Elina Kilpi-Jakonen

Elina Kilpi-Jakonen
University of Turku | UTU · Department of Social Research

DPhil Sociology

About

56
Publications
8,731
Reads
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1,384
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
938 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
My research focuses on social inequalities in education and the labour market, in particular those related to ethnicity, gender and social origin. I use mostly quantitative methods in my research. I'm located at the Inequalities, Interventions and New Welfare State (INVEST) Flagship. My current research project focuses on languages choices in immigrant families and their consequences for incorporation outcomes.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
University of Turku
Position
  • Fellow
Description
  • Position funded by the Academy of Finland, PI of Children of immigrants, language and integration across Europe
August 2017 - August 2018
University of Turku
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2014 - July 2017
University of Turku
Position
  • Fellow

Publications

Publications (56)
Preprint
This article explores intergenerational social class mobility and the role played by education for cohorts born from 1950 to 1980 in Finland. The period covered was one of profound economic advances and strong educational expansion. We employ full population census and register data from Statistics Finland, from which mobility tables for five-year...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we use PISA 2018 data to analyze (1) how language learning and teaching of intercultural issues are associated with global competences (GC) both in terms of knowledge and skills aspects as well as attitudes towards diversity, (2a) how the teaching of languages and intercultural issues in the school are related to sense of belonging a...
Article
Full-text available
Language has been conceptualized as both a measure as well as a predictor of integration among immigrants and their children. However, the relationship between language spoken at home and different educational outcomes remains poorly understood. Many studies indicate that nurturing students' first languages is positively associated with their learn...
Preprint
Much research has been done on the importance of social networks, but less is known about how social networks are built. This paper explores underlying factors that may contribute to the development of foreign-born populations’ social relationships in Finland. The study builds on Granovetter’s (1973, 1983) dyad of strong and weak ties and a spectru...
Article
Full-text available
How and why does social origin matter for gender-segregated field of study choices? Analyses of gender-(a)typical educational interests have framed social origin differentials primarily through the lens of socialization, resting on the idea that children from socioeconomically advantaged families develop less gender-stereotypical interests via more...
Preprint
Educational transitions are cyclic processes in which re-applications are an essential but understated part of access. We study social inequalities in re-application behavior to identify the extent to which educational intentions are more constrained among students from the lower social strata. We explore applications to universities in Finland, wh...
Article
Full-text available
It is often assumed that families migrate to improve their economic and social prospects, and that these additional resources can benefit the whole family. However, existing research suggests that many children who have experienced (internal) migration underperform compared to their non‐migrating peers in terms of different socioeconomic outcomes....
Preprint
Educational disadvantages of children of immigrants have sometimes been linked to speaking a language other than that of school instruction at home. However, thorough investigations of the alleged benefits for immigrant families of adopting the language of the surrounding society are lacking. We used data from a subset of countries in the 2018 Prog...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies covering various developed countries suggest that changes in assortative mating by education have contributed only a little to the changes in income inequality, opposite to the expectations of many. In this paper we consider two potential reasons for the zero effects: (a) that it is the selection into partnership rather than assort...
Article
Full-text available
The rules of intake, which determine how educational institutions are accessed, play a significant part in generating intergenerational educational inequalities. Different rules may allow parental advantages to compensate for students’ lack of advantages (such as academic performance) or to multiply and help only those students who are in a positio...
Chapter
In einer Welt, in der sich der ökonomische und soziale Wandel zunehmend beschleunigt, müssen die Arbeitskräfte und Bürger ihre Kenntnisse fortwährend an die sich verändernden Anforderungen am Arbeitsplatz und in der Gesellschaft anpassen. In diesem Papier wird die Frage untersucht, wie sich in modernen Gesellschaften ungleiche Bildungsniveaus beim...
Chapter
Arbeitsmarkterträge auf Qualifikationen, die durch formale Erwachsenenbildung erworben werden, sind sowohl aus individueller als auch aus gesellschaftlicher Perspektive von Bedeutung. Dieser Artikel untersucht die langfristigen Arbeitsmarkterträge auf neue Qualifikationen, die von erwachsenen Hochschulabsolventen in Finnland erworben wurden. Indem...
Preprint
Previous studies covering various developed countries suggest that changes in assortative mating by education have contributed only a little to the changes in income inequality, opposite to the expectations of many. In this paper we consider two potential reasons for the zero effects: a) that it is the selection into partnerships rather than assort...
