Elena Navarro

Elena Navarro
University of Castilla-La Mancha · Computer Systems

PhD in Computer Science

About

152
Publications
29,463
Reads
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1,318
Citations
Introduction
Elena Navarro is a Full Professor at the Computing Systems Department of the UCLM (Spain) where she lectures in Software Engineering. She is author of more than 100 papers, being more than 40 papers in relevant journals indexed in JCR, regarding software architecture, requirements engineering, and HCI. She is being involved in numerous R&D projects related to software engineering and healthcare as well as in Knowledge transfer projects for relevant companies, such as Airbus Helicopters.
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - present
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 2008 - November 2020
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 2001 - September 2008
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
September 2009 - June 2010
King Juan Carlos University
Field of study
  • Computer Science
May 2003 - May 2007
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Field of study
  • Computer Science

Publications

Publications (152)
Article
Full-text available
Context CSRML Tool 2012 is a Requirements Engineering CASE Tool for the Goal-Oriented Collaborative Systems Requirements Modeling Language (CSRML). Objective This work aims at evaluating the usability of CSRML Tool 2012, thus identifying any possible usability flaw to be solved in the next releases of the application, as well as giving a general o...
Article
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Recent research on Software Architecture has recovered its original emphasis on keeping track of design decisions and their rationales during software development, compiling them under the name of Architectural Knowledge (AK). This knowledge is composed of decision assets, which relate to each other creating a decision network structure. We argue t...
Article
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Context. A collaborative system is a special kind of software whose users can perform collaboration, communication and collaboration tasks. These systems usually have a high number of non-functional requirements, resulting from the users’ need of being aware of other users with whom to collaborate, that is, the workspace awareness. Objective. This...
Conference Paper
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A collaborative system is software which allows several users to work together and carry out collaboration, communication and coordination tasks. To perform these tasks, the users have to be aware of other user's actions, usually by means of a set of awareness techniques. In previous works, we found by means of empirical studies that the most suita...
Article
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Model-driven engineering (MDE), implicitly based upon meta-model principles, is gaining more and more attention in software systems due to its inherent benefits. Its use normally improves the quality of the developed systems in terms of productivity, portability, inter-operability and maintenance. Therefore, its exploitation for the development of...
Article
Several computing paradigms have emerged along the years integrated with the Internet of Things (IoT) as the base to realize the complex hyperspace associated to the ubiquitous Cyber-Physical-Social-Thinking hyperspace that society expects. An overlap of the principles that define those paradigms exists and, despite of previous efforts, a unified a...
Chapter
The joint use of technologies such as IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing or Virtualization has fostered the development of digital twins (DT). A DT is described as a physical entity, its virtual counterpart and the data connections between both. Digital twins are increasingly being used to enrich physical entities by exploiting different...
Article
The increasing number of people with impairments and the lack of specialists has led to a loss of efficiency to deliver proper treatments from National healthcare systems. In this light, telerehabilitation can play an important role as patients can perform certain therapies at home. Consequently, telerehabilitation systems must support delivering b...
Article
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The increased life expectancy poses certain challenges such as bringing the required facilities to the elderly or infirm to help them keep their autonomy as long as possible. At any age, we are all prone to diseases or accidents that can affect our autonomy for activities we perform daily, the so-called Activities of Daily Living (ADL). After the a...
Article
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This paper focuses on the validation of a tool designed to improve affect recognition, a fundamental aspect of social cognition as it greatly affects the functionality and quality of life of patients with mental disorders. The presented tool facilitates the generation of multi-modal avatar-based therapies by mental health professionals in this impo...
Article
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According to the latest statistics, the proportion of the elderly (+65) is increasing and is expected to double within the European Union in a period of 50 years. This ageing is due to the improvement of quality of life and advances in medicine in the last decades. Gerontechnology is receiving a great deal of attention as a way of providing the eld...
Chapter
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Rehabilitation encompasses a wide variety of activities aimed at reducing the impact of injuries and disabilities by applying different exercises. Frequently, such exercises are carried out at home as a repetition of the same movements or tasks to achieve both motor learning and the necessary cortical changes. Although this increases the patients’...
Article
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The Internet of things (IoT) is characterized by billions of heterogeneous, distributed, and intelligent objects—both from the digital and the physical worlds—running applications and services. Objects are connected through heterogeneous platforms providing support for the collection and management of data that need to be understood. Since IoT syst...
Article
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Collaborative business intelligence (BI) is widely embraced by enterprises as a way of making the most of their business processes. However, decision makers usually work in isolation without the knowledge or the time needed to obtain and analyze all the available information for making decisions. Unfortunately, collaborative BI is currently based o...
Article
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Purpose: Cognitive instrumental activities of daily living are particularly related to executive functions, such as scheduling appointments, monthly payments, managing the household economy, shopping or taking the bus. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the available tests for the assessment of executive functions with ecological va...
Article
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Background: Impairments in social cognition have been described in several psychiatric and neurological disorders. Given the importance of the relationship between social cognition and functioning and quality of life in these disorders, there is a growing interest in social cognition remediation interventions. The aim of this study was to carry ou...
