Elena A. Mikhailova

Elena A. Mikhailova
Clemson University | CU · Department of Forestry and Environmental Conservation

PhD Soil Science (Cornell University)

About

136
Publications
47,301
Reads
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1,800
Citations
Citations since 2016
74 Research Items
1207 Citations
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Introduction
Dr. Mikhailova is internationally recognized for her highly collaborative, multidisciplinary research in the areas of soil geography, soil and water conservation, soil organic and inorganic carbon dynamics, soil ecosystem services, socio-pedology, and soil science education. Professional website: https://mikhailova.org/
Additional affiliations
August 2001 - present
Clemson University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Full-text available
Island ecosystems are susceptible to the considerable impacts of increasing human activities, landscape reconstruction, and urban expansion, resulting in changes in the ecological environment and urban ecological security issues. Remote sensing techniques can achieve the near-real-time ecological environment monitoring of these rapidly changing are...
Article
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Conflicts of interest (COI) are an integral part of human society, including their influence on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change. Individuals or entities often have multiple interests ranging from financial benefits to reducing climate change-related risks, where choosing one interest may negatively impact other interests and socie...
Article
Many low-cost particle sensors are available for routine air quality monitoring of PM2.5, but there are concerns about the accuracy and precision of the reported data, particularly in humid conditions. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the Sensirion SPS30 particulate matter (PM) sensor against regulatory methods for measurement of real-t...
Article
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The Vermont (VT) Global Warming Solutions Act (GWSA, 2020) sets greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets at 26% below 2005 by 2025, 40% below 1990 by 2030 and 80% below 1990 by 2050 for energy-related emissions only. Vermont’s omission of GHG emissions from land conversions could result in significant costs of inaction (COI), which could hi...
Article
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Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from landcover conversions contribute to the total carbon (C) footprint (CF), which is the sum of GHG emissions from various sources and events expressed as carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent. Soil-based emissions from land conversions are often excluded from the total CF, which can lead to underreporting the CF. This st...
Article
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Delaware’s (DE) Climate Action Plan lays out a pathway to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 26% by 2025 but does not consider soil-based GHG emissions from land conversions. Consequently, DE’s climate action plan fails to account for the contribution of emissions from ongoing land development economic activity to climate change. Sou...
Article
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Interest in a subject matter is a powerful motivation in education. Prior knowledge of students’ interests can be helpful in teaching the concept of ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (ED), which is increasingly being used in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, including soil science. Study objectives were to ev...
Article
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Monitoring and assessing vegetation using deep learning approaches has shown promise in forestry applications. Sample labeling to represent forest complexity is the main limitation for deep learning approaches for remote sensing vegetation classification applications, and few studies have focused on the impact of sample labeling methods on model pe...
Article
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The state of Massachusetts (MA) has passed comprehensive climate change legislation and a roadmap of achieving Net Zero emissions in 2050, which includes the protection of environmental resources (e.g., soil) and green space across the state. Soil resources are an integral part of the land cover/land use. They can be a significant source of greenho...
Article
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The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has increased in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions. This means there is a growing need to integrate UAV training into STEM education. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a UAV education module and laboratory exercise for natural resource science students. The stu...
Article
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Crowdsourcing is an important tool for collecting spatio-temporal data, which has various applications in education. The objectives of this study were to develop and test a laboratory exercise on soil erosion by water and field data crowdsourcing in an online introductory soil science course (FNR 2040: Soil Information Systems) at Clemson Universit...
Article
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Detecting and mapping individual trees accurately and automatically from remote sensing images is of great significance for precision forest management. Many algorithms, including classical methods and deep learning techniques, have been developed and applied for tree crown detection from remote sensing images. However, few studies have evaluated t...
Article
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The state of Rhode Island (RI) has established its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction goals, which require rapidly acquired and updatable science-based data to make these goals enforceable and effective. The combination of remote sensing and soil information data can estimate the past and model future GHG emissions because of conversion of “l...
Article
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Forest measurements using conventional methods may not capture all the important information required to properly characterize forest structure. The objective of this study was to develop a low-cost alternative method for forest inventory measurements and characterization of forest structure using handheld LiDAR technology. Three-dimensional (3D) m...
Article
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River systems face negative impacts from development and removal of riparian vegetation that provide critical shading in the face of climate change. This study used supervised deep learning to accurately classify the land cover, including shading, of the Chauga River watershed, located in Oconee County, South Carolina, for 2011 and 2019. The study...
Article
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Integration of land cover change with soil information is important for valuation of soil carbon (C) regulating ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (ED) and for site-specific land management. The objective of this study was to assess the change in value of regulating ES from soil or-ganic carbon (SOC), soil inorganic carbon (SIC), and total soi...
Article
Tree-crown and height are primary tree measurements in forest inventory. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are a class of neural networks, which can be used in forest inventory; however, no prior studies have developed a CNN model to detect tree crown and height simultaneously. This study is the first-of-its-kind that explored training a mask re...
