Elda Russo Ermolli

Elda Russo Ermolli
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Earth Sciences, Environment and Resources

PhD

About

88
Publications
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Introduction
Elda Russo Ermolli currently works at the Department of Earth Sciences, Environment and Resources, University of Naples Federico II. Elda does research in Palynology, Quaternary geology and Geoarchaeology. Her current project is 'Environment to Economy of Ancient Campania 500 BC to AD 500.'

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
Pollen analyses have been carried out on the infilling deposits of Grotta Romanelli (Apulia, Italy), a reference site for the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic of Italy. The analysis focused on Terre rosse, a fine unit till now ascribed to an interstadial phase following the Würm acme, and on the uppermost unit (Terre brune), recently dated to the late...
Article
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The ad 79 eruption of the Vesuvius severely affected the floodplain surrounding the ancient city of Pompeii, i.e. the Sarno River floodplain. The landscape was covered with volcaniclastic materials that destroyed the ecosystem but, at the same time, preserved the traces of former environmental conditions. This study provides—for the first time—a po...
Article
The Garigliano alluvial-coastal plain, at the Latium-Campania border (Italy), witnessed a long-lasting history of human-environment interactions, as demonstrated by the rich archaeological knowledge. With the aim of reconstructing the evolution of the landscape and its interaction with human activity during the last millennia, new pollen results fr...
Article
Pollen data were collected from a one-meter peat succession recovered from the top of the Tropea Promontory (Calabria), a territory continuously inhabited throughout Prehistory and Protohistory. The peat was deposited in a small pond/marsh that was gradually filled up. Six ¹⁴ C dates allowed the peat growth to be constrained to between ca. 3000 and...
Article
Coastal areas are very dynamic environments where natural and man-induced modifications often interact. This is the case of the Graeco-Roman town of Elea-Velia, along the Cilento coast of southern Italy. The town was founded in the 6th century BCE on a hilly promontory bounded by two profound gulfs and assumed a prominent role in maritime commercia...
Article
Two boreholes, both about 16 m-deep, have been drilled in the Garigliano Plain, a coastal-alluvial plain located at the boundary between southern Latium and northern Campania, Italy. The drill holes have been planned and carried out in the southern part of the plain, near to the bordering ridge of Mount Massico. The multidisciplinary analyses perfo...
Article
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean area, the occurrence of citrus plants in ancient times is clearly attested in Sardinia and along the southern Tyrrhenian coasts through the presence of pollen grains and organic residues dating back to the sixth century bc. The presence of Citrus pollen was also detected in soil sediments from Pompeii (ad 79), in marine sedimen...
Article
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“Geotourism” is a particular type of “sustainable tourism” that is still in an embryonic stage, especially in Italy. The main goal is the transmission of geological knowledge to increase the awareness about geoheritage, geo-resources and geo-hazards. The geoparks represent ideal sites, with a strong educational significance for students, teachers,...
Article
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Naples and its surroundings are a very young landscape, originated from 40 ka in response to strong and explosive volcanic processes, which created the Campi Flegrei, one of the largest volcanic fields of the world. Despite the repeated and continuous volcanic activity, this territory was selected for human settlements since Neolithic times and hos...
Conference Paper
Dall'età preromana alla tarda antichità a cura di Marco Maiuro e Mattia Balbo ESTRATTO-OFF PRINT 2019 Pragmateiai Collana di studi e testi per la storia economica, sociale e amministrativa del mondo antico diretta da Elio Lo Cascio
Article
We reconstructed the late Holocene relative sea-level (RSL) evolution of the ancient harbour of Naples, one of the largest coastal conurbations in the Mediterranean. We carried out multiproxy investigations, coupling archaeological evidence with biological indicators. Our data robustly constrain 2000 yr of non-monotonic changes in sea level, chiefl...
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Fire control and conservation is a major innovation of early prehistory. It is evidenced on Early Palaeolithic sites in western Eurasia dating to between 400 and 300 ka. In southern Italy, a large group of open-air Acheulean sites, dated from 680 to 300 ka, attests to the early settlement and long-standing human occupation of the region since the E...
