Elena Campione

Elena Campione
University of Rome Tor Vergata | UNIROMA2 · Dipartimento di Medicina dei Sistemi

MD, PhD

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224
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Publications

Publications (224)
Article
Full-text available
Beyond the absolute and indisputable relevance and efficacy of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, the rapid transmission, the severity of infection, the absence of the protection on immunocompromised patients, the propagation of variants, the onset of infection and/or disease in vaccinated subjects and the lack of availability of worldwide vaccination requi...
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Background: New biologic agents targeting interleukin (IL)23/T-helper17 axis, such as tildrakizumab, have been developed for the treatment of plaque psoriasis. Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of tildrakizumab in a real life setting of patients affected by moderate-to-severe psoriasis over a 28-week treatment period. Methods: A mu...
Article
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A nationwide survey was conducted in adult patients with psoriasis (PsO) across Italy to obtain their real-world perspective of the impact of PsO on their wellbeing. Patients completed a 26-question survey (based on the patient benefit index; PBI, The Dermatology Life Quality Index; DLQI and the World Health Organization-five; WHO-5 wellbeing index...
Article
Epidemiologic data highlight sex differences in melanoma outcome. A putative role of sex hormones is still under investigation. Very few laboratory investigations have focused on the level of expression of estrogen receptors in melanoma. We evaluated the presence of estrogen receptors alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) in melanoma specimens from female pat...
Article
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Tildrakizumab, an IL-23 inhibitor, is effective and safe for the improvement of moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis. However, little evidence is available on the use of this biologic in psoriasis in difficult-to-treat locations. In this retrospective analysis, we treated patients with 100 mg tildrakizumab at Day 0, after 4 weeks and every 1...
Article
Background: Although long-term management of psoriasis is paramount, this approach is challenging in clinical practice. In the recent PSO-LONG trial, a fixed-dose combination of betamethasone dipropionate (BD) and calcipotriol (Cal) foam applied twice a week on non-consecutive days for 52 weeks (proactive treatment) reduced the risk of relapse. Ho...
Preprint
The anti-SARS-Cov-2 activity of the iron-binding protein Lactoferrrin has been investigated in epithelial and macrophagic cell models using a Pseudovirus decorated with the SARS-CoV-2 Spike glycoprotein. The human and, even more, the nutraceutically available bovine Lactoferrin inhibit pseudoviral infection in all cellular models tested. The bovine...
Article
Background: Actinic keratosis is one of the most common dermatological disorders. A new topical solution, constituted by 0.5% 5-fluorouracil and 10% salicylic acid (Actikerall, Almirall) has been introduced in the treatment pipeline of non-hyperkeratotic actinic keratoses of the head and neck. Patients and methods: We analyzed in an observationa...
Article
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In Western countries the number of individuals suffering from an autoimmune condition is constantly growing and often patients suffering from autoimmune disease are susceptible to developing a second autoimmune disorder. We report a case of an adult female patient affected by psoriasis vulgaris and treated with tildrakizumab, a humanized monoclonal...
Article
Introduction: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer and is classified in melanoma and non-melanoma cancers, which include basal cell, squamous cell and Merkel cell carcinoma. Specific microRNAs are dysregulated in each skin cancer type. MicroRNAs act as oncogene or tumor suppressor gene regulators and are actively released from tumor cells...
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To date, 14 human polyomaviruses (HPyVs) have been identified using high-throughput technologies. Among them, MCPyV, HPyV6, HPyV7 and TSPyV present a skin tropism, but a causal role in skin diseases has been established only for MCPyV as a causative agent of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) and TSPyV as an etiological agent of Trichodysplasia Spinulosa...
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Psoriasis vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by well-demarcated scaly plaques. Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the psoriasis pathogenesis and is associated with the disease severity. Dimethyl fumarate modulates the activity of the pro-inflammatory transcription factors. This is responsible for the downregulation...
Article
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Human malignant melanoma shows a high rate of mortality after metastasization, and its incidence is continuously rising worldwide. Several studies have suggested that MCAM/MUC18/CD146 plays an important role in the progression of this malignant disease. MCAM/MUC18/CD146 is a typical single-spanning transmembrane glycoprotein, existing as two membra...
Article
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Lactoferrin (Lf), a multifunctional cationic glycoprotein synthesized by exocrine glands and neutrophils, possesses an in vitro antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2. Thus, we conducted an in vivo preliminary study to investigate the antiviral effect of oral and intranasal liposomal bovine Lf (bLf) in asymptomatic and mild-to-moderate COVID-19 pati...
Article
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Background: Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common types of non-melanoma skin cancers, which can be locally destructive despite low-rate metastasis. Surgery is the treatment of choice, but it lacks of efficacy on advanced cases. Hedgehog pathway inhibitors are a class of drugs providing a new therapeutic option for patients affected by adv...
