Eleonora Aronica

Eleonora Aronica
Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam | AMC · Department of Pathology

MD, PhD

About

663
Publications
101,256
Reads
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32,003
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - January 2016
Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 1998 - January 2016
Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
Position
  • Neuropathologist

Publications

Publications (663)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is frequently accompanied by the development of neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability, with varying degrees of impairment. These co-morbidities in TSC have been linked to the structural brain abnormalities, such as cortical tubers...
Article
Full-text available
ER stress signaling is linked to the pathophysiological and clinical disease manifestations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, we have investigated ER stress-induced adaptive mechanisms in C9ORF72-ALS/FTD, focusing on uncovering early endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms and the crosstalk between pathological and adaptive responses in d...
Article
Tuberous sclerosis complex is a rare genetic disease associated with mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes, which cause overactivation of the mTOR complex. In the past 5 years, understanding has increased of the cellular consequences of TSC1 and TSC2 genetic variants and the mTORC1 overactivation in neurons and glial cells and their contribution to n...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumour for which both effective treatments and efficient tools for an early-stage diagnosis are lacking. Herein, we present curcumin-based fluorescent probes that are able to bind to aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A3 (ALDH1A3), an enzyme overexpressed in glioma stem cells (GSCs) and associated with s...
Article
Full-text available
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases responsible for the cleavage of intra- and extracellular proteins. Several brain MMPs have been implicated in neurological disorders including epilepsy. We recently showed that the novel gelatinase inhibitor ACT-03 has disease-modifying effects in models of epilepsy. Here, we studied its effects o...
Article
Therapies for epilepsy mainly provide symptomatic control of seizures since most of the available drugs do not target disease mechanisms. Moreover, about one-third of patients fail to achieve seizure control. To address the clinical need for disease-modifying therapies, research should focus on targets which permit interventions finely balanced bet...
Article
Objective: Prolonged postictal generalized EEG suppression (PGES) is a potential biomarker for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), which may be associated with dysfunctional autonomic responses and serotonin signaling. To better understand molecular mechanisms, PGES duration was correlated to 5HT1A and 5HT2A receptor protein expression an...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare multi-system genetic disorder characterized by a high incidence of epilepsy and neuropsychiatric manifestations known as tuberous-sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TANDs), including autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory non-c...
Article
Idiopathische entzündliche Myopathien (IIM), allgemein als Myositis bekannt, sind eine gemischte Gruppe von seltenen Autoimmunerkrankungen, die hauptsächlich Skelettmuskeln betreffen, obwohl auch andere Organe oder Gewebe beteiligt sein können. Das wichtigste klinische Merkmal der Myositis ist eine subakute, fortschreitende, symmetrische Muskelschw...
Article
Inflammatory processes induced by brain injury are important for recovery; however, when uncontrolled, inflammation can be deleterious, likely explaining why most anti-inflammatory treatments have failed to improve neurological outcomes after brain injury in clinical trials. In the thalamus, chronic activation of glial cells, a proxy of inflammatio...
Article
Retromer is a heteropentameric complex that plays a specialized role in endosomal protein sorting and trafficking. Here, we report a reduction in the retromer proteins—vacuolar protein sorting 35 (VPS35), VPS26A, and VPS29—in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in the ALS model provided by transgenic (Tg) mice expressing the mutan...
Article
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Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type II is an epileptogenic malformation of the neocortex, as well as a leading cause of drug-resistant focal epilepsy in children and young adults. The synaptic dysfunctions leading to intractable seizures in this disease appear to have a tight relationship with the immaturity of GABAergic neurotransmission. The like...
Article
Full-text available
To date, no neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) have cures, and the underlying mechanism of their pathogenesis is undetermined. As miRNAs extensively regulate all biological processes and are crucial regulators of healthy brain function, miRNAs differentially expressed in NDDs may provide insight into the factors that contribute to the emergence of p...
Article
Neuroinflammation is one of the main hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Recently, peripheral immune cells were discovered as pivotal players that promptly participate in this process, speeding up neurodegeneration during progression of the disease. In particular, infiltrating T cells and natural killer cells release inflammatory cyto...
