Elena Druica

Elena Druica
University of Bucharest | Unibuc · Department of Applied Economics and Quantitative Analysis

Dr. Habil.

About

91
Publications
44,147
Reads
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308
Citations
Introduction
Education
November 2003 - June 2006
October 2003 - July 2004
Nicolae Titulescu University
Field of study
  • Risk Management and Insurance
November 1998 - June 2003
Romanian Academy
Field of study
  • Statistics and Probability

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Full-text available
Promoting public participation is a practical move to strengthen wildlife conservation. This study focuses on saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica), an endangered species which has received international concern. Based on an extended version of the Theory of Planned Behavior and a sample of 536 Chinese residents aged 16–40 collected through an online sur...
Article
Background and aims Machine learning (ML) models have been proposed as a prognostic clinical tool and superiority over clinical risk scores is yet to be established. Our aim was to analyse the performance of predicting 3-year all-cause- and cardiovascular cause mortality using ML techniques and compare it with clinical scores in a percutaneous coro...
Article
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Green consumption is usually understood in the context of green consumption values and receptivity to green communication. Voluntary simplicity, a related yet distinct construct that relies on ecological responsibility, has not been included in the same framework. This paper bridges this gap and extends the original model to consider green consumpt...
Article
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We use a cultural psychology approach to examine the relevance of the Health Belief Model (HBM) for predicting a variety of behaviors that had been recommended by health officials during the initial stages of the COVID-19 lockdown for containing the spread of the virus and not overburdening the health system in Europe. Our study is grounded in the...
Chapter
Recent statistics show that over 43,000 Romanian health professionals left the country in the quest for a better life during the last 25 years, nearly half of them being medical doctors. With 130 physicians/100,000 inhabitants, in 2013 Romania ranked the lowest in Europe concerning the number of doctors per capita, and the deficit steadily increase...
Article
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This study explores drivers of fast-food consumption in Romania using the Theory of Planned Behavior. We analyze 532 responses to an online survey and use partial least squares path modeling to estimate the relationships between the intention to consume fast food and its possible determinants. Our results show that the most significant predictor is...
Article
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We tested the Youth Physical Activity Promotion (YPAP) framework on Romanian students in order to identify actionable determinants to support participation in physical activity. Our sample consisted of 665 responses to an online survey, with participants aged 18–23 (mean = 19 years); 70% were women. We used the partial least squares algorithm to es...
Article
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Patient’s satisfaction with community pharmacy services, and patients’ trust in the infor- mation received in community pharmacies are important drivers of pharmaceutical care adoption. An online questionnaire assessing patient satisfaction with the services received in pharmacies and trust in the pharmacist’s advice, along with their determinants,...
Article
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We use the Knowledge, Perceptions and Practices framework to analyze determinants of three types of self-medication practices in Romania: (1) self-medication in the case of cold/flu/viral infections; (2) taking non-prescribed medicine in general; and (3) self-medication based on recom- mendations by others. We analyzed 706 responses to an online su...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which financial behavior and financial well-being are affected by cognitive and non-cognitive factors in a specific Romanian post-communist context. This study shows that financial well-being is significantly linked to both financial education and to a set of non-cognitive factors. T...
Article
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Trying to explain the sources of persisting high inequalities in the regional distribution of entrepreneurship in Romania, this paper puts a spotlight on the spatial interactions among neighbour regions in a spatial modelling framework. We explored the interplay of factors that inform the territorial distribution of SMEs by employing various spatia...
Article
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Hospital accreditation, as a quality signal, is gaining its popularity among low-and middle-income countries, such as Romania, despite its costly nature. Nevertheless, its effectiveness as a quality signal in driving patients' choice of hospital services remains unclear. In this study, we intend to empirically explore the perceptions of both health...
Article
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Given the importance of perceived susceptibility to a disease in adopting preventive behaviors, and the negative impact of optimism bias on prevention, this paper aimed to explore to what extent comparative optimism bias (understood as the tendency to assess a lower probability for oneself to experience negative health events compared to others) is...
Article
Purpose This study aims to explore the relationship between different categories of motivation and the intention to engage in collaborative consumption (CC), using attitude as a mediator. Design/methodology/approach The authors extend an existing measurement scale focused on sustainability, enjoyment, reputation and economic benefits, as factors r...
Article
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We investigate the level of tolerance towards tax non-compliance and the informal economy in Romania, using a sample of 250 respondents. This variable is determined by a complex set of latent variables that include, but is not limited to, state capacity, social and business norms, the perception of non-compliance, and the perception of distributive...
