Elaine Toomey

Elaine Toomey
University of Limerick | UL · School of Allied Health

PhD (2013-2016), MSc (2011-2012), BSc in Physiotherapy (2004-2010)

About

153
Publications
28,910
Reads
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1,486
Citations
Introduction
Lecturer in School of Allied Health in University of Limerick & Cochrane Ireland Research Associate. Previously Associate Director of Cochrane Ireland, HRB ICE research fellow (NUI Galway). PhD from UCD in implementation fidelity of behaviour change interventions for people with chronic conditions. Research interests/areas of expertise include knowledge translation, implementation science, health behaviour change, evidence synthesis, process evaluations/intervention fidelity.
Additional affiliations
April 2013 - present
University College Dublin
Position
  • PhD Student
November 2010 - May 2012
University of Limerick
Position
  • Postgraduate MSc. Researcher/Assistant Lecturer

Publications

Publications (153)
Article
Objectives and Design: There is growing recognition of the need for effective behaviour change interventions to prevent chronic diseases that are feasible and sustainable and can be implemented within routine health care systems. Focusing on implementation from the outset of intervention development, and incorporating multiple stakeholder perspecti...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Interventions to change behaviour have substantial potential to impact positively on individual and overall public health. Despite an increasing focus on health behaviour change intervention research, interventions do not always have the desired effect on outcomes, while others have diluted effects once implemented into real-life settin...
Article
Background: In epidemics of highly infectious diseases, such as Ebola, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), or coronavirus (COVID-19), healthcare workers (HCW) are at much greater risk of infection than the general population, due to their contact with patients' contaminated body fluids. Personal protective equipment (PPE) can reduce the risk...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a growing global movement towards open science and ensuring that health research is more transparent. It is vital that the researchers are adequately prepared for this research environment from early in their careers. However, the barriers and enablers to practicing open science for early career researchers (ECRs) have been exp...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To evaluate (1) the feasibility of an audit-feedback intervention to facilitate sports science journal policy change, (2) the reliability of the Transparency of Research Underpinning Social Intervention Tiers (TRUST) policy evaluation form, and (3) the extent to which policies of sports science journals support transparent and open resea...
Article
Background: Few areas of health have been as insidiously influenced by misinformation as cancer. Thus, interventions that can help people impacted by cancer reduce the extent to which they are victims of misinformation are necessary. The Informed Health Choices (IHC) initiative has developed Key Concepts that can be used in the development of inter...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pet robots are a type of technology-based innovation that have shown positive psychosocial benefits for people with dementia in residential facilities, such as improving mood and social interaction and reducing agitation. Nevertheless, little is known about how pet robots can be implemented in care homes and nursing homes for dementia ca...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pet robots have been employed as viable substitutes to pet therapy in nursing homes. Despite their potential to enhance the psychosocial health of residents with dementia, there is a lack of studies that have investigated determinants of implementing pet robots in real-world practice. This study aims to explore the determinants of implem...
Preprint
Objective: Research on Open Science practices in Health Psychology is lacking. This study aimed to identify research question priorities and obtain consensus on the Top 5 prioritised research questions for Open Science in Health Psychology.Methods and measures: An international Delphi consensus study was conducted. Twenty-three experts in Open Scie...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Worldwide, populations are aging exponentially. Older adults and people with dementia are especially at risk of social isolation and loneliness. Social robots, including robotic pets, have had positive impacts on older adults and people with dementia by providing companionship, improving mood, reducing agitation, and facilitating social...
Article
Full-text available
Background Core outcome sets (COS) are standardised sets of outcomes, which represent the minimum outcomes that should be measured and reported in clinical trials. COS can enhance comparability across health trials by reducing heterogeneity of outcome measurement and reporting and potentially minimising selective outcome reporting. Examining what r...
