Elisa Boutet-Robinet

Elisa Boutet-Robinet
Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III | UPS Toulouse

Professor

About

65
Publications
9,323
Reads
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1,084
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
University of Toulouse-Faculté de Pharmacie-ToxAlim UMR1331
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Professor of Toxicology
September 2004 - August 2018
University of Toulouse
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
We recently characterized the association between DNA damage and immunoresponse in vivo in colonic mucosa of mice infected with a Salmonella Typhimurium strain expressing a genotoxin, known as typhoid toxin. In this protocol, we describe the specific steps for assessing DNA damage by the alkaline comet assay of colonic mucosal samples. The descript...
Article
Full-text available
The comet assay or single cell gel electrophoresis, is the most common method used to measure strand breaks and a variety of other DNA lesions in human populations. To estimate the risk of overall mortality, mortality by cause, and cancer incidence associated to DNA damage, a cohort of 2,403 healthy individuals (25,978 person-years) screened in 16...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate environmental impacts upon colorectal carcinogenesis (CRC) by diet, we assessed two western diet food contaminants: 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), a major lipid peroxidation product neoformed during digestion, and a mixture of pesticides. We used human colonic cell lines ectopically eliciting varied genetic susceptibilities to CRC: the non-...
Article
Full-text available
The comet assay or single cell gel electrophoresis, is the most common method used to measure strand breaks and a variety of other DNA lesions in human populations. To estimate the risk of overall mortality, mortality by cause, and cancer incidence associated to DNA damage, a cohort of 2,403 healthy individuals (25,978 person-years) screened in 16...
Article
DNA damage and repair activity are often assessed in blood s#38les from humans in different types of molecular epidemiology studies. However, it is not always feasible to analyse the s#38les on the day of collection without any type of storage. For instance, certain studies use repeated s#38ling of cells from the same subject or s#38les from differ...
Article
The alkaline comet assay, or single cell gel electrophoresis, is one of the most popular methods for assessing DNA damage in human population. One of the open issues concerning this assay is the identification of those factors that can explain the large inter-individual and inter-laboratory variation. International collaborative initiatives such as...
Article
Background: Community pharmacists are among the frontline health professionals who manage patients with an opioid-related disorder (ORD). Pharmacists frequently have a negative attitude toward these patients, which could have a negative impact on their management. However, education on ORD may improve the attitude of future healthcare professionals...
Article
Full-text available
The comet assay is a widely used test for the detection of DNA damage and repair activity. However, there are interlaboratory differences in reported levels of baseline and induced damage in the same experimental systems. These differences may be attributed to protocol differences, although it is difficult to identify the relevant conditions becaus...
Article
An antikinetoplastid pharmacomodulation study was done at position 8 of a previously identified pharmacophore in 3-nitroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine series. Twenty original derivatives bearing an alkynyl moiety were synthesized via a Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction and tested in vitro, highlighting 3 potent (40 nM ≤ EC50 blood stream form≤ 70 nM) and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bacterial genotoxins cause DNA damage in eukaryotic cells, resulting in activation of the DNA damage response (DDR) in vitro . These toxins are produced by Gram negative bacteria, enriched in the microbiota of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. However, their role in infection remains poorly characterized. We hav...
Article
Full-text available
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most potent carcinogen among mycotoxins. Its biosynthesis involves the formation of versicolorin A (VerA), whose chemical structure shares many features with AFB1. Our data revealed significant levels of VerA in foodstuff from Central Asia and Africa. Given this emerging food risk, it was of prime interest to compare the...
Article
Full-text available
An antikinetoplastid pharmacomodulation study was conducted at position 6 of the 8-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one pharmacophore. Fifteen new derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vitro against L. infantum, T. brucei brucei and T. cruzi, in parallel with a cytotoxicity assay on the human HepG2 cell line. A potent and selective 6-bromo-substituted a...
Article
The comet assay is a well-accepted biomonitoring tool to examine the effect of dietary, lifestyle, environmental and occupational exposure on levels of DNA damage in human cells. With such a wide range of determinants for DNA damage levels, it becomes challenging to deal with confounding and certain factors are inter-related (e.g. poor nutritional...
Article
Full-text available
Background The World Health Organization classified processed and red meat consumption as “carcinogenic” and “probably carcinogenic”, respectively, to humans. Haem iron from meat plays a role in the promotion of colorectal cancer in rodent models, in association with enhanced luminal lipoperoxidation and subsequent formation of aldehydes. Here, we...
