## About

106

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Introduction

Elijah Flenner currently works at the Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University. Elijah does research in Computational Physics and Condensed Matter Physics. Their current project is 'Vapor deposited ultrastable glasses'.

Additional affiliations

July 2007 - present

## Publications

Publications (106)

A few years ago it was shown that some systems that have very similar local structure, as quantified by the pair correlation function, exhibit vastly different slowing down upon supercooling. Recently, a more subtle structural quantity, the so-called "point-to-set" length, was found to reliably correlate with the average dynamics. Here we use compu...

We analyze a renormalized perturbation expansion around the mode-coupling
theory of the glass transition. We focus on the long-time limit of the
irreducible memory function. We discuss a renormalized diagrammatic expansion
for this function and re-sum two infinite classes of diagrams. We show that the
resulting contributions to the irreducible memo...

We examine dynamic heterogeneities in a model glass-forming fluid, a binary harmonic sphere mixture, above and below the mode-coupling temperature Tc. We calculate the ensemble independent susceptibility χ4(τα) and the dynamic correlation length ξ4(τα) at the α-relaxation time τα. We also examine in detail the temperature dependence of τα and the d...

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.119801

We examine the dependence of the dynamics of three-dimensional active fluids on persistence time $\tau_p$ and average self-propulsion force $f$. In the large persistence time limit many properties of these fluids become $\tau_p$-independent. These properties include the mean squared velocity, the self-intermediate scattering function, the shear-str...

Low-frequency vibrational harmonic modes of glasses are frequently used to understand their universal low-temperature properties. One well studied feature is the excess low-frequency density of states over the Debye model prediction. Here we examine the system size dependence of the density of states for two-dimensional glasses. For systems of fewe...

Low-frequency vibrational harmonic modes of glasses are frequently used to understand their universal low-temperature properties. One well studied feature is the excess low-frequency density of states over the Debye model prediction. Here we examine the system size dependence of the density of states for two-dimensional glasses. For systems of fewe...

Comment on `Fickian Non-Gaussian Diffusion in Glass-Forming Liquids', by Rusciano et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 128, 168001 (2022). In a recent Letter, Rusciano et al. examined the statistics of individual particles displacements in two-dimensional glass-formers and concluded that the corresponding probability distribution is non-Gaussian in a time regi...

The scaling of the non-phononic spectrum for 2D systems has been recently debated. Here we provide evidence that the non-phononic spectrum $D_{ex}(\omega) \sim \omega^\beta$ where $\beta \approx 3.5$ and there is no clear evidence of a finite size effect in beta for systems greater than 100 particles.

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.248001.

Sound attenuation in low-temperature amorphous solids originates from their disordered structure. However, its detailed mechanism is still being debated. Here, we analyze sound attenuation starting directly from the microscopic equations of motion. We derive an exact expression for the zero-temperature sound damping coefficient. We verify that the...

Liquids near the glass transition exhibit dynamical heterogeneity, i.e., correlated regions in the liquid relax at either a much faster rate or a much slower rate than the average. This collective phenomenon has been characterized by measurements of a dynamic susceptibility χ4(t), which is sometimes interpreted in terms of the size of those relaxin...

Glasses possess more low-frequency vibrational modes than predicted by Debye theory. These excess modes are crucial for the understanding of the low temperature thermal and mechanical properties of glasses, which differ from those of crystalline solids. Recent simulational studies suggest that the density of the excess modes scales with their frequ...

Sound attenuation in low temperature amorphous solids originates from their disordered structure. However, its detailed mechanism is still being debated. Here we analyze sound attenuation starting directly from the microscopic equations of motion. We derive an exact expression for the zero-temperature sound damping coefficient and verify that it ag...

Glasses possess more low-frequency vibrational modes than predicted by Debye theory. These excess modes are crucial for the understanding the low temperature thermal and mechanical properties of glasses, which differ from those of crystalline solids. Recent simulational studies suggest that the density of the excess modes scales with their frequenc...

We derive a distribution function for the position of a tagged active particle in a slowly varying in space external potential, in a system of interacting active particles. The tagged particle distribution has the form of the Boltzmann distribution but with an effective temperature that replaces the temperature of the heat bath. We show that the ef...

Model systems of self-propelled particles reproduce many phenomena observed in laboratory active matter systems that defy our thermal equilibrium-based intuition. In particular, in stationary states of self-propelled systems, it is recognized that velocities of different particles exhibit non-trivial equal-time correlations. Such correlations are a...

