introduction
Elisabetta Starnini (PhD in Prehistory of the Mediterranean countries) works in Italy, Hungary, Pakistan, Oman and Greece. She has been the director of the Prehistoric National Museum of Balzi Rossi (2013-2015), Contract Professor of Archaeometry (Genova, 2001-2002), Prehistory and Protohistory (Torino, 2012-19) and Junior Researcher (Pisa, 2018-19). She is now Senior Researcher in Prehistory and Protohistory at the Department of Civilisations and Forms of Knowledge, University of Pisa.
Additional affiliations
December 2019 - present
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Senior Researcher
February 2018 - December 2019
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Researcher
October 2012 - September 2019
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Professor
Education
October 1998 - February 2002
Università degli Studi di Genova
Field of study
  • Prehistory of the Mediterranean Countries

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
Full-text available
The Little Ice Age (LIA; ca. 1450–1850 C.E.) is the best documented cold period of the past millennium, characterized by high-frequency volcanism, low solar activity, and high variability of Arctic sea-ice cover. Past studies of LIA Atlantic circulation changes have referenced the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), but recent studies have noted that...
Article
Full-text available
The surveys carried out along the coasts of the island of Lemnos (Greece) have led to the discovery of new Late Epipalaeolithic sites at Agia Marina and Peristereònas. Peristereònas yielded a knapped stone assemblage that is strictly comparable with that from Ouriakos, a site located along the south-eastern coast of the same island, while the artef...
Article
Full-text available
The circum-Mediterranean region is the cradle of ancient civilizations that had their roots in the Holocene. Climate change has been considered a key element that contributed to their rise or fall. The Roman Warm Period (RWP), 200 B.C. to 400 A.D., was the warmest period in Europe during the last two thousand years. Hydroclimatic change at the end...
Article
This paper presents the results of the study of the mollusc assemblage retrieved during the excavations carried out in 1997 at the early Neolithic site of Isorella (Po Valley, Northern Italy), during which a shallow refuse pit structure was brought to light. The water sieving of the entire deposit led to the collection of thousands of specimens of...
Article
Bàsura Cave (Toirano, NW Italy) became famous worldwide in 1950 for the discovery of prehistoric human footprints and of an impressive Ursus spelaeus bone deposit baptized by the first explorers ‘Cimitero degli Orsi’ (Bear Cemetery). Bear remains belonging to the deeper layer of the deposit have been left in situ and are now one of the principal at...
Article
Full-text available
The excavations carried out in the rock-shelter of Arma dell’Aquila by C. Richard in 1938 and 1940 led to the discovery of a thick stratigraphy, the lowermost deposit of which yielded evidence of different periods of Upper Palaeolithic occupation. The recent re-examination of the knapped stone assemblages, and the radiocarbon dating of two Palaeoli...
Preprint
The Little Ice Age (LIA) was the coldest period of the past millennium, characterized by high-density volcanism, low solar activity, and increased Northern Hemisphere sea-ice cover. Past studies of LIA circulation changes over the North Atlantic sector have typically referenced the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), though recent studies have noted...
Conference Paper
Questo contributo raccoglie alcune riflessioni emerse e discusse dagli scriventi durante la Tavola Rotonda dal titolo: Archeologia ed astronomia: collaborazione scientifica e didattica universitaria, organizzata apertura del XVIII Convegno della Società Italiana di Archeoastronomia, tenutosi all'Istituto di Glottologia del DIRAAS dell'Università di...
Article
Full-text available
The authors present the evidence gathered during the interdisciplinary study of several polished stone tools from some Neolithic sites in Hungary. In particular, the cutting-edged tool production (axes, adzes, chisels) involves knapping at several stages of the operational-chain within an artefact's 'life cycle'-from raw material procurement, its m...
Article
Full-text available
The excavations carried out in the rock-shelter of Arma dell’Aquila by C. Richard in 1938 and 1940 led to the discovery of a thick stratigraphy, the lowermost deposit of which yielded evidence of different periods of Upper Palaeolithic occupation. The recent re-examination of the knapped stone assemblages, and the radiocarbon dating of two Palaeoli...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The authors present the results of new chemical characterizations of Early Neolithic obsidian artefacts yielded by the excavations carried out at Cave Pollera in 1971-1973. We analysed four artefacts from the Impresso-Cardial layer III, level XXII. The finds had already been analysed by neutron activation (INAA) at the end of the 1970s during Lawre...
