Eleonora Poggiogalle

Eleonora Poggiogalle
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Experimental Medicine

MD

About

97
Publications
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2,165
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Additional affiliations
June 2011 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Resident Student

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Nutrition labels advise consumers about the nutritional value of packaged foods and their contribution to the overall composition of the diet. They have been proposed as an instrument for the promotion of healthy diets and the primary prevention of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). In this opinion paper, we discuss the abil...
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Sommario La prima osservazione che la malnutrizione e la perdita di peso contribuiscano alla morte dei malati di cancro in maniera significativa e indipendentemente dagli effetti del tumore stesso risale a più di 70 anni fa. Da allora l’intervento nutrizionale, inteso sia come screening sia come trattamento medico orientato alla ricerca e alla cura...
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b> Introduction: Loss of skeletal muscle mass and function (sarcopenia) is common in individuals with obesity due to metabolic changes associated with a sedentary lifestyle, adipose tissue derangements, comorbidities (acute and chronic diseases) and during the ageing process. Co-existence of excess adiposity and low muscle mass/function is referred...
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Sommario Negli ultimi anni il digiuno intermittente è emerso quale approccio innovativo per promuovere il calo ponderale e migliorare lo stato di salute metabolica in contrapposizione agli interventi più convenzionali incentrati sulla restrizione calorica. Il digiuno intermittente ( Intermittent Fasting ) e il Time-Restricted Feeding (TRF) negli an...
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The phenotype of sarcopenic obesity is frequently associated with impaired muscle strength and performance. Ectopic lipid deposition may interfere with muscle anabolic response especially during aging. Evidence is scarce concerning the potential interplay among aging and nutrient imbalance on skeletal muscle functionality. The objective of the pres...
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The hospital catering service plays a decisive role in responding to the clinical and nutritional needs and in providing food acceptable to patients. Unfortunately, at the moment, most hospital catering services provide a service deemed insufficient by users and are burdened by a high proportion of food waste that may negatively affect the nutritio...
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Over the last few years, the complexity and diversity of gut microbiota within and across individuals has been detailed in relation to human health. Further, understanding of the bidirectional association between gut microbiota and metabolic disorders has highlighted a complimentary, yet crucial role for microbiota in the onset and progression of o...
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The role of diet in the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases has been demonstrated in numerous studies and attributed to various nutrients and bioactive compounds, naturally present in foods. It is therefore important to preserve the nutritional quality of the dishes served in hospital settings where the prevalence of malnutrition is par...
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Purpose of review: Tough plenty of literature investigated therapeutic options for body composition changes targeting elderly people, evidence concerning potential treatments of sarcopenic obesity as a unique condition is scarce. The aim of the present review was to summarize recent evidence regarding treatment of sarcopenic obesity in adult and o...
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Nickel (Ni) is a ubiquitous metal, the exposure of which is implied in the development of contact dermatitis (nickel allergic contact dermatitis (Ni-ACD)) and Systemic Ni Allergy Syndrome (SNAS), very common among overweight/obese patients. Preclinical studies have linked Ni exposure to abnormal production/release of Growth Hormone (GH), and we pre...
Article
The knowledge of factors determining dietary intake is important to develop targeted strategies to prevent malnutrition and age-related diseases. Objective : The aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the state of the art regarding the role of social status, cultural aspects and psychological distress on dietary intake in community-dw...
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Malnutrition is common in older adults and is associated with functional impairment, reduced quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to explore the association between health (including depression), physical functioning, disability and cognitive decline, and risk of malnutrition. Participants were recruited...
Article
riAssUnTO. l’emergenza sanitaria della epidemia da Covid-19 ha sollecitato lacondivisione di dati scientifici dapprima dai focolai maggiormentecolpiti fino a coinvolgere le comunità scientifiche di diversi continenti a causa della diffusio- ne pandemica della infezione. numerosi articoli apparsi nella Medline sono basati su informazioni provenienti...
