Elena Fiorin

Elena Fiorin
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Oral and Maxillo-facial Sciences

PhD
Marie Skłodowska - Curie Fellow, Sapienza University of Rome

About

23
Publications
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Citations
Introduction
I am a Marie Skłodowska - Curie Fellow based at the DANTE (Diet and Ancient Technology) laboratory in the Department of Oral and Maxillo Facial Sciences, Sapienza University, Rome. My project, through the analysis of human dental calculus, explores the medical care offered to people who experienced leprosy and lived in leprosaria in Northern Europe during the medieval period (1100-1550 AD). Website: www.medievalcalculus.com
Additional affiliations
March 2021 - present
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Fellow
September 2018 - December 2019
The University of York
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2014 - December 2014
Durham University
Field of study
  • Archaeology
April 2014 - June 2014
Smithsonian Institution
Field of study
  • Anthropology
October 2011 - October 2015
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Biological Anthropology

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
This study presents the results of complementary isotopic and dental calculus analyses of a number of individuals buried in two cemeteries of Roman and medieval chronology in Lamon, northern Italy. Eleven individuals from the Roman cemetery of San Donato and six from the medieval cemetery of San Pietro are presented and discussed. The results sugge...
Article
Occlusal characteristics, fundamental to assess the presence of malocclusion, have been often unexplored in bioarchaeological analyses. This is largely due to the fragmented condition of the skeletal remains. By applying a method that considers dental and maxillary features useful to evaluate occlusion in ancient fragmentary material, the purpose o...
Article
The study aims to reconstruct the demography and health of the individuals that lived during the medieval period in the northern coast of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). The skeletal remains, unearthed during the archeological excavations conducted between 1980 and 1988, came from the Can Reiners necropolis overlaying the forum of the Roman cit...
Article
Dental calculus, or calcified plaque, is a potential source of archaeological information relating to the lives of past societies. The recovery and identification of organic micro‐remains entrapped within dental calculus provide new data regarding diet, health and lifestyle. This paper presents, for the first time, microscopic evidence of the spora...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides results from a suite of analyses made on human dental material from the Late Palaeolithic to Neolithic strata of the cave site of Grotta Continenza situated in the Fucino Basin of the Abruzzo region of central Italy. The available human remains from this site provide a unique possibility to study ways in which forager versus far...
Presentation
Medieval European people with leprosy had a special place in society. Historical sources indicate attitudes towards this disease could be contentious. Among other measures, leprosy hospitals were founded to segregate people (11th C onwards, England). Unfortunately, workings of leprosy hospitals are not well documented. While historical sources prov...
Presentation
In this paper, we investigate the complexities of early Neolithic diet in the Linearbandkeramik (LBK) and post-LBK communities of central Europe. Despite regional and local instances of variation in subsistence activities, isotopic evidence suggests that diet was broadly similar across its distribution, perhaps even working to foster social relatio...
Conference Paper
El análisis microscópico del contenido de depósitos de cálculo dental en contextos arqueológicos es una metodología que puede aportar información directa de la paleodieta, paleoambiente y estilos de vida antiguos. En el presente estudio se analiza el cálculo dental de ocho individuos de la necrópolis altomedieval (VII-IX cal AD) de Cal Guardià (Arg...
Poster
Full-text available
Análisis De Microrestos Presentes En El Cálculo Dental De La Necrópolis Altomedieval De Cal Guardià (Argentona, Barcelona)
Thesis
The present study focused on the reconstruction of the diet, lifestyle and health of the individuals that lived around 7th c. AD in the northern coast of the island of Mallorca (Spain). The skeletal remains came from the Necropolis of Can Reiners, located above the ancient forum of the Roman city of Pollentia. The excavation, conducted between 1980...
Research
Full-text available
The anthropological dental and maxillary study in human skeletal remains usually refers to alterations or conditions of the oral cavity. These alterations could have repercussions on life style, dietary habits and diseases. In this particular context, dental occlusion is not often analyzed due to the fragmented condition of the remains, and especia...
Article
The anthropological dental and maxillary study in human skeletal remains usually refers to alterations or conditions of the oral cavity. These alterations could have repercussions on life style, dietary habits and diseases. In this particular context, dental occlusion is not often analyzed due to the fragmented condition of the remains, and especia...
Article
Longitudinal rotation of the forearm (pronosupination) is an essential component of human manipulative tasks. The efficiency of this movement is dependent not only on the rotatory muscles but also on several morphological and structural features of the upper limb. In a recent study, we observed that the size and orientation of the humeral medial ep...
Poster
The present research project aims at illustrating the joint goal of the University of Milano and Padova’s anthropological working groups, i.e. to develop a preliminary paleopathological perspective of the early Middle Age in northern Italy, which is particularly interesting since it is a transition period where new foreign populations arrive. As re...
Poster
The osteological evidence, yet currently under study, comes from the funerary area of the church of S. Pietro in Mavinas in Sirmione, Lake Garda, Italy. Aim and scope of this study is to frame out, from an anthropological and palaeopathological point of view, the human group buried in the church since the Lombard period (6th- 8th centuries). Burial...
Chapter
Full-text available
This contribution, which is a section of the exhibit cataloge of “The treasure of Spilamberto, Longobard Lords on the Frontier”, describes several anthropological aspects of some individuals from this necropolis. The necropolis consists of 28 burials that contain 29 skeletons. The preliminary anthropological study was carried out on 5 individuals.
Thesis
"The necropolis of San Pietro in Mavinas consists of 167 burials distributed in 3 cemeterial phases. This study shows the results of the bio-archaeological analysis of the first two phases (VI- XIV centuries AD). The first phase (VI-IX centuries) consists of 37 burials that contain 106 individuals: 35 of them are male, 7 are female and 64 are indet...

Network

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Leprosy was an iconic disease in medieval Europe. From the 11th century, several leprosy hospitals were founded as a mitigative response to the risk of infection. Medieval treatises and chronicles suggest that leprosy was treated with medicinal plants and other ingredients of mineral and animal origin. However, very little is known about the methods used to diagnose and treat this disease within leprosaria, and medical treatments of leprosy have very rarely put in their physical context so far. Through the analysis of the dental calculus, the MEDICAL project aims to explore the medical care offered to people who experienced leprosy and lived in leprosaria in Northern Europe during the medieval period (1100-1550AD). The research will be developed at the Department of Oral and Maxillo Facial Sciences at the Sapienza University in Rome and at the Department of Archaeology of Durham University.
Archived project
This research reconstructed the demography and health of the individuals that lived during the medieval period in the northern coast of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). The skeletal remains, unearthed during the archeological excavations conducted between 1980 and 1988, came from the Can Reiners necropolis overlaying the forum of the Roman city of Pollentia. The minimum number of the individuals analysed in this work is 216: 64% are adults and 36% are sub-adults. The high mortality and the low life expectancy is consistent with the expected values for ancient populations such as this one. The peak of mortality for the sub-adult phase is between the second and the fourth year of life, which could be related with weaning. For the adults, the highest peak is between the 35 and the 40 years of age. These demographic data along with the low frequencies of age-related pathologies suggest that the people in this population did not reach the senile age range as a consequence of hard life conditions. The estimated stature is compared with other European populations of different periods. The results show that the mean male stature is consistent with the values from other European medieval cemeteries, whereas the female values are generally lower in Can Reiners than in the comparative samples. In addition, we suggest that migration, among other factors, could play an important role in the fact that females and sub-adults are underrepresented in this population.