Elaine Del-Bel

Elaine Del-Bel
University of São Paulo-Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry (FORP) · Basic and Oral Biology

PhD: Physiology Full Professor

About

246
Publications
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Introduction
Elaine Del-Bel obtained her PhD at the University of Sao Paulo in 1988 and worked as a post-doctoral fellow in the Physiological Sciences Department at the University of Manchester (1989-1991). From 1991 to 1995 she worked at the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology of the University of Sao Paulo-Medical School of Ribeirao Preto as an Associated Researcher. She was appointed as an Assistant Professor of the Department of Physiology at Dental School of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo

Publications

Publications (246)
Preprint
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Background Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a common motor complication of levodopa therapy in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Doxycycline is a widely used and inexpensive tetracycline with anti-inflammatory properties. Objective Evaluate the efficacy and safety of doxycycline in patients with PD and LID. Methods This was an open-labe...
Article
Despite attenuating the positive symptoms, drugs currently used to treat schizophrenia frequently do not improve the negative symptoms and cognitive impairments. In addition, they show low tolerability, which has been associated with high rates of treatment discontinuation. Recent evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system may be a target fo...
Article
Psychological stress and occlusal alterations are contributing etiologic factors for temporomandibular and muscular disorders in the orofacial area. The neural modulation recruited for this relationship, however, is not elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate potential central mechanisms involved in the exodontia-induced occlusal insta...
Article
Full-text available
We used mouse microglial cells in culture activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or α-synuclein amyloid aggregates (αSa) to study the anti-inflammatory effects of COL-3, a tetracycline derivative without antimicrobial activity. Under LPS or αSa stimulation, COL-3 (10, 20 µM) efficiently repressed the induction of the microglial activation marker pro...
Article
The musculoskeletal orofacial pain is a complex symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) resulting in stomatognathic system dysfunctions aggravated by the disease rigidity and postural instability. We tested the effect of cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotomimetic constituent of Cannabis sativa, in PD-related myofascial pain. Wistar adult female and male...
Article
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Although monoaminergic-based antidepressant drugs are largely used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD), their mechanisms are still incompletely understood. Intracellular Ca2+ (iCa2+) and Calmodulin 1(CaM-1) homeostasis have been proposed to participate in the therapeutic effects of these compounds. We investigated whether intra-hippocampal inh...
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Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is a proinflammatory cytokine that activates glial cells. IFN-γ is increased in the plasma and brain of Parkinson’s disease patients, suggesting its potential role in the disease. We investigated whether the IFN-γ deficiency could interfere with nigrostriatal degeneration induced by the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine, L-DOPA-indu...
Article
Cannabidiol (CBD), a major non-psychotomimetic component of the Cannabis sativa plant, shows therapeutic potential in several psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. The molecular mechanisms underlying the antipsychotic-like effects of CBD are not fully understood. Schizophrenia and antipsychotic treatment can modulate DNA methylation in th...
Article
Background and purpose: L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a debilitating effect of treating Parkinson's disease with this drug. New therapeutic approaches that prevent or attenuate this side effect is needed. Experimental approach: Wistar adult male rats submitted to 6-hydroxydopamine-induced unilateral medial forebrain bundle lesion were treat...
Article
Full-text available
Tauopathies are neurodegenerative disorders with increasing incidence and still without cure. The extensive time required for development and approval of novel therapeutics highlights the need for testing and repurposing known safe molecules. Since doxycycline impacts α-synuclein aggregation and toxicity, herein we tested its effect on tau. We foun...
Article
Doxycycline has been used as antibiotic since the 1960s. Recently, studies have shown that doxycycline is neuroprotective in models of neurodegenerative diseases and brain injuries, mainly due to anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. However, it is not known if doxycycline has neurotrophic potential, which is relevant, considering the role...
Article
To evaluate the endocannabinoid system in an animal model of Parkinson's disease, in-tube solid-phase microextraction (in-tube SPME) was directly coupled to a tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) system for determination of the endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) in rat brain samples. In-tube SPME—which consisted of a mi...