Chapter
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Social cognition disorders cause important social and communicative impairments in people suffering from autism or schizophrenia, as they have difficulty recognising emotions in others and expressing their own. This paper introduces the prototype of an innovative computer-based training tool as an attempt to improve the expressiveness of facial emo...
Chapter
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After Spinal Cord Injury the loss of motor function, and mainly of the upper limb, is a sharp limitation that difficult people in performing many Activities of Daily Living essential for their autonomy. The Box and Block Test is one the most relevant clinical scale for the rehabilitation of the gross manual dexterity. However, the human-supervision...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper focuses on improving facial affect recognition, which is a fundamental aspect of social cognition. This is an important issue, as deficits in social cognition influence the functionality and quality of life of patients with brain disorders. In this regard, a proposal for designing avatar-based therapies dedicated to impaired patients is...
Book
The aim of the book is to introduce new developments in Ambient Intelligence from researchers of several countries. The book includes different works in the area of Ubiquitous Computing, e-Health, Ambient Assisted Living, Distributed Computing and Context Aware Computing that have been selected by an international committee. The studies have been p...
Conference Paper
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Mobile devices are almost omnipresent in our lives and pervasive or ubiquitous systems are becoming increasingly popular. Context-aware systems offer great potential for increasing notably certain system quality aspects (i.e.: usability, effectiveness, etc.) by gathering context data and adapting systems behavior accordingly. These systems should s...
Article
Social cognition is an important research field in psychiatry due to its relevance in the functioning and quality of life of patients. The objective of this work is to conduct a systematic mapping review of pharmacological strategies for improving social cognition deficits. Publications from 2006 to 2016 were reviewed in Scopus, PsycINFO, PubMed, a...
Article
There is a growing interest on context-aware systems in recent years. Context-aware systems are able to change their behaviour depending on new conditions regarding the user, the platform and the environment. These systems are evolving towards interacting with the user in a transparent and ubiquitous manner, especially by means of different types o...
Article
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Social cognition focuses on how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. [...]
Conference Paper
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La baja presencia de mujeres en carreras de ingeniería en general, y en informática en particular, ha sido reconocida por diferentes estudios internacionales. Esto está ocasionando un sesgo tanto en la industria como en la universidad hacia una visión única de la Informática, perdiendo la riqueza que ofrece siempre la diversidad. Así, nuestro centr...
Article
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Some people require special treatments for rehabilitating physical, cognitive or even social capabilities after an accident or degenerative illness. However, the ever-increasing costs of looking after an aging population, many of whom suffer chronic diseases, is straining the finances of healthcare systems around Europe. This situation has given ri...
Article
Context: When playing a co-operative game, being aware of your collaborators (where they are playing, what they are doing, the abilities they have, etc.) is essential for achieving the game's goals. This led to the definition of Gamespace Awareness in order to guide in the identification of the awareness needs in the form of a compilation of the aw...
Article
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This perspective paper faces the future of alternative treatments that take advantage of a social and cognitive approach with regards to pharmacological therapy of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in patients with schizophrenia. AVH are the perception of voices in the absence of auditory stimulation and represents a severe mental health symptom...
Conference Paper
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Schizophrenia, a health and social problem of enormous importance and cost, is a serious mental disorder that has defied researchers for many years. Virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR) is proving to be a powerful experimental tool to study such complex cognitive processes. But there are no VR/AR tools for the systematic treatment of schizophrenia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Patients suffering from Social Cognition Deficits have difficulties when trying to understand its interlocutor emotional status. In order to contribute to the treatment of this deficit, we have developed a distributed application to offer remote therapies and using the concept of avatars. By using this application, therapist embody avatars that con...
Book
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Microservice-based software architecture design has been widely discussed, and best practices have been published as architecture design patterns. However, conformance to those patterns is hard to ensure and assess automatically, leading to problems such as architectural drift and erosion, especially in the context of continued software evolution o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Microservice-based software architecture design has been widely discussed, and best practices have been published as architecture design patterns. However, conformance to those patterns is hard to ensure and assess automatically, leading to problems such as architectural drift and erosion, especially in the context of continued software evolution o...
Article
Full-text available
Physical and cognitive rehabilitation is usually a challenging activity as people with any kind of deficit have to carry out tasks that are difficult due to their damaged abilities. Moreover, such difficulties become even harder while they have to work at home in an isolated manner. Therefore, the development of collaborative rehabilitation systems...
Conference Paper
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One of the most frequent disorders in childhood is the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The symptoms of ADHD are present in approximately 5% of children and adolescents with a strong over-representation of boys, irrespectively of their cultural background. There are different treatment approaches but conventional therapies and pharm...
Article
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Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is becoming an epidemic problem in our society, especially among older adults, being known as “the Silent Epidemic”. People with ABI demand solutions in research that offer them with a relearning process such that they can recover not only their physical skills but also their cognitive abilities. In this context, the inh...
Article