Preprint
It is often assumed that families migrate to improve their economic and social prospects, and that these additional resources can benefit the whole family. However, existing research suggests that many children who have experienced (internal) migration underperform compared to their non-migrating peers in terms of different socioeconomic outcomes....
Article
Full-text available
Parents-in-law tend to form an important part of individuals’ social capital and thus can be expected to have an influence on occupational mobility. With Finnish Census Panel data of almost 100,000 individuals born between 1970 and 1979, followed from the age of 18 to their late thirties, we study whether the resources of the parents-in-law are ass...
Article
Using longitudinal data, this chapter studies the development of educational inequalities over the life course in 12–17 different industrialized societies. By comparing highly-standardized country case studies in specific phases of the educational career, it provides evidence of major communalities in modern societies. First, the cross-national fin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parents-in-law tend to form an important part of individuals' social capital and thus can be expected to have influence on occupational mobility. With Finnish Census Panel data of almost 100,000 individuals born between 1970 and 1979, followed from the age of 18 to their late thirties, we study whether the resources of the parents-in-law are associ...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of studies on social and educational mobility neglect the role of the extended family. We argue that this misses important ways in which extended family members may help compensate disadvantage in children's immediate family. Moreover, existing studies on extended family members have focused on grandparents, with only a couple of studi...
Preprint
Full-text available
While men's and women's tendency to specialize in different fields of study is well-established worldwide, little is known about the extent that such gender segregation is tied up with issues of social stratification. Drawing on Finnish register-based data of over 90,000 young people, we investigate the ways in which social background is associated...
Article
Previous research has shown how institutional changes, such as educational expansion, have weakened parental influence on educational attainment. We extend this analysis to occupational attainment and put forth a parental compensation hypothesis: as the origin-education (OE) association weakens, parents act to compensate for this in order to mainta...
Preprint
Citizenship acquisition is often viewed as an indicator of immigrant integration as well as an event that spurs integration further. Relatively little is know about the relationship between citizenship and integration for children of immigrants. This article examines the relationship between citizenship and educational attainment at approximately a...
Preprint
The education of children of immigrants is an important aspect of the integration of immigrant groups into receiving societies. This article focuses on the first transition in the Finnish education system. Two aspects of the transition are analysed: continuation versus dropping out and choice of upper secondary school type (general versus vocationa...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores a dynamic version of group conflict theory as an explanation for developments over time as well as regional differences in attitudes towards foreign workers in Finland in the period 1990–2013. In particular, it is argued that recent changes in potential for conflict are more likely to affect attitudes than are their levels. Th...
Research
Full-text available
Second workshop presentation: McMullin, P. and Kilpi-Jakonen, E. (2015). The consequences of shifting education and economic structures for gender differences at labor market entry: The British case study.In: H.-P. Blossfeld, J. Skopek, M. Triventi, and S. Buchholz (Eds.), Gender, Education and Employment: An International Comparison of School-To-W...
Chapter
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION As outlined in Chapter 1 of this book, women’s educational attainment levels reached or even surpassed those of men in the latter half of the 20th century in most Western societies (Vincent-Lancrin 2009). Nevertheless, the gender wage gap still stands: Generally speaking, women earn less than their male counterparts (18 per cent at med...
Article
Adult learning is an increasingly important form of education in globalised and aging societies. While current policy recommendations tend to focus on increasing participation rates, the authors of this article argue that higher participation rates do not necessarily lead to lower social/educational inequalities in participation. The aim of this pa...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to analyse the effect of acquiring a new formal qualification as an adult (measured as an upgrade or a side-step) on the likelihood of being in non-precarious employment. Three countries with similar longitudinal datasets are compared: Spain, the UK and Russia. The results indicate that adult education is beneficial...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides the theoretical framework for a cross-national comparative project on gender differences and inequalities at labor market entry. Women’s relative gains in educational attainment and the expansion of the service sector would suggest that gender inequalities in occupational returns are diminishing or even reversing. By assessing...
Article
