Elena Makarova

Elena Makarova
University of Basel | UNIBAS · Institute for Educational Sciences

Prof. Dr. habil.

About

88
Publications
25,609
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
ELENA MAKAROVA received her PhD and her Venia Docendi at the University of Bern, Switzerland. Makarova worked on number of research projects funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and was the SNSF research fellow at the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, and at the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. Currently she has a position as a Professor of Educational Sciences and Director of the Institute for Educational Sciences at the University of Basel. Her main research interests are acculturation and adjustment of minority youth, school dropout, value transmission in the family and school context, and gender and career choice.
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - March 2017
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2013 - September 2014
University of Illinois at Chicago
Position
  • Visiting Scholar
September 2010 - December 2010
Victoria University of Wellington
Position
  • Visiting Scholar

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
Full-text available
Junge Menschen aus sozial benachteiligten Familien mit oder ohne Migrationshintergrund werden mit ungleichen Bildungsgelegenheiten auf dem Weg in die tertiäre Bildung konfrontiert. Diese Studie analysiert Hindernisse, die aus Bildungsnachteilen resultieren können, und Ressourcen, die zu Bildungserfolg führen können. Die Studie basiert auf der quali...
Article
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The switch to emergency remote teaching (ERT) due to the first COVID-19 lockdown demanded a lot from university lecturers yet did not pose the same challenge to all of them. This study sought to explain differences among lecturers (n = 796) from universities in France, Germany, Swit-zerland, and the UK in their use of educational technology for tea...
Article
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Math has a strong gender-related image, even among teachers. As teachers hold beliefs about their work, their role, their subject, and their students, they shape girls’ and boys’ mathematical beliefs and attitudes. Research during the past 20 years has shown that teachers’ gender beliefs about mathematics significantly favor boys, thereby reinforci...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of this book is to empirically identify the school success pathways of migrants for policy actions in schools and communities, in order to tackle barriers to migrant students’ school success. These resilience pathways highlight differences in individual and social risks and identify protective factors for young migrants, to help them overco...
Article
The transmission of human values plays a key role in the educational landscape around the world (Matthes, 2014; Beck, 1990; Halstead, 1996), and educational frameworks (c.f. OECD, 2019; Council of Europe, 2016) as well as national school curricula (c.f. National Curriculum, Ofsted, 2018; Lehrplan 21, D-EDK, 2016) are based on values that are consid...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mit dem Eintritt in die Sekundarstufe I beginnt für Jugendliche die intensive Auseinandersetzung mit der eigenen Berufswahl. Folglich wurde ein fächerübergreifender Berufswahlunterricht in das Schweizer Volksschulcurriculum integriert. Die Lehrpersonen sollen die Jugendlichen für eine intensive Entdeckungsreise durch die Berufswelt motivieren und s...
Article
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Les mesures de confinement imposées aux établissements d’enseignement supérieur au premier semestre 2020 en Europe ont nécessité une migration d’urgence vers l’enseignement en ligne pour assurer la continuité des enseignements. Bien qu’un soutien ait été généralement proposé aux enseignants, il leur a fallu s’adapter d’urgence à ces nouvelles condi...
Article
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Serious Games for children and adolescents with disabilities can enhance their learning and respond to their needs in an inclusive educational setting. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the potential of Serious Games for children and young people with disabilities, thereby providing an overview of effective Serious Games for schools a...
Article
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Assessment of acculturation attitudes usually has focused on the importance of two dimensions: first, immigrants’ maintenance of cultural heritage and, second, immigrants’ adoption of the majority culture. Because acculturation is a reciprocal interaction, we extended a bidimensional scale to four dimensions to assess mutual acculturation. Given th...
Article
Full-text available
In 2020, for the first time in history, COVID-19 measures necessitated emergency online teaching to ensure continuity of education. Although institutional support was offered to lecturers, the situation posed an extraordinary challenge for university teaching. Using a comparative approach, this study surveys lecturers from different countries and t...
Preprint