Article
We investigate the level of tolerance towards tax non-compliance and the informal economy in Romania, using a sample of 250 respondents. This variable is determined by a complex set of latent variables that include, but is not limited to, state capacity, social and business norms, the perception of non-compliance, and the perception of distributive...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The goal of the current study was to investigate the universality of the five-factor model of mindfulness and the measurement equivalence of the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ).Methods The study used FFMQ data from published and unpublished research conducted in 16 countries (total N = 8541). Using CFA, different models, prop...
Article
Research on family firms needs to be placed in a proper socio‐economic and territorial framework, since the explicit inclusion of the geographic context deepens the understanding of their characteristics. Our study tackles this neglected spatial dimension by mapping some of the factors that impact the territorial distribution of Romanian family bus...
Experiment Findings
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The questions are presented in the pdf document. We provide free access to a sample of 100 respondents.
Experiment Findings
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We measured our respondents’ susceptibility to Covid – 19 based on 5 items, as follows: Item1: It is very unlikely I will get sick from Coronavirus/Este foarte puțin probabil să mă îmbolnăvesc de Coronavirus Item2: I have a feeling that I will get sick from Coronavirus/Am o presimțire că mă voi îmbolnăvi de Coronovirus Item3: It is very likely for...
Article
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We investigate the extent to which the United States and the countries of Europe have achieved economic convergence of their corporate sector. We define convergence as the homogenization of economic performance, institutional arrangements, and market valuation taking place at the meso-economic level. We perform a cluster analysis along industry lin...
Article
The practice of collaborative consumption is increasingly spreading and diversifying nowadays, impacting both individuals and businesses. This paper seeks to contribute to the emerging debate that acknowledges its global importance by providing a cultural understanding of the deeper mechanisms underlying attitudes and intentions associated with col...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Patients' satisfaction was extensively researched over the last decades, given its role in building loyalty, compliance to treatment, prevention, and eventually higher levels of wellbeing and improved health status. Patients' feedback on the perceived quality of health services can be incorporated into practice; therefore, understandi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Patients’ satisfaction was extensively researched over the last decades, given its role in building loyalty, compliance to treatment, prevention, and eventually higher levels of wellbeing and improved health status. Patients’ feedback on the perceived quality of health services can be incorporated into practice; therefore, understandi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper advances the study of the relationship between the attitude towards academic dishonesty and other types of dishonest and even fraudulent behavior, such as tax evasion and piracy. It proposes a model in which the attitudes towards two types of cheating and fraud are systematically analyzed in connection with a complex set of latent constr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A common problem with using different statistical packages for the same data and method is the risk of getting dissimilar results. While the reasons behind this outcome are often known and accepted, the negative consequences might be significant. In a teaching environment, usually involving toy models, with no practical implications, only a reputat...
Article
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This paper investigates the distinct mechanisms through which energy poverty is linked to life satisfaction, via health status and one's satisfaction with one's own socioeconomic status, using data from the Life in Transition survey. Our sample contains 19,598 individuals from 11 former communist states located in Central and Eastern Europe, and tw...
Article
Full-text available
A common problem with using different statistical packages for the same data and method is the risk of getting dissimilar results. While the reasons behind this outcome are often known and accepted, the negative consequences might be significant. In a teaching environment, usually involving toy models, with no practical implications, only a reputat...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the regional dynamic of nosocomial infections in Romanian hospitals, and find potential predictors. Our data covers 13 years, and refer to the incidence of nosocomial infections for each of the 42 Romanian administrative units every year. A preliminary cluster analysis reveals that there is heterogeneity across counties both in terms...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to assess the inclination toward sustainable consumption among Romanian students, using the young consumers’ sustainable consumption behavior (YCSCB) scale pertaining for two dimensions, food and clothing, a scale developed by Daniel Fischer and his colleagues in 2017. We applied the questionnaire to a sample of 352 stude...
Article
We use panel data that consists of aggregated annual bank account balances and analyze the first two digits of each observation to evaluate conformity to Benford's Law. The data spans a period of 14 years, is naturally generated, and meets the “drawing from a sequence” criterion. We conduct a full battery of null hypothesis significance testing, an...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the relation between average net wage, urbanization rate, women density, life expectancy, medical infrastructure and medical human resources, and the incidence of total, insulin, and non-insulin diabetes among Romanians. We fitted three panel regression models with interaction terms using official data comprising of 41 Romanian counties...
Article
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A common approach in examining data collected based on different scales is to look at their structure by means of factor analysis. This article provides a way to look not only into the overall mindfulness score as an individual characteristic, but also at how the mindfulness dimensions cluster together to provide potentially consistent individual p...