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The landscape evolution of the Sant'Eufemia Plain (Calabria, Italy) in the last 8300 years was reconstructed through integration of pollen data and archaeological evidence within a well-defined paleo-environmental and chronostratigraphical framework. Pollen analysis of a 24-m core showed that a dense floodplain forest characterized the landscape fr...
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Archaeological excavations, undertaken since 2004 for the construction of the new Naples subway, have unearthed the harbor basin of the Greco–Roman town of Parthenope–Neapolis, furnishing scientists with the opportunity to recover abundant archaeological remains and a thick succession of diverse infill sediments. The latter underwent sedimentologic...
Article
Pollen analysis was undertaken on a sediment core drilled at the top of the Tropea Promontory (Calabria), an area rich in archaeological evidence from the Eneolithic up to the Iron Age. Human impact is clearly detected in the basal portion of the core through deforestation, fires, crops and pasturage activities. The anthropic pressure seems to gene...
Article
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A multi-proxy approach has been adopted to reconstruct the Holocene history of the St. Eufemia Plain (western Calabria, Italy) and to discern the influence that sea level rise and tectonics exerted in its evolution. Sedimentological, paleoecological and palynological data have been obtained from a 24-m long core, mostly made of pelitic back-barrier...
Article
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The Quaternary evolution of the main coastal basins located along the southwestern margin of the Southern Apennines has been reconstructed by integrating the huge amount of existing stratigraphical and geomorphological data. The information produced in the last twenty years has shed new light on the recent (late Middle Pleistocene to Present) histo...
Article
Pollen data from five palaeo-lacustrine basins are used in this study to correlate floral and vegetation patterns along a NW-SE transect in the Southern Apennines (Italy) during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 13. Compositional Data Analysis (CoDA) is applied to pollen data in order to better define and explain the main differences in the pollen composi...
Article
The Boiano sequence, in the Southern Apennines, delivers new pollen data concerning the local and regional vegetation response to climate changes during the Middle Pleistocene. Several local palaeoecological singularities have been highlighted in the Boiano basin record. The sequence is constrained by 40Ar/39Ar dating from MIS 13 to MIS 9, with a s...
Article
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An integrated morpho-stratigraphic approach has been used to reconstruct the Quaternary history of the Boiano basin, the largest tectonic depression of the Molise Apennine (Italy). Lacustrine, marshy and fluvial environments alternate all along the investigated infilling succession as a response to tectonic subsidence, volcaniclastic inputs and cli...
Chapter
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Questo contributo vuole essere una semplice riflessione sul lavoro svolto in ambito geomorfologico dal gruppo di ricerca del Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra dell'Università di Napoli tra gli anni '80 ed oggi. Leader indiscusso di questo gruppo è stato il Prof. Ludovico Brancaccio a cui si è poi affiancato il Prof. Aldo Cinque. La sua figura car...
Article
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The paper deals with the chronostratigraphy of the lacustrine infilling of the Mercure basin, an intramontane depression of the Southern Apennines, located along the Calabria-Lucania boundary. A preliminary tephrochronologic investigation and pollen analyses were carried out on the infilling succession exposed along V-shaped tributary valleys of th...
Article
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The present study is a review of the archaeobotanical analyses carried out in the last decade at the three ancient Roman port/dock system sites of Pisae, Portus, and Neapolis. Pollen, plant macrofossils (leaf, wood, seed/fruit macroremains) and wood constituting the shipwrecks were considered, and the results, partly unpublished, integrated and int...
Article
The landscape around the Graeco-Roman town of Neapolis was reconstructed through morphostratigraphic methods and pollen analysis of the sediments filling the bay hosting the ancient harbor. This was discovered in 2004 thanks to excavations for two new lines of the Naples metro network; the harbor's sedimentary record spans the period between the la...
Article
Full-text available
The Graeco-Roman harbor of Neapolis (Naples, Italy), chronologically constrained between the late 4th century BC and the 6th century AD, offers a unique sight on relationship between past and present into the history of the marine biodiversity. In fact, the digs expose fossil leaf of Posidonia oceanica with epiphytic communities of microorganisms....
Article
An integrated geomorphological, geological–structural and stratigraphic approach was applied to the Sessano intra-montane basin (Molise, Central-Southern Apennines) to understand the Quaternary environmental and sedimentary evolution of the basin and the surrounding areas. The morpho-evolutionary and sedimentary changes were mainly controlled by te...