Article
Full-text available
Our present objective was to better characterize the mechanisms that regulate striatal neuroinflammation in mice developing L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). For that, we used 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned mice rendered dyskinetic by repeated intraperitoneal injections of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (L-DOPA) and quantified ensuing neuroinfla...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the misfolding and aggregation of alpha-synuclein (aSyn). Doxycycline, a tetracyclic antibiotic shows neuroprotective effects, initially proposed to be due to its anti-inflammatory properties. More recently, an additional mechanism by which...
Article
The pyridobenzoxazepine compound, 5-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-8-chloro-pyrido[2,3-b][1,5]benzoxazepine (JL13), has been developed as a potential antipsychotic drug. We tested the hypothesis that JL13 is efficacious in both dopaminergic and glutamatergic animal models of schizophrenia. We investigated JL13 for its efficacy to prevent cocaine- and ket...
Article
Full-text available
Schizophrenia patients show very complex symptoms in several psychopathological domains. Some of these symptoms remain poorly treated. Therefore, continued effort is needed to find novel pharmacological strategies for improving schizophrenia symptoms. Recently, minocycline, a second-generation tetracycline, has been suggested as an adjunctive treat...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder for which only symptomatic treatments are available. Repurposing drugs that target α-synuclein aggregation, considered one of the main drivers of PD progression, could accelerate the development of disease-modifying therapies. In this work, we focused on chemically modified tetracycl...
Preprint
Tauopathies are neurodegenerative disorders with increasing incidence and still without cure. The extensive time required for development and approval of novel therapeutics highlights the need for testing and repurposing known safe molecules. Since doxycycline impacts α-synuclein aggregation and toxicity, herein we tested its effect on tau. We foun...
Preprint
Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the misfolding and aggregation of alpha-synuclein (aSyn). Doxycycline, a tetracyclic antibiotic shows neuroprotective effects, initially proposed to be due to its anti-inflammatory properties. More recently, an additional mechanism by which...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although sex differences in memory tasks dependent on hippocampal function have been described in several species, including rodents and humans, the exact mechanisms involved remain debatable. The function of the small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel type 3 has been associated with cognitive deficits, and its overexpression in male mice (T/T)...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LID) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are frequent complications, and nitric oxide has a role on its pathophysiology. The present work aims to investigate CSF levels of nitric oxide metabolites nitrite and nitrate (NOx) in patients with PD and LID. Methods We measured CSF NOx levels in patients with PD with an...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological stress and occlusal alteration are important etiologic factors for temporomandibular/masticatory muscular disorders. In particular, the exact physiologic mechanism underlying the relation by occlusal alteration and temporomandibular disorders remains unclear. Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that benzodiazepine therapy is able t...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence suggests that physical exercise has effects on neuronal plasticity as well as overall brain health. This effect has been linked to exercise capacity in modulating the antioxidant status, when the oxidative stress is usually linked to the neuronal damage. Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is the training-trend worldwide, its...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson’s disease (PD) and l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) are motor disorders with significant impact on the patient’s quality of life. Unfortunately, pharmacological treatments that improve these disorders without causing severe side effects are not yet available. Delay in initiating l-DOPA is no longer recommended as LID development is a funct...
Chapter
Parkinson's disease (PD) has become a significant concern for public health due to its disabling nature and high prevalence in the aging population. No cure or disease-modifying drug exists besides the availability of symptomatic medical and surgical treatments, which has led to increased medical costs. To fill this gap, novel therapeutic approache...
Article
Medications that improve pain threshold can be useful in the pharmacotherapy of Parkinson's disease (PD). Pain is a prevalent PD's non-motor symptom with a higher prevalence of analgesic drugs prescription for patients. However, specific therapy for PD-related pain are not available. Since the endocannabinoid system is expressed extensively in diff...
Article
We used mouse microglial cells in culture activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 ng/ml) to study the anti-inflammatory potential of cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychoactive component of cannabis. Under LPS stimulation, CBD (1-10 μM) potently inhibited the release of prototypical proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β) and that of glutamat...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate the effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on the dura mater using the photosensitizers aluminum chloride phthalocyanine and methylene blue in in vivo assays. Methods Fifty-six male Wistar rats were divided into two groups; one submitted to PDT and the other submitted to the photosensitizers without their photoactivation (contr...