Article
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Retinoids—a class of chemical compounds derived from vitamin A or chemically related to it—are used especially in dermatology, oncohematology and infectious diseases. It has been shown that retinoids—from their first generation—exert a potent antimicrobial activity against a wide range of pathogens, including bacteria, fungi and viruses. In this re...
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Pharmacogenomic studies allowed the reasons behind the different responses to treatments to be understood. Its clinical utility, in fact, is demonstrated by the reduction in adverse drug reaction incidence and the improvement of drug efficacy. Pharmacogenomics is an important tool that is able to improve the drug therapy of different disorders. In...
Article
Background and aims Psoriasis is a disturbing and burdensome inflammatory skin disorder, with a global prevalence of 2–3%. An increased risk of cardiometabolic disease between psoriatic patients has been recently demonstrated. This is probably due to the psoriasis systemic inflammation and the increased levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-...
Article
In Western countries the number of individuals suffering from an autoimmune condition is constantly growing and often patients suffering from autoimmune disease are susceptible to developing a second autoimmune disorder. We report a case of an adult female patient affected by psoriasis vulgaris and treated with tildrakizumab, a humanized monoclonal...
Article
The number of psoriatic elderly patients is steadily increasing in the Western world, nevertheless they are frequently excluded from clinical trials and described as a high-risk group for adverse events. We conducted a retrospective multicentric study of DMF use in elderly (>65 years) psoriatic patients. DMF efficacy was evaluated up to 24 weeks by...
Article
Background: Diclofenac 3% gel is a widely used topical treatment with proven efficacy in reducing the burden of Actinic Keratosis (AK), however clinical benefit might not fully translate in clinical practice as non-adherence is substantial for prolonged treatment regimens. We evaluated the efficacy of an integrated low-intensity intervention progr...
Article
Background Seborrheic keratosis is a benign epidermal tumour of cosmetic concern - as it progressively increases in size, thickness and pigmentation - on which topical treatments are poorly effective. Considering its keratotic component, effective products may include active principles with keratolytic action. Objectives Evaluate the efficacy and...
Article
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Background The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) at diagnosis have been shown to correlate with advanced disease and to be prognostic factors in many tumors. However, their role as a prognostic factor for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) has not yet been studied. Objective Therefore, the aim of o...
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Psoriasis is a chronic, relapsing, immune-mediated systemic disease. Its pathogenesis is complex and not fully understood yet. Genetic and epigenetic factors interact with molecular pathways involving TNF-α, IL-23/IL-17 axis, and peculiar cytokines, as IL-36 or phosphodiesterase 4. This review discusses the mechanisms involved in the development of...
Article
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Palmoplantar keratodermas (PPKs) are characterized by thickness of stratum corneum and epidermal hyperkeratosis localized in palms and soles. PPKs can be epidermolytic (EPPK) or non epidermolytic (NEPPK). Specific mutations of keratin 16 (K16) and keratin 1 (K1) have been associated to EPPK, and NEPPK. Cases of mosaicism in PPKs due to somatic kera...
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Background Information is limited from real-life studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of brodalumab. Research design and methods In this real-life study, we retrospectively examined a database of 90 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with brodalumab (210 mg, s.c.) and followed for 1 year. Disease severity and treatment respon...
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Lactoferrin (Lf) is a cationic glycoprotein synthetized by exocrine glands and is present in all human secretions. It is also secreted by neutrophils in infection and inflammation sites. This glycoprotein possesses antimicrobial activity due to its capability to chelate two ferric ions per molecule, as well as to interact with bacterial and viral a...
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Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, represents the greatest global health threat. Most people infected by the virus present mild to moderate respiratory symptoms and recover with supportive treatments. However, certain susceptible hosts develop an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), associated with...
Article
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Background: BRAF (v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1) and MEK (mitogen activated protein kinase) inhibitors, as well as immunotherapy against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligand (PD-L1), have shown good results in improving the disease-free survival of pati...
Article
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Retinoids have numerous applications in inflammatory, dyskeratotic, and oncohematology diseases. Retinoids have now reached the fourth generation, progressively reducing toxicity whilst increasing their efficacy. Trifarotene is a new fourth-generation retinoid with a selective action on RAR-γ. In this review, we reported the trials—both concluded a...
Article
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Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor inhibitors (EGFRi) are approved as therapeutic options in several solid tumors. Cutaneous papulopustular eruption is the most frequent cutaneous adverse-event (AE), usually treated with emollient or corticosteroids according to toxicity grade. Our study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a topical product containi...
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AIM : Aspergillus fumigatus is the most common opportunistic fungal pathogen and causes invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), with high mortality among immunosuppressed patients. Fungistatic activity of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been recently described in vitro . We evaluated the efficacy of ATRA in vivo and its potential synergistic int...
Article
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Isolating circulating melanoma cells (CMCs) represents a powerful method to monitor minimal residual disease. We documented that MCAM/MUC18/CD146 expression is strongly associated with disease progression. ABCB5 is melanoma-stem antigen with self-renewal, proliferation, differentiation, tumorigenicity capabilities. These findings supported us to im...