Article
Full-text available
Ongoing challenges in diagnosing focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) mandate continuous research and consensus agreement to improve disease definition and classification. An International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Task Force (TF) reviewed the FCD classification of 2011 to identify existing gaps and provide a timely update. The following methodology...
Preprint
Microglial activation plays central roles in neuro-inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Positron emission tomography (PET) targeting 18kDa Translocator Protein (TSPO) is widely used for localising inflammation in vivo , but its quantitative interpretation remains uncertain. We show that TSPO expression increases in activated microglia in mo...
Article
We evaluated the clinical features and treatment response of patients with muscular sarcoidosis. A retrospective cohort of 12 patients showed muscle weakness in 11 and myalgia in seven. One had focal myositis. Four had a negative medical history for sarcoidosis. Muscle imaging showed muscle edema in all and replacement of muscle tissue by fat in ha...
Article
Full-text available
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM), collectively known as myositis, are a composite group of rare autoimmune diseases affecting mostly skeletal muscle, although other organs or tissues may also be involved. The main clinical feature of myositis is subacute, progressive, symmetrical muscle weakness in the proximal arms and legs, whereas subtyp...
Preprint
USP18 negatively regulates the IFN-1 signalling pathway by removing ISG15, a di-ubiquitin analogue, from substrate proteins and plays a role in immune related pathologies. Dermatomyositis (DM), a rare muscle degeneration disease, is characterised by an excessive immune response and IFN-1 signaling. In DM muscles we found USP18 expression within myo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Microglial activation plays central roles in neuro-inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Positron emission tomography (PET) targeting 18kDa Translocator Protein (TSPO) is widely used for localising inflammation in vivo, but its quantitative interpretation remains uncertain. For the first time, we show that TSPO gene and protein expression in...
Article
Full-text available
Variants of UNC13A, a critical gene for synapse function, increase the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia1–3, two related neurodegenerative diseases defined by mislocalization of the RNA-binding protein TDP-434,5. Here we show that TDP-43 depletion induces robust inclusion of a cryptic exon in UNC13A, resulting in non...
Article
High frequency oscillations (HFOs) in intraoperative electrocorticography are thought to be generated by hyperexcitable neurons. Inflammation may promote neuronal hyperexcitability. We investigated the relation between HFOs and inflammation in tumor-related epilepsy. Methods: We identified HFOs (ripples 80-250Hz, fast ripples 250-500Hz) in the intr...
Article
Full-text available
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 is the most common autosomal dominant inherited ataxia worldwide, caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the Ataxin-3 gene resulting in a polyglutamine (polyQ)-expansion in the corresponding protein. The disease is characterized by neuropathological, phenotypical, and specific transcriptional changes in affected brain reg...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Increasing evidence supports the contribution of inflammatory mechanisms to the neurological manifestations of epileptogenic developmental pathologies linked to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway dysregulation (mTORopathies), such as tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). In this study, we aimed to...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) excluding inclusion body myositis (IBM) are a group of heterogeneous autoimmune disorders characterised by subacute-onset and progressive proximal muscle weakness, which are frequently part of a multisystem autoimmune disorder. Reaching the diagnosis can be challenging, and no gold standard for...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a monogenic disorder caused by mutations in either the TSC1 or TSC2 gene, two key regulators of the mechanistic target of the rapamycin complex pathway. Phenotypically, this leads to growth and formation of hamartomas in several organs, including the brain. Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are low-gra...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To describe the evolution of electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and the relationship with neurodevelopmental outcome at 24 months. Method Eighty-three infants were enrolled in the EPISTOP trial and underwent serial EEG follow-up until the age of 24 months (males n=45, females n=37, media...
Article
Full-text available
Neuronal dysfunction due to iron accumulation in conjunction with reactive oxygen species (ROS) could represent an important, yet underappreciated, component of the epileptogenic process. However, to date, alterations in iron metabolism in the epileptogenic brain have not been addressed in detail. Iron-related neuropathology and antioxidant metabol...
