Elena Dragomir

Elena Dragomir

PhD History

About

23
Publications
1,730
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34
Citations
Introduction
Elena Dragomir current project is 'The opposition within: Romania and the CMEA EEC policy, 1957-1989' (May 2018-April 2020).

Publications

Publications (23)
Book
This book investigates Romania’s early 1960s change in policy towards the Soviet Union, focusing on two questions in particular: namely, what actually changed and why this change occurred. Drawing from recently declassified archive materials, this book utilises a perceptual approach and a paradigm which argues that post-war Romania allied not agai...
Chapter
Drawing on recently declassified materials from the archive of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party, my chapter argues that the July 1963 proposal regarding the admission of the Mongolian People’s Republic into the Warsaw Pact Organization was blocked by Romania’s opposition, an aspect rarely mentioned by the existing scholarship....
Article
This article analyses Cold War Romania’s conceptualization of its relations with the European Economic Community (EEC) and its struggle to influence the policy of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) towards the EEC in a way compatible with Bucharest’s interests. Addressing a significant historiographical gap, in a sense, this study in...
Book
Având în centrul său perioada de început a anilor ’60, când politica României faţă de Uniunea Sovietică a suferit o anumită transformare, această lucrare tratează două întrebări fundamentale: de ce s-a produs și în ce a constat această schimbare. Istoriografia domeniului descrie acest proces cu termeni precum „detaşare de Moscova”, „distanţare”, „d...
Book
Această lucrare investighează modul în care România a blocat încercările Consiliului de Ajutor Economic Reciproc (CAER) de a formula și adopta o poziție comună față de Comunitatea Economică Europeană (CEE sau Piața Comună), o problemă în general ignorată de bogata literatură de specialitate dedicată activității României în CAER. Explorând atât sit...
Article
This article examines Romania’s opposition to the attempts of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) in the early 1970s to adopt a common trade policy towards the European Economic Community (EEC). The article covers the period between 1969, when the CMEA embarked on negotiations regarding the deepening of the intra-bloc cooperation and...
Article
In 1962, in different bloc settings, Nikita Khrushchev was openly mentioning the economic accomplishments and superiority of the Common Market, and, more or less directly, prompted its bloc allies to accept Western European integration as a model for the socialist bloc’s reformation. Arguing against the proposed integration of the Council for Mutua...
Article
The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) and the European Economic Community (EEC) refused to officially acknowledge each other until 25 June 1988 when, in Brussels, representatives of the two organizations signed a Joint Declaration. The CMEA’s position with regard to the conclusion of the Joint Declaration was reached during a series of...
Article
This article presents documents from the archive of the central committee of the Romanian Communist party, recording the January 1949 Moscow conference that established the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (C.M.E.A.). It argues that the creation of the C.M.E.A. began as a Romanian initiative and presents the process by which the document cons...
Book
Full-text available
Volume 6, issue no. 2 (2014) of Revista Română de Studii Baltice și Nordice / The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies is dedicated to the publication of selected papers of Fifth annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania: A piece of culture, a culture of peace, re-imaging European communities in the North Sea...
Chapter
My chapter examined the case study of the Intercontinental Hotel (IH) in Bucharest. Using inedited sources from the Romanian archives of the Romanian Communist Party and interviews with influential people (such as Romeo Ştefan Belea, Eugen Cosmatu and George Opriş) directly involved at that time in the process of hotel building and hotel operating,...
Article
Investigating the origins of Romania's detachment from the Soviet Union, this article focuses on Romania's participation in two bloc economic gatherings: the Agricultural Conference held on 2–3 February 1960 in Moscow and the seventh session of the CMEA Permanent Commission on Scientific–Technical Collaboration in the Field of Agriculture and Fores...
Article
This article discusses Romania's role in the creation of the Soviet bloc's Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) in January 1949. The article explains why Romanian leaders, with Soviet approval, proposed the creation of the CMEA and why the proposal was adopted. An analysis of Romania's support for the creation of the CMEA sheds interesting...