Article
The comet assay (single cell gel electrophoresis) is widely used as a biomonitoring tool to assess DNA damage - strand breaks, as well as oxidised bases; it can also be adapted to measure DNA repair. It is based on the ability of breaks in the DNA to relax supercoiling, allowing DNA loops to extend from the nuclear core (nucleoid) under an electric...
Article
The comet assay offers the opportunity to measure both DNA damage and repair. Various comet assay based methods are available to measure DNA repair activity, but some requirements should be met for their effective use in human biomonitoring studies. These conditions include i) robustness of the assay, ii) sources of inter- and intra-individual vari...
Article
Full-text available
Twenty nine original 3-nitroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivatives, bearing a phenylthio (or benzylthio) moiety at position 8 of the scaffold, were synthesized. In vitro evaluation highlighted compound 5 as an antiparasitic hit molecule displaying low cytotoxicity for the human HepG2 cell line (CC50 > 100 µM) alongside good antileish-manial activities...
Article
The classification of the fungicide captan (CAS Number: 133‐06‐2) as a carcinogen agent is presently under discussion. Despite the mutagenic effect detected by the Ames test and carcinogenic properties observed in mice, the genotoxicity of this pesticide in humans is still unclear. New information is needed about its mechanism of action in mammalia...
Article
Full-text available
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely distributed environmental contaminants, known to affect T lymphocytes. However, the molecular targets and pathways involved in their immunotoxic effects in human T lymphocytes remain unknown. Here, we analyzed the gene expression profile of primary human T lymphocytes treated with the prototypical...
Article
Even if the comet assay has been widely used for decades, there is still a need for controlled studies and good mathematical models to assess the variability of the different versions of this assay and in particular to assess potential intra‐experimental variability of the high‐throughput comet assay. To address this point, we further validate a hi...
Article
To study the antiparasitic 8-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one pharmacophore, a series of 31 derivatives was synthesized in 1-5 steps and evaluated in vitro against both Leishmania infantum and Trypanosoma brucei brucei. In parallel, the reduction potential of all molecules was measured by cyclic voltammetry. Structure-activity relationships first indicated...
Article
Beside their crucial role in xenobiotic biotransformation, AhR and Nrf2 are involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism. Nrf2, as a cytoprotective transcription factor, supply energy for detoxification and antioxidant response. AhR is ligand-activated transcriptional factor implicated in several physiological function. Following pollutant ex...
Article
Following exposure to xenobiotics, cellular mechanisms will take place to prevent damages relative to i) DNA, to maintain genome integrity, ii) proteins, to maintain their activities, iii) lipids, to limit peroxidation. This system of cellular defence and resistance is energetically costly. In this commentary review, we discuss the impact of DNA da...
Article
Full-text available
Food-grade titanium dioxide (TiO2) containing a nanoscale particle fraction (TiO2-NPs) is approved as a white pigment (E171 in Europe) in common foodstuffs, including confectionary. There are growing concerns that daily oral TiO2-NP intake is associated with an increased risk of chronic intestinal inflammation and carcinogenesis. In rats orally exp...
Article
Full-text available
The Cytolethal Distending Toxin (CDT), produced by many bacteria, has been associated with various diseases including cancer. CDT induces DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), leading to cell death or mutagenesis if misrepaired. At low doses of CDT, other DNA lesions precede replication-dependent DSB formation, implying that non-DSB repair mechanisms ma...
Article
Pesticide exposure assessment is a key methodological issue for epidemiological studies. The history of pesticide has proven difficult to obtain from individuals' report because of the wide range of active ingredients (AIs). We developed a crop-exposure matrix, which intends to reconstitute parameters of pesticide exposure in France since 1950. PES...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), a persistent chlorinated organic chemical, could be detected in human tissues in several countries of the world. Human exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) occurring primarily through diet, HCB and its metabolites are therefore supposed to interact directly with intestinal mucosa. Objective: The aim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In vivo comet assay is increasingly used although this assay has serious limitations as standard conditions does not allow the use of frozen samples nor the processing -at the same time- of an important number of samples generated by in vivo studies. Therefore, the aim of our work was firstly to optimize samples preparation and alkaline comet assay...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The effect of one pesticide spraying season on DNA damage was measured on B and T lymphocytes among open-field farmers and controls. Methods: At least two peripheral blood samples were collected from each individual: one in a period without any pesticide application, several weeks after the last use (January, at period P0), and another...