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As in any other system, an accurate requirements specification is essential to developing a collaborative system, which has special kinds of requirements that are hard to specify by means of current Requirements Engineering techniques. The Collaborative Systems Requirement Modeling Framework (CSRMF) was developed to address this problem; the origin...
Conference Paper
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When collaborating remotely, being aware of other participants (their actions, locations, status, etc.) is paramount to achieve a proper collaboration. This issue is magnified when talking about rehabilitation systems, whose users may require additional specific awareness information, due to their cognitive or physical disabilities. Moreover, becau...
Conference Paper
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Systems-of-Systems (SoS) are being widely embraced by both practitioners and researchers. They share properties such as distribution, evolutionary development (i.e., openness), operational and managerial independence, and emergent behavior. Those properties imply that any element (system) in an SoS is able to operate independently. Similarly, micro...
Article
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Tele-rehabilitation is one of the main domains where Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have been proven useful to move healthcare from care centers to patients' home. Moreover, patients, especially those carrying out a physical therapy, cannot use a traditional Window, Icon, Menu, Pointer (WIMP) system, but they need to interact in a...
Article
Even in the eighties, the need of managing software evolution has been detected as one of the most complex aspects of the software lifecycle. In this context, software architecture has been highlighted as an integral element of the software evolution process. However, no matter how much effort is put into the architecture, it must eventually be tra...
Article
The ever-increasing cases of acquired brain injury (ABI), especially among young people, have prompted a rapid progress in research involving neurological disorders. One important path is the concept of relearning, which attempts to help people regain basic motor and cognitive skills lost due to illness or accident. The goals of relearning are twof...
Book
PAAMS, the International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems is an evolution of the International Workshop on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS is an international yearly tribune to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related...
Article
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The progressive aging of the population in developed countries is becoming a problem for healthcare systems, which must invest ever higher sums in caring for their older citizens. One of the most important issues in this area involves the physical and cognitive problems associated with growing old. In order to reduce the effect of these problems, g...
Article
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Gerontechnology [1] is an interdisciplinary field combining gerontology and technology. Sustaining an ageing society depends upon our effectiveness in creating intelligent systems, using assistive technology and inclusive design, to help older adults enjoy innovative and independent living and participate socially in conditions of good health, comf...
Article
Context – Collaborative computer games have evolved from single-player to massively multiplayer awareness-demanding games, usually involving collaboration to achieve team goals. As a consequence of such evolution, the players of these games should be provided with awareness information that enable them to perform collaborative tasks within their te...
Article
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Abstract The Teleo-Reactive approach facilitates reactive system development without losing sight of the system goals. Objective To introduce TRiStar as an extension of i* notation to specify Teleo-Reactive systems. To evaluate whether the notational extension is an improvement in terms of effectiveness and efficiency over the original language wh...
Chapter
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In recent years, much research has focused its attention on Ambient Intelligence (AmI). Its potential applications to smart homes, hospitals, health monitoring or daily life assistance make this paradigm a very promising field of research that can have a great and positive impact in our lives. The combination of AmI environments and Multi-Agent Sys...
Conference Paper
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The way people interact with computers has greatly evolved over the last years. Nowadays, WIMP (Windows, Icons, Menus, Pointer) systems are being replaced and Post-WIMP systems are becoming more and more popular as new interaction techniques, based on virtual reality, gesture recognition, weara-ble computers and so on, are becoming more usual for e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays, one of the most important issues in developed countries are the progressive aging of the population. Thus, governments are irrevocably forced to invest more and more money to care their citizens. Regarding healthcare, the attention is focused on those aspects derived from the physical and cognitive problems associated to older adults. For...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During software evolution, it is important to evolve not only the source code, but also its architecture to prevent architecture drift and architecture erosion. This is a complex activity, especially for large software projects, with multiple development teams that might be located in different countries or on different continents. To ease this kin...
Conference Paper
New technologies are giving rise to new interaction paradigms that go beyond the classic WIMP (Window, Icon, Menu and Pointing) interfaces. At the same time, theses new interfaces, called Post-WIMP need the modeling languages to be adapted in order to be suitable for a development process. In this paper, the W3C Task Meta-model is analyzed within a...
Conference Paper
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A lo largo de los últimos años, el avance de la tecnología y la aparición de nuevos dispositivos ha dado lugar a nuevos paradigmas de interacción persona-ordenador que cada vez son más comunes entre los usuarios finales. La hegemonía de las interfaces clásicas WIMP (Windows, Icons, Menus, Pointers) ha quedado en un segundo plano, dando paso a nuevo...
Conference Paper
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Ambient Intelligence (AmI) is a very active topic of research that is gaining more and more attention because of its characteristics, transparency and intelligence. Older people is one of the collectives that can take advantage of the use of AmI systems because, thanks to these characteristics, AmI systems can focus on older adults’ real needs so t...
Conference Paper
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The syndrome of hemispatial neglect is usually associated to a lesion of the brain and is characterized by a reduced or lack of awareness of one side of space, even though there may be no sensory loss. Although it is extremely common, it has proven to be a challenging condition both to understand and to treat. This paper focuses on reviewing this s...