Elisabeth Delais-Roussarie

Elisabeth Delais-Roussarie
University of Nantes | UNIV Nantes · Laboratoire de Linguistique de Nantes, LLING (UMR 6310)

Professor

About

116
Publications
14,390
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Introduction
Elisabeth Delais-Roussarie currently works at the UMR 6310-LLING (Laboratoire de Linguistique de Nantes), Université de Nantes (France). Elisabeth does research in Phonetics and Phonology, and is particularly interested in syntax-phonology interface, intonational meaning and prosodic phrasing. Their current project is 'SynPaFlex'. She also works on the prosody of alternative questions in French
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - present
Paris Diderot University
Position
  • Research Director

Publications

Publications (116)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As a first step towards increasing reproducibility of language data and promoting scientific synergies and transparency, CORLI (Corpus, Language and Interaction), a consortium involving members from more than 20 research labs and 15 Universities, part of the French large infrastructure Huma-Num, contributes to the European research infrastructure o...
Article
Besides information-seeking questions, there are all kinds of non-standard questions, whose function is not to request information from the addressee, but rather to convey information about the speaker’s epistemic or emotional state. These include rhetorical questions, surprise questions, incredulity questions, etc. This paper focuses on rhetorical...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work has shown how native listeners benefit from observing iconic gestures during speech comprehension tasks of both degraded and non-degraded speech. By contrast, effects of the use of gestures in non-native listener populations are less clear and studies have mostly involved iconic gestures. The current study aims to complement these fin...
Poster
Full-text available
It is widely held that co-speech gestures are produced in a coordinated fashion with prosodic prominence. Studies have shown that gesture apexes tend to be temporally executed in conjunction with pitch accentuation. Fewer studies have looked at the temporal execution of these gestures in languages such as French, where pitch accentuation operates o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The role of orthography in adult L2 acquisition is well documented in the literature. Recent work has revealed that spelling can lead learners to produce phonological contrasts which do not exist in the target language, such as pseudo-geminate consonants in L2 English as produced by Italian speakers. In this contribution, we examine pseudo-geminate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Structure prosodique et dislocation à gauche dans les langues romanes et bantu : vers une approche typologique unifiée en OT
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, the rhythmic patterns observed in natural and synthesized speech are compared for three literary forms (rhymes, poems, and fairy tales). The aim of the comparison is to evaluate how rhythm could be improved in synthesized speech, which could allow adapting it to specific styles or genres. The study is based on the analysis of a corpu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The detection and modelling of emotions in speech remains a challenging issue in speech processing. The aim of the study presented here is to analyze and compare the use of several prosodic parameters in emotional speech in French. The data set used for the study contains utterances recorded in six emotional types: anger, fear, sadness, disgust, su...
Article
This paper compares the rhythmic features obtained in natural and in synthesized speech along three dimensions: the speech type (synthesized vs natural speech), the literary genre (rhymes, poems vs story telling), and the communication setting (speech addressed to children vs addressed to adults). The study is based on the analysis of duration patt...
Article
This paper compares the rhythmic features obtained in natural and in synthesized speech along three dimensions: the speech type (synthesized vs natural speech), the literary genre (rhymes, poems vs story telling), and the communication setting (speech addressed to children vs addressed to adults). The study is based on the analysis of duration patt...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Learners of L2 French, be they German or Spanish, produce an extra-rising melodic movement (T*HH%) at the right edge of non-final IPs, whereas French native speakers do not produce such form. From the analyses of a large data set extracted from a learner corpus, it appears that this non-native tonal pattern could not be attributed to an L1 transfer...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we analyze the final tunes and the prosodic structure observed in yes/no and wh­questions in French as an L2 produced by Mexican Spanish learners. Our study consists in a cross­comparison of information­-seek­ing interrogatives recorded in French and Mexican Spanish in various settings and produced by 15 Mexican learners of French...
Conference Paper