Article
L’emergenza sanitaria della epidemia da Covid-19 ha sollecitato la condivisione di dati scientifici dapprima dai focolai maggiormente colpiti fino a coinvolgere le comunità scientifiche di diversi continenti a causa della diffusione pandemica della infezione. numerosi articoli apparsi nella Medline sono basati su informazioni provenienti dalle sche...
Article
Background The association between folate insufficiency and congenital neural tube defects has been extensively investigated since 1990s. To reach an adequate intake of folic acid (FA), it is suggested to improve folate status through periconceptional supplementation with FA, promotion of the consumption of foods rich in natural folates, and the ap...
Article
Short and long sleep duration have been associated with risk of obesity in children and adolescents. Evidence in adults is more mixed, with biological and psychosocial factors underlying these relationships mostly unknown. This review aimed at qualitatively and quantitatively summarizing previous studies on sleep duration as a predictor of obesity...
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Sommario Alla base dell’attuale epidemia di obesità (globesity) la sedentarietà occupa un posto di primo ordine: non solo perché mantiene l’eccesso di tessuto adiposo, ma perché predispone il soggetto obeso all’erosione della massa muscolare scheletrica (sarcopenia) e del patrimonio minerale osseo (osteopenia/osteoporosi). In questo scenario si ins...
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The obesity paradox refers to extant evidence showing that obesity in older subjects or in patients with several chronic diseases may be protective and associated with decreased mortality. A number of mechanisms have been postulated to support the existence of obesity paradox; however, marked heterogeneity was found across studies and this has cast...
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Aims: Safety and tolerability of prolonged supplementation with a vitamin D, calcium and leucine-enriched whey protein medical nutrition drink (WP-MND) was evaluated in sarcopenic older adults. Methods: A 13-week double-blinded, randomized, isocaloric placebo-controlled trial (PROVIDE study; n = 380) was extended with a voluntary 13-week open-la...
Article
Background Sarcopenic Obesity (SO) is characterised by the co-occurrence of high adiposity (HA) and low muscle mass (LM) and it has been associated with an increased risk for cardio-metabolic diseases. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between markers of insulin sensitivity and SO defined by three novel body composition models...
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Physical frailty represents a clinical condition among older adults leading to adverse health outcomes, such as autonomy loss. To evaluate physical frailty in older adults, adopting information and communication technologies (ICT) may be useful. ADAMO (Caretek S.r.l.) is a care-watch accelerometer that allows to measure mobility in a non-intrusive...
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Non-intrusive telemonitoring of physical activity in Older Adults suffering from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), or Mild Dementia (MD), was implemented as part of a 6-month multicomponent digital intervention in the DECI study (EU Horizon2020 grant No 643588). Methods: To estimate gait speed long-term trajectory, a processing algorithm was applied...
Article
Background: Sarcopenic obesity is a clinical and functional condition characterized by the coexistence of excess fat mass and sarcopenia. Currently, different definitions of sarcopenic obesity exist and its diagnostic criteria and cut-offs are not universally established. Therefore, the prevalence and sensitivity of this condition for any disease...
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Accumulating evidence suggests a potential role of dietary protein among nutritional factors interfering with the regulation of blood pressure. Dietary protein source (plant versus animal protein), and especially, protein composition in terms of amino acids has been postulated to interfere with mechanisms underlying the development of hypertension....
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Background: Frailty is a clinical condition among older adults defined as the loss of resources in one or more domains (i.e., physical, psychological and social domains) of individual functioning. In frail subjects emergency situations and mobility levels need to be carefully monitored. This study aimed to: i) evaluate differences in the mobility i...
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Objective— Loss-of-function (LOF) variants in the ANGPTL3 (angiopoietin-like protein 3) have been associated with low levels of plasma lipoproteins and decreased coronary artery disease risk. We aimed to determine detailed metabolic effects of genetically induced ANGPTL3 deficiency in fasting and postprandial state. Approach and Results— We studie...
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Background & aims: The metabolic and functional characteristics related to sarcopenic obesity have not been thoroughly explored in the earlier stages of the aging process. The aim of the present study was to examine the phenotype of sarcopenic obesity, in terms of lean body mass, muscle strength and quality, in adult women with and without the Met...