Article
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Valuation of soil carbon (C) regulating ecosystem services (ES) at the state level is important for sustainable C management. The objective of this study was to assess the value of regulating ES from soil organic carbon (SOC), soil inorganic carbon (SIC), and total soil carbon (TSC) stocks, based on the concept of the avoided social cost of carbon...
Article
Full-text available
Valuation of soil carbon (C) regulating ecosystem services (ES) at the state level is important for sustainable C management. The objective of this study was to assess the value of regulating ES from soil organic carbon (SOC), soil inorganic carbon (SIC), and total soil carbon (TSC) stocks, based on the concept of the avoided social cost of carbon...
Article
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Sustainable management of soil carbon (C) at the state level requires valuation of soil C regulating ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (ED). The objective of this study was to assess the value of regulating ES from SOC, SIC, and TSC stocks, based on the concept of the avoided social cost of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions for the state of Sout...
Article
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The framework of ecosystem services (ES) and disservices (ED) has increasingly been used in various science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines, including soil science. The objectives of this study were to use ES/ED concepts to extend and test an existing lecture and laboratory exercise on soil organic carbon (SOC) in an on...
Article
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Soil ecosystem services (ES) (e.g., provisioning, regulation/maintenance, and cultural) and ecosystem disservices (ED) are dependent on soil diversity/pedodiversity (variability of soils), which needs to be accounted for in the economic analysis and business decision-making. The concept of pedodiversity (biotic + abiotic) is highly complex and can...
Article
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Conventional site index (tree height at base age) may not be suitable for urban trees, therefore it is important to assess its applicability in urban environments. In addition, rapid and non-destructive tree age evaluation methods need to be developed. The objectives of this study were to: (1) develop a rapid and non-destructive method to determine...
Article
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Island ecosystems are particularly susceptible to climate change and human activities. The change of land use and land cover (LULC) has considerable impacts on island ecosystems, and there is a critical need for a free and open-source tool for detecting land cover fluctuations and spatial distribution. This study used Google Earth Engine (GEE) to e...
Article
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A “soil carbon hotspot” (SCH) is a geographic area having an abundance of soil carbon, and therefore higher ecosystems services value based on avoided social costs of CO2 emissions. Soil organic carbon (SOC), soil inorganic carbon (SIC), and total soil carbon (TSC) are critical data to help identify SCH at the farm scale, but monetary methods of ho...
Article
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Spatial and temporal changes in land cover have direct impacts on the hydrological cycle and stream quality. Techniques for accurately and efficiently mapping these changes are evolving quickly, and it is of interest to ask how useful these techniques are to address the environmental impact of land cover on riparian buffer areas. The objectives of...
Article
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Current applications of the Ecosystems Services (ES) framework to soils are narrowly defined (e.g., soil-based, pedosphere-based, etc.), and focus on soil properties while treating soil as a closed system. Because soil is an open system, it receives and loses matter across its boundaries within Earth’s spheres (atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, l...
Article
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Interest in a subject matter can be a powerful driving force in motivating students to be successful learners. Identifying, cultivating, and sustaining subject interest is particularly challenging in introductory classes because of their large size. Soil science is often a required subject for various disciplines. Harnessing students' interests is...
Article
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Many soil regulating ecosystem services (ES) are linked to Earth’s atmosphere, but associated monetary values often are unknown or difficult to quantify. Atmospheric deposition of calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) are abiotic flows (wet, dry, and total) from the atmosphere to land surfaces, which potentially can become available to sequester carb...
Article
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Functional riparian areas protect water quality and conserve aquatic systems, plants, and wildlife. Laser-based remote sensing technology offers a high-resolution approach to both characterize and document changes in riparian buffer zones (RBZs). The objectives of this study were to demonstrate a rapid method and model to calculate riparian buffer...
Poster
Recent developments in wireless communication and sensor technology have bolstered the analysis of spatial and temporal variations in hydrometric measurements. With such interactions, hydrometry techniques have evolved from the traditional approach of manual sample collection from fixed sites to distributed in-situ sensing based on wireless sensor...
Article
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Land cover change is one of the most important issues facing the landscape of the Southeastern United States. Land use change impacts the natural environment and it is critical to understand the location and rate of change in forests near rapidly urbanizing areas. The objectives of this study are to determine the classes and the distribution of lan...
Conference Paper
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Abstract—Water quantity and quality monitoring of urban watercourses have begun to evolve from traditional approaches based on manual observations to more examples of smart sensing based on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). However, there is an urgent need to leverage the low-cost sensors and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies to improve the spat...
Article
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Total soil carbon (TSC) is a composite (total) stock, which is the sum of soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil inorganic carbon (SIC). Total soil carbon, and its individual two components, are all important criteria for assessing ecosytems services (ES) and for achieving United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The objective of this...