Conference Paper
L’additif alimentaire E171 (dioxyde de titane, TiO2) est un pigment blanc couramment utilisé dans l’alimentation et composé jusqu’à 40 % de particules nanodimensionnées (<100nm). Or le devenir après exposition orale et les conséquences pour l’organisme des nanoparticules (NP) de TiO2 sont très peu documentés. Des études utilisant des NP modèles (P2...
Article
Full-text available
Marek's disease is one of the most common viral diseases of poultry affecting chicken flocks worldwide. The disease is caused by an alphaherpesvirus, the Marek's disease virus (MDV), and is characterized by the rapid onset of multifocal aggressive T-cell lymphoma in the chicken host. Although several viral oncogenes have been identified, the detail...
Article
The Comet assay (or Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis assay) is a sensitive technique to detect DNA damage at the level of an individual cell. This technique is based on micro-electrophoresis of cells DNA content. Briefly, cells are embedded in agarose, lysed and submitted to an electric field, before the staining step with a fluorescent DNA binding...
Article
Full-text available
DNA damage signaling and repair take place in a chromatin context. Consequently, chromatin-modifying enzymes, including adenosine triphosphate-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes, play an important role in the management of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, we show that the p400 ATPase is required for DNA repair by homologous recombination...
Article
The Cytolethal Distending Toxin (CDT) is a genotoxin produced by several pathogenic bacteria. It is generally admitted that CDT induces double-strand breaks (DSB) and cell cycle arrest in G2/M-phase, in an ATM-dependent manner. Most of these results were obtained at high dose (over 1 μg ml(-1) ) of CDT and late after treatment (8-24 h). We provide...
Article
Full-text available
Frequent oncogenic alterations occur in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, urging identification of novel negative controls. We previously reported an original mechanism for restraining PI3K activity, controlled by the somatostatin G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) sst2 and involving a ligand-regulated interaction between sst2 with the P...
Article
Full-text available
Fipronil represents a chemical class of insecticides acting at the γ-aminobutyric acid receptor in pests. [corrected] Fipronil has been associated with a significant increase in the incidence of thyroid gland tumors concomitant with prolonged exposure to thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in rats. An association between human TSH concentration and t...
Article
Several examples of agonist-directed trafficking of receptor signalling at 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors have been reported that involve independent downstream transduction pathways. We now report the functional selectivity of a series of chemically diverse agonists at human (h)5-HT2A, h5-HT2B and h5-HT2C-VSV by examining two related responses, the u...
Article
Full-text available
5-HT7 receptors are present in thalamus and limbic structures, and a possible role of these receptors in the pathology of schizophrenia has been evoked. In this study, we examined binding affinity and agonist/antagonist/inverse agonist properties at these receptors of a large series of antipsychotics, i.e., typical, atypical, and third generation c...
Article
Neuroleptic drugs have been suggested to act as inverse agonists at the dopamine D2 receptor. Nevertheless, the capacity with which inverse agonism at this receptor subtype can be resolved is limited. Modulation of the constitutive activation of the D2 receptor was investigated in different cellular systems by monitoring either [35S]GTPγS binding r...
Article
The role of RGS proteins on dopaminergic D2S receptor (D2SR) signalling was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells, using recombinant RGS protein- and PTX-insensitive G alphao proteins. Dopamine-mediated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was attenuated by more than 60% in CHO-K1 D2SR cells coexpressing a RGS protein- and PTX-insensitive G(alphao...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroleptic drugs have been suggested to act as inverse agonists at the dopamine D2 receptor, but no link between therapeutic efficacy and ligand's intrinsic activity could be determined. Since the resolving capacity to monitor inverse agonism at dopamine D2 receptors is limited, we speculated that receptor constitutive activation could be enhanced...
Article
Quantitative in situ hybridization on rat coronal brain sections with radiolabelled oligonucleotide probes was performed to investigate the effects of antipsychotic drugs on mRNA levels of regulator of G-protein signalling (RGS) 2 and c-fos. This study demonstrated a similar increase of RGS2 mRNA level in the striatum upon both a single and a 21-da...
Article
Expression of RGS2 mRNA was transiently up-regulated in rat striatum (25% in the medial part and 50% in the lateral part), in contrast to cingulate cortex and lateral septum, 30 min after acute treatment with haloperidol (2 mg/kg, i.p.). This effect disappeared 24 hours post-drug treatment, similar to the acute and strong up-regulation (700% at 30...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Study of GPCR pharmacogy, G protein activation, trafficking, diverse signaling, second messengers