Article
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Palaeobotanical investigations undertaken on early prehistoric sites of Western Europe, as Pont-de-Lavaud (France, ca 1.2 - 1 Ma) and Ca' Belvedere di Monte Poggiolo (Italy, ca 1.2 - 0.8 Ma), indicate that hominins have settled in different types of environments. During the "Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT)", at about 1 to 0.6 Ma, the transition fr...
Article
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The palaeobotanical record of early Palaeolithic sites from Western Europe indicates that hominins settled in different kinds of environments. During the "mid-Pleistocene transition (MPT)", from about 1 to 0.6 Ma, the transition from 41- to 100-ka dominant climatic oscillations, occurring within a long-term cooling trend, was associated with an ari...
Article
Several boreholes were studied in detail through different analytical methods in order to highlight the Holocene relative sea-level changes and the paleogeographical evolution of the southern sector of the Sele river coastal plain (Tyrrhenian Sea, southern Italy). Stratigraphic and paleontological analyses identified a transition from floodplain st...
Article
The Carya genus, a tree of the Juglandaceae family, has a restricted geographical distribution today, mainly confined to North America and Southeast Asia and with a precise range of ecological requirements. During the Neogene, Carya had a wide distribution across the northern hemisphere; however, its habitat was reduced progressively in response to...
Article
Full-text available
The palaeobotanical record of early Palaeolithic sites from Western Europe indicates that hominins settled in different kinds of environments. During the "Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT)", from about 1 to 0.6 Ma, the transition from 41-ka to 100-ka dominant climatic oscillations, occurring within a long-term cooling trend, was associated with an a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The preliminary results of the «Landscape archaeology in the territory of ancient Laos» project, run by the Superintendency of Calabria, the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, the Centre Jean Bérard in Naples (USR 3133 CNRS – École Française de Rome) and the Department of Heritage Science of University of Salerno, are discussed. The aims of t...
Article
a b s t r a c t A palaeolandscape reconstruction of the Southern Apennine chain for the late Early and the Middle Pleistocene is presented with the main aim of highlighting the evolution of this sector of the chain during a key-period for the diffusion of Palaeolithic humans in the Italian peninsula. During the Calabrian stage (1.8e0.78 Ma) Italy w...
Article
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The sedimentary basins of the central and southern Apennines are suitable to the conservation of continental palaeoenvironmental archives. The study of those deposits traces the evolution of vegetation and climates in Italy during the Quaternary, at regional and micro-regional scales. Thus, the Boiano Basin (Molise, Italy) recorded an important lac...
Article
Full-text available
The late Quaternary evolution of the Sele River coastal plain (Salerno Gulf, southern Italy) was investigated through integrated stratigraphical, chronological and palaeoecological analyses. The main environmental changes were ascribed to glacio-eustatic variations leading to rapid ingressions alternating with coastal progradations. The marked mari...
Article
Full-text available
The sedimentary basins of the central and southern Apennines are suitable to the conservation of continental palaeoenvi-ronmental archives. The study of those deposits traces the evolution of vegetation and climates in Italy during the Quaternary, at regional and micro-regional scales. Thus, the Boiano Basin (Molise, Italy) recorded an important la...
Article
Full-text available
The Molise Apennine, located in the northern sector of the southern Apennine arc, is characterized by the presence of several Quaternary intra-montane basins of tectonic origin (Isernia, Carpino-le Piane, Sessano, Boiano, Sepino) (Fig. 1). Their evolution has been strongly influenced by the development of fault systems related to the post-collision...
Article
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The present study focuses on new palaeobotanical data (pollen, phytoliths and fruits) from three of the oldest Early Palaeolithic sites in Eurasia (Dmanisi in Georgia, Ca’ Belvedere di Monte Poggiolo in Italy and Pont-de-Lavaud in France). The main aim is to examine the ecological factors associated with the first human dispersals out of Africa int...
Article
Full-text available
New morphostratigraphic and chronological constraints for the Quaternary paleosurfaces of the Molise Apennine (southern Italy) The Molise Apennines feature numerous relicts of paleosurfaces, mostly of erosional origin, which represent the remnants of gently-rolling ancient landscapes now hanging at different altitudes above the local base-levels of...