Article
The 1964 Romanian ‘Declaration of independence from Moscow’ signalled a change in Romania's foreign policy, widely argued to have been anti-Soviet after that date. Based on new archive materials, this article shows however that Romania's foreign policy should not be understood as anti-Soviet, but rather in terms of anti-hegemonism. Romania opposed...
Book
Full-text available
This issue of Revista Română pentru Studii Baltice şi Nordice [The Romanian Journal of Baltic and Nordic Studies, RRSBN] crowns a year of steady progress in terms of number and quality of the programs and actions run by The Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies (ARSBN). The highlights of this year have been the first international conf...
Book
Full-text available
În prezent, în spaţiul editorial românesc sunt extrem de rare şi fragmentare trimiterile la istoria, cultura şi civilizaţia Finlandei mai vechi sau mai noi. În mod paradoxal şi îmbucurător totodată, însă, în prezent, interesul publicului larg sau specialist pentru acest domeniu al cunoaşterii este în continuă creştere în România. În ultimii ani, co...
Book
Full-text available
Lithuania and Romanian lands entered into relations, according to the ex-isting data, since Middle Ages. During that period both states were interested in strengthening their power, in self-determination and in increasing their in-fluence in Europe. Since the 14th century there was a strong influence of the Great Duchy of Lithuania and latter on of...
Article
Perceptions of social security in communist Romania, in Zeithistorische Forschungen/Studies in Contemporary History, issue no 2/2010, pp. 203-219, ISSN: 1612-6033. Different factors have been proposed to explain the longevity of the communist system in Romania: social control by the secret police, external pressures, or foreign control. However,...
Book
Full-text available
Having been set up on November 27, 2008, the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies (ARSBN) has established as its fundamental goals the promotion of research activities in the field of Baltic and Nordic studies, the encouragement of knowledge in public benefit regarding this geographical area, including by the means of education, espec...
Article
Explaining communist nostalgia in Romania: some empirical evidence, in Valahian Journal of Historical Studies, 12/2009, pages 7-28.
Book
Lucrarea de faţă nu este concepută pentru a deplora privirea plină de admiraţie aruncată înspre vest, pe cea plină de spaimă când se uită în spate, spre est, sau indiferentă, enervată, arogantă sau complexată când se uită în jur. Obiectivul acesteia, mult mai modest, are în vedere aruncarea unei priviri peste umărul drept, înspre nord, înspre acea...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
Addressing a gap in historiography, this project aims to investigate Romania’s position and opposition regarding the CMEA EEC policy, between 1957 (when the EEC was established through the Treaty of Rome) and 1989 (when the socialist system in Romania collapsed). The project focuses, in equal measure, on instances when Romania agreed with the other members of the bloc, as well as on instances of opposition. Why Romania adopted a position or another? What tactics of opposition it used? Did Romania’s EEC position within the CMEA change over time, and if so why and how? How influential was Romania’s position on the overall CMEA EEC policy? Tackling such questions, the project traces the internal and external factors that provided the background for Romania’s position: the Romanian-Soviet relations, EEC enlargement process, the East-West détente, the CMEA reformation, or the perestroika. Theoretically, this project challenges the traditional conceptual framework on Romania’s opposition within the Eastern bloc, contributing to the development of a new theoretical approach. It operates with concepts as threats and perceptions, drawing from S. Walt’s balance of threat theory (according to which states reacted to external threats) and using a perceptual approach (according to which state’s behaviour is explained through the decision makers’ perceptions and views). The hypothesis is that Romania opposed the CMEA EEC policy because it was perceived as threat to Romania’s interests. Methodologically, the project fits into the New Cold War History paradigm, being multiarchival in approach and paying attention to the role of ideology (understood in a broad sense as views, system of beliefs, perceptions). Through its findings, the project contributes to the field of the studies on the CMEA-EEC relations and opens a new research perspective towards a comprehensive view on Romania’s foreign trade policy within the socialist bloc and towards the capitalist world.