This study compares rising contours produced in the context of contrastive topics by French natives and by low and high proficient learners of French with German as mother tongue. Results show a systematic pattern for French natives who mostly produced a final rise LH*, and hardly ever a bridge accent on the whole phrase. Our results on French nati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a preliminary study whose main aim is to characterize four distinct speaking styles according to a limited set of prosodic features, including the length of prosodic phrases (AP and IP), the distribution of stressed syllables, pitch register span, the duration of silent pauses, etc. The analysis was performed using semi-automati...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we present an approach that allows a TTS- system to dictate texts to primary school pupils, while being in conformity with the prosodic features of this speaking style. The approach relies on the elaboration of a preprocessing prosodic module that avoids developing a specific system for a so limited task. The proposal is based on two...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the literature on prosody/syntax interface, syntactic information is usually considered as playing an important role in deriving the prosodic phrasing of an utterance. NP subjects, for instance, have often been claimed to phrase independently from the VP. It has nevertheless been shown that metrical factors could have an impact on phrasing, and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to present an algorithm that automatically segment a text in prosodic chunks for a dictation by conforming to the rules and procedures used in real settings to dictate a text to primary school children. A better understanding and modeling of these rules and procedures is crucial to develop robust automatic tools that could...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to present the results of a perception experiment in which native and non-native listeners were asked to rate the appropriateness of resynthesized questions varying in respect to two aspects: their morphosyntactic structure (presence/absence of an interrogative marker) and the form of their final intonational contour (fallin...
Article
Full-text available
Three independently motivated types of information are usually assumed to influence prosodic boundary placement and to play a role in their relative strength: the morphosyntactic structure, the information structure and the metrical complexity. The phonetic realization associated with the different boundary types (in particular IP and ip) is also a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the acquisition of continuation rises in French by Mexican Spanish learners. The study consisted of a cross-comparison between native and non-native productions of 15 Mexican learners of French, 10 French speakers and 10 Mexican Spanish speakers. We analyzed the different rising contours obtained at the end of 502 non-final pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reduce inequalities in writing as soon as the first year of primary school using speech synthesis and combined technologies Speech synthesis allows beginner scripters to re-read themselves. So, they can evaluate the difference between what is written and what they intended to write (Crinon, 2000). The tool develops pupils’ phonological and alphab...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reduce inequalities in writing as soon as the first year of primary school using speech synthesis and combined technologies Speech synthesis allows beginner scripters to re-read themselves. So, they can evaluate the difference between what is written and what they intended to write (Crinon, 2000). The tool develops pupils’ phonological and alphab...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we study the intonational patterns observed in learners' productions in order to evaluate what motivates the deviations observed: systemic differences between the learners' L1 and the L2, differences in phonetic implementation, etc. The analysis consists of a crosscomparison of the intonation of yes-no questions in French, English an...
Article
In the last twenty years, the quality of synthesized speech has improved greatly with the emergence of corpus-based speech synthesis systems. Yet the rhythmic patterns obtained do not always sound very natural. The aim of the paper is to investigate the reason for the lack of naturalness by comparing the rhythmic patterns observed in natural speech...
Book
This volume provides new insights into various issues on prosody in contact situations, contact referring here to the L2 acquisition process as well as to situations where two language systems may co-exist. A wide array of phenomena are dealt with (prosodic description of linguistic systems in contact situations, analysis of prosodic changes, langu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the acquisition of the tonal and prosodic structure of questions in French as a L2. Our study consists in a cross-comparison of utterances recorded in French and Spanish in various settings, and produced by 15 Mexican Spanish learners of French (L2), 10 French speakers and 10 Mexican speakers. In the yes-no questions as produc...
Article
