Elisa Guerra Doce

Elisa Guerra Doce
Universidad de Valladolid | UVA · Prehistoria, Arqueología, Antropología Social y CC.TT. Historiográficas

PhD, Profesora Titular de Prehistoria

About

51
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Introduction
Elisa Guerra Doce currently works at the Department of Prehistoria, Arqueología, Antropología Social y CC.TT. Historiográficas, Universidad de Valladolid, Spain. Elisa does research in European Prehistory, Cultural Anthropology and Archaeology. Her current research interests include Neolithic and Bronze Age, the Bell Beaker phenomenon, Anthropology of Intoxication (drug plants and fermented drinks), and Archaeology of salt

Publications

Publications (51)
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The relationship between humans and mind-altering substances can be traced back over millennia. However, as many of them presently fall under the category of illicit or illegal “drug” products, there is a tendency to view use of these substances as largely a modern phenomenon. Archaeological evidence shows that the need and desire to temporarily al...
Article
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In recent years, the notion of landscape learning has been the object of increasing attention when discussing the neolithization of Europe. The landscape learning model stresses the necessity of gathering environmental information about a previously unfamiliar region. Therefore, it is particularly relevant in cases where the beginning of a farming...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the notion of landscape learning has been the object of increasing attention when discussing the neolithization of Europe. The landscape learning model stresses the necessity of gathering environmental information about a previously unfamiliar region. Therefore, it is particularly relevant in cases where the beginning of a farming...
Chapter
Full-text available
La comarca de Villafáfila fue un formidable emporio salinero durante la Edad Media. En este trabajo se reivindican los orígenes de la explotación de la sal en la zona desde el 2500 AC, coincidiendo con la plenitud de la Edad del Cobre.
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La primera vez que se registró la presencia de cerámicas con decoración cardial en tierras de Ávila fue hace algo más de medio siglo, a raíz de la excavación de La Peña del Bardal de Diego Álvaro. Después los hallazgos, siempre escasos, se han seguido repitiendo en otros yacimientos, todos ellos, como la Peña del Bardal, con ocupaciones calcolítica...
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Los ídolos espátula de tipo San Martín-El Miradero aparecen de forma habitual en los sepulcros colectivos del Neolítico Final (aprox. IV milenio cal a.C.) del centro-norte de la Península Ibérica. Son objetos de hueso y además de un extremo funcional elaborado a modo de espátula, se caracterizan por contener, por lo general, abundantes decoraciones...
Book
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Desde los tiempos prehistóricos y prácticamente a lo largo y ancho de la geografía mundial, los seres humanos han alterado temporalmente su estado de consciencia con fines religiosos, terapéuticos, adivinatorios, recreativos e incluso bélicos. Para ello se ha recurrido a diversos procedimientos, solos o en combinación, como el ejercicio físico viol...
Chapter
The taste for alcohol is not exclusive to humans, as some other animal species are attracted to ripe fruits and nectar due to the natural occurrence of ethanol. However, what makes Homo sapiens different is their capacity to produce alcoholic beverages. From the Neolithic, if not earlier, the production of alcoholic drinks is documented, and this p...
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We assembled genome-wide data from 271 ancient Iberians, of whom 176 are from the largely unsampled period after 2000 BCE, thereby providing a high-resolution time transect of the Iberian Peninsula.We document high genetic substructure between northwestern and southeastern hunter-gatherers before the spread of farming.We reveal sporadic contacts be...
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Los adornos de variscita son un tipo de artefacto empleado en distintos contextos de la Prehistoria reciente de buena parte de Europa Occidental y de forma general son interpretados como elementos de prestigio. El registro arqueológico del centro-sur-oeste de la Meseta Norte Española ofrece un caso de estudio ideal para reconstruir al completo su c...
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The archaeological site of Molino Sanchón II (Villafáfila, Zamora, Spain) is interpreted as a salt processing factory. Natural brine obtained from the saline Villafáfila Lake Complex was boiled in coarse ceramic vessels placed on supports made of raw clay, which stood over a hearth of glowing embers in order to produce hard salt cakes. Hundreds of...
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El Neolítico es un momento no muy bien caracterizado en la provincia de Ávila. A día de hoy son todavía pocos los asentamientos documentados, los cuales se muestran a través de cerámicas acanaladas o impresas con motivos propios del Neolítico Interior, microlitos en sílex o algún pulimentado. Estos materiales carecen de contexto, al haberse hallado...
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From around 2750 to 2500 BC, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 BC. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide...
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A raíz de las excavaciones en el yacimiento de Molino Sanchón II, en Villafáfila (Zamora), existe la sospecha de que la explotación y distribución de la sal, un producto crítico a lo largo de la historia, estuvo al final de la Edad del Cobre en manos de la elite social que se identifica con el Vaso Campaniforme. De ahí la frecuente presencia de est...
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Salt exploitation in the Villafáfila lagoon complex (Tierra de Campos, Zamora) is one of the most important events since Prehistory in the northern plateau of the Iberian Peninsula. Salt production is documented from the Bell Beaker (ca. 2450 cal BC). In 2013, a core drilling was performed in the salty swamp of the Laguna de las Salinas. The analys...