Chapter
Romania is a post-communist country in which economic and cultural factors have combined into a perfect storm in order to generate a grey economy the size of roughly one-forth of the country’s Gross Domestic Product. Relatively low income per capita provides the economic incentive for the grey economy, a cultural tradition based on lack of social t...
Article
Full-text available
While hastily celebrating the downwards trend in the emergence of new tuberculosis (TB) cases, most researchers overlooked not only several unsolved medical problems, but also the high local inequalities and diverging territorial trends of this disease in Romania. Our paper fills this gap in the literature by analysing how specific local factors im...
Chapter
This work is a position paper discussing alternative viewpoints on factors that may influence the values of certain crucial healthcare efficiency indicators. We draw attention to the latest research in the area of behavioral economics, and make obvious certain inefficiencies in base healthcare packages, which are in close connection with human beha...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to provide an understanding of several factors associated with the huge inequalities found in SMEs’ density distribution across Romania, and discuss how some of the variables acknowledged in the international literature as determinants in SMEs’ dynamic are related to SMEs’ density in this case. We fitted four static panel m...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurship plays a key role in regional development and competitiveness, but is far from achieving its true potential in Romania. This paper aims at outlining the regional patterns of Romanian entrepreneurship using various statistical methods. We found that SMEs spatial distribution is marked by significant inequalities and a clear divide ex...
Chapter
This work is a position paper discussing alternative viewpoints on factors that may influence the values of certain crucial healthcare efficiency indicators. We draw attention to the latest research in the area of behavioral economics, and make obvious certain inefficiencies in base healthcare packages, which are in close connection with human beha...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the business environment, before and after 2009, and see if the divesification strategy for types of activity, chosen by Romanian SMEs, was efficient, similarly to porfolio divesification. We explore multiple types of models aiming to differentiate between two categories of companies: those with only one type...
Chapter
Capitolul își propune să prezinte cele mai importante efecte comportamentale ce marchează necesitatea unei noi teorii decizionale, în acord cu premisele de raționalitate limitată, în sensul luării în considerare a constrângerilor generate de capacitatea umană de procesare a informației și de condiționările mediului în care ne desfășurăm activitatea...
Article
Full-text available
Among the different types of diabetes, in Romania the malnutrition-related diabetes displays the highest territorial inequality. In this paper, we combined two types of statistical tools, temporal clustering and spatial analysis, to find some relevant patterns in its territorial distribution. Firstly we conducted a time series clustering for the 41...
Article
Among the different types of diabetes, in Romania the malnutrition-related diabetes displays the highest territorial inequality. In this paper, we combined two types of statistical tools, temporal clustering and spatial analysis, to find some relevant patterns in its territorial distribution. Firstly we conducted a time series clustering for the 41...
Article
The economic literature has focused on the traditional factors impacting foreign direct investments (such as fiscal factors), while the non-traditional factors (such as institutional factors) have been less analyzed. The aim of this paper is to present an econometric analysis using Least Squares Method for emphasizing the political institutional fa...
Article
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The objective of this paper is to emphasize the link between entrepreneurial spirit and the wellbeing of the healthcare system. Based on a model constructed on empirical observations and built around the concept of entrepreneurial spirit, this paper aims to show that this spirit needs stimulate both the private and the public components of a health...
Article
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Abstract: Pornind de la problema larg dezbătută a existenței unui număr de mai bine de 3 milioane de persoane care nu contribuie nicicum la sistemul de sănătate, nu sunt asigurați prin intermediul altor persoane, nu sunt scutite de plata contribuției și, în plus față de toate acestea, nu au niciun fel de venit, începutul de an 2016 ne aduce o măsu...
Research
Full-text available
Lucrarea a fost elaborată în cadrul proiectului " Inteligență în sănătate " și a fost finanțată de " Alianța pacienților cronici din România " , în baza contractului nr. 7/17.12.2015. Abstract Lucrarea își propune ca, pe parcursul a șase secțiuni, să investigheze puncte de vedere alternative asupra factorilor care pot să influențeze valorile unor...
Article
Full-text available
We conduct an exploratory analysis using proxy measures of cross-sectional returns and rental yields in residential real estate. Asset pricing models predict that expected returns should exhibit some sensitivity to one or several fundamental variables that represent a common source of undiversifiable risk. Residential real estate, just like works o...