Preprint
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Objective: Loss-of-function variants in the angiopoietin-like 3 gene (ANGPTL3) have been associated with low levels of plasma lipoproteins and decreased coronary artery disease risk. We aimed to determine detailed metabolic effects of genetically-induced ANGPTL3 deficiency in fasting and postprandial state. Approach and Results: We studied individu...
Article
Sarcopenic obesity and insulin resistance: application of novel body composition models - Volume 77 Issue OCE4 - I. Mendes, E. Poggiogalle, B. Lee, C.M. Prado, G. Mocciaro, G. Mariniello, J. Lara, C. Lubrano, A. Lenzi, L.M. Donini, M. Siervo
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Background A lack of balance between energy intake and expenditure due to overeating or reduced physical activity does not seem to explain entirely the obesity epidemic we are facing, and further factors are therefore being evaluated. Nickel (Ni) is a ubiquitous heavy metal implied in several health conditions. Regarding this, the European Food Saf...
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Context: Sirtuins (SIRTs) are NAD+-dependent deacetylases, cellular sensors to detect energy availability, and modulate metabolic processes. SIRT1, the most studied family member, influences a number of tissues including adipose tissue. Expression and activity of SIRT1 reduce with weight gain and increase in conditions of starvation. Objective: To...
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PurposeThis study was aimed to examine the structural and construct validity of the Italian version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale in a multisite sample of postgraduate students. Methods Two hundred and fifty-six subjects (78.1% females) aged from 18 to 53 years (mean = 23.93, SD = 4.96) and attending different postgraduate university programs at...
Article
Objective The identification of determinants of dietary intake is an important prerequisite for the development of interventions to improve diet. The present systematic literature review aimed to compile the current knowledge on individual functional determinants of dietary intake in community-dwelling older adults. Design A systematic search was...
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Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between ORTO-15 score and obsessive-compulsive symptoms, disordered eating patterns and body uneasiness among female and male university students and to examine the predictive model of ORTO-15 in both groups. Methods: One hundred and twenty students participated in the present...
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Obesity is a multifactorial disease linked to metabolic chronic disorders such as diabetes, and hypertension. Also, it has recently been associated with skeletal alterations and low bone mineral density. We previously demonstrated that exposure of osteoblasts to sera of sedentary subjects affected by obesity alters cell homeostasis in vitro, leadin...
Article
Purpose: To investigate the association between fasting glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) levels and resting energy expenditure (REE), and respiratory quotient (RQ) in overweight and obese adults. Method: Study participants were enrolled at the Dietetic and Metabolic Unit, University of Pavia, Italy. Inclusion criteria were age ≥ 25 and ≤ 45 years...
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutritional program, which is characterized by a different modulation of proteins, in adult patients with sarcopenic obesity. Methods: We studied 18 obese women aged 41-74 years. Obesity was diagnosed as fat mass > 34.8% and sarcopenia was defined when lean body mass was <90% of...
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Background Obesity is associated to increased risk of metabolic comorbidity as well as increased mortality. Notably, obesity is also associated to the impairment of the psychological status and of quality of life.Only three questionnaires are available in the Italian language evaluating the health-related quality of life in subjects with obesity.Th...
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The estimates of global incidence and prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are worrisome, due to the parallel burden of obesity and its metabolic complications. Indeed, excess adiposity and insulin resistance represent two of the major risk factors for NAFLD; interestingly, in the last years a growing body of evidence tended to s...
Chapter
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A close relationship exists between nutritional status and health in the elderly. Changes in body composition (in particular sarcopenia) together with chronic diseases, multiple medications, cognitive impairment, depression, and social isolation can act synergistically with the decline in digestive, olfactory and salivary functions as well as in ho...
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Background: Obesity represents a major health hazard, affecting morbidity, psychological status, physical functionality, quality of life, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to explore the differences between metabolically healthy (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy (MUO) obese subjects with regard to physical activity, disability, and h...