Article
Full-text available
Pet robots are a practicable substitute for animal-assisted therapy. They have been shown to have positive impacts on older adults, including people with dementia, such as providing companionship and facilitating social interaction. However, the issue of affordability can hinder equal access to such technology. The purpose of our study was to under...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: This study aims to 1) investigate current practice regarding "weaning workshops" to support complementary infant feeding delivered within Irish primary care, 2) explore the experiences and opinions of community dietitians regarding optimal content and modes of delivery of weaning workshops, and 3) identify the key factors to be considere...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The value of rapid reviews in informing health care decisions is more evident since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While systematic reviews can be completed rapidly, rapid reviews are usually a type of evidence synthesis in which components of the systematic review process may be simplified or omitted to...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Improving detection of depression in people with diabetes is recommended. However, little is known about how different health systems compare in depression detection. We estimated and compared the (1) prevalence of depression detection in people with and without diabetes, and (2) association between diabetes and undiagnosed depression ac...
Article
Full-text available
People living with dementia, especially those who live in nursing homes, are susceptible to social isolation and activity disengagement. Pet robots are technology-based substitutes to animal-assisted therapy that have demonstrated positive impacts on people with dementia in long term care settings, such as reducing agitation, improving mood and inc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Labelling menus with nutrition information has increasingly become an important obesity policy option. While much research to-date has focused on determining its effectiveness, few studies report the extent to which menu labelling is implemented as designed. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing fidelity to a calorie...
Article
Aim Synthesise qualitative evidence of healthcare professionals’ (HCP) experiences of diabetes distress and depression screening in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in primary care to identify HCP barriers and enablers to screening implementation. Methods Searched six electronic databases in October 2020 for qualitative studies exploring HCPs’ e...
Article
Background: The value of rapid reviews in informing health care decisions is more evident since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While systematic reviews can be completed rapidly, rapid reviews are usually a type of evidence synthesis in which components of the systematic review process may be simplified or omitted to...
Article
Background : Data sharing enables researchers to conduct novel research with previously collected data sets, thus maximising scientific findings and cost effectiveness, and reducing research waste. The value of sharing anonymised data from clinical trials is well recognised with a moderated access approach recommended. While substantial challenges...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Core outcome sets (COS) are standardised sets of outcomes, which represent the minimum outcomes that should be measured and reported in clinical trials. COS can enhance comparability across health trials by reducing heterogeneity of outcome measurement and reporting, and potentially minimising selective outcome reporting. Examining wh...
Article
Full-text available
Background Psychosocial issues, such as social isolation and loneliness among older adults and people with dementia, continue to pose challenges with a rapidly aging population worldwide. Social robots are a rapidly emerging field of technology, developed to help address the psychosocial needs of this population. Although studies have reported posi...
Article
This scoping review focused on answering key questions about the focus, quality and generalisability of the quantitative evidence on the determinants of adherence to social distancing measures in research during the first wave of COVID-19. The review included 84 studies. The majority of included studies were conducted in Western Europe and the USA....
Article
Full-text available
Background: Diagnostic imaging has limited utility in the assessment and management of non-specific low back pain (LBP), but remains commonly used in clinical practice. Interventions have been designed to reduce non-indicated imaging for LBP; however, evidence of effectiveness has been variable. It is unclear whether intervention fidelity was adequ...
Article
Background : Data sharing enables researchers to conduct novel research with previously collected data sets, thus maximising scientific findings and cost effectiveness, and reducing research waste. The value of sharing anonymised data from clinical trials is well recognised with a moderated access approach recommended. While substantial challenges...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Worldwide, populations are aging exponentially. Older adults and people with dementia are especially at risk of social isolation and loneliness. Social robots, including robotic pets, have had positive impacts on older adults and people with dementia by providing companionship, improving mood, reducing agitation, and facilitating socia...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Worldwide, populations are aging exponentially. Older adults and people with dementia are especially at risk of social isolation and loneliness. Social robots, including robotic pets, have had positive impacts on older adults and people with dementia by providing companionship, improving mood, reducing agitation, and facilitating social...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: People of all ages and walks of life are bombarded with health claims from an array of sources. An understanding of evidence synthesis is important for people to make truly informed healthcare decisions. There is an increasing focus on the use of knowledge translation resources within healthcare; however, the development of these resour...