Article
Full-text available
Objective High frequency oscillations (HFOs) in intraoperative electrocorticography (ioECoG) are thought to be generated by hyperexcitable neurons. Inflammation may promote neuronal hyperexcitability. We investigated the relation between HFOs and inflammation in tumor-related epilepsy. Methods We identified HFOs (ripples 80-250Hz, fast ripples 250...
Article
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by depletion of motor neurons (MNs), for which effective medical treatments are still required. Previous transcriptomic analysis revealed the up-regulation of C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2)-mRNA in a subset of sporadic ALS patients and SOD1G93A mi...
Article
Full-text available
Sortilin is a neuronal receptor for apolipoprotein E. Sortilin-dependent uptake of lipidated apoE promotes conversion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) into neuromodulators that induce anti-inflammatory gene expression in the brain. This neuroprotective pathway works with apoE3 but is lost with apoE4, the main risk factor for Alzheimer's diseas...
Article
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Repeat expansions in the C9orf72 gene are a common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration, two devastating neurodegenerative disorders. One of the proposed mechanisms of GGGGCC repeat expansion is their translation into non-canonical dipeptide repeats, which can then accumulate as aggregates and contribute to t...
Article
Neuroinflammation after brain injury Traumatic brain injury affects millions of people every year and is a major cause of disability worldwide. Most of the maladaptive outcomes develop months or years later and are thought to be caused by secondary injuries that are indirect and long-term effects after the initial impact. Holden et al . found that...
Article
CXCL1, a functional murine orthologue of the human chemokine CXCL8 (IL-8), and its CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors were investigated in a murine model of acquired epilepsy developing following status epilepticus (SE) induced by intra-amygdala kainate. CXCL8 and its receptors were also studied in human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The functional involvem...
Article
Objective The aim of this study is the investigation of early-life EEG background abnormalities or “dysmature” traits in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and their capacity to predict autism spectrum disorder or neurodevelopmental outcome. Methods EEG data were prospectively collected from TSC patients during the EPISTOP trial (NCT020...
Article
Full-text available
Focal Cortical Dysplasia (FCD) is the most common cause of drug‐resistant focal epilepsy in children and young adults. The diagnosis of currently defined FCD subtypes relies on a histopathological assessment of surgical brain tissue. The many ongoing challenges in the diagnosis of FCD and their various subtypes mandate, however, continuous research...
Preprint
Full-text available
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 is the most common autosomal dominant inherited ataxia worldwide, caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the Ataxin-3 gene resulting in a polyQ-expansion in the corresponding protein. The disease is characterized by neuropathological, phenotypical, and specific transcriptional changes in affected brain regions. So far, th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a monogenic disorder caused by mutations in either the TSC1 or TSC2 gene, two key regulators of the mechanistic target of the rapamycin complex pathway. Phenotypically, this leads to growth and formation of hamartomas in several organs, including the brain. Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are low-gra...
Article
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating and rapidly fatal neurodegenerative disease. Despite decades of research and many new insights into disease biology over the 150 years since the disease was first described, causative pathogenic mechanisms in ALS remain poorly understood, especially in sporadic cases. Our understanding of the ro...
Article
Full-text available
Aims To evaluate if the myelin pathology observed in epilepsy-associated focal cortical dysplasia type 2B (FCD2B) and - histologically indistinguishable - cortical tubers of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is primarily related to the underlying malformation or constitutes a secondary phenomenon due to the toxic microenvironment created by epilepti...
Preprint
Full-text available
High Grade Glioma (HGG) is the most aggressive primary brain tumour for which both effective treatments and efficient tools for an early-stage diagnosis are lacking. Herein, we present two curcumin-based fluorescent probes that are able to bind to aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A3 (ALDH1A3), an enzyme overexpressed in glioma stem cells (GSCs) and associat...
