Elisa R Zanier

Elisa R Zanier
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research | Mario Negri · Department of Neuroscience

MD

About

136
Publications
41,039
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,344
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2016 - December 2016
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Position
  • Laboratory of Acute Brain Injury and Therapeutic Strategies, Head
January 2009 - December 2012
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
January 2001 - December 2008

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Despite an apparently silent imaging, some patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience cognitive dysfunctions, which may persist chronically. Brain changes responsible for these dysfunctions are unclear and commonly overlooked. It is thus crucial to increase our understanding of the mechanisms linking the initial event to the functio...
Article
Full-text available
The severity and long-term consequences of brain damage in traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients urgently calls for better neuroprotective/neuroreparative strategies for this devastating disorder. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) hold great promise and have been shown to confer neuroprotection in experimental TBI, mainly through paracrine mechanis...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with post-infective severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) often show both short- and long-term cognitive deficits within the dysexecutive/inattentive spectrum. However, little is known about which cognitive alterations are commonly found in patients recovered from SARS-CoV-2, and which psychometric tools c...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains one of the most fatal and debilitating conditions in the world. Current clinical management in severe TBI patients is mainly concerned with reducing secondary insults and optimizing the balance between substrate delivery and consumption. Over the past decades, multimodality monitoring has become more widely avai...
Article
Full-text available
Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are very rare in children, and the characteristics of the T-cells in the IA wall are largely unknown. A comatose 7-years-old child was admitted to our center because of a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a ruptured giant aneurysm of the right middle cerebral artery. Two days after the aneurysm clipping the patient was ful...
Article
Full-text available
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a substantial cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Moreover, survivors after the initial bleeding are often subject to secondary brain injuries and delayed cerebral ischemia, further increasing the risk of a poor outcome. In recent years, the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) has been proposed as a ta...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hyperventilation resulting in hypocapnic alkalosis (HA) is frequently encountered in spontaneously breathing patients with acute cerebrovascular conditions. The underlying mechanisms of this respiratory response have not been fully elucidated. The present study describes, applying the physical–chemical approach, the acid-base characteris...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury is increasingly common in older individuals. Older age is one of the strongest predictors for poor prognosis after brain trauma, a phenomenon driven by the presence of extra-cranial comorbidities as well as pre-existent pathologies associated with cognitive impairment and brain volume loss (such as cerebrovascular disease or...
Article
Full-text available
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are widely used in preclinical models of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Results are promising in terms of neurological improvement but are hampered by wide variability in treatment responses. We made a systematic review and meta-analysis: (1) to assess the quality of evidence for MSC treatment in TBI rodent models; (...
Article
Individualized patient care is essential to reduce the global burden of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This pilot study focused on TBI patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) and aimed at identifying patterns of circulating biomarkers associated with the disability level at 6 months from injury, measured by the extended Glasgow outcome scal...
Article
Full-text available
While sudden loss of perfusion is responsible for ischemia, failure to supply the required amount of oxygen to the tissues is defined as hypoxia. Among several pathological conditions that can impair brain perfusion and oxygenation, cardiocirculatory arrest is characterized by a complete loss of perfusion to the brain, determining a whole brain isc...
Article
Most of the variation in outcome following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains unexplained by currently recognized prognostic factors. Neuroinflammation may account for some of this difference. We hypothesized that TBI generated variable autoantibody responses between individuals that would contribute to outcome. We developed a custom prote...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic had a massive impact on the Italian healthcare systems, which became overwhelmed, leading to an increased risk of psychological pressure on ICU workers. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of distress (anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms), burnout syndrome and resilience in healthcare workers during the...
Article
Full-text available
Post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) accounts for 5% of all epilepsies and 10–20% of the acquired forms. The latency between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and epilepsy onset in high-risk patients offers a therapeutic window for intervention to prevent or improve the disease course. However, progress towards effective treatments has been hampered by the lac...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with widespread tau pathology in about 30% of patients surviving late after injury. We previously found that TBI in mice induces the formation of an abnormal form of tau (tauTBI) which progressively spreads from the site of injury to remote brain regions. Intracerebral inoculation of TBI brain homogenates...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major burden on healthcare services worldwide, where scientific and clinical innovation is needed to provide better understanding of biochemical damage to improve both pre-hospital assessment and intensive care monitoring. Here, we present an unconventional concept of using Raman spectroscopy to measure the biochem...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Whilst there has been progress in supportive treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI), specific neuro- protective interventions are lacking. Models of ischaemic heart and brain injury show the therapeutic potential of argon gas, but it is still not known whether inhaled argon (iAr) is protective in TBI. We tested the effects of acute...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with widespread tau pathology in about thirty percent of patients surviving late after injury. We previously found that TBI in mice induces a transmissible tau pathology (tauTBI), with late cognitive decline and synaptic dysfunction. However, it is not clear whether tauTBI is a marker of ongoing...