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The Bell Beaker complex is one of the most pan-European horizons in Later Prehistory. It is characterized by a distinctive assemblage of items that show a strong uniformity. However, the processes leading to the emergence and expansion of the Bell Beaker complex are still to be explained. In addition to the Beaker items themselves, social elites al...
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Palynological studies on sediments from Central Iberia show palaeoclimatic changes at the end of the 3 rd millennium BC as a consequence of the 4.2 ka BP event. In the archaeological record they coincide with the peak and decline of the Ciempo-zuelos Group, one of the late regional styles of the Bell Beak- er Culture in Iberia. In this paper we ex...
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The authors take us to the salt lakes of Villafáfila in north-west Spain, where they have demonstrated by excavation that salt extraction had begun by the second half of the third millennium BC. The salt pans uncovered were accompanied by copious amounts of decorated Beaker pottery, for which political and symbolic interpretations are proposed.
Article
The relationship between humans and psychoactive substances can be traced back over millennia. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the consumption of drug plants and fermented beverages in prehistoric times by drawing upon some archaeological examples worldwide that illustrate the early use of these substances. The archaeological...
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The aim of this paper is to examine a Chalcolithic deposit found within a pit. The deposit contains a significant amount of Beaker pottery, amongst other artefacts, as well as a few human bones and a peculiar faunal assemblage. The singularity of the faunal remains found made it necessary to carry out a detailed taphonomic study, since the delibera...
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The earliest testimonies of the use of alcohol and drugs suggest that inebriation is a long-established habit, the origins of which can be traced back to prehistory. Traces highly suggestive of fermented beverages and remains of psychoactive plants have been recovered from archaeological sites throughout prehistoric Europe. This paper surveys the h...
Chapter
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Parmi les off randes des sépultures collectives néolithiques de l'est de la Vieille Castille et du cours supérieur du fl euve Ebre, nous trouvons des spatules en os très originales, richement décorées et présentant des traits anthropomorphes. Ces pièces ont été exclusives de ce territoire intérieur de la péninsule Ibérique et on présume qu'elles ét...
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Resumen: Através de análisis por cromatografía de gases-espectrometría de masas y del estudio de las reacciones inmunoquímicas de la caseina, se ha logrado identificar el residuo de sendos vasos cerámicos del horizonte inicial de Cogotas I de la provincia de Valladolid: un preparado de leche con cereales y grasa de carne.Apartir de ahí, se insiste...
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At least from the Neolithic period onwards, salt played an important role in prehistory by having a significant impact on the settlement of those areas where its exploitation was possible. This was the case with the lacustrine complex of Villafáfila, to the west of the Duero basin, where we have identified several saltworks dedicated to the extract...
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The analysis of pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs in a sequence from an endorreic lake in Almenara de Adaja (Valladolid, Northern Plateau) shows the sensibility of this record to both climatic and anthropogenic changes during the last 2800 years. All the phases of climatic variability described for this chronology have been detected, as the cold p...
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Los sepulcros megalíticos de la Submeseta Norte española reflejan la existencia de diferencias sociales entre los miembros de las comunidades del Neolítico y Calcolítico. A partir del estudio de los objetos de prestigio depositados en estas construcciones y de la existencia de determinados elementos arquitectónicos segregadores de espacios en las c...
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Traditionally, Bell Beakers have been thought to contain alcoholic beverages which were consumed in the course of male feasting ceremonies. Recent residue analyses have shed some light on the question of their function. However, whilst beer and mead have been identified from certain examples, not all Beakers were drinking cups. Some were used as re...
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Unlike other components of the Bell Beaker assemblage, Beaker pottery itself lacks an intrinsic value since fabric analyses have demonstrated that it was locally produced. It is thought, therefore, that it was the contents, rather than the container, which were valuable. Traditionally, Bell Beakers have been said to contain alcoholic beverages whic...
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Se presenta el repertorio de los vegetales psicoactivos recuperados en yacimientos prehistóricos de la Península Ibérica, estudiándolos desde un punto de vista fitoquímico y etnobotánico, así como los resultados de ciertas analíticas que han permitido identificar indicadores bioquímicos de sus principios activos en residuos de recipientes arqueológ...
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Objective The antiquity of drug-consumption in Europe is considered here. The oldest references implying this habit date back to the 3rd Millennium BC suggesting earlier beginnings, perhaps in Prehistoric times.
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La representación de cápsulas de adormidera es un motivo frecuente en la iconografía de las antiguas civilizaciones del Mediterráneo por su valor simbólico y ritual. Ciertas evidencias sugieren que el origen de esta simbología pudo iniciarse en el Neolítico, momento en el que se produce la domesticación de esta planta probablemente en la Península...