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Purpose: Sleep duration has emerged as a crucial factor affecting body weight and feeding behaviour. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship among sleep duration, body composition, dietary intake, and quality of life (QoL) in obese subjects. Methods: Body composition was assessed by DXA. "Sensewear Armband" was used to evaluate slee...
Article
Introduction: Malnutrition plays a major role in clinical and functional impairment in older adults. The use of validated, user-friendly and rapid screening tools for malnutrition in the elderly may improve the diagnosis and, possibly, the prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), consi...
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The correlation between the 6-minute walking distance and obesity has been only partially explored. Results obtained from the existing predictive equations are influenced by a variety of factors (health status, severity of obesity, reduced muscle strength and mobility, decreased aerobic capacity, presence of comorbidities). The aim of our study was...
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Background and aim: Obesity is increasing worldwide and is related to undesirable cardiovascular outcomes. Epicardial fat (EF), the heart visceral fat depot, increases with obesity and correlates with cardiovascular risk. SIRT1, an enzyme regulating metabolic circuits linked with obesity, has a cardioprotective effect and is a predictor of cardiov...
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ABSTRACT The consequences of ANGPTL3 deficiency on postprandial lipid and lipoprotein metabolism has not been investigated in humans. We studied 7 homozygous (undetectable circulating ANGPTL3 levels) and 31 heterozygous (50% of circulating ANGPTL3 levels) subjects with familial combined hypolipidemia (FHBL2) due to inactivating ANGPTL3 mutations i...
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Introduction: Recently the association between hepatic steatosis and sarcopenia has been described. GH/IGF-1 axis has been postulated to play a role in linking fatty liver and low muscle mass. The aim of our study was to explore the association between fatty liver index, sarcopenic obesity, insulin sensitivity, and GH/IGF-1 status. Methods: 427...
Chapter
A close relationship exists between nutritional status and health. The homeostasis of body composition and function determines the health status through the exchange of energy and nutrients with the environment. The aging process is associated per se to changes in body composition, mainly due to the decrease in lean body mass. Malnutrition is a mul...
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Objectives Recently metabolic aspects linked to sarcopenic obesity (SO) were investigated. Extant studies involved especially older people from Asian or White-mixed American cohorts. The aims of our study were: to explore the prevalence of sarcopenia in Caucasian adult obese subjects using two different indices of sarcopenia, and to investigate the...
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The present study was designed to investigate orthorexia nervosa, or the phenomenon of being preoccupied with consuming healthy food. Specific aims were to explore relationships between orthorexia features and attitudes towards body image, fitness and health in normal weight female and male university students with high levels of healthy food preoc...
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Sarcopenic obesity is an important public health issue that can lead to disability and frailty. It is characterized by age-related loss of muscle mass and function with concomitant increases in regional or total body adiposity. While sarcopenic obesity is often considered a condition of aging, there is substantial evidence now that this condition c...
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Sirtuins (SIRTs), ubiquitous deacetylases, are main regulators of energy homeostasis and metabolism. SIRT1 has a positive impact on obesity, diabetes mellitus, liver steatosis, and other metabolic disorders. Lean subjects have higher expression of SIRT1 in the adipose tissue compared to obese. However, it is not known whether weight loss associates...
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Age-related losses of muscle mass, strength, and function (sarcopenia) pose significant threats to physical performance, independence, and quality of life. Nutritional supplementation could positively influence aspects of sarcopenia and thereby prevent mobility disability. To test the hypothesis that a specific oral nutritional supplement can resul...
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Introduction In the last decades, dietary supplements consumption has increased in the Western world for all age groups. The long-term potentially dangerous effects related to an indiscriminate consumption of dietary supplements are still unknown and are becoming a matter of public health concern. Therefore, the aims of the present study were: to e...
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In recent years, mounting interest has been directed to sarcopenic obesity (SO), given the parallel increase of life expectancy and prevalence of obesity in Western countries. The phenotype of SO is characterized by the coexistence of excess fat mass and decreased muscle mass, leading to the impairment of physical performance. The aim of the presen...