Full-text available
In 2020, for the first time in history, COVID-19 measures necessitated emergency online teaching to ensure continuity of education. Although institutional support was offered to lecturers, the situation posed an extraordinary challenge for university teaching. Using a comparative approach, this study surveys lecturers from different countries and t...
Article
Full-text available
In today’s multicultural societies, the question of how school adjustment (adapting to the role of being a student) can be promoted for students from ethnic minority backgrounds is of high importance. The ecological approach to acculturation research proposes minority students’ school adjustment is shaped by the surrounding context, and it suggests...
Article
Full-text available
Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated ge...
Chapter
Zusammenfassung Mit Ausbruch der Corona-Pandemie und der damit verbundenen Schließung der Uni-versitäten im Frühjahr 2020 war die Digitalisierung der Hochschullehre nicht mehr aufzuhalten und es stellt sich die Frage, wie die Hochschulangehörigen die viel-fältigen Herausforderungen der kurzfristigen Umstellung ihrer Lehre erlebt haben. Im vorliegen...
Chapter
Das „Handbuch Lehrerinnen- und Lehrerbildung“ bietet aus fachlicher, fachdidaktischer, bildungswissenschaftlicher und schulpraktischer Perspektive einen umfassenden forschungsbasierten Überblick zu allen Bereichen der Lehrerinnen- und Lehrerbildung. Das von 174 Autorinnen und Autoren erarbeitete Orientierungswissen wird in 107 Beiträgen präsentiert...
Technical Report
Das Forschungsprojekt "Towards Gender Equality in Education: Analyzing Teachers ̓ Preconceptions about Gender" ist Teil der ländervergleichenden Studie "Towards Gender Harmony – Understanding the Relationship between Masculinity Threat and Gender Equality Across Cultures". Das Projekt wird durch einen HARMONIA 6-Zuschuss des National Science Centre...
Article
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This research note addresses the current and potential future role of psychologists in the study of international migration. We review ways in which psychologists have contributed to the study of migration, as well as ways in which psychological scholarship could be integrated with work from other social science fields. Broadly, we discuss four maj...
Article
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Die Berufswahl ist ein facettenreicher und komplexer Prozess. Mit dem Serious Game like2be kann die Berufswahl von Jugendlichen unterstützt werden. like2be erweitert den Berufswahlhorizont der Jugendlichen und ermöglicht es ihnen, ein reflektiertes Verhältnis zu den eigenen Berufswünschen zu entwickeln.
Article
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Studies have repeatedly reported that math and science are perceived as male domains, and scientists as predominantly male. However, the impact of the gender image of school science subjects on young people's career choice has not yet been analyzed. This paper investigates the impact of the masculinity image of three school subjects-chemistry, math...
Article
The present study is embedded in the contextual approach of acculturation research. It examines teachers’ attitudes and behaviors, teachers’ expectations as well as their teaching practices as risk and resource factors in minority students’ school adjustment. The study applies the method of content analysis and uses a deductively developed and indu...
Book
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Wie entwickeln Kinder Werte? Welche Rolle spielen das familiäre und das kulturelle Umfeld? Welchen Einfluss haben Ereignisse und Erfahrungen im Leben? Wie kann Wertebildung in der Schule gelingen? Diese Fragen sind gesellschaftlich hoch relevant und viel diskutiert, aber wenig erforscht. In diesem ersten deutsch-sprachigen Buch zu Werteentwicklung...
Article
Value transmission from one generation to the next is a key issue in every society, but it is not clear which parents are the most successful in transmitting their values to their children. We propose parents’ prosocial educational goals as key predictors of parent–child value similarity. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the more parents wanted th...
Article
Programs aimed at increasing the attractiveness of STEM professions should encompass women as well as men. Based on that premise our study focuses on the research question: How can high school students’ motivation in mathematics, physics, and chemistry classes be increased and what impact does students’ high motivation in math and science have on a...
Article
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Mechanismen der Vorbildwahl im Prozess der beruflichen Orientierung Jugendlicher wurden bisher erst ansatzweise erforscht. Der vorliegende Beitrag fokussiert daher die Rolle von Vorbildern junger Frauen mit naturwissenschaftlich-technischer Berufswahl und fragt nach den Gründen, die sie dazu bewogen haben, sich an weiblichen oder männlichen Vorbild...
Article
The present study aims at systematically analyzing the findings reported in qualitative research on acculturation and psychological adjustment in the school context. Content analysis was conducted using the deductively developed and inductively enriched system of categories. The results of the study provide insights into youths’ acculturation and t...