Article
Full-text available
The organizational environment and role delivery of support personnel have been identified as increasingly important to elite athletes’ preparation for, and performance at, pinnacle competitions. As a result, performance management has been identified as a salient research topic within the field of organizational sport psychology. The purpose of th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Psychosocial health issues such as depression and social isolation are an important cause of morbidity and premature mortality for older adults and people with dementia. Social robots are promising technological innovations to deliver effective psychosocial interventions to promote psychosocial wellbeing. Studies have reported positive f...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Intervention fidelity refers to whether an intervention is delivered as intended and can enhance interpretation of trial outcomes. Fidelity of interventions to reduce or prevent stress and anxiety during pregnancy and postpartum has yet to be examined despite inconsistent findings for intervention effects. This study systematically rev...
Article
Objectives To synthesise evidence concerning the range of filtering respirators suitable for patient care and guide the selection and use of different respirator types. Design Comparative analysis of international standards for respirators and rapid review of their performance and impact in healthcare. Data sources Websites of international sta...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a growing global movement towards open science and ensuring that health research is more transparent. It is vital that the researchers are adequately prepared for this research environment from early in their careers. However, limited research has been conducted on the barriers and enablers to practicing open science for early...
Article
Full-text available
Health psychology is at the forefront of developing and disseminating evidence, theories, and methods that have improved the understanding of health behaviour change. However, existing evidence dissemination approaches may be insufficient for promoting the broader application and impact of findings to benefit the health of patients and the public....
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Early-life nutrition plays a key role in establishing healthy lifestyles and preventing chronic disease. This study aimed to 1) explore healthcare professionals’ (HCP) opinions on the acceptability of and factors influencing the delivery of interventions to promote healthy infant feeding behaviours within primary care, and 2) identify pr...
Article
Full-text available
The article describes a position statement and recommendations for actions that need to be taken to develop best practices for promoting scientific integrity through open science in health psychology endorsed at a Synergy Expert Group Meeting. Sixteen Synergy Meeting participants developed a set of recommendations for researchers, gatekeepers, and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Open research involves actions at all stages of the research cycle to make the research process and outputs more transparent and accessible. Though a number of initiatives exist for researchers at PhD, post-doctoral and more senior levels, there remains a critical need for educational resources for research students at earlier career st...
Data
Supplementary Appendices for article "Classification of aerosol-generating procedures: a rapid systematic review", BMJ Open Resp Res 2020;7:e000730.
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT In the context of covid-19, aerosol generating procedures have been highlighted as requiring a higher grade of personal protective equipment. We investigated how official guidance documents and academic publications have classified procedures in terms of whether or not they are aerosol- generating. We performed a rapid systematic review us...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Shortages of personal protective equipment during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have led to the extended use or reuse of single-use respirators and surgical masks by frontline healthcare workers. The evidence base underpinning such practices warrants examination. Objectives: To synthesize current guidance and syste...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Standardisation of outcomes measured and reported in trials of infant-feeding interventions to prevent childhood obesity is essential to evaluate and synthesise intervention effects. The aim of this study is to develop an infant-feeding core outcome set for use in randomised trials of infant-feeding interventions, with children ≤1 year...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depression and diabetes distress are common in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). These conditions are independently associated with poorer T2DM outcomes and increased healthcare utilisation and costs. Questions remain regarding the most appropriate ways of initially detecting depression and diabetes distress in this group. Diabetes gu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The self-management of osteoarthritis (OA) and low back pain (LBP) through activity and skills (SOLAS) theory-driven group-based complex intervention was developed primarily for the evaluation of its acceptability to patients and physiotherapists and the feasibility of trial procedures, to inform the potential for a definitive trial....
Article
Full-text available
Background: The WHO has declared the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. With no vaccine currently available, using behavioural measures to reduce the spread of the virus within the population is an important tool in mitigating the effects of this pandemic. As such, social distancing measures are being implemented globall...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background The CHErIsH Choosing Healthy Eating for Infant Health intervention is a brief intervention to be delivered during routine vaccination visits, to improve healthy infant feeding behaviours among parents to help reduce the risk of childhood obesity. An accompanying implementation strategy was designed to support delivery of CHErIsH by healt...
Conference Paper
Background Screening for depression and diabetes distress in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in primary care is increasingly recommended but implementation in practice is suboptimal. As health care professionals influence detection practices, their perceptions and experiences of screening recommendations can improve understanding of aspects that...
