Elisa Kozasa

Elisa Kozasa
Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein | IIEPAE · Instituto do Cérebro

PhD

About

112
Publications
49,805
Reads
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1,759
Citations
Introduction
Elisa Kozasa currently works at the Instituto do Cérebro, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein. Her main interests are Neuroscience and Behaviour. She is the first Latin American fellow of the Mind and Life Institute. She loves Surf, Meditation and Aikido.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - January 2015
Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Position
  • Professor
Education
March 1999 - March 2002
Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Field of study
  • Psychobiology

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
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Background Dual-task paradigms are a known tool to evaluate possible impairments in the motor and cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A technique to evaluate the cortical function during movement is functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). The evaluation of the MS course or its treatment by associating fNIRS with gait...
Chapter
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Governments and societies need to be prepared to confront population aging. Such preparation includes policies that can improve quality of life, functional capacity, and health of the general population, encouraging a more active and healthier lifestyle. Normal aging is associated with changes in brain structure and function, which may cause behavi...
Article
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Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of self-compassionate thinking (SCT) related to stressful autobiographical memories (SAM) on the prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters in healthy subjects. Methods A naturalistic paradigm was built with two conditions, SAM followed by SCT. We use...
Article
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This study evaluated how news with positive and negative content about COVID-19, as well as a relaxation pause, affect the emotional state. We also investigated the association between emotional state and practicing meditation/yoga, physical activity or having a mental disease. For that, a sample of 717 participants, recruited through social media,...
Article
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The procedures to be performed after sudden engine failure of a single-engine helicopter impose high workload on pilots. The maneuver to regain aircraft control and safe landing is called autorotation. The safety limits to conduct this maneuver are based on the aircraft height versus speed diagram, which is also known as "Dead Man’s Curve”. Flight-...
Article
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A cause of mental distress during the COVID-19 pandemic is media exposure, which can impact health care professionals (HCPs) who must keep up to date with the statistics and procedures to fight the outbreak. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of listening to negative and positive news about COVID-19 pandemic and a relaxation pause audio. For...
Article
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COVER ILLUSTRATION Microstates are electrophysiological correlates of the coordinated activity of different neuronal assemblies, such that changes in topographies are representative of the overall modifications in neuronal activity dynamic over time. Given the evidence that specific microstates may be associated with perception and attention, in th...
Article
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IntroductionIn this study we compared the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) with a story reading intervention (SI) on the executive functions and psychological profile of children in two different public schools in São Paulo, Brazil.Methods In this controlled clinical trial, 207 children aged 8 to 9 years old responded to the Five-D...
Article
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Understanding decision‐making in complex and dynamic environments is relevant for designing strategies targeting safety improvements and error rate reductions. However, studies evaluating brain dynamics in realistic situations are scarce in the literature. Given the evidence that specific microstates may be associated with perception and attention,...
Article
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Background: This study developed a photo and video database of 4-to-6-year-olds expressing the seven induced and posed universal emotions and a neutral expression. Children participated in photo and video sessions designed to elicit the emotions, and the resulting images were further assessed by independent judges in two rounds. Methods: In the fir...
Article
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Meditation and positive psychology have been reported as promising approaches to deal with stress. This exploratory pilot study aims to evaluate the efficacy of meditation and positive psychology-based intervention on stress. Two experiments are reported; in the first one, 29 healthcare professionals were included (intervention = 14; control = 15),...
Article
The processing of semantically complex speech is a demanding task which can be facilitated by speech-associated arm and hand gestures. However, the role of age concerning the perception of semantic complexity and the influence of gestures in this context remains unclear. The goal of this study was to investigate if age-related differences are alrea...
Article
Mindfulness-based approaches that promote health, improve quality of life, and reduce the impact of comorbidities are key aspects in chronic diseases management. We aimed to verify the impact of a short-term meditation protocol on psychosocial and physiological parameters in chronic hemodialysis patients. We enrolled twenty-two patients, median age...
Article
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Objective: To estimate coronavirus disease 2019-related information consumption and related implications for health care professionals (medical and nonmedical personnel) during the pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional on-line survey was distributed to employees of a major health care institution located in São Paulo, Brazil between April 3 and Apr...
Article
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Situational awareness is especially important to decision-making in health care. Comprehending the situation is crucial for anticipating any change in the environment and delivering optimal care. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a training to increase situational awareness and mutual care designed for health care workers (...
Chapter
Governments and societies need to be prepared to confront population aging. Such preparation includes policies that can improve quality of life, functional capacity, and health of the general population, encouraging a more active and healthier lifestyle. Normal aging is associated with changes in brain structure and function, which may cause behavi...
Article
Full-text available
Meditation practices, originated from ancient traditions, have increasingly received attention due to their potential benefits to mental and physical health. The scientific community invests efforts into scrutinizing and quantifying the effects of these practices, especially on the brain. There are methodological challenges in describing the neural...