Article
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Soil organic carbon (SOC) generates several ecosystem services (ES), including a regulating service by sequestering carbon (C) as SOC. This ES can be valued based on the avoided social cost of carbon (SC CO2) from the long-term damage resulting from emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). The objective of this study was to assess the value of SOC stocks...
Article
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Lithospheric-derived resources such as soil texture and coarse fragments are key soil physical properties that contribute to ecosystem services (ES), which can be valued based on “soil” or “mineral” stocks. Soil survey data provides an inexpensive alternative to detailed field measurements which are often labor-intensive, time-consuming, and costly...
Article
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Ecosystem services (ES) often rely on biogeochemical cycles, but values associated with abiotic services are often ignored or underestimated. Ecosystem services from atmospheric magnesium (Mg2+) deposition are abiotic flows (wet, dry, and total), which can be considered a source of naturally-occurring fertilizer and liming material, have not been i...
Article
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Carbon sequestered as soil inorganic carbon (SIC) provides a regulating ecosystem service, which can be assigned a monetary value based on the avoided social cost of carbon (SC CO2). By definition, the SC CO2 is a measure, in dollars, of the long-term damage resulting from the emission of a metric ton of carbon dioxide (CO2); therefore, this dollar...
Article
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Ecosystem Services (ES) are increasingly being used by many countries around the world as a framework for addressing the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review article of the usability of Libyan soil databases for ES and SDGs is the first of its kind for North Africa. The objectives of the article are to: describe ava...
Article
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National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) databases are important for quantifying and mapping the contribution of atmospheric deposition to soil provisioning ecosystem services. These databases provide information about the atmospheric deposition of potassium (K+) which is an essential element and component of many fertilizing materials. Atmos...
Article
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Modern technological advances and trends require new pedagogy and delivery of mapping materials to prepare the future workforce in the disciplines of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) for an increasingly technology-dominated society. The purpose of this study was to develop an Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) S...
Article
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Atmospheric resources are very important for assessing ecosystem services at different administrative levels (e.g., state, region etc.). Quantification of atmospheric calcium (Ca2+) deposition on the total basis provides incomplete information about the ecosystem services flows (both “natural” and “human-derived”), therefore lacking a systems appro...
Article
Turbidity of surface water is a major environmental and human health issue in the United States. This study integrated two years (01/01/2015 to 12/31/2016) of high frequency in situ turbidity and stream flow data with daily Next Generation Radar rainfall data for nine Intelligent River sensors in order to learn about river-scale turbidity dynamics...
Conference Paper
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Magnesium (Mg 2+) deficiency commonly occurs in more than half of the global population based on dietary reference intakes set by the United States and Canada. Atmospheric deposition provides provisioning ecosystem service value to society; however, spatial distribution of atmospheric Mg 2+ deposition varies in the United States. This study ranked...
Conference Paper
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Soil provisioning ecosystem services may be impacted by the atmospheric deposition of calcium ions (Ca 2+). Atmospheric deposition can serve as an input of Ca 2+ to soils; however, deposition varies spatially across the United States (U.S.). This study ranked an estimated provisioning value of soil ecosystem services due to atmospheric Ca 2+ deposi...
Article
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A graphic syllabus (GS) that enables students to visualize the “big picture” of the soil science course can be an alternative or addition to traditional course syllabus. The purpose of this study was to develop the GS and test it in an introductory soil science course. The graphic syllabus was created by dividing the course into three units: 1) Soi...
Article
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Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) Story Maps are web applications based on maps and other multimedia which can be effectively used in soil science education. The purpose of this study was to develop an ESRI Story Map “Soil Forming Factors: Topography” for teaching in introductory soil science courses and to assess the performance of t...
Article
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Soil databases are of great importance in assessing ecosystem services at different administrative levels (e.g., state, region etc.). Soil databases provide information about numerous soil properties, including soil inorganic carbon (SIC) which is a naturally occurring liming material that regulates soil pH and performs other key functions related...
Article
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Conversion of native grasslands to agricultural sites has resulted in remarkable changes in soil carbon at depth, but its impact on soil diagnostic horizons is unknown. This study was conducted to radiocarbon date the soil organic carbon (SOC) and quantify pedogenic carbonates in the Russian Chernozem at depth at three sites: a native grassland fie...
Article
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Reusable learning objects (RLOs) are self-contained digital modules commonly utilized in e-learning. The purpose of this study is to develop RLOs for teaching soil color determination using a color sensor application: Soil Color, Soil Scanner Application, GPS Location, Color Conversion, and Crowdsourcing. Each RLO is a self-contained learning unit...
Article
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Sensor technology can be a reliable and inexpensive means of gathering soils data for soil health assessment at the farm scale. This study demonstrates the use of color system readings from the Nix ProTM color sensor (Nix Sensor Ltd., Hamilton, ON, Canada) to predict soil organic carbon (SOC) as well as total nitrogen (TN) in variable, glacial till...