Elena Castroviejo

Elena Castroviejo
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea | UPV/EHU · Departamento de Lingüística y Estudios Vascos

PhD in Linguistics, Universitat de Barcelona

About

36
Publications
5,332
Reads
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186
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
136 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - August 2015
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • "Ramón y Cajal" postdoctoral researcher
September 2007 - August 2009
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports an experiment that investigates interpretive distinctions between two different expressions of generalization in Spanish. In particular, our aim was to find out when the distinction between generic statements (GS) such as Tigers have stripes and universally quantified statements (UQS) such as All tigers have stripes was acquired...
Chapter
Taking as a point of departure the lexical semantics and positive polarity of so-called M-modifiers like somewhat, fairly, rather, pretty, we take a closer look at Catalan ben ‘well’ in its similar use as an ad-adjectival modifier (ben) to investigate its meaning effect with different adjectivesAdjectives (absolute vs. relative, negative vs. positi...
Article
Full-text available
Slurs have become a big topic of discussion both in philosophy and in linguistics. Slurs are usually characterised as pejorative terms, co-extensional with other, neutral, terms referring to ethnic or social groups. However, slurs are not the only ethnic/social words with pejorative senses. Our aim in this paper is to introduce a different kind of...
Chapter
This chapter is concerned with the semantics of exclamative constructions, a clause type which is increasingly receiving attention, but whose characterization is still hard to pin down. Its goal is to present an outlook into the main questions exclamatives raise, both for semantic theory and for an adequate empirical description. The chapter covers...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: The study of pejorative language has attracted the interest of many philosophers and linguists for about a decade. Its discussion, for sociolinguistic reasons, has focused on the so-called "slurs". In this article we present and discuss another type of pejorative terms that abound in Spanish and other languages, but which have apparently...
Article
This paper discusses a type of wh-exclamative whose wh-component and degree component do not seem to go hand in hand. These are wh-exclamatives in Catalan whose moved wh-phrase is headed by the determiner quin ‘what, which’, and whose NP contains an optional DegP headed by tan ‘so’ or més ‘more’. By taking a closer look at these wh-exclamatives, we...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with a conditional construction in Spanish, which we call echoic contrastive conditional , ecc for short. In ecc s, the consequent is entailed, the antecedent echoes the content of a previous assertion, and both antecedent and consequent are marked with a Contrastive Topic. Our goal is to fit these properties in a formal exp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with the semantics of Spanish ser capaz ‘be capable’ (henceforth SC). Specifically, it aims to account for the distribution SC displays and the range of meanings it expresses in the realm of abilities, viewed as kinds of dispositions. We put forth the following generalization: Whenever imperfective aspect interacts with SC,...
Chapter
In this chapter we present an overview of three main issues that have surrounded the study of gradable properties—vagueness, measurement, and dimensionality—and how they have been pursued from the perspectives of philosophy, linguistics, and psychology. We then provide a brief summary of each chapter in the volume, together with a guide to how the...
Book
This volume is the first to focus specifically on experimental studies of the semantics of gradability, scale structure and vagueness. It presents support for and challenges to current formal analyses of these phenomena in view of experimentally collected data, highlighting the ways semantic and pragmatic theory can benefit from experimental method...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the semantics of the Spanish expression ser ca-paz 'be capable' [SC henceforth]. On the one hand, it reeects on how languages encode capacity ascriptions. In particular, a comparison is drawn between SC and have the capacity. On the other hand, it delves into the meanings denoted by SC as a modal. Building on previous work (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses the semantics of so-called 'degree' well in English and German, in examples such as well loaded and gut beladen. While in previous literature well is analysed as an ad-adjectival modifier (of closed scale adjectives), we propose to examine well as a manner adverb and to derive the manner vs. degree reading from the type of even...
Chapter
One might think that Sam’s utterance in (1) is a subjective one, essentially expressing that he personally finds the cake tasty, in which case one would not expect significant meaning differences between (1) and a similar utterance where the subjectivity is made explicit, such as (3).
Chapter
We provide a semantic account of the Catalan ad-adjectival modifier ben ‘well’, which yields intensification by, we argue, positively evaluating a property ascription. Formally, this translates as applying the predicate good to the saying event available to any utterance. We treat the output of this modification as a Conventional Implicature (rathe...
Article
This chapter provides an overview of semantic issues concerning manner and degree. This includes going over the theoretical questions that arise in the literature on VP modification and event semantics, as well as the research that has been carried out on gradable adjectives, scale structure and vagueness. This introduction further situates the pap...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the composition processes underlying DegPs headed by "how" that include an adjective that is in turn modified. These include "how extremely high", "how politically incorrect" and "how damn important". The focus here is on adverbs such as "extremely", which have been used in the literature...
Article