Article
Full-text available
: Aggregated forms of the synaptic protein α-synuclein (αS) have been proposed to operate as a molecular trigger for microglial inflammatory processes and neurodegeneration in Parkinson´s disease. Here, we used brain microglial cell cultures activated by fibrillary forms of recombinant human αS to assess the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective ac...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Current pharmacotherapy of Parkinson's disease (PD) is palliative and unable to modify the progression of neurodegeneration. Treatments that can improve patients' quality of life with fewer side effects are needed, but not yet available. Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychotomimetic constituent of cannabis, has received considerable...
Article
Full-text available
Nitric oxide (NO) has chemical properties that make it uniquely suitable as an intracellular and intercellular messenger. NO is produced by the activity of the enzyme nitric oxide synthases (NOS). There is substantial and mounting evidence that slight abnormalities of NO may underlie a wide range of neurodegenerative disorders. NO participates of t...
Article
Full-text available
Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are a group of chronic, progressive disorders characterized by the gradual loss of neurons that affect specific regions of the brain, which leads to deficits in specific functions (e.g., memory, movement, cognition). The mechanism that drives chronic progression of NDs remains elusive. Among the proposed underlying...
Article
Full-text available
Depression is a mental illness with a complex and multifactorial etiology, which has been associated with stress and inflammation. Infections, autoimmune diseases, envenomation, and trauma induce an inflammatory response that is characterized by increasing levels of circulating cytokines (e.g., IL-1β) and lipid mediators [e.g., PGE2 and leukotriene...
Article
Citrus fragrances have been used in aromatherapy for the treatment of anxiety, and the essential oil of Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) has shown promising results, although its mechanism of action was not known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) neurotransmission in the anxiolytic‐like effect of C. sin...
Article
When activated, microglial cells have the potential not only to secrete typical proinflammatory mediators but also to release the neurotransmitter glutamate in amounts that may promote excitotoxicity. Here, we wished to determine the potential of the Parkinson's disease (PD) protein α‐Synuclein (αS) to stimulate glutamate release using cultures of...
Article
Full-text available
Non-motor symptoms are increasingly identified to present clinical and diagnostic importance for Parkinson’s disease (PD). The multifactorial origin of pain in PD makes this symptom of great complexity. The dopamine precursor, l-DOPA (l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine), the classic therapy for PD, seems to be effective in pain threshold; however, there...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of Parkinson’s disease, which affects millions of people worldwide, is increasing due to the aging population. In addition to the classic motor symptoms caused by the death of dopaminergic neurons, Parkinson’s disease encompasses a wide range of nonmotor symptoms. Although novel disease-modifying medications that slow or stop Parkins...
Article
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a highly complex brain disorder regarding clinical presentation, pathogenesis, and therapeutics. The cardinal motor signs, i.e., rigidity, bradykinesia, and unilateral tremors, arise in consequence of a progressive neuron death during the prodromal phase. Although multiple transmission systems are involved in disease neu...
Article
The chronic use of drugs that reduce the dopaminergic neurotransmission can cause a hyperkinetic movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (TD). The pathophysiology of this disorder is not entirely understood but could involve oxidative and neuroinflammatory mechanisms. Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychotomimetic compound present in Cannabis...
Article
Background and purpose: The endocannabinoids anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) bind to CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and modulate the mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway. This neurocircuitry is engaged by psychostimulant drugs, including cocaine. Although it is known that CB1 antagonism as well as CB2 activation inhibit certain effects...
Article
The nitric oxide (NO) system has been proven to be a valuable modulator of L‐DOPA‐induced dyskinesia in parkinsonian rodents. NO activates the enzyme soluble guanylyl cyclase and elicits the synthesis of the second messenger cGMP. Although we have previously described the anti‐dyskinetic potential of NO synthase inhibitors on L‐DOPA‐induced dyskine...
Article
Full-text available
The monoamine stabilizer (3S)-3-[3-(methenesulfonyl)phenyl]-1-propylpiperidine hidrochloride [(−)-OSU6162] is a promising compound for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia. Here, we tested the hypothesis that (−)-OSU6162 prevents hyperlocomotion and sensorimotor deficits in prepulse inhibition of the startl...