Article
Full-text available
The Surveys carried outin the Red Desert of Bannu Disctrict (Pakistan) led to the rediscovery of the mound of Gul Shah Tup. The small knapped stone assemblage collected from its surface consists of typical artefacts that are most probably to be attributed to the end of the Upper Palaeolithic.
Article
The Arene Candide Cave is a renowned site on the northwestern Italian coast that has yielded numerous burials dating back to the terminal phases of the Pleistocene (Epigravettian culture). Thanks to the exceptional preservation of the remains, and to the information collected during the excavations that begun in the 1940s, researchers were able to...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents and discusses the results of the surveys and excavations carried out in the Italian Central Alps from the beginning of the Holocene to the present. More precisely, it regards the discoveries made from the end of the 1960s, when the fi rst Mesolithic sites were found. Since then a few sites were excavated and radiocarbon-dated. T...
Article
Full-text available
The Bàsura Cave (Toirano, Savona, NW Italy) hosts important cave bear bone assemblages and a numerous and varied, tracks and traces record left by humans and other producers. An outstanding element of the analysed material is represented by fossil bear fur fragments, which were found in the inner deposits of the cave, and that, to date, are virtual...
Chapter
This chapter is a review of the prehistory of the fisher-gatherers who settled along the coasts of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Previous research and studies have been centred mainly on the western coasts of the Indian Ocean. They have presented and discussed the general patterns and chronological frame of the coastal human adaptation sinc...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter summarizes the new results of the Bàsura Revisited Interdisciplinary Research Project. The integrated interpretation of recent archaeological data and palaeosurface laser scans, along with geoarchaeological, sedimentological, geochemical and archaeobotanical analyses, geometric morphometrics and digital photogrammetry, enabled us to rec...
Article
Hódmezővásárhely–Gorzsa késő–neolit, Tisza kultúrába tartozó tell település a Tisza és a Maros folyók összefolyásának közelében, az Alföld délkeleti részén helyezkedik el. A feltárt régészeti leletanyagból több mint 1000 darab csiszolt kőeszköz és szerszámkő került elő, amelyből ez utóbbiak a csiszolt kőeszközökhöz képest háromszoros mennyiségben f...
Article
Full-text available
Around the mid-19 th century, several groups of archaeologists active in northern Italy discovered a few sites characterized by the presence of 'hut-floors' or 'pit-dwellings' (fondi di capan-na), which they attributed to a well-defined period of their Stone Age sequence. Research in the central Po Plain of Lombardy was resumed in the 1970s, allowi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of the surveys carried out along Ras Muari (Cape Monze, Karachi, Sindh) by the Italian Archaeological Mission in Lower Sindh and Las Bela in  and . The surveyed area coincides with part of the mythical land of the Ichthyophagoi, mentioned by the classical chroniclers. Many archaeological sites, mainly scatte...
Chapter
A summary of our present knowledge of the Indus Civilization, remarking all problens that are still open to question that need to be solved
Article
Full-text available
The renewed Mesolithic research in the Greek mainland and the islands has been providing new insights into the lively maritime activity within the region; however, the southwest coast of Turkey has been virtually devoid of related investigations until the commencement of the Bozburun Prehistoric Survey project in 2017. The aim of this paper is to g...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of the surveys carried out along Ras Muari (Cape Monze, Karachi, Sindh) by the Italian Archaeological Mission in Lower Sindh and Las Bela in 2013 and 2014. The surveyed area coincides with part of the mythical land of the Ichthyophagoi, mentioned by the classical chroniclers. Many archaeological sites, mainly scatte...
Chapter
Communities of fishers and shellfish gatherers settled along the coasts of the Arabian Sea since the end of the 8th millennium BP. Traces of their presence are known from both the Sultanate of Oman and Pakistan. The surveys and excavations carried out in Oman since the 1970s, and Las Bela and Sindh (Pakistan) since the beginning of the 2000s, led t...
Article
Objective To reconstruct breastfeeding and weaning practices, metabolic stress including tuberculosis-induced wasting, and residential mobility of children in Neolithic and Metal Ages to infer their local ecologies. Materials Seven permanent teeth from individuals dated to the Neolithic, Copper, Bronze, and Iron Ages buried in nearby caves in wes...
