Elena E Bagley

Elena E Bagley
The University of Sydney · Discipline of Medicine

About

31
Publications
6,042
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1,229
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
554 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (31)
Preprint
Full-text available
Opioid withdrawal drives relapse and contributes to compulsive drug use through disruption of endogenous opioid dependent learning circuits in the amygdala. Normally, endogenous opioids control these circuits by inhibiting glutamate release from basolateral amygdala principal neurons onto GABAergic intercalated cells. Using patch-clamp electrophysi...
Article
Full-text available
Endogenous opioids peptides in the amygdala regulate many of our behaviours and emotional responses. In particular, the endogenous opioid enkephalin plays a significant role in regulating amygdala activity, but its action is strongly limited by peptidases which degrade enkephalin into inactive fragments. Inhibiting peptidases maybe an attractive me...
Article
The opioid epidemic has led to a serious examination of the use of opioids for the treatment of pain. Opioid drugs are effective due to the expression of opioid receptors throughout the body. These receptors respond to endogenous opioid peptides that are expressed as polypeptide hormones that are processed by proteolytic cleavage. Endogenous opioid...
Article
Background and purpose: Pain is a subjective experience involving sensory discriminative and emotionally aversive components. Consistent with its role in pain processing and emotions, the amygdala modulates the aversive component of pain. The laterocapsular region of the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeLC) receives nociceptive information from...
Article
Full-text available
Elevated branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with obesity and insulin resistance. How long-term dietary BCAAs impact late-life health and lifespan is unknown. Here, we show that when dietary BCAAs are varied against a fixed, isocaloric macronutrient background, long-term exposure to high BCAA diets leads to hyperphagia, obesity and re...
Article
Neural circuits in the amygdala are important for associating the positive experience of drug taking with the coincident environmental cues. During abstinence, cue re‐exposure activates the amygdala, increases dopamine release in the amygdala and stimulates relapse to drug use in an opioid dependent manner. Neural circuits in the amygdala and the l...
Article
Key points: Chronic pain is disabling because sufferers form negative associations between pain and activities, such as work, leading to the sufferer limiting these activities. Pain information arriving in the amygdala is responsible for forming these associations and contributes to us feeling bad when we are in pain. Ongoing injuries enhance the...
Article
The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) coordinates the expression and topography of defensive behaviors to threat and also plays an important role in Pavlovian fear learning itself. Whereas the role of PAG in the expression of defensive behavior is well understood, the relationship between the activity of PAG neurons and fear learning, the exact ti...
Preprint
The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) coordinates the expression and topography of defensive behaviors to threat and also plays an important role in Pavlovian fear learning itself. Whereas the role of PAG in expression of defensive behavior is well understood, the relationship between activity of PAG neurons and fear learning, the exact timing of...
Article
The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) has been implicated in the generation and transmission of a prediction error signal that instructs amygdala-based fear and extinction learning. However, the PAG also plays a key role in the expression of conditioned fear responses. The evidence for a role of the PAG in fear learning and extinction learning has...
Article
Full-text available
Fear and emotional learning are modulated by endogenous opioids but the cellular basis for this is unknown. The intercalated cells (ITCs) gate amygdala output and thus regulate the fear response. Here we find endogenous opioids are released by synaptic stimulation to act via two distinct mechanisms within the main ITC cluster. Endogenously released...
Article
Unlabelled: Basolateral amygdala (BLA) is critical for fear learning, and its heightened activation is widely thought to underpin a variety of anxiety disorders. Here we used chemogenetic techniques in rats to study the consequences of heightened BLA activation for fear learning and memory, and to specifically identify a mechanism linking increase...
Article
Full-text available
Opioids are intensely addictive, and cessation of their chronic use is associated with a highly aversive withdrawal syndrome. A cellular hallmark of withdrawal is an opioid sensitive protein kinase A-dependent increase in GABA transporter-1 (GAT-1) currents in periaqueductal gray (PAG) neurons. Elevated GAT-1 activity directly increases GABAergic n...