Article
Full-text available
This review article deals with the mechanisms of extrasynaptic release of transmitter substances, namely the release from the soma, axon and dendrites in the absence of postsynaptic counterparts. Extrasynaptic release occurs by exocytosis or diffusion. Spillover from the synaptic cleft also contributes to extrasynaptic neurotransmission. Here, we f...
Article
The interaction between distinctive nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and the dopamine system provides new avenues to the development of pharmacological tools for the pathophysiological conditions of the dopaminergic system. Our aim was to investigate the influences of dopamine-induced effects in inducible NOS knockout (iNOS KO) mice. In order t...
Article
Pharmacological manipulation of nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested as a promising treatment for schizophrenia symptoms. A single infusion of sodium nitroprusside, a NO donor with short half-life, was found to improve schizophrenia symptoms. However, an increasing number of preclinical studies have demonstrated the potential beneficial effects of...
Chapter
Nanotechnologies have a wide spectrum of applications, and oral medicine has been benefited from several nanotechnological approaches. These strategies include, for instance, bleaching potential, improvement in mechanical proprieties of resin composites and implants, inhibition of biofilm growth, and the treatment of root canal. These new intervent...
Chapter
Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology, often described as technologies under 1000 nm, in the health sciences. Over the past years, researchers have been using nanomedicine to target microbes, with promising results in vitro and as a potential innovation to the field of antimicrobials. In the studies that followed, clinical trials starte...
Article
Full-text available
Neurodegenerative diseases are chronic and progressive disorders that affect specific regions of the brain, causing gradual disability and suffering that results in a complete inability of patients to perform daily functions. Amyloid aggregation of specific proteins is the most common biological event that is responsible for neuronal death and neur...
Article
Preclinical and clinical evidence suggests pro-inflammatory cytokines might play an important role in the neurobiology of schizophrenia and stress-related psychiatric disorders. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a member of the IL-1 family of cytokines and it is widely expressed in brain regions involved in emotional regulation. Since IL-18 involvement in...
Article
Full-text available
Synucleinophaties are progressive neurodegenerative disorders with no cure to date. An attractive strategy to tackle this problem is repurposing already tested safe drugs against novel targets. In this way, doxycycline prevents neurodegeneration in Parkinson models by modulating neuroinflammation. However, anti-inflammatory therapy per se is insuff...
Article
Full-text available
The dysfunction of the small-conductance calcium-activated K⁺ channel SK3 has been described as one of the factors responsible for the progress of psychoneurological diseases, but the molecular basis of this is largely unknown. This report reveals through use of immunohistochemistry and computational tomography that long-term increased expression o...
Article
There is an urgent need to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms related to anxiety associated with diabetes, seeking more effective alternative treatments to treat it. For that, the effect of a preventive and prolonged treatment with fish oil (FO), a source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, was tested in streptozotocin-diabetic (DBT) r...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)a receptor antagonists on motor behavioral tasks in a pharmacological model of Parkinson disease (PD) in rodents. Ninety-six Swiss mice received intraperitoneal injection of Haloperidol (1?mg/kg) to block dopaminergic receptors. GABAa receptors antagonists Bicuc...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by deterioration of the nigrostriatal system and associated with chronic neuroinflammation. Glial activation has been associated with regulating the survival of dopaminergic neurons and is thought to contribute to PD through the release of proinflammatory and neurotoxic factors, such as reactive...
Article
Full-text available
The knowledge on real‐time neurophysiological effects of acetazolamide is still far behind the wide clinical use of this drug. Acetazolamide – a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor – has been shown to affect the neuromuscular transmission, implying a pH‐mediated influence on the central synaptic transmission. To start filling such a gap, we chose a centra...
Article
Full-text available
Intervertebral disk degeneration is a progressive and debilitating disease with multifactorial causes. Nitric oxide (NO) might contribute to the cell death pathway. We evaluated the presence of the constitutive form of the neuronal NOS (nNOS) in both health and degenerated intervertebral disk through qPCR and immunohistochemistry. We also analyzed...