We derive a distribution function for the position of a tagged active particle in a slowly varying in space external potential, in a system of interacting active particles. The tagged particle distribution has the form of the Boltzmann distribution but with an effective temperature that replaces the temperature of the heat bath. We show that the ef...

Model systems of self-propelled particles reproduce many phenomena observed in laboratory active matter systems that defy our thermal equilibrium-based intuition. In particular, in stationary states of self-propelled systems, it is recognized that velocities of different particles exhibit non-trivial equal-time correlations. Such correlations are a...

Liquids near the glass transition exhibit dynamical heterogeneity, i.e. correlated regions in the liquid relax at either a much faster rate or a much slower rate than the average. This is a collective phenomenon that has been characterized by measurements that attempt to determine the size of these regions and the intensity of the fluctuations. Her...

Active matter systems are driven out of equilibrium at the level of individual constituents. One widely studied class are systems of athermal particles that move under the combined influence of interparticle interactions and self-propulsions, with the latter evolving according to the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck stochastic process. Intuitively, these so-call...

The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity of amorphous solids is markedly different from that of their crystalline counterparts, but exhibits universal behaviour. Sound attenuation is believed to be related to this universal behaviour. Recent computer simulations demonstrated that in the harmonic approximation sound attenuation Γ obeys...

Active matter systems are driven out of equilibrium at the level of individual constituents. One widely studied class are systems of athermal particles that move under the combined influence of interparticle interactions and self-propulsions, with the latter evolving according to the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck stochastic process. Intuitively, these so-call...

The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity of amorphous solids is markedly different from that of their crystalline counterparts, but exhibits universal behaviour. Sound attenuation is believed to be related to this universal behaviour. Recent computer simulations demonstrated that in the harmonic approximation sound attenuation $\Gamma...

The universal anomalous vibrational and thermal properties of amorphous solids are believed to be related to the local variations of the elasticity. Recently it has been shown that the vibrational properties are sensitive to the glass's stability. Here we study the stability dependence of the local elastic constants of a simulated glass former over...

The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity is linked to the nature of the energy transport at a frequency ω, which is quantified by thermal diffusivity d(ω). Here we study d(ω) for a poorly annealed glass and a highly stable glass prepared using the swap Monte Carlo algorithm. To calculate d(ω), we excite wave packets and find that the...

7 pages, 6 figures; accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. Lett. Réf Journal: Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 175501 (2019)

Ultrastable vapor-deposited glasses display uncommon material properties. Most remarkably, upon heating they are believed to melt via a liquid front that originates at the free surface and propagates over a mesoscopic crossover length, before crossing over to bulk melting. We combine swap Monte Carlo with molecular dynamics simulations to prepare a...

The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity is linked to the nature of the energy transport at a frequency omega, which is quantified by thermal diffusivity d(omega). Here we study d(omega) for a poorly annealed glass and a highly stable glass prepared using the swap Monte Carlo algorithm. To calculate d(omega), we excite wave packets an...

The universal anomalous vibrational and thermal properties of amorphous solids are believed to be related to the local variations of the elasticity. Recently it has been shown that the vibrational properties are sensitive to the glass's stability. Here we study the stability dependence of the local elastic constants of a simulated glass former over...

Understanding the difference between universal low-temperature properties of amorphous and crystalline solids requires an explanation of the stronger damping of long-wavelength phonons in amorphous solids. A longstanding sound attenuation scenario, resulting from a combination of experiments, theories, and simulations, leads to a quartic scaling of...

16 pages, 8 figures. Réf Journal: J. Chem. Phys. 150, 200901 (2019)

Despite the diversity of materials designated as active matter, virtually all active systems undergo a form of dynamic arrest when crowding and activity compete, reminiscent of the dynamic arrest observed in colloidal and molecular fluids undergoing a glass transition. We present a short perspective on recent and ongoing efforts to understand how a...

Ultrastable vapor-deposited glasses display peculiar properties. In particular, upon heating they melt via a liquid front that originates at the free surface and propagates over a mesoscopic crossover length, before crossing over to bulk melting. We combine swap Monte Carlo with molecular dynamics simulations to prepare and melt amorphous films of...

Despite the diversity of materials designated as active matter, virtually all active systems undergo a form of dynamic arrest when crowding and activity compete, reminiscent of the dynamic arrest observed in colloidal and molecular fluids undergoing a glass transition. We present a short perspective on recent and ongoing efforts to understand how a...