Assigning a prosodic transcription that encompasses all prosodic phenomena (intonation, accentuation and phrasing) is difficult mainly because: (i) encoding all the prosodic phenomena usually supposes a knowledge of the language to transcribe; and (ii) a representation of the various phenomena cannot be achieved without taking into account the thre...
Article
Cet article porte sur la liaison dans un parler spontané familier. Partant du constat, que dans la parole familière, les prononciations s'écartent souvent de leur forme canonique du fait d'un taux de réduction temporelle élevé, nous faisons l'hypothèse que le nombre de liaisons réalisées se trouve diminué dans ce type de parole par rapport à une pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose a study of the final contours and the prosodic structure observed in yes-no questions in French as an L2. Our study consists in a cross-comparison of utterances recorded in French and Spanish in various settings, and produced by 15 Mexican Spanish learners of French (L2), 10 French speakers and 10 Mexican speakers. In the...
Article
Full-text available
Assigning a prosodic transcription that encompasses all prosodic phenomena (intonation, accentuation and phrasing) is difficult mainly because: (i) encoding all the prosodic phenomena usually supposes a knowledge of the language to transcribe; and (ii) a representation of the various phenomena cannot be achieved without taking into account the thre...
Article
Full-text available
RÉSUMÉ Ce travail explore la réalisation des liaisons dans un parler spontané familier. En partant du constat que dans la parole familière les prononciations s'écartent souvent de leur forme canonique complète, et que l'on peut observer un taux de réduction temporelle plus élevé qu'en parole lue ou préparée, nous faisons l'hypothèse que le nombre d...
Article
In this paper, the realisation of the French Liaison is investigated in a large corpus of casual speech. Considering that casual speech gives rise to a large range of pronunciation variants and that overall temporal reduction increases, one may hypothesize that French liaison tends to be less productive in this speaking style. We made use of automa...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: The study presented here aims at proposing a phonological analysis of rises in French, focusing on rises occurring at the end of yes/no neutral questions. In French intonation, rising movements are usually seen as playing a major role. However, two points concerning the status and the form of these movements are still under debate: (i)...
Article
The relationship between prosodic structure and syntactic structure was widely debated in the 80s, but interest in this topic has waned with a shift in focus towards studies of prosody in discourse based on oral corpora. However, it would seem imperative that, in order to develop a prosodic grammar, we (i) recognise the importance of the relations...
Article
RÉSUMÉ Cet article propose une analyse de différents systèmes de transcription manuelle des phénomènes prosodiques. L'objectif en est double: (i) évaluer les avantages et inconvénients des systèmes décrits en prenant comme « système référent » l'API (alphabet phonétique international). En effet, ce système, bien que surtout conçu pour transcrire le...
Article
Ce volume thématique regroupe un ensemble de contributions portant sur la description et la modélisation de la prosodie en français. Ces articles ont été choisis afin de proposer un panorama assez large des travaux menés actuellement dans ce domaine.(Online publication January 27 2011)
Article
Full-text available
Studies in L2 intonation and phrasal phonology are interesting not only to understand how second languages (L2) are acquired, but also to get better insights into the phonology of the target language itself. Indeed, clear descriptions are still missing for many intonational and phrasal phenomena; and analysing the speech production of L2 learners m...
Article
When prosodic boundaries meet syntactic boundaries The relationship between prosodic structure and syntactic structure was widely debated in the 80s, but interest in this topic has waned with a shift in focus towards studies of prosody in discourse based on oral corpora. However, it would seem imperative that, in order to develop a prosodic grammar...
Article
This paper aims at : 1. Explaining why data are essential in order to study phonological phenomena at the post-lexical level, be they segmental such as liaison and “enchaînement”, or suprasegmental such as accentuation or intonation. This results mainly from the fact that the analysis of these phenomena must take into account various types of infor...
Article
Full-text available
Le développement récent de l'analyse de grands corpus oraux pose crucialement la question de la transcription/annotation des phénomènes prosodiques. Peut-elle se faire sur des bases semblables à ce qui se fait au niveau segmental ? Suppose-t-elle une connaissance phonologique du fonctionnement prosodique de la langue à transcrire ? Un système de tr...
Article
Full-text available
L'étude que nous proposons ici fait suite à de nombreux travaux que nous avons entrepris depuis la fin des années soixante-dix, portant sur les aspects sémantiques, pragmatiques et la subjectivité. Dans ces travaux, nous avons été amenée en particulier à tester différents modèles syntaxiques, sémantiques, pragmatiques, empruntés à la littérature ou...
Article
Full-text available