Elena lopez-gunn

Elena lopez-gunn
Complutense University of Madrid | UCM · Department of Geodynamics

PhD KIngs College, London

About

117
Publications
34,231
Reads
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1,849
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
1225 Citations
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Introduction
I am Director of ICATALIST a research company located in Spain and also lead Author of the IPCC WGII Chapter 4. I was scientific coordinator of the H2020 Naiad project on the insurance value of ecosystems. We also are developing the concept of communities of innovation on climate change adaptation in the H2020 Brigaid project. I also have special interest in groundwater and collective action my original area of research in my PhD and issues related to power, policy change and adaptation.
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - present
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 2008 - December 2013
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Senior Researcher, Water Observatory Botin Foundation
September 2004 - April 2009
The London School of Economics and Political Science
Position
  • Alcoa Research Fellow

Publications

Publications (117)
Presentation
Full-text available
Co-managed aquifer recharge involves groundwater users in the multilevel governance by means of direct participation in water management and decision making through representatives of irrigation communities in the authorities´ Board. A “space for collaboration” is created based on trust on the fair use of (ground)water resources, with strong funct...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter 2, building on prior assessments, provides a global assessment of the observed impacts and projected risks of climate change to terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, including their component species and the services they provide to people. Where possible, differences among regions, taxonomic groups and ecosystem types are presented. Adapt...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nature-based solutions provide adaptation and mitigation benefits for climate change as well as contributing to other sustainable development goals (high confidence). Effective nature-based climate change mitigation stems from inclusive decision-making and adaptive management pathways that deliver climate-resilient systems serving multiple sustaina...
Presentation
Full-text available
Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) is a promising is a promising is a promi...
Article
This paper explores the concept of “institutional readiness” (IR) applied to the adoption and mainstreaming of Nature-based solutions (NBS) to deal with climate related risks. We argue that barriers towards up-scaling and mainstreaming of NBS are a manifestation of uncertainty, and are often associated with the ‘readiness’ of the institutional sett...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic and anthropogenic climate change are global crises. We show how strongly these crises are connected, including the underlying societal inequities and problems of poverty, substandard housing, and infrastructure including clean water supplies. The origins of all these crises are related to modern consumptive industrialisation,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Spanish regulation requires that, for every intensely exploited aquifer, the responsible water authorities must coordinate actions with an appointed groundwater users’ community (CUAS), as a unique and legitimate counterpart to negotiate and reach agreements. This modifies the traditional “top-down” approach as a space for collaboration, in which g...
Article
Nature based solutions are proposed as integrated solutions to transform the current water intensive economic model to a more balanced model, where water is considered as an eco-social asset. We analyse the logic of action and underpinning belief systems, values, and norms of these evolving economic (and underpinning value) systems, through a conce...
Article
Several barriers still hamper the effective implementation of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS). Among the others, this work focuses on collaboration barriers. NBS implementation claims for effective collaboration among different decision-agents. However, ambiguity in problem framings, which is ineradicable in multi-agents’ decision environments, could...
Article
Full-text available
Nature-based solutions (NBS) offer multiple solutions to urban challenges simultaneously, but realising funding for NBS remains a challenge. When the concept of NBS for societal challenges was first defined by the EC in 2017, financing was recognised as one of the major challenges to its mainstreaming. The complexity of NBS finance has its origin i...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the immediate future, accessible runoff of fresh water is unlikely to increase more than the demand forecasted. It will have an impact on economic growth as it may reduce the per capita income of countries and create water conflicts. Such global threat creates a policy conundrum of how to meet basic needs and maximise the benefits from water res...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces the aim of the NBS Impact Evaluation Handbook as a reference for evaluating the impacts of nature-based solutions (NBS). It provides a general framework on the value of NBS to the community, investors, and policy makers, and illustrates how the NBS impact evaluation framework can be used. Chapter 1 describes the global conte...
Article
This paper discusses the gradual eclipse of a water management paradigms governed by the dominance of hydropower and irrigation driven development. With the advent of new additional values, that former approach has given way to the acknowledgement of the intangible values of water for its contribution to the landscape, among other things. The Europ...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater stored in aquifers experiences a wide variety of natural, induced and/or anthropogenic disturbances. Among them, groundwater extraction is the main disturbance that affects most of the aquifers in the world. Aquifer’s resilience, understood as the potential of the aquifer to sustain disturbances on the long term and to guarantee essenti...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En este informe promovido por el Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico (MITECO), con la coordinación técnica del Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), se exponen los principales impactos del cambio climático en los distintos sectores productivos y sistemas naturales de España, se elabora una relación de los principales rie...
Article
Full-text available
Nature-based solutions (NBS) are increasingly being promoted because they can solve different pursued aims together with providing an additional array of multiple ecosystem services or co-benefits. Nevertheless, their implementation is still being curbed by several barriers, for example, a lack of examples, a lack of finance, and a lack of business...