Article
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Objective To evaluate the effects of a mindfulness meditation course on healthcare students’ emotions and kindness towards themselves and others. Methods Mixed method, longitudinal case study including quantitative and qualitative tools. A population of 30 nursing, medical, and speech therapy students formed the control (n=14) and study (n=16) gro...
Preprint
BACKGROUND During the COVID-19 pandemic, the massive delivery of rapidly changing information about the science of the disease and its implications on everyday life can place high demands on individuals' abilities to deal with all this information. Professionals working in the healthcare sector are in the spotlight of this scenario. OBJECTIVE In t...
Article
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Pranayama refers to a set of yoga breathing exercises. Recent evidence suggests that the practice of pranayama has positive effects on measures of clinical stress and anxiety. This study explored the impact of a Bhastrika pranayama training program on emotion processing, anxiety, and affect. We used a randomized controlled trial design with thirty...
Article
Introduction: Post-treatment relapse is a major roadblock to stemming the global epidemic of tobacco-related illness. This article presents results from a pilot trial evaluating the feasibility and initial efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) as an adjunct to standard relapse prevention treatment (ST) for smoking cessation. Met...
Article
Here, we review the neurophysiological and neuroimaging changes that mediation induces in structural and functional MRI. The available evidence from structural studies suggests that mediation impacts neuronal plasticity and the functional MRI suggest that there are changes in gray and white matter in subjects who meditate. FMRI studies show that me...
Article
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Background Although the availability and use of mobile mental health apps has grown exponentially in recent years, little data are available regarding their efficacy. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an app developed to promote stress management and well-being among working women compared with a control app. Methods Fem...
Article
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Quality of life is an important issue concerning people all over the world and affecting patients in the mental health field. When considering the potential neural links between quality of life and the brain, a brain network that comes into mind is the default mode network (DMN). Its architecture and function has been investigated in relation to va...
Article
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Large-scale brain networks exhibit changes in functional connectivity during the aging process. Recent literature data suggests that Yoga and other contemplative practices may revert, at least in part, some of the aging effects in brain functional connectivity, including the Default Mode Network (DMN). The aim of this cross-sectional investigation...
Article
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The aims of the current study were to examine differences in brain responses to cognitive control in stressed and non-stressed women managers. Stress complaints are highly prevalent among active workers and play an important role in women managers mental health and cognitive functioning. Psychosocial stress has been associated with differential exe...
Article
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Introduction The current study examined associations between affective and smoking-related factors, and dispositional mindfulness among smokers seeking enrollment in a cessation program in Brazil. Methods Participants were first-time treatment seeking adult smokers (N=90) on a waiting list for a government-sponsored cessation program. Pearson’s bi...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Although the availability and use of mobile mental health apps has grown exponentially in recent years, little data are available regarding their efficacy. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an app developed to promote stress management and well-being among working women compared with a control app. METHODS Fem...
Article
Purpose “Chemobrain” is a medical secondary effect of cancer chemotherapy treatment characterized by a general decline in cognition affecting visual and verbal memory, attention, complex problem-solving skills, and motor function. Dopamine (DA) central nervous system neurotransmitters serve an important role in cognition, and changes in DA could po...
Article
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Background Women have been assuming more responsibilities and higher positions in major companies, which exposes them to high levels of stress. Higher perceived work stress is related to higher emotional reactivity. Difficulties with emotional regulation can lead to anxiety and mood disorders, which are more prevalent in women than men. Indeed, wom...
Article
Background and purpose: Among several cognitive advantages, meditation is thought to enhance practitioners' capacity for sustained attention. In the present study, we explored this question by testing meditation practitioners (meditators) and nonpractitioners (nonmeditators) on a task that requires sustained attention, the Stroop Word-Color Task (...
Article
Objective To compare cognition and brain function in elderly Tai Chi and Water Aerobics practitioners. Methods Eight Tai Chi (TC) and 8 Water Aerobics (WA) practitioners matched by gender, education and age underwent neuropsychological and fMRI scan during attention (Stroop Word Color Task) and working memory (N Back) tasks. Results Groups were s...
Data
Within group brain activation in meditators and non-meditators. Non-meditators: clusters encompassing posterior cingulate gyrus, caudate, occipital lobe and frontal pole presented reduced activation after the retreat. Meditators: clusters encompassing middle frontal gyrus, parietal lobe, inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and superior parietal lobule sho...
Article
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Meditation as a cognitive enhancement technique is of growing interest in the field of health and research on brain function. The Stroop Word-Color Task (SWCT) has been adapted for neuroimaging studies as an interesting paradigm for the understanding of cognitive control mechanisms. Performance in the SWCT requires both attention and impulse contro...
Research
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The aim of this study was to evaluate an in situ stress reduction program, named PROGRESS, developed to meet the specific needs of workers in a business context and to research its impact upon non-severe psychiatric symptoms, stress, anxiety, depression, processing speed/attention and mindfulness.
Article
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate an in situ stress reduction program, named PROGRESS, developed to meet the specific needs of workers in a business context and to research its impact upon non-severe psychiatric symptoms, stress, anxiety, depression, processing speed/attention and mindfulness. Methods: Participants with stress compla...
Article