Article
Full-text available
The paper discusses the importance of 4 new gunflints discovered in the mountains around Samarina. Three are made from exogenous flint and one from local chert
Article
The multidisciplinary research team of this new project aimed at the chronological, anthropological and funerary behavior characterization of the skeletal remains unearthed from various caves in western Liguria (northwestern Italy) between the mid-1800s and the 1990s. Most of the burials and scattered bone assemblages were excavated prior to the de...
Article
Full-text available
During the last thirty years, our knowledge of the archaeology of Sindh and Las Bela in Balochistan (Pakistan) has greatly improved mainly thanks to the results of the research and excavations carried out by the Italian Archaeological Mission. Until the 1980s the prehistory of the two regions was centred upon the impressive urban remains of the Bro...
Chapter
This paper summarizes and discusses our archaeological information regarding four mountain chains of southeastern Europe: The Alps, the Carpathians and the Caucasus
Article
Full-text available
Based on the integration of laser scans, sedimentology, geochemistry, archeobotany, geometric morphometrics and photogrammetry, here we present evidence testifying that a Palaeolithic group of people explored a deep cave in northern Italy about 14 ky cal. BP. Ichnological data enable us to shed light on individual and group level behavior, social r...
Presentation
Beginning in the mid-1800s, about 200 burials and an undefined number of scattered human remains have been reported from several caves and rock shelters in western Liguria. The skeletal series, excavated following the methodology of the time, were considered likely/probably/possibly “Neolithic” or “Middle Neolithic”, and as such were studied by ant...
Article
Evidence of Neolithic occupation at Arma dell'Aquila (Finale Ligure, Italy) had been unearthed in the 1930s, with the discovery of nine burials and a number of scattered human remains. The material, however, had never been systematically studied and characterized chronologically until recently. We performed a complete re-assessment of funerary beha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Based on the integration of laser scan, sedimentology, geochemistry, archeobotany, geometric morphometrics and photogrammetry, here we present evidence testifying a Palaeolithic group that explored a deep cave in northern Italy about 14 ky cal. BP. Ichnological data enable us to shed light on individual and group level behavior, social relationship...
Article
Full-text available
A few bone implements were found during the study of the assemblages from the excavations carried out at Arma dell’Aquila at present in the collections of the Finale Museum. They are represented by points, spatulas and pendants. Some tools show that they were produced in the cave from bones of both domesticated and wild animals, as is already known...
Article
Full-text available
The authors summarize the results of the interdisciplinary approach to the study of the material remains from the first half of the 1900s excavations at Arma dell’Aquila. As already emphasized by famous archaeologists of that époque, this site represents one of the focal points to understand the pace and modes of the prehistoric human settlement al...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the last century, the prehistorian Pia Laviosa Zambotti was the first to point out the importance of the discoveries made by Camillo Richard at the Arma dell’Aquila rock-shelter (Finale Ligure, Savona) in 1938 and 1942. This author wrote an entire paragraph of her chapter on the archaeology of the Ligurian caves of her seminal volume entitled “L...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the study of the ceramic assemblages retrieved during the excavations carried out at Arma dell’Aquila at present stored in the collections of Finale Archaeological Museum. They are represented mainly by vessels attributable to the Impressed Ware and Square-Mouthed Pottery Cultures. Some fragments show that the roc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Sindh (Pakistan) is very rich in lithic resources that were exploited in prehistory at least since the Acheulian Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age Indus Civilization. This activity left behind impressive archaeological evidence consisting of chert mines, chipping floors and blade/bladelet workshops, whose preservation is unfortunately challenged by pr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Evidence from archaeological and anthropological research suggest major changes in human adaptations at the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary. In Western Europe, hunter- gatherers which had long-distance network and extremely high mobility in the Middle Upper Palaeolithic were forced into southerly refugia with the Last Glacial Maximum. During de-glaci...
Article
Full-text available
THE FIGURINES FROM THE EARLY NEOLITHIC SETTLEMENT OF MAVROPIGI (WESTERN GREEK MACEDONIA) AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN THE NEOLITHIZATION PROCESS OF GREECE - Eurasian Prehistory 14, 2018 -The rescue excavations at the Early Neolithic settlement of Mavropigi-Fyllotsaïri (Kozani prefecture, Western Macedonia) carried out in 2005-2006 by the Archaeologica...
Article
Full-text available
The progressive microlithisation of the chipped stone tools started to take place during the Upper Palaeolithic in both Europe and south Asia. This paper examines two case studies, though different, from the Crimean Peninsula and the Italian Alps where long, well radiocarbon-dated sequences have been excavated. It focuses mainly on microlithic geom...