Chapter
The contributors to this volume have approached nature-based solutions (NBS) from many different angles. Our collective experience with NBS includes applied research but primarily comprises practical experience supporting, developing, and implementing NBS policies and guidance for governments and businesses; advising local to international entities...
Chapter
This chapter outlines a conceptual framework to analyze the different roles that the insurance sector can play in relation to nature-based solutions (NBS) and to build resilience in the context of climate change and probable increased level of damages, considering the potential to mitigate water risks as eco-DRR and climate change adaptation. It in...
Data
Data were gathered from participatory social-mapping exercises focusing on four study areas. The study aimed at collecting farmers' and stakeholders' perception concerning the most urgent and effective adaptation measures to be implemented. The second part of the analysis aimed at detecting the information needed to implement the selected measures....
Data
Data were gathered from questionnaires focusing on four study areas. The study aimed at collecting farmers' and stakeholders' perception concerning the most urgent and effective adaptation measures to be implemented. The second part of the analysis aimed at detecting the information needed to implement the selected measures. The data and knowledge...
Article
Full-text available
An effective placement of irrigation efficiency in water management will contribute towards meeting the pre-eminent global water challenges of our time such as addressing water scarcity, boosting crop water productivity and reconciling competing water needs between sectors. However, although irrigation efficiency may appear to be a simple measure o...
Article
Full-text available
We have witnessed the great changes that hydrogeological systems are facing in the last decades: rivers that have dried up; wetlands that have disappeared, leaving their buckets converted into farmland; and aquifers that have been intensively exploited for years, among others. Humans have caused the most part of these results that can be worsened b...
Article
Full-text available
Hydro-meteorological risks due to natural hazards such as severe floods, storm surges, landslides and droughts are causing impacts on different sectors of society. Such risks are expected to become worse given projected changes in climate, degradation of ecosystems, population growth and urbanisation. In this respect, nature-based solutions (NBSs)...
Book
This book addresses the need for deeper understanding of regulatory and policy regimes around the world in relation to the use of water for the production of ‘unconventional’ hydrocarbons, including shale gas, coal bed methane and tight oil, through hydraulic fracturing. Legal, policy, political and regulatory issues surrounding the use of water fo...
Article
Full-text available
Nature-based solutions (NBS) are increasingly being considered as an option to reduce societies’ vulnerability to natural hazards, creating co-benefits while protecting ecosystem services in a context of changing climate patterns with more frequent and extreme weather events. The reinsurance and insurance industries are increasingly cited as sector...
Chapter
The last 20 years have seen dramatic growth in the production of oil and gas from shale, as production techniques developed in the latter half of the twentieth century have advanced under largely favorable economic conditions. Hydraulic fracturing is a well stimulation technique in which sand and other proppants suspended in fluids are forced at hi...
Chapter
This volume addresses the growing need to improve understanding of effective regulatory and policy regimes in relation to water used to operate unconventional hydrocarbon operations around the world. As the chapters in this book clearly show, legal, policy, regulatory, and political issues surrounding the use of water for hydraulic fracturing are p...
Poster
One of the crucial and dismissed aspects related to IWRM (integrated water resource management) strategies in Africa and globally especially in regions characterized by a domination of arid and semi-arid climate, is the ethical issue. Thus, even with the adoption of IWRM strategies and development in water resource policy, regulation, law, manageme...
Article
Full-text available
Natural hazards such as severe floods, storm surges, landslides, avalanches, hail, windstorms, droughts, heat waves and forest fires occur almost daily. This situation is likely to become worse given the projected changes in climate, degradation of ecosystems, population growth and urbanisation. The new concepts such as Ecosystem-based Adaptation,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
NAIAD project aims to operationalise the insurance value of ecosystems to reduce the human and economic cost of water-related natural hazards and water related risks like floods and droughts. For this general aim, NAIAD is developing an evaluation framework of Nature Based Solutions (NBS), considering the physical, environmental, economic and socia...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater overexploitation is a worldwide phenomenon with important consequences and as yet few effective solutions. Work on groundwater governance often emphasises the roles of both formal state-centred policies and tools on the one hand, and self-governance and collective action on the other. Yet, empirically grounded work is limited and scatte...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter looks at how groundwater governance can be framed and analysed from a social ecological system perspective, which considers the importance of balancing ecosystem flows, health and functions with socioeconomic well-being in an equitable manner, while taking into account issues of power and political economy at different scales. Under th...
Article
Shale gas development has been heralded as a game changer that has had, and will continue to have, repercussions for energy scenarios around the world, and natural gas has been hailed as the transition fuel to a low carbon future. Shale gas production-made feasible and economical by advances in hydraulic fracturing-offers a solution in the face of...
Article
This paper proposes a conceptual framework to systematize the use of Nature-based solutions (NBS) by integrating their resilience potential into Natural Assurance Scheme (NAS), focusing on insurance value as corner stone for both awareness-raising and valuation. As such one of its core goal is to align research and pilot projects with infrastructur...
Article
Full-text available
Hydropower has been increasingly seen as a two-fold solution to the provision of renewable energy and water storage. However, the massive deployment of both large and small scale hydropower projects has been reported to cause important environmental impacts at the basin scale. This study assesses the differential contributions to regional energy an...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to investigate the notion of collapse of agricultural groundwater economies using the adaptive-cycle analytical framework. This Framework was applied to four case studies in southern Europe and North Africa to question and discuss the dynamics of agricultural groundwater economies. In two case studies (Saiss in Morocco and...