Significance
A phase transition from a liquid to an ordered solid state in two dimensions is different from that in three dimensions. In two dimensions, the appearance of quasi–long-range orientational correlations is decoupled from the that of quasi–long-range translational correlations, which is correlated with the emergence of a nonzero shear mo...

We numerically study the evolution of the vibrational density of states $D(\omega)$ of zero-temperature glasses when their kinetic stability is varied over an extremely broad range, ranging from poorly annealed glasses obtained by instantaneous quenches from above the onset temperature, to ultrastable glasses obtained by quenching systems thermalis...

Understanding the difference between universal low-temperature properties of amorphous and crystalline solids requires an explanation of the stronger damping of long-wavelength phonons in amorphous solids. A longstanding sound attenuation scenario, resulting from a combination of experimental, theoretical and simulational studies, leads to a quarti...

It was recently demonstrated that a simple Monte Carlo (MC) algorithm involving the swap of particle pairs dramatically accelerates the equilibrium sampling of simulated supercooled liquids. We propose two numerical schemes integrating the efficiency of particle swaps into equilibrium molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We first develop a hybrid M...

Translational dynamics of two-dimensional glass forming fluids is strongly influenced by soft, long-wavelength fluctuations first recognized by D. Mermin and H. Wagner. As a result of these fluctuations, characteristic features of glassy dynamics, such as plateaus in the mean squared displacement and the self-intermediate scattering function, are a...

Glasses prepared by vapor depositing molecules onto a properly prepared substrate can have enhanced kinetic stability when compared with glasses prepared by cooling from the liquid state. The enhanced stability is due to the high mobility of particles at the surface, which allows them to find lower energy configurations than for liquid cooled glass...

Dense assemblies of self-propelled particles undergo a nonequilibrium form of glassy dynamics. Physical intuition suggests that increasing departure from equilibrium due to active forces fluidifies a glassy system. We falsify this belief by devising a model of self-propelled particles where increasing departure from equilibrium can both enhance or...

Glass films created by vapor-depositing molecules onto a substrate can exhibit properties similar to those of ordinary glasses aged for thousands of years. It is believed that enhanced surface mobility is the mechanism that allows vapor deposition to create such exceptional glasses, but it is unclear how this effect is related to the final state of...

Glass films created by vapor-depositing molecules onto a substrate can exhibit properties similar to those of ordinary glasses aged for thousands of years. It is believed that enhanced surface mobility is the mechanism that allows vapor deposition to create such exceptional glasses, but it is unclear how this effect is related to the final state of...

We study the temperature dependence of the self-intermediate scattering function for supercooled water confined in hydrophilic silicananopores. We simulate the simple point charge/extended model of water confined to pores of radii 20 Å, 30 Å, and 40 Å over a temperature range of 210 K to 250 K. First, we examine the temperature dependence of the st...

We use computer simulations to study the cooling rate dependence of the stability and energetics of model glasses created at constant pressure conditions and compare the results with glasses formed at constant volume conditions. To examine the stability, we determine the time it takes for a glass cooled and reheated at constant pressure to transfor...

We study the glassy dynamics taking place in dense assemblies of athermal active particles that are driven solely by a nonequilibrium self-propulsion mechanism. Active forces are modeled as an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck stochastic process, characterized by a persistence time and an effective temperature, and particles interact via a Lennard-Jones potential...

We compare the spatial correlations of bond-breaking events and bond-orientational relaxation in a model two-dimensional liquid undergoing Newtonian dynamics. We find that the relaxation time of the bond-breaking correlation function is much longer than the relaxation time of the bond-orientational correlation function and self-intermediate scatter...

We examined dynamic heterogeneity in a model tetrahedral network
glass-forming liquid. We used four-point correlation functions to extract
dynamic correlation lengths xi_4^a(t) and susceptibilities chi_4^a(t)
corresponding to structural relaxation on two length scales a. One length scale
corresponds to structural relaxation at nearest neighbor dist...

We argue that the existence of a non-decaying part of the self-intermediate scattering function implies a small wave-vector divergence of a four-point structure factor defined in terms of the microscopic self-intermediate scattering function. This divergence indicates long-range correlations of density fluctuations in direct space. We show that a s...

The two-dimensional freezing transition is very different from its
three-dimensional counterpart. In contrast, the glass transition is usually
assumed to have similar characteristics in two and three dimensions. Using
computer simulations we show that glassy dynamics in supercooled two- and
three-dimensional fluids are fundamentally different. Spec...