Preprint
Full-text available
The majority of variation in outcome following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains unexplained by currently recognised prognostic factors, suggesting a contribution from unaccounted variables. One key candidate variable is neuroinflammation, including the generation of autoantibodies against brain specific antigens which have been described...
Article
Full-text available
The multiplicity of systems affected in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brains calls for multi-target therapies. Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are promising candidates, their clinical application is limited because of risks related to their direct implantation in the host. This could be overcome by exploiting their paracrine action. We herein demo...
Preprint
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with widespread tau pathology in about one third of patients. We previously found that TBI induces a transmissible tau pathology (tau TBI ), with late cognitive decline and synaptic dysfunction. To understand whether tau TBI is a marker of ongoing neurodegeneration or a driver of functional decline, we emp...
Article
Background Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is essential after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to prevent secondary brain insults and to tailor individualized treatments. Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), measured using ultrasound (US), could serve as a noninvasive bedside tool to estimate ICP, avoiding the risks of hemorrhage or infection re...
Article
Recent biomarker innovations hold potential for transforming diagnosis, prognostic modeling, and precision therapeutic targeting of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, many biomarkers, including brain imaging, genomics, and proteomics involve vast quantities of high-throughput and high-content data. Management, curation, analysis and evidence sy...
Article
Following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), inflammation is a well-documented but poorly understood phenomenon, especially at later time points (ie. beyond 72h) and in brain areas outside the cortex. The cerebellum, important for motor and cognitive functioning, represents an area of the brain equally affected by TBI that is seldom evaluated despite...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. Despite progress in neurosurgery and critical care, patients still lack a form of neuroprotective treatment that can counteract or attenuate injury progression. Inflammation after TBI is a key modulator of injury progression and neurodegeneration, but its spatiotemporal dissemin...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a head impact with a force exceeding regular exposure from normal body movement which the brain normally can accommodate. People affected include, but are not restricted to, sport athletes in American football, ice hockey, boxing as well as military personnel. Both single and repetitive exposures may affect...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in young adults in the developed world. The accuracy of early outcome-prediction remains poor even when all known prognostic factors are considered, suggesting important currently unidentified variables. In addition, whilst survival and neurological outcomes have improved mar...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. In the last 30 years several neuroprotective agents, attenuating the downstream molecular and cellular damaging events triggered by TBI, have been extensively studied. Even though many drugs have shown promising results in the pre-clinical stage, all have failed in l...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of the Review The aims of fluid management in acute brain injury are to preserve or restore physiology and guarantee appropriate tissue perfusion, avoiding potential iatrogenic effects. We reviewed the literature, focusing on the clinical implications of the selected papers. Our purposes were to summarize the principles regulating the distr...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury is a risk factor for subsequent neurodegenerative disease, including chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a tauopathy mostly associated with repetitive concussion and blast, but not well recognized as a consequence of severe traumatic brain injury. Here we show that a single severe brain trauma is associated with the emergence o...
Article
Background: Near-infrared spectroscopy, a non-invasive technique for monitoring cerebral oxygenation, is widely used, but its accuracy is questioned because of the possibility of extra-cranial contamination. Ultrasound-tagged near-infrared spectroscopy (UT-NIRS) has been proposed as an improvement over previous methods. We investigated UT-NIRS in...
Article
Full-text available
In this perspective, we discuss the potential of virtual reality (VR) in the assessment and rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury, a silent epidemic of extremely high burden and no pharmacological therapy available. VR, endorsed by the mobile and gaming industries, is now available in more usable and cheaper tools allowing its therapeutic engage...
Article
Objective: To report the ESICM consensus and clinical practice recommendations on fluid therapy in neurointensive care patients. Design: A consensus committee comprising 22 international experts met in October 2016 during ESICM LIVES2016. Teleconferences and electronic-based discussions between the members of the committee subsequently served to...
Article
Full-text available
We explored the involvement of the lectin pathway of complement in post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) pathophysiology in humans. Brain samples were obtained from 28 patients who had undergone therapeutic contusion removal, within 12 h (early) or from >12 h until five days (late) from injury, and from five non-TBI patients. Imaging analysis indicated...
Article
Full-text available
bjective To report the ESICM consensus and clinical practice recommendations on fluid therapy in neurointensive care patients. Design A consensus committee comprising 22 international experts met in October 2016 during ESICM LIVES2016. Teleconferences and electronic-based discussions between the members of the committee subsequently served to discu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is a relatively common fatal disease, with an overall global incidence estimated at 24.6 per 100,000 person-years. Given the high degree of morbidity and mortality associated with ICH, therapies that may have neuroprotective effects are of increasing interest to clinicians. In this last conte...