Article
The Sele River Plain is hosted in a graben along the Tyrrhenian margin of the southern Apennine Chain and is formed of both displaced (Early and Middle Pleistocene) and undisturbed (Late Pleistocene and Holocene) sedimentary units. The strip that was accreted to the Plain during the Holocene high stand is characterized by beach-dune ridges whose sa...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal analysis was carried out in two archaeological sites on the north slope of the Somma-Vesuvius volcano, not far from Naples. Both sites were inhabited between the 2nd century AD and AD 472, when a great Vesuvius eruption (so called Pollena eruption) buried them. In both sites, Castanea sativa wood was largely used for architectural structur...
Article
An integrated stratigraphical approach was applied to the Sessano sedimentary succession (Molise), investigated through an 80-m core and an 11-m trench section. The lithostratigraphical study allowed reconstruction of the palaeoenvironmental conditions during the existence of a palaeo-marsh. Based on tephrostratigraphical analysis, the significant...
Article
a b s t r a c t A fluvio-lacustrine succession was discovered in 1995 at Saticula, near Sant'Agata de' Goti (Benevento), below a thick volcaniclastic deposit sealed by the ''Ignimbrite Campana'' formation (39 ka). Vertebrate fossil remains and pollen were recovered in the excavated sections. Pollen analysis allowed recognition of two pollen zones,...
Article
Three Roman shipwrecks (Napoli A and Napoli C – 1st cent. AD; Napoli B – 2nd century AD) were recovered in the sandy-silt sediments representing the infilling of a protected inlet of Neapolis harbour (Naples, southern Italy). Extensive wood analysis suggests that a very attentive selection of species was made in shipbuilding, the choice of timber b...
Article
Full-text available
The Campania Plain is a wide coastal plain characterized by a huge quaternary sedimentary record more than two thousand meters thick. In order to analyze the most superficial portion of the infilling succession an 80 m-long core was drilled in the northern sector of the plain. The upper part of the core is entirely made up of an ignimbrite formatio...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we reconstructed the major climatic changes occurred since the last postglacial transition to the Holocene in SW Calabria (southern Italy). We applied a multidisciplinary approach based on both marine and continental paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental proxies. In particular, we focused (i) on the effects of eustatic sea-level rise on...
Data
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t A fluvio-lacustrine succession was discovered in 1995 at Saticula, near Sant'Agata de' Goti (Benevento), below a thick volcaniclastic deposit sealed by the ''Ignimbrite Campana'' formation (39 ka). Vertebrate fossil remains and pollen were recovered in the excavated sections. Pollen analysis allowed recognition of two pollen zones,...
Data
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t A fluvio-lacustrine succession was discovered in 1995 at Saticula, near Sant'Agata de' Goti (Benevento), below a thick volcaniclastic deposit sealed by the ''Ignimbrite Campana'' formation (39 ka). Vertebrate fossil remains and pollen were recovered in the excavated sections. Pollen analysis allowed recognition of two pollen zones,...
Article
The late Quaternary geomorphological setting of Naples is primarly controlled by both the volcanic activity of the Phlegrean Fields and the vertical displacement of the NE-SW trending fault zone bounding the Gulf of Naples and the Sebeto plain. At the beginning of the post-glacial transgression, fluvial erosion and marine cliff modelling also occur...
Article
Full-text available
Several ancient wooden shipwrecks, harbours and submerged sites have frequently been found in the Mediterranean Sea, especially in France and, subordinately, in Italy. These discoveries are important in ancient maritime, economic and naval history studies as well as in vegetation history and biogeography. This work presents the results obtained fro...
Article
The Tyrrhenian coastal sector of North Calabria, stretching between Torre S. Nicola and the Lao river, belongs to the inner extensional sector of the Neogene Apennines thrust belt. It is characterised by a stair of Quaternary marine and fluvial terraces representing the geomorphic response to the interaction between the Quaternary sea level fluctua...
Article
The present study represents the first attempt of reconstructing fire history through soil charcoal dating. The investigated area is located in the Guandera Biological Reserve (western Cordillera Real, northern Ecuador). Six AMS radiocarbon dating, performed at the base of five soil profiles allowed a fire phase to be identified during the Pleistoc...