The structure and dynamics of water molecules in a free-standing hydrated lipid membrane has been investigated by all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A 0.1 microsecond long MD trajectory of a fully solvated DMPC phospholipid bilayer is used to identify (by means of Voronoi tessellation) four dynamically connected water regions, namely: bu...

Recently, ultrastable glasses have been created through vapor deposition.
Subsequently, computer simulation algorithms have been proposed that mimic the
vapor deposition process and result in simulated glasses with increased
stability. In addition, random pinning has been used to generate very stable
glassy configurations without the need for lengt...

We combine computer simulations and analytical theory to investigate the
glassy dynamics in dense assemblies of athermal particles evolving under the
sole influence of self-propulsion. The simulations reveal that when the
persistence time of the self-propelled particles is increased, the local
structure becomes more pronounced whereas the long-time...

Dynamic heterogeneity in supercooled fluids is often monitored using four-point structure factors. We show that a four-point structure factor slightly different from the one commonly used reveals the existence of large and long range dynamic correlations, which dominate the correlations identified with dynamic heterogeneity. Specifically, we compar...

We examine correlations of transverse particle displacements and their
relationship to the shear modulus of a glass and the viscosity of a fluid. To
this end we use computer simulations to calculate a correlation function of the
displacements, $S_4(q;t)$, which is similar to functions used to study
heterogeneous dynamics in glass-forming fluids. We...

We developed a novel, hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm that combines configurational bias particle swaps with parallel tempering. We use this new method to simulate a standard model of a glass forming binary mixture above and below the so-called mode-coupling temperature, TMCT. We find that an ansatz that was used previously to extrapolate thermodynami...

We present a molecular dynamics (MD) study of the water molecules in a hydrated lipid bilayer. Due to the interactions at the surface of a solvated lipid membrane, the dynamics of the water and lipid molecules are to some degree correlated. In spite of previous efforts reported in the literature, little is known about the time and length scales of...

We use a simple mode-coupling approach to investigate glassy dynamics of
partially pinned fluid systems. Our approach is different from the
mode-coupling theory developed by Krakoviack [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 065703
(2005), Phys. Rev. E 84, 050501(R) (2011)]. In contrast to Krakoviack's theory,
our approach predicts a random pinning glass transition...

We analyze corrections to the mode-coupling theory of the glass
transition, focusing on the self-consistent equation for the
non-ergodicity parameter. We use a diagrammatic formulation of the
dynamics of interacting Brownian particlesfootnotetextG. Szamel,
J. Chem. Phys. 127, 084515 (2007). Our approach builds upon an earlier
identification of a di...

We investigate the size and anisotropy of dynamically heterogeneous
regions in glassy fluids with attractive and repulsive interactions. To
this end we simulate a binary Lennard-Jones mixture and its
Weeks-Chandler-Andersen truncation. We use a four-point correlation
function G4(k,r;t), which depends on the angle between k and
r, and its associated...

Comment on Nature Physics 8, 164 (2012) by Kob, Roldan-Vargas and
Berthier

Computer modeling of multicellular systems has been a valuable tool for interpreting and guiding in vitro experiments relevant to embryonic morphogenesis, tumor growth, angiogenesis and, lately, structure formation following the printing of cell aggregates as bioink particles. Here we formulate two computer simulation methods: (1) a kinetic Monte C...

We study the temperature dependence of the spatial extend of the dynamic
heterogeneity in a soft sphere system near the so-called mode-coupling
temperature Tc. We utilize a recently introduced procedureootnotetextE. Flenner and G. Szamel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 217801
(2010) to calculate the ensemble independent dynamic susceptibility
χ4(τα) and the...

At the microscopic level, equilibrium liquid's translational symmetry is
spontaneously broken at the so-called dynamic glass transition predicted by the
mean-field replica approach. We show that this fact implies the emergence of
Goldstone modes and long-range density correlations. We derive and evaluate a
new statistical mechanical expression for...

We examine a length scale that characterizes the spatial extent of heterogeneous dynamics in a glass-forming binary hard-sphere mixture up to the mode-coupling volume fraction ϕ(c). First, we characterize the system's dynamics. Then, we utilize a method [Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 217801 (2010)] to extract and analyze the ensemble-independent dynamic su...

We examined dynamic heterogeneity in a glass-forming binary hard-sphere mixture for volume fractions up to and including the so-called mode-coupling transition. We calculated the dynamic susceptibility chi4(t), the four-point structure factor S4(q;t) and the dynamic correlation length xi(t). We find that the correlation length increases with time a...