Article
The water-energy nexus has increasingly been recognized as one of the key factors underlying the sustainability and security of future water and energy supply. An improved understanding of this issue is required to guide pol- itical decision-making on the choice of technologies that can better lead towards water-energy efficient scenarios. One of t...
Chapter
This chapter adopts the concept of water security as securing water for people and their livelihoods while safeguarding ecosystem services in Spain, which has a long history of engaging with water security. The chapter analyses water security from a Spanish perspective by focusing on the evolution of the concept, which has adapted over time to mirr...
Chapter
http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319235752#aboutBook
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the interaction between conjunctive management and collective action. Collective action has several characteristics that provide a natural ‘fit’ with conjunctive management. These include building trust and ownership to enhance water user’s acceptance of the need for better and more integrated management and resolving confli...
Article
Full-text available
In many situations, the overuse of natural resources is aggravated by illegal use. More insights on the drivers and significance of this phenomenon are needed in order to formulate policies that can effectively ease human pressure on the environment. This paper makes use of the water footprint (WF), as a physical indicator of freshwater use, and in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a framework for the identification, assessment and analysis of the water–energy–food nexus at a basin scale. This methodology is applied to the Duero river basin in Spain to detect the most important conflicts derived from water, food and energy interdependencies. Some of the most important issues are the limitations posed 10 by...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ‘Study on water, energy and food Nexus: research and innovation in the context of climate change’ points to opportunities for the EU to contribute to a resilient low carbon economy by anticipating the early signals and potential for key research and innovation. This final report includes the main conclusions and recommendations obtained from di...
Book
The impacts of human-induced climate change are largely mediated by water, such as alterations in precipitation and glacial melt patterns, variations in river flow, increased occurrence of droughts and floods, and sea level rise in densely populated coastal areas. Such phenomena impact both urban and rural communities in developed, emerging, and de...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines different forms and levels of collective action by aquifer users in securing access to over-allocated groundwater resources using a case study of La Loma, Úbeda (Jaén, Spain), one of the largest olive-growing areas in the world. It shows how opportunities for collective water management increase at the basin level as bargainin...
Chapter
Good Stuff International, Switzerland C o o r d i n a t o r : Maite M. Aldaya, Water Observatory – Botín Foundation, and Complutense University of Madrid, Spain C o n t r i b u t o r s : • Latin America may well be water rich, but economic and urban growth from the last two decades has polluted freshwater resources of many countries. • Several fact...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter provides an overview of the main socio-economic megatrends for Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries and how these link to water and food security. Main trends include the demographic transition (population growth, urbanization and migration), development model (income growth, income inequality, poverty and the informal economy),...
Chapter
Full-text available
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region has an outstanding natural capital and contributes to the provision of multiple ecosystem services (ES) at a wide range of scales. ES are here understood as 'all those benefits, material and in-material provided by nature, which contribute to human wellbeing' (adapted from MA, 2005). They include product...
Chapter
Full-text available
Integrated Water Resources Management increasingly means looking at the anthropo-hydrogeological cycle, thus considering a range of conventional and non-conventional resources which are part of water resources management, such as conjunctive use, the potential of rainwater harvesting, water reuse and virtual water trade. The LAC region is in activ...
Chapter
Full-text available
Good Stuff International, Switzerland C o o r d i n a t o r : Maite M. Aldaya, Water Observatory – Botín Foundation, and Complutense University of Madrid, Spain C o n t r i b u t o r s : • Latin America may well be water rich, but economic and urban growth from the last two decades has polluted freshwater resources of many countries. • Several fact...
Chapter
Full-text available
Good Stuff International, Switzerland C o o r d i n a t o r : Maite M. Aldaya, Water Observatory – Botín Foundation, and Complutense University of Madrid, Spain C o n t r i b u t o r s : • Latin America may well be water rich, but economic and urban growth from the last two decades has polluted freshwater resources of many countries. • Several fact...
Article
Full-text available
Improving the efficiency of water use is usually presented as an opportunity for large water savings, particularly in the agricultural sector. Warnings that this may not translate into reduced consumption is sometimes associated with the rebound effect or Jevons paradox, an appealing concept that can be used to analyse and prevent unde ired consequ...
Chapter
Full-text available
Public participation is considered broadly to have a positive impact on the quality of governance. Transparency is the first step in the public participation ladder since it implies that people have access to the necessary information to make informed contributions to decision-making. This chapter gives an overview of the main challenges for the Sp...
Chapter
Full-text available
Water and food security are tags used widely yet hiding very different meanings depending on the context in which they are used. This chapter looks at what these concepts mean for Spain and across scale linkages due to globalisation. Since food production and access is largely guaranteed in Spain, food security here is linked to the idea of guarant...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter summarizes the existing knowledge about climate change in Spain and its potential impacts on water resources and demands. Increasing evidence of climate changing conditions has prompted Spanish water agencies and governments to take into account possible water scenarios, which mostly indicate a reduction of runoff and the increased lik...