Article
Background and purpose: Tolerance to the behavioural effects of morphine is blunted in β-arrestin-2 knockout mice, but opioid withdrawal is largely unaffected. The cellular mechanisms of tolerance have been studied in some neurons from β-arrestin-2 knockouts, but tolerance and withdrawal mechanisms have not been examined at the cellular level in p...
Article
Many aspects of synaptic transmission are modified during development, reflecting not only the consequence of developmental programmes of gene expression, but also the effects of ongoing neural activity. We investigated the role of synaptic activity in the maturation of Schaffer collateral (SC)-CA1 synapses using sustained low frequency field stimu...
Article
Full-text available
Neurotransmitter transporters can affect neuronal excitability indirectly via modulation of neurotransmitter concentrations or directly via transporter currents. A physiological or pathophysiological role for transporter currents has not been described. We found that GABA transporter 1 (GAT-1) cation currents directly increased GABAergic neuronal e...
Article
Several forms of macroscopic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor desensitization affect the amplitude and duration of postsynaptic responses. In addition to its functional significance, desensitization provides one means to examine the conformational coupling of ligand binding to channel gating. Segments flanking the ligand binding domain in the e...
Article
The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is a major site of opioid analgesic action, and a significant site of cellular adaptations to chronic morphine treatment (CMT). We examined μ-opioid receptor (MOP) regulation of voltage-gated calcium channel currents (ICa) and G-protein-activated K channel currents (GIRK) in PAG neurons from CMT mice. Mice wer...
Article
Delta-opioid receptor (DOPr) activation fails to produce cellular physiological responses in many brain regions, including the periaqueductal gray (PAG), despite neural expression of high densities of the receptor. Previous histochemical studies have demonstrated that a variety of stimuli, including chronic morphine treatment, induce the translocat...
Article
Adaptations in neurons of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) induced by chronic morphine treatment mediate expression of many signs of opioid withdrawal. The abnormally elevated action potential rate of opioid-sensitive PAG neurons is a likely cellular mechanism for withdrawal expression. We report here that opioid withdrawal in vitro induced a...
Article
Functional studies indicate that the midbrain periaqueductal grey (PAG) is involved in the analgesic actions of somatostatin; however, the cellular actions of somatostatin in this brain region are unknown. In the present study, whole-cell patch clamp recordings were made from rat PAG neurons in vitro. In 93% of acutely isolated neurons, somatostati...
Article
Patch clamp recordings were made from periaqueductal grey (PAG) neurons in vitro to investigate the cellular actions of opioids in wild-type C57B16/J mice and mutant mice lacking the first exon of the μ-opioid (MOP) receptor. In wild-type mice, the κ-(KOP) agonist U-69593 (300 nM) and the mixed μ/δ-opioid agonist met-enkephalin (10 μM), but not the...
Article
1. μ-Opioid receptor agonists mediate their central analgesic effects by actions on neurons within brain regions such as the mid-brain periaqueductal grey (PAG). Within the PAG, μ-opioid receptor-mediated analgesia results from inhibition of GABAergic influences on output projection neurons. We have established that μ-opioid receptor activation in...
Article
The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is a major site of cannabinoid-mediated analgesia in the central nervous system. In the present study, we examined the actions of cannabinoids on rat PAG neurons in vitro. In brain slices, superfusion of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 inhibited electrically evoked inhibitory and excitatory postsy...
Article
1. The actions of selective adenosine A1 and A2 receptor agonists were examined on synaptic currents in periaqueductal grey (PAG) neurons using patch-clamp recordings in brain slices. 2. The A1 receptor agonist 2-chloro-N-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA), but not the A2 agonist, 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethylamino-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS21680...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic morphine administration induces adaptations in neurons resulting in opioid tolerance and dependence. Functional studies have implicated a role for the periaqueductal gray area (PAG) in the expression of many signs of opioid withdrawal, but the cellular mechanisms are not fully understood. This study describes an increased efficacy, rather t...

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