While we can name examples of modifiers (e.g. adjectives, adverbs, PPs, relative clauses), it is not uncontroversial to what extent “modifier” is a syntactic term and how we should represent modification as part of a semantic model. This being true, modification is not only interesting because it challenges a simple composition system that proceeds...
Article
This paper deals with the morpho-syntactic properties of Spanish verbs formed by -ear affixation (EAV henceforth). These include deadjectival (e.g. amarillear ‘to go yellow’), denominal (e.g. fanfarronear ‘to behave like a boaster’), and deverbal verbs (e.g. bailotear ‘to dance in an irregular manner’), which do not form a natural semantic class. T...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to discuss the morpho-semantic variation in the lexico-syntactic derivation of deadjectival verbs in Catalan and Spanish formed with the sufix -ejar/-ear, such as groguejar/amarillear lit. yellow-ejar/-ear. Specifically, we address two types of questions. On the one hand, we are concerned with the cross-linguistic differen...
Article
The goal of this article is to analyze the semantic contribution of evaluative adverbs (EAs) such as unfortunately in several languages of the Romance family, namely French, Catalan, and Spanish. Following Bonami and Godard (2008), we propose to analyze EAs as items that convey projective meaning in order to explain their peculiar semantic behavior...
Article
Cancelability is one of the main tests to identify conversational implicatures in general, and scalar implicatures in particular. Despite this fact, cancelability itself is a phenomenon rarely looked at. This paper presents an account of when the cancellation of a scalar implicature is an acceptable discourse move and provides experimental evidence...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1 Introduction The main goal of this work is to propose an analysis that accounts for the seman-tic differences between the Catalan modal construction ser capaç 'be able/capable' [henceforth SC] – and its Spanish counterpart ser capaz – and English be able. Building on previous work on the English modal construction be able (Thalberg 1972; Bhatt 19...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to answer three questions about the degree expression 'so' in English: (i) what semantics does it contribute? (I.e., in what ways is 'so' different from 'enough'?) (ii) how can we explain its restricted distribution? And (iii) how does the that-clause compose with 'so'? I point out that equating 'enough' and 'so' (as has been done i...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we study the semantics of so-called verum focus from the point of view of a multi-dimensional semantic model. As coined by Höhle (1992), verum focus is non-contrastive focus on the verb or a complementizer located in C in German, and it is a way of realizing the corresponding operator VERUM. In the small amount of previous literature,...
Article
Full-text available
While it is still not widely accepted that exclamatives are a clause type, exclamations are intuitively considered a speech act comparable to assertions and questions. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the notion of exclamation. In particular, I compare the pragmatic properties of whexclamatives with the discourse distribution of other so-cal...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we present an analysis of the semantics and pragmatics of the lexi-calized Catalan expression Déu n'hi do, which embeds wh-clauses, including ex-clamatives. Interestingly, though, Déu n'hi do sentences do not convey extreme degree, they have have different distributional properties than matrix exclamatives, and they usually – but not...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The purpose of VASTRUD is to explore the interface between grammar and discourse across three axes (cross-linguistic variation, diachronic change, and neuro-diversity). Overarching goals: i) gain a better understanding of (the nature of) the elements that play a role in structuring discourse, and ii) to study how languages vary in their grammatical coding of discourse-related notions.
Project
Recently, there has been a revived and growing interest in the formal and compositional study of meaning types that do not contribute to the main point of the assertion. The implementation of experimental methodologies through collaborations with psycholinguists, on the one hand, and the increasing effort to formally analyze previously underdescribed languages, on the other, constitute a promising source of scientific knowledge in the domain of semantics and its interfaces with syntax, morphology and pragmatics. The general purpose of MEAT is to gain a better understanding of the linguistic mechanisms that underlie the interaction of content types (at-issue, implicated, presupposed) in the semantic composition of complex expressions of natural language. In order to do so, we aim to provide detailed and precise, formally and explanatorily-adequate analyses of the building blocks of linguistic expressions that fall within three main case studies, namely gradability and evaluativity (subjective and presupposed meaning components denoted by degree expressions), dispositionality (effort and willful readings in abilitative modals) and discourse structure (speech acts, rhetorical relations and information packaging). Our focus will be on the meanings that are not asserted but implicated or presupposed, and the way they interact with asserted meaning components. We aim to address research questions that concern three axes: compositionality (How do different meaning types interact across dimensions?), our theoretical framework (What is the most adequate model to represent such interaction?) and our methodology (How should we collect empirical evidence that provides crisp answers to the previous questions?). By taking into consideration both cross-linguistic and experimentally-collected data, and by remaining faithful to the broad theoretical framework of formal semantics, we hope to provide critical evidence that leads us to challenge or refine current formal models of the structure of discourse, as well as to increase and disseminate our scientific knowledge of natural language. The members of MEAT are the following (appearing in alphabetical order): Elena Castroviejo Katherine Fraser Berit Gehrke Laia Mayol Zoltan Zato