Preprint
Sortilin is a receptor for neuronal uptake of apolipoprotein E. Sortilin-dependent uptake of lipidated apoE promotes conversion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) into neuromodulators that induce anti-inflammatory gene expression in the brain. This neuroprotective pathway works with apoE3 but is lost with apoE4, the main risk factor for Alzheime...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in RNA binding proteins (RBPs) and in genes regulating autophagy are frequent causes of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS). The P56S mutation in vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B (VAPB) leads to fALS (ALS8) and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). While VAPB is primarily involved in the unfolded protein respons...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder associated with dysregulation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signalling pathway. Neurodevelopmental disorders, frequently present in TSC, are linked to cortical tubers in the brain. We previously reported microRNA‐34a (miR‐34a) among the most up‐regulated miRs in...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a major cause of difficult-to-treat epilepsy in children and young adults, and the diagnosis is currently based on microscopic review of surgical brain tissue using the International League Against Epilepsy classification scheme of 2011. We developed an iterative histopathological agreement trial with g...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type 2 is an epileptogenic malformation of the neocortex associated with somatic mutations in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Histopathologically, FCD 2 is subdivided into FCD 2a and FCD 2b, the only discriminator being the presence of balloon cells in FCD 2b. While pro-epileptogenic immune syst...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To identify the molecular signaling pathways underlying sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and high-risk SUDEP compared to epilepsy control patients. Methods For proteomics analyses, we evaluated the hippocampus and frontal cortex from microdissected post-mortem brain tissue of 12 SUDEP and 14 non-SUDEP epilepsy patients. For tr...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge about converging disease mechanisms in the heterogeneous syndrome amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is rare, but may lead to therapies effective in most ALS cases. Previously, we identified serum microRNAs downregulated in familial ALS, the majority of sporadic ALS patients, but also in presymptomatic mutation carriers. A 5-nucleotide s...
Article
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Apart from well-defined factors in neuronal cells¹, only a few reports consider that the variability of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progression can depend on less-defined contributions from glia2,3 and blood vessels⁴. In this study we use an expression-weighted cell-type enrichment method to infer cell activity in spinal cord sampl...
Article
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GABAA receptors-(Rs) are fundamental for the maintenance of an efficient inhibitory function in the central nervous system (CNS). Their dysfunction is associated with a wide range of CNS disorders, many of which characterized by seizures and epilepsy. Recently, an increased use-dependent desensitization due to a repetitive GABA stimulation (GABAA c...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a congenital disorder characterized by cortical malformations and concomitant epilepsy caused by loss‐of‐function mutations in the mTOR suppressors TSC1 or TSC2. While the underlying molecular changes caused by mTOR activation in TSC have previously been investigated, the drivers of these transcriptional change h...
Article
Objective To study the association between timing and characteristics of the first electroencephalography (EEG) with epileptiform discharges (ED‐EEG) and epilepsy and neurodevelopment at 24 months in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Methods Patients enrolled in the prospective Epileptogenesis in a genetic model of epilepsy – Tuberous...
Article
Full-text available
Stress granules (SGs) are dynamic condensates associated with protein misfolding diseases. They sequester stalled mRNAs and signaling factors, such as the mTORC1 subunit raptor, suggesting that SGs coordinate cell growth during and after stress. However, the molecular mechanisms linking SG dynamics and signaling remain undefined. We report that the...
Article
Inflammasomes are key components of the innate immune system and activation of these multiprotein platforms is a crucial event in the etiopathology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Inflammasomes consist of a pattern recognition receptor (PRR), the adaptor protein apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) and caspase 1....
Article
Full-text available
Objective In people with low‐grade intrinsic brain tumors, an epileptic focus is often located close to the lesion. High‐frequency oscillations (HFOs) in electrocorticography (ECoG) might help to delineate this focus. We investigated the relationship between HFOs and low‐grade brain tumors and their potential value for tumor‐related epilepsy surger...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma usually recurs after therapy consisting of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Recurrence is at least partly caused by glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) that are maintained in intratumoral hypoxic peri-arteriolar microenvironments, or niches, in a slowly dividing state that renders GSCs resistant to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Bec...