Article
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Purpose: The paper investigates the perceptions of young women during their vocational education and training (VET) in traditionally male-dominated STEM fields- science, technology, engineering, and mathematics-by analyzing mechanisms and actions addressing the female gender in gender-atypical career fields and reveals strategies young women apply...
Chapter
The present study focuses on gender roles and attitudes towards gender roles within the family among young adults in Switzerland. The study is based on a quantitative survey of 928 university students in the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland. The gender roles of mothers and fathers are conceptualized along three dimensions...
Article
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Der Beitrag fokussiert die Bedeutung des mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Unterrichts für die Überwindung der geschlechtsbezogenen Disparitäten bei der Berufswahl im Bereich von Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaft und Technik (MINT). Basierend auf der Annahme, dass in der motivationsförderlichen Gestaltung des Unterrichts ein wirksamer An...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the gender stereotype of science by analysing the semantic attributes of gender in relation to three science subjects – chemistry, mathematics, and physics – among students and their science teachers. Design/methodology/approach – This cross-sectional study applied a survey of 3,045 students an...
Article
Full-text available
Der Beitrag analysiert Studienpräferenzen von deutschschweizerischen Gymnasiastinnen und Gymnasiasten. Im Zentrum steht die Frage, aus welchen Gründen zukünftige Studierende ein Studium im Bereich der Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaft und Technik (MINT) (ab-)wählen. Dabei werden sowohl individuelle als auch kontextuelle Einflussfaktoren fok...
Book
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Hrsg.) | Bern 2015 Publikationen in der EDK-Schriftenreihe «Studien + Berichte» enthalten Sichtweisen und Erkenntnisse von Sachverständigen und sind nicht mit einer Stellungnahme von Organen der EDK gleichzusetzen.
Article
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Dem Beitrag liegt ein Verstandnis von schulischem Unterricht als Interaktionssystem zugrunde, das alle am Unterricht Beteiligten einschliest. Eine konstitutive Rolle fur den Aufbau von sozialer Ordnung im Unterricht kommt der gegenseitigen Wahrnehmung zu. Dazu gehort die Wahrnehmung von Unterrichtsstorungen. Mittels qualitativer Daten wird untersuc...
Article
The objective of this paper is to examine the role of sport in immigrant youths integration into a host society. The analyses are based on a survey of 454 first-generation immigrant youths from secondary, vocational, and pre-apprenticeship schools located in the German-speaking part of Switzerland. In short, our results indicate that for most immig...
Article
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Junge Frauen in der Ausbildung zu einem Männerberuf geben an, dass sie den Beruf deshalb gewählt haben, weil sie in ihrem Berufswahlprozess vielfältig unterstützt und bestärkt wurden.
Chapter
In this chapter we examine the significance of origins to George Berman a Polish immigrant, who late in life began talking to children about the Holocaust, which he had survived as a Polish Jew. We analyse the significance of his memories of his origins in establishing his post-war self-identity.
Article
The aim of this paper is to analyze the importance of parental role models for gender-atypical career choices of young women. The questions of the study were examined using a standardized survey of youths in vocational schools (N = 1431). The results show that young people's role models are primarily in their own family; most frequently their mothe...
Article
Actual school dropout among immigrant youth has been addressed in a number of studies, but research on hidden school dropout among immigrant students is rare. Thus, the objective of this paper is to analyze hidden school dropout among primary school students with an immigrant background. The analyses were performed using survey data of 1186 immigra...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports the implementation of a Training of Intercultural Competence and Tolerance (TICT) for upper-secondary school students and the empirical evaluation of its effectiveness. The TICT program was developed to counteract increasing interethnic conflicts in the North Caucasus Federal District of Russia. It is based on the theoretical and...
Article
This article investigates the influence of attitudes towards acculturation of 180 primary school teachers on their classroom management. The results indicate that teachers with integrative attitudes towards immigrant students' acculturation have a high propensity to punish students for disruptive behaviour, but they also demonstrate high levels of...

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