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of mindfulness and relaxation training for insomnia on insomnia and quality of life in postmenopausal women. Methods: Thirty postmenopausal women aged 50 to 65 years, who were not using hormone therapy, and had a diagnosis of insomnia and an apnea-hypopnea index of less than 15, were ra...
Article
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Introduction Our goal is to evaluate the effects of mindfulness meditation training on insomnia and quality of life of postmenopausal women Methods Thirty postmenopausal women, aged 50–65, not using hormone therapy, and with an apnea-hypopnea index lower than 15 and a diagnosis of insomnia, were randomly assigned to two groups: mindfulness interve...
Chapter
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Although self-knowledge and behavior training have been substantial parts of Yoga for many centuries, neuroscience approach towards the effects of Yoga on cognition and brain functioning/structure is a pretty new field of research. As technology advances, new technical support is gained to investigate long ago experienced traditional Yoga practices...
Preprint
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Yoga, a mind-body activity that requires attentional engagement, has been associated with positive changes in brain structure and function, especially in areas related to awareness, attention, executive functions and memory. Normal aging, on the other hand, has also been associated with structural and functional brain changes, but these generally i...
Article
Full-text available
Yoga, a mind-body activity that requires attentional engagement, has been associated with positive changes in brain structure and function, especially in areas related to awareness, attention, executive functions and memory. Normal aging, on the other hand, has also been associated with structural and functional brain changes, but these generally i...
Article
Full-text available
There are many studies on the effects of meditation interventions and some about meditation retreats in a group of participants, but how to study the brain of a single subject who decides to seclude himself/herself in a retreat? The aim of this study was to present a proof of concept for the feasibility of a single-subject analysis, which allows th...
Article
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Activity in the default mode network (DMN) is reduced during non-self-referential goal-directed tasks in healthy individuals. In this study, we investigated differences in DMN functional connectivity between regular meditators and non-meditators during an attention paradigm. Non-meditators and regular meditators, matched by age, years of education,...
Article
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Objetivo: Avaliar o estresse percebido (EP) de profissionais da Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) e a associação com características das equipes. Também foi investigada a ocorrência de associação entre EP e morbidade autorreferida. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal com 450 trabalhadores de 60 equipes em 12 Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS),...
Article
Aim: To investigate the effects of the practice of yoga in combination with compassion meditation on the quality of life, attention, vitality and self-compassion of family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Methods: A total of 46 volunteers were randomly allocated to two groups, the yoga and compassion meditation program group (n =...
Article
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Background: In Brazil, the Program for Institutional Development of the Unified Healthcare System (PROADI-SUS) has implemented a telemedicine service for urgent situations and emergencies. It is delivered by a high-technology (HT) hospital to 15 remote healthcare units (RUs) in 11 different Brazilian states. The aim of this study was to investigat...
Chapter
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Metacognition, or cognition about cognition, one of our highest brain functions, involves attention, conflict solving, error correction, inhibitory control, and emotional regulation being therefore fundamental in learning processes. These aspects of cognition are presumably mediated by frontal brain areas (Shimamura in Conscious Cognit 9(2 Pt 1):31...
Article
Context Mindfulness meditation has been shown to effectively mitigate the negative effects of stress among nursing professionals, but in countries like Brazil, these practices are relatively unexplored. Objective To evaluate the effects of a Stress Reduction Program (SRP) including mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation among nursing professio...
Article
Objective: This case report aimed to evaluate 4 months of yoga practice on the quality of life (QOL) and estradiol levels of two postmenopausal women. Methods: Participants were clinically healthy postmenopausal women, with follicle-stimulating hormone levels greater than or equal to 30 mIU/mL and a body mass index lower than 30 kg/m. The partic...
Article
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. Yoga is a holistic system of varied mind-body practices that can be used to improve mental and physical health and it has been utilized in a variety of contexts and situations. Educators and schools are looking to include yoga as a cost-effective, evidence-based component of urgently needed wellness programs for their students. Objectives . The p...
Article
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Primary health care professionals (PHPs) usually report high levels of distress and burnout symptoms related to job strain. Mindfulness, defined as non-judgmental-present-moment awareness, seems to be a moderator in the causal association between life stressors and well-being. This study aimed to verify correlations among self-reported mindfulness,...
Article
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Mindfulness is defined as "paying attention in a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally". Mindfulness is associated with positive affect, life satisfaction, self-esteem, lower negative affect and rumination. Conversely, evidence suggests a relationship between nicotine dependence and psychiatric disorders. This study...
Article
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Mind-body practices originated in ancient cultures to enhance physical, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. Interest in their use in treatment stems from increasing awareness of their therapeutic potential and from the need for approaches that are cost-effective and have lower risks for adverse effects compared to pharmacological and other conventiona...
Article
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Objective: Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display affective problems and impaired attention. Mood in ADHD can be improved by mindful awareness practices (MAP), but results are mixed regarding the enhancement of attentional performance. Here we evaluated MAP-induced changes in quality of life (QoL), mood, and attention...
Article
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Mindfulness é uma habilidade que permite ao praticante a ampliação de um espaço existente entre um estímulo e a resposta, podendo o mesmo fazer escolhas mais conscientes e impedindo a perpetuação de padrões de comportamentos disfuncionais, contribuindo para a melhora de seu bem estar. Este estudo objetivou avaliar as propriedades psicométricas da v...