Article
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Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of a cream containing purified omental lipids 10% and three anti-itching substances (polidocanol/stimutex/palmitoylethanolamine) in elderly subjects with chronic pruritus/prurigo nodularis (CP/CPN). Patients and methods: Thirty-five subjects (6 men; mean age 67±4 years) with CP/CPN were enrolled in a prospect...
Article
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Introduction: Perception of illness varies among individuals and psoriasis of the same severity can be perceived in different ways by patients, making it essential to evaluate quality of life (QoL) since it can provide information on the impact of the disease on the patient’s overall well-being. The use of patient-reported outcomes in clinical tria...
Article
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Photosensitivity induced by drugs is a widely experienced problem, concerning both molecule design and clinical practice. Indeed, photo-induced cutaneous eruptions represent one of the most common drug adverse events and are frequently an important issue to consider in the therapeutic management of patients. Phototoxicity and photoallergy are the t...
Article
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Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are multifactorial chronic disorders whose etiopatho-genesis essentially derives from the alteration of several signalling pathways and the co-occurrence of genetic, epigenetic and non-genetic susceptibility factors that altogether affect the functional and structural property of the skin. Although shared and diffe...
Article
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Non-melanoma skin cancers, including basal and squamous cell carcinomas represents the most common malignancy malignancies among Caucasians. Over 2 million cases of NMSC occur each year in the US, with a progressive increase in incidence. There are well-known environmental risk factors like iatrogenic or ionizing radiation exposure, but the effect...
Article
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is recommended for both lesion and field therapy of actinic keratoses (AKs). The 5-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA) patch PDT is indicated for the treatment of isolated mild AKs (≤1.8 cm) on the face and bald scalp and was demonstrated to be effective and safe in clinical trials with a good tolerability profile....
Article
Background: Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a premalignant lesion of the lips that can evolve into squamous cell carcinoma. Among nonsurgical treatments, photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) patch might represent a new noninvasive therapeutic approach for AC. Objective: We sought to investigate the potential role of fractional CO2...
Article
Mastocytosis is a rare disease characterised by expansion and collection of clonal mast cells in various organs including the skin, bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes and gastrointestinal tract. The prevalence of mastocytosis has been estimated to be one in 10 000, while the estimated incidence is one per 100 000 people per year. Cutaneous mastocytos...
Article
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Introduction: We report a case of a young female patient, previously affected by psoriatic arthritis, and treated with adalimumab, who developed a chronic spontaneous urticaria and started a concomitant therapy with omalizumab. Methods & results: A 50% reduction of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (from 7 at baseline to 4 in weeks 12 and 24) and...
Article
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Main subtypes of cutaneous lupus erythematosus are represented by acute, subacute cutaneous, intermittent and chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Discoid lupus erythematosus represents the most common phenotype of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. The spectrum of clinical manifestations mirrors that of several and distinct histopathological...
Preprint
Background: Dimethylfumarate (DMF) is an orally administered fumaric acid esters (FAE) approved for plaque psoriasis. The most represented adverse event for incidence reported in all studies regarding multiple sclerosis and psoriasis treatment was flushing followed by gastrointestinal and lymphopenia (AEs). We report our experience on effective man...
Preprint
Full-text available
The current treatments against SARS-CoV-2 have proved so far inadequate. A potent antiviral drug is yet to be discovered. Lactoferrin, a multifunctional glycoprotein, secreted by exocrine glands and neutrophils, possesses an antiviral activity extendable to SARS-Cov-2. We performed a randomized, prospective, interventional study assessing the role...
Article
Full-text available
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin tumour, with the majority of the cases occurring on the head and neck district, where cosmetic and functional results are crucial. It can be locally destructive if not diagnosed early and treated appropriately. Surgery is the treatment of choice for most lesions, but aggressive, recurrent, or unresectabl...
Article
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Background: Depression and anxiety are the most common psychiatric comorbidities in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Omalizumab is a monoclonal antibody approved for CSU treatment. We evaluated the prevalence of anxiety and depression in CSU patients before and after treatment with omalizumab. Materials & methods: A total of 30 patients were...
Article
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Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of carcinoma worldwide. BCC development is the result of a complex interaction between environmental, phenotypic and genetic factors. However, despite the progress in the field, BCC biology and mechanisms of resistance against systemic treatments have been poorly investigated. The aim of the presen...
Article
Psoriasis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Nail psoriasis are chronic diseases that share a common underlying etiology of immunity dysregulation, enhanced activation of inflammatory pathways and remitting-relapsing course. Although nails represent a small percentage of the body surface involvement of this site can lead to impaired quality of life, severe d...
Article
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Recently, the world has been dealing with a devastating global pandemic coronavirus infection, with more than 12 million infected worldwide and over 300,000 deaths as of May 15th 2020, related to a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), characterized by a spherical morphology and identified through next-generation sequencing. Although the respiratory tract...