According to the mean-field replica theory of the glass transition, at the so-called dynamic transition the relaxation stops and the liquid freezes into one of many metastable states. We identify Goldstone modes of the resulting amorphous solid and derive a formal expression for its shear modulus. This expression is complementary to the formula use...

We investigate the growth of dynamic heterogeneity in a glassy hard-sphere mixture for volume fractions up to and including the mode-coupling transition. We use an 80,000 particle system to test a new procedure to evaluate a dynamic correlation length ξ(t): we determine the ensemble independent dynamic susceptibility χ(4)(t) and use it to facilitat...

We combine the hypernetted chain approximation with the mode-coupling theory to analyze structure and dynamics of dense systems consisting of soft repulsive particles (harmonic spheres). We investigate the phase diagram for a broad range of temperatures and volume fractions. We find that in the vicinity of the T=0 mode-coupling transition for hard...

The inhomogenous mode-coupling theory of Biroli et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 195701 (2006)] allows for the identification of a characteristic length scale that diverges as the mode-coupling transition is approached. We numerically investigate this length scale as a function of time, wave-vector, and distance from the transition by examining the sma...

We combine the hypernetted chain approximation of liquid state theory with the mode-coupling theory of the glass transition to analyze the structure and dynamics of soft spheres interacting via harmonic repulsion. We determine the locus of the fluid-glass dynamic transition in a temperature--volume fraction phase diagram. The zero-temperature (hard...

Biroli 's extension of the standard mode-coupling theory to inhomogeneous equilibrium states [G. Biroli, J. P. Bouchaud, K. Miyazaki, and D. R. Reichman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 195701 (2006)] allowed them to identify a characteristic length scale that diverges upon approaching the mode-coupling transition. We present a numerical investigation of this...

The structure and dynamics of hydration water at the surface of biomolecules (e.g., proteins and lipids in biological membranes) are fundamental for their stability and functioning. Due to the interactions at the surface of a solvated biological membrane, the dynamics of the hydration waters and that of the membrane molecules are to some degree cor...

We examine the anisotropy of a four-point correlation function G4(k[over ],r[over ];t) and its associated structure factor S4(k[over ],q[over ];t) calculated using Brownian dynamics computer simulations of a model glass forming system. These correlation functions measure the spatial correlations of the relaxation of different particles. We examine...

Recently, it was argued that a three-point susceptibility equal to the density derivative of the intermediate scattering function, chi{n}(k;t)=dF(k;t)dn , enters into an expression for the divergent part of an integrated four-point dynamic density correlation function of a colloidal suspension [Berthier, J. Chem. Phys. 126, 184503 (2007)]. We show...

We examine the dynamics of lipid atoms and molecules using a 0.1 mus all-atom molecular dynamics simulation of a hydrated diyristoyl-phosphatidycholine (DMPC) lipid bilayer. We identify three well separated time regimes in the mean square displacement, , of the lipid atoms and molecules: (1) a ballistic regime for t 30 nanoseconds. We propose a mem...

Computer modeling of multicellular systems has been a valuable tool for interpreting and guiding in vitro experiments relevant to embryonic morphogenesis, tumor growth, angiogenesis and, lately, structure formation following the printing of cell aggregates as bioink particles. Here we formulate two computer simulation methods: (1) a kinetic Monte C...

We use a long, all-atom molecular-dynamics (MD) simulation combined with theoretical modeling to investigate the dynamics of selected lipid atoms and lipid molecules in a hydrated diyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine lipid bilayer. From the analysis of a 0.1 micros MD trajectory, we find that the time evolution of the mean-square displacement, <[deltar(t...

Bioprinting is a computer-controlled procedure for building three-dimensional tissue constructs via layer-by-layer delivery of cells and supportive hydrogels. To describe the post-printing self-assembly of multicellular structures, we performed computer simulations that incorporate a basic principle of developmental biology, the differential adhesi...

We report a high energy-resolution neutron backscattering study, combined with in situ diffraction, to investigate slow molecular motions on nanosecond time scales in the fluid phase of phospholipid bilayers of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phoshatidylcholine. A cooperative structural relaxation process was observed. From the in-plane scattering vec...

We report a high energy-resolution neutron backscattering study, combined with in situ diffraction, to investigate slow molecular motions on nanosecond time scales in the fluid phase of phospholipid bilayers of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phoshatidylcholine. A cooperative structural relaxation process was observed. From the in-plane scattering vec...