Article
Questionable research practices (QRPs) are intentional and unintentional practices that can occur when designing, conducting, analysing, and reporting research, producing biased study results. Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) research is vulnerable to the same QRPs that pervade the biomedical and psychological sciences, producing false-positive re...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The WHO has declared the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. With no vaccine currently available, using behavioural measures to reduce the spread of the virus within the population is an important tool in mitigating the effects of this pandemic. As such, social distancing measures are being implemented globall...
Article
Full-text available
There is a need for effective interventions that improve the health and wellbeing of school and childcare staff. This review examined the efficacy of workplace interventions to improve the dietary, physical activity and/or sleep behaviours of school and childcare staff. A secondary aim of the review was to assess changes in staff physical/mental he...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Psychosocial health issues such as depression and social isolation are an important cause of morbidity and premature mortality for older adults and people with dementia. Social robots are promising technological innovations to deliver effective psychosocial interventions to promote psychosocial wellbeing. Studies have reported positive f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Psychosocial health issues such as depression and social isolation are an important cause of morbidity and premature mortality for older adults and people with dementia. Social robots are promising technological innovations to deliver effective psychosocial interventions to promote psychosocial wellbeing. Studies have reported positive f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented demand for personal protective equipment. Shortages of surgical masks and filtering facepiece respirators has led to the extended use or re-use of single-use respirators and surgical masks by frontline healthcare workers. The evidence base underpinning such practices has been questioned. Obj...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, to identify the range of filtering respirators that can be used in patient care and synthesise evidence to guide the selection and use of different respirator types. Design Comparative analysis of international standards for filtering respirators and rapid review of their performance and impact in...
Article
Background: In epidemics of highly infectious diseases, such as Ebola, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), or coronavirus (COVID-19), healthcare workers (HCW) are at much greater risk of infection than the general population, due to their contact with patients' contaminated body fluids. Personal protective equipment (PPE) can reduce the risk...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Part of the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine COVID-19 PPE Rapid Review series. Available at https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/editors-commentary-rapid-reviews-of-ppe-an-update/. SUMMARY: An update on progress with the series.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Part of the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine COVID-19 PPE Rapid Review series. Available at https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/what-is-the-evidence-that-covid-19-personal-protective-equipment-should-include-shoe-covers/. VERDICT: Current guidance on personal protective equipment (PPE) in the context of COVID-19 does not specifically mention sh...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Part of the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine COVID-19 PPE Rapid Review series. Available at https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/what-is-the-efficacy-of-eye-protection-equipment-compared-to-no-eye-protection-equipment-in-preventing-transmission-of-covid-19-type-respiratory-illnesses-in-primary-and-community-care/. VERDICT: There is no direct evi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Part of the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine COVID-19 PPE Rapid Review series. Available at https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/what-is-the-efficacy-of-standard-face-masks-compared-to-respirator-masks-in-preventing-covid-type-respiratory-illnesses-in-primary-care-staff/. VERDICT: Standard surgical masks are as effective as respirator masks (e.g...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The Self-management of Osteoarthritis (OA) and Low back pain (LBP) through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) theory-driven group-based complex intervention was developed primarily for the evaluation of its acceptability to patients and physiotherapists and the feasibility of trial procedures, to inform the potential for a definitive trial. Met...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Policy Brief to accompany the following article: Hennessy, M, Heary, C, Laws, R, Van Rhoon L, Toomey E, Wolstenholme H, Byrne B. The effectiveness of health professional‐delivered interventions during the first 1000 days to prevent overweight/obesity in children: A systematic review. Obesity Reviews. 2019; 20(12):1691-1707. https://doi.org/10.111...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depression and diabetes distress are common in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). These conditions are independently associated with poorer T2DM outcomes and increased healthcare utilisation and costs. Questions remain regarding the most appropriate ways of initially detecting depression and diabetes distress in this group. Diabetes gu...
Article
Scientific progress requires transparency and openness. The ability to critique, replicate and implement scientific findings depends on the transparency of the study design and methods, and the open availability of study materials, data and code. Journals are key stakeholders in supporting transparency and openness. This study aimed to evaluate 10...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The Self-management of Osteoarthritis (OA) and Low back pain (LBP) through Activity and Skills (SOLAS) theory-driven group-based complex intervention was developed primarily for the evaluation of its acceptability to patients and physiotherapists and the feasibility of trial procedures, to inform the potential for a definitive trial. Met...