In this chapter we study the differences between ethnic groups in early school-leaving in six of the countries: England and Wales, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the USA. We find sizeable gross differences in early school-leaving between the majority group and some, but far from all, ethnic minority groups, mainly to the disadvantage...
Book
As industrial societies increasingly evolve into knowledge-based economies, the importance of education as a lifelong process is greater than ever. This comprehensive book provides a state-of-the-art analysis of adult learning across the world and within varying institutional contexts. The expert contributors examine the structures of formal and no...
Chapter
Full-text available
Throughout Western societies, globalizing and demographic influences have placed additional pressure on policy makers to encourage investment in adult learning in order to maintain high levels of worker productivity and to promote equity between different socioeconomic groups. However, the conclusion of many previous studies on adult learning has b...
Article
Drawing on comparative analyses from nine Western countries, we ask whether local-born children from a wide range of immigrant groups show patterns of female advantage in education that are similar to those prevalent in their host Western societies. We consider five outcomes throughout the educational career: test scores or grades at age 15, contin...
Article
Book review of Grace Kao, Elizabeth Vaquera and Kimberly Goyette (2013) Education and Immigration.
Article
Full-text available
The articles in this Acta Sociologica e-special issue exemplify the variety of issues that are of interest to sociologists of migration and ethnicity. Together they form a continuum that goes from the integration of immigrants to that of their children, then moving to the majority and considering both adults and young adults. The topics of the arti...
Article
Citizenship acquisition is often viewed as an indicator of immigrant integration as well as an event that spurs integration further. Relatively little is known about the relationship between citizenship and integration for children of immigrants. This article examines the relationship between citizenship and educational attainment at approximately...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the achievement of immigrants' children in schools in Finland at the end of compulsory education. Results suggest that differences between groups are relatively small after controlling for parental resources. However, parental education has a smaller effect and parental income a larger one for children of immigrants than the m...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to map formal adult education in terms of the determinants of educational upgrading later in life, relating these back to social inequalities from a comparative perspective, and to labour market outcomes following participation, particularly the probability of being employed. It relies on a longitudinal analysis of data from the U...
Article
The education of children of immigrants is an important aspect of the integration of immigrant groups into receiving societies. This article focuses on the first transition in the Finnish education system. Two aspects are analysed: continuation versus dropping out and choice of upper secondary school type (general versus vocational). Results sugges...
Article
This paper reviews recent research in ten Western European countries on the educational and labor market outcomes of second-generation minorities. Minorities from less-developed origins appear to be particularly disadvantaged in education, access to the labor market, and occupational attainment. Disadvantages are most evident with test scores early...
Article
Full-text available
While a number of single-country studies have been done to explore whether or not there is a “critical age” at which the arrival in a new country becomes a steep disadvantage to the immigrant student, this study aims to determine whether the steepness of the age-at-arrival/test score profile varies across origin or destination countries. As expecte...
Article
This paper examines the school achievement of children of immigrants in Finland in terms of average grades at the end of compulsory education. Finnish register data is used for the analyses. Results suggest that a large proportion of differences between groups can be explained by parental re-sources. However, amongst children of immigrants parental...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The INDIRECT project studies intergenerational inheritance of socioeconomic attainment, with a focus on the idea of resource compensation. Resource compensation can be seen to come into play when families lose resources and attempt to compensate for these losses either through the use of other resources, which have not been lost, or with the resources of other family members or neighbours. By extending the idea of resource compensation to a broad range of situations in which resource compensation may occur, the INDIRECT projects aims to advance the theory behind and empirical evidence for intergenerational socioeconomic inheritance. The project is funded by European Research Council.
Project
By taking an explicit life course perspective, the eduLIFE Lifelong Learning series examines the ways in which individuals’ educational careers unfold in relation to their family background, educational institutions, workplaces and private life events. The series focuses on four distinct and central phases of the educational career: preschool education, general schooling, vocational training and labor market entry, and adult learning and careers. http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/books?book_series=eduLIFE%20Lifelong%20Learning%20series