Article
Full-text available
The footprints of human and animal trackmakers, which around 12,000 years B.P. attended the Cave of Básura (Toirano, Lig-uria, Northern Italy), were studied through morpho-classificatory and morphometric approaches. First results indicate at least three different human producers, two youths and the third of tender age, bears and wolves (or dogs). A...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
11 APRILE 2018 - A roundtable on the anthropomorphic representation, on vase and figurines, of the Neolithic period in the italian peninsula and centre-southern Europe. The conference deal with this theme, in order to analyze the iconography, iconology, cultural relations and archaeological contexts of these class of objects.
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper summarizes the results of twenty-six years of fieldwork carried out by the Italian Archaeological Expedi- tion in Sindh in search for chert sources, and documenting their exploitation in prehistory at least since the Acheulian Palaeo- lithic to the Bronze Age, Indus Civilization mining areas and workshops. The explorations focused on thr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The polished stone assemblage from the old explorations at the site is composed of a small number of artefacts. However, among the artefacts are 6 complete axe blades of interesting shapes, one axe rough-out and one cutting edge fragment. The 7 complete pieces have been submitted to archaeometric analyses (XRPD and thin section) in order to identif...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper discusses the Middle and Late (Upper) Palaeolithic sites of Sindh (Pakistan), a region of the Indian Subcontinent of fundamental importance for the study of the spread of both Neanderthals and Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH) in south Asia. Most of the Middle Palaeolithic assemblages known to date were collected during the geological s...
Article
Full-text available
The Po Valley is one of the major physiographic units of northern Italy. It can be considered as a key area for the interpretation of long-term historical events and processes because of its location midway between the Mediterranean world and continental Europe. This paper is an updated summary of our knowledge of the Early Neolithic farming commun...
Article
The use of ceramic sourcing to study the scale of human interaction has revealed new perspectives on Early Neolithic voyaging in the Ligurian Sea (northern Italy). We have documented, through archaeometric analyses and in particular optical microscopy of 50 thin sections, the discovery of imported vessels at important prehistoric sites of the Impre...
Article
Le Riparo Mochi (RM) fait partie du complexe archéologique des Balzi Rossi, situé à l’extrémité ouest de la côte ligurienne (Italie), à la frontière avec la France. La stratigraphie du RM constitue l’une des séquences paléolithiques les plus complètes du Bassin méditerranéen allant du Moustérien jusqu’à l’Épigravettien. À l’heure actuelle, le site...
Article
Full-text available
High-pressure meta-ophiolite artefacts spread across Europe during the Neolithic, but the exact provenance of their raw material is an open question yet. In this work we give a preliminary, although detailed petrological and geochemical data of three possible sources of HP meta-ophiolitic stone artefacts. During fieldwork we collected several geolo...
Article
Full-text available
Already in the late 1950s J. G. D. Clark outlined the important changes that took place at the end of the Mesolithic period in many regions of Europe, North Africa and the Near East, which led to the production of chipped stone assemblages characterized by parallel-sided blades and different types of trapezoidal arrowheads. This paper discusses the...
Research
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The authors present a new prehistoric site recently discovered at Ortovero, near Albenga (Savona Province, Italy) in Western Liguria that can be attributed on typological grounds to the Final Epigravettian or to the Sauveterrian. The raw-material characteristics of the chipped stone artefacts resemble of from the red radiolarite outcrops of Eastern...
Article
Full-text available
The discovery of the wreck of the brig Mercurio, which sank in 1812 in the waters of the north Adriatic, is of major significance for the study of Italic Kingdom vessels from the Napoleonic era. The underwater excavations carried out in 2004–11 led to the recovery of many small finds, among which are several gunflints of different size and shape. T...
Article
Full-text available
The Impressed Ware Culture in Western Liguria (Northern Italy): Distribution, chronology and cultural aspects. This paper describes and discusses the Early Neolithic Impressed Ware settlement of Western Liguria. In this region the Impressed Ware Culture sites are known mainly from caves and rock-shelters, 8 of which have been radiocarbon-dated. Mos...
Article
Full-text available
Parole chiave-Alpi centrali, insediamento umano, territorio montano. Riassunto-Il lavoro presenta una sintesi dei dati a disposizione riguardanti la frequentazione umana più antica delle alte quote alpine, con particolare riferimento allo spartiacque Valcamonica-Valtrompia. Le ricerche condotte negli ultimi 30 anni hanno messo in luce numerose test...