Article
Full-text available
Acute brain injury resulting from ischemic/hemorrhagic or traumatic damage is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide and is a significant burden to society. Neuroprotective options to counteract brain damage are very limited in stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Given the multifaceted nature of acute brain injury and...
Article
Full-text available
Transplantation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBM-MSC) promotes functional recovery after stroke in animal models, but the mechanisms underlying these effects remain incompletely understood. We tested the efficacy of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) compliant hBM-MSC, injected intravenously 3.5 hours after injury in mice subject...
Article
There is increasing recognition that traumatic brain injury (TBI) may initiate long-term neurodegenerative processes, particularly chronic traumatic encephalopathy. However, insight into the mechanisms transforming an initial biomechanical injury into a neurodegenerative process remain elusive, partly as a consequence of the paucity of informative...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is understood as an interplay between the initial injury, subsequent secondary injuries, and a complex host response all of which are highly heterogeneous. An understanding of the underlying biology suggests a number of windows where mechanistically inspired interventions could be targeted. Unfortunately, biologically p...
Article
Full-text available
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is understood as an interplay between the initial injury, subsequent secondary injuries, and a complex host response all of which are highly heterogeneous. An understanding of the underlying biology suggests a number of windows where mechanistically inspired interventions could be targeted. Unfortunately, biologically p...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroprotection after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important goal pursued strenuously in the last 30 years. The acute cerebral injury triggers a cascade of biochemical events that may worsen the integrity, function, and connectivity of the brain cells and decrease the chance of functional recovery. A number of molecules acting against this de...
Article
Resident microglia and recruited macrophages are major contributors to the post-ischemic inflammatory response. Initially considered functionally homogeneous populations, data now suggest distinct but still controversial roles after brain injury. Using a model of conditional monocyte/macrophage depletion we studied the contribution of these myeloid...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a major cause of death and long-term disability. At present, we lack methods to non-invasively track tissue biochemistry and hence select appropriate interventions for patients. We hypothesized that detailed label-free vibrational chemical analysis of focal TBI could provide such information. We assessed the...
Article
Traditionally seen as a sudden, brutal event with short-term impairment, traumatic brain injury (TBI) may cause persistent, sometimes life-long, consequences. While mortality after TBI has been reduced, a high proportion of severe TBI survivors require prolonged rehabilitation and may suffer long-term physical, cognitive, and psychological disorder...
Article
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a major cause of death and long-term disability. At present, we lack methods to non-invasively track tissue biochemistry and hence select appropriate interventions for patients. We hypothesized that detailed label-free vibrational chemical analysis of focal TBI could provide such information. We assessed the...
Data
Fig. S1 Dilution curve of 1D1 and 6E10 antibodies with indicated dilutions on 18‐month‐old wild‐type and Tg2576 mice to investigate the specificity of 6E10 for hAPP. Fig. S2 Transgenic hAPP expression during aging of Tg2576 mice between postnatal month 3 and 20. Fig. S3 Induction of hAPP expression after traumatic brain injury. Appendix S1 Metho...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is histopathologically characterized by neurodegeneration, the formation of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles and extracellular A* deposits that derive from proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). As rodents do not normally develop A* pathology, various transgenic animal models of AD were designed...
Article
Objectives: To define the features of human amniotic mesenchymal stromal cell secretome and its protective properties in experimental models of acute brain injury. Design: Prospective experimental study. Setting: Laboratory research. Subjects: C57Bl/6 mice. Interventions: Mice subjected to sham or traumatic brain injury by controlled corti...
Article
Mannose-binding lectin is present in the contusion area of traumatic brain-injured patients and in that of traumatic brain-injured mice, where mannose-binding lectin-C exceeds mannose-binding lectin-A. The reduced susceptibility to traumatic brain injury of mannose-binding lectin double knock-out mice (mannose-binding lectin−/−) when compared to wi...
Article
Full-text available
In the cell therapy scenario, efficient tracing of transplanted cells is essential for investigating cell migration and interactions with host tissues. This is fundamental to provide mechanistic insights which altogether allow for the understanding of the translational potential of placental cell therapy in the clinical setting. Mesenchymal stem/st...
Article
Prognostic models for traumatic brain injury (TBI) are important tools both in clinical practice and research, if properly validated, preferably by external validation. Prognostic models offer also the possibility of monitoring performance, by comparing predicted to observed outcomes. In this study we applied the prognostic models developed by the...
Article
Full-text available
Several lines of evidence support the involvement of the lectin pathway of complement (LP) in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke. The aim of this multicenter observational study was to assess the prognostic value of different circulating LP initiators in acute stroke. Plasma levels of the LP initiators ficolin-1, -2, and -3 and mannose-bindi...
Article
Full-text available
The study of microglia and macrophage (M/M) morphology represents a key tool to understand the functional activation state and the pattern of distribution of these cells in acute brain injury. The identification of reliable quantitative morphological parameters is urgently needed to understand these cell roles in brain injury and to explore strateg...