Conference Paper
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This study attempts to predict aggregate profits for small and medium Romanian firms using a relatively naïve model We use a dataset consisting of 4,519 observations spanning a period of eleven years, from 2001 to 2011 Each observation is obtained by aggregating the data associated with all small and medium firms that can be found for a given NACE...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Education is the starting point of the future economic development, a precondition for achieving economic growth. Even if it doesn't represent an insurance policy in relation to the unemployment phenomenon, the education fulfills a major condition for finding a job. Among other factors, the increasing percentage of young people finishing a form of...
Article
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The aim of the paper is to explore to what degree the main hypothesis of the Keynesian model of consumption � current real income represents the most important determinant for consumption, in the short run � is still valid in current European economies. While there is a fairly extensive economic literature discussing different theoretical versions...
Article
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The size of the Romanian automobile industry is relative small compared to the main car producers in Europe and the world, but an analysis of its structure and dynamic appears to be most relevant given the strong linkages with the main macroeconomic indicators and important microeconomic variables at the level of the household.The paper presents a...
Conference Paper
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Eliciting discount factors is an intricate procedure, leading to a single, extremely valuable result that requires interpretation in the context of inter-temporal choice models. Due to the nature of hypotheses underlying the methodology, there are concerns regarding the external validity of the result. The purpose of this paper is to complement cur...
Article
More and more Small and Medium Enterprises attach an increasing importance to the technological innovation, which is a source of obtaining and strengthening the competitive advantage. This paper examines whether using white biotechnology for clothes made of organic or renewable materials is an opportunity to become a Green Entrepreneur in the Roman...
Chapter
The study of post-communist economies in Eastern Europe continues to be a generous and insightful source of valuable lessons in social and economic transition, particularly when approached through the lenses of integration and globalization. The present chapter uses a vivid historical perspective to follow the Romanian economy and society through a...
Article
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The aim of the paper is to examine the factors that increase the firm's propensity towards product innovation, with the goal of identifying the profile of Romanian product-innovative firms. The focus of our analysis is on the obstacles and hampering factors in achieving innovation in enterprises. The methodology makes use of a logistic regression m...
Article
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Similar to other countries from Eastern Europe, the Semashko health care system before 1989 in Romania was a highly regulated, standardized and centralized system, characterized through an inequitable allocation of resources, the lack of response to local needs and poor managerial capacities. After 1990 the country has engaged into a long road of h...
Article
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University professors, on the one hand, and professionals, such as doctors and lawyers on the other hand, share many things in common, yet they are also different in key aspects. One of the most important differences lies the nature of the incentives and motivation to which they respond. This paper claims that turning academics into regular profess...
Article
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Abstract: In this paper, an alternative hypothesis to the standard economic models of saving is proposed, based on new research in behavioral and computational economic. The importance of traditional factors of influence for saving is acknowledged, but the explanatory spectrum is extended by focusing on the conformity variable. If each individual f...
Conference Paper
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A recent survey (made by Universitas 21), which took into account 50 countries worldwide, has ranked Romania 42nd in the world, in a ranking of the best university systems, managing to exceed only 3 countries from the European Union. By comparing with previous years, the rank has slightly lowered. The present study attempts to conduct an overview o...
Article
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Economic stimulus programmes can be an incentive for foreign investment, but many developing countries do not have the financial resources to successfully compete with the investment promotion packages of developed countries. Once the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries acceded to the eurozone, they will lose their monetary instruments to...
Article
This article relates two highly important views on the social characteristics of Humans: Michael Tomasello’s theory regarding the evolutionary difference between nonhuman and human primates and the Human portrait, as seen by Economics. Never before considered together, these two ideas agree and sustain each other. Tomasello´s common psychological i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Though based on an economic transition, retailer-consumer relationship is also influenced by non-economic factors and is a context of social interaction. With the emergence of modern merchandising techniques and a rise in large retail companies, consumers have become increasingly vigilant of practice within the retail industry. Handbook of Research...
Article
Once Central and East European (CEE) countries join the Eurozone, they will lose their monetary instruments to adjust macroeconomic imbalances and will rely only on fiscal and budgetary policies. The aim of this paper is to test empirically the impact of fiscal and budgetary policies on FDIs in Romania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic and Poland to propos...
Book
Though based on an economic transition, retailer-consumer relationship is also influenced by non-economic factors and is a context of social interaction. With the emergence of modern merchandising techniques and a rise in large retail companies, consumers have become increasingly vigilant of practice within the retail industry. Handbook of Research...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurship is a complex subject of study and its determinants, characteristics, dynamics and manifestations differ across countries. The level of economic development constitutes the contextual distinction for the research on entrepreneurship. There