Eladio Jiménez-Mejías

Eladio Jiménez-Mejías
University of Granada | UGR · Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

PhD

About

84
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851
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Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to quantify the association between driving a vehicle with an expired vehicle inspection certificate (DEVIC) and the severity of injuries sustained by drivers involved in collisions. Methods: A cohort study was designed to compare the incidence of minor injuries, major injuries, and deaths between DEVIC and...
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This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of vehicles on the road with a timed-out vehicle inspection certificate (TOVIC) and the associations of driver, vehicle, and environmental factors with this infraction. A quasi-induced exposure approach was used in this cross-sectional study to analyze a case series comprising 51,305 drivers passively inv...
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We designed a cross-sectional study in Spain, from 2014 to 2017. Our objective was to assess sex-related differences in the amount of driving exposure of car drivers, overall and stratified by the main environment-related driving conditions. We compared the sex distribution across three populations: (1) total number of person-years aged > 18 years;...
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Background: Older adults present high risk of involvement in road crashes. Preventive interventions conducted by their primary healthcare physicians (PHPC) could reduce this public health issue. Objective: The objective of this study was to design and validate a self-administered questionnaire that measures the knowledge, attitudes, and current...
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Background People over 64 years have a high fatality rate when they are involved in traffic accidents. Besides, older victims of road crashes are expected to rise in the future due to population aging. The purpose of the study was to document their perception on the role of the family doctor, the main facilitating factors, and the perceived barrier...
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This systematic review was conducted to determine the effect of periodic motor vehicle inspections on road crashes and injuries, compared to less exposure to periodic inspections or no inspections. The Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were used to search the literature. Ecological studies were specifically excluded. A reverse search of...
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The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the Penalty Point System (PPS) on road traffic accident mortality by gender and socioeconomic status. We conducted a nationwide prospective study covering adult people living in Spain on November 2001. They were followed up until 30 Nov 2007 to determine vital status and cause of death. An inter...
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Background. Long-term effects of COVID-19, also called Long COVID, affect more than 10% of patients. The most severe cases (i.e. those requiring hospitalization) present a higher frequency of sequelae, but detailed information on these effects is still lacking. The objective of this study is to identify and quantify the frequency and outcomes assoc...
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The purpose of the present review was to compile and analyze all interventions aimed at improving the sleep–rest pattern of adult caregivers. A database search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Twenty-four papers published between 1998 and 2020 met the inclusion criteria. Informal caregivers can benefit from various type...
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Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) are significant contributors to the global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance. OXA-48-like enzymes and their variants are unique carbapenemases with low or null hydrolytic activity toward carbapenems but no intrinsic activity against expanded-spectrum cephalosporins. CPEs have been classi...
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The aim of this study was to estimate the association between each cause of driving without a valid license (DWVL) and the risk of causing a road crash, considering driver, vehicle and environmental factors. A case-control study based on data from the Spanish Register of Road Accidents with Victims was carried out between 2014 and 2017. Cases inclu...
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It has been widely reported that younger and older drivers have an excess risk of causing a road crash. Two casual hypotheses may coexist: the riskier driving behaviors and age-related mechanisms in extreme age groups (direct path) and the different environmental and vehicle circumstances (indirect path). Our aim was to quantify, through a mediatio...
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Background and objectives In the last months great efforts have been developed to evaluate the more efficient therapeutic agents in the management of patients with COVID-19. Currently, no specific drug combination has consistently demonstrated an association with mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of associations observed be...
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Pulses such as peas, beans or lentils are one of the most complete foods at the nutritional level; however, they are one of the most often neglected foods in the diets of university students. Entrance to university translates into a major lifestyle change for many young people, and the habits acquired or cemented at this time will remain into adult...
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Resumen Antecedentes y objetivo: En los últimos meses se han realizado grandes esfuerzos para evaluar las terapias más eficaces en el manejo de pacientes con COVID-19. Actualmente ninguna combinación ha demostrado de manera consistente una relación clara con la mortalidad. Nuestro objetivo fue valorar el patrón de asociaciones observado entre los d...
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Background To identify and quantify associations between baseline characteristics on hospital admission and mortality in patients with COVID-19 at a tertiary hospital in Spain. Methods and findings This retrospective case series included 238 patients hospitalized for COVID-19 at Hospital Universitario Clínico San Cecilio (Granada, Spain) who were...
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The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has quickly spread around the world, with Spain being one of the most severely affected countries. Healthcare professionals are an important risk group given their exposure. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of symptoms, main concerns as patients, preventive behaviours of healt...
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Antimicrobial resistance is a growing global health problem. Patients living in care homes are a vulnerable high-risk population colonized by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). We identified a case series of 116 residents of care homes from a cohort of 540 consecutive patients admitted to the internal medicine service of our hospital. We perform...
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Objective: To estimate the number of collateral casualties associated with road users considered responsible for a road crash. Method: We analyzed the case series comprising all 790,435 road users involved in road crashes with victims in Spain from 2009 to 2013, recorded in a nationwide police-based registry. For each road user assumed to be res...
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La etapa universitaria se caracteriza por cambios en estilos de vida y, la alimentación es uno de los de mayor variación, especialmente en los primeros cursos. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos y la calidad de la dieta de los universitarios españoles. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transver...
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Objective To quantify the magnitude of associations between cyclist fatalities and both cyclist and environment related characteristics in Spain during the first 24 hours after a crash. Design Cohort study. Setting Spain. Participants 65 977 cyclists injured in road crashes recorded between 1993 and 2013 in the Spanish Register of Road Crashes w...
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Driver inexperience is one of the underlying reasons for the high risk of road crashes involving young drivers (the so-called “young driver problem”). The use of driving simulators for learner or novice drivers could mitigate this problem by enabling them to acquire driving experience without increasing the risk of a road crashes. Evidence of this...
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Introduction The aim of this study was to quantify the magnitude of association between pedestrian fatalities during the first 24 h after a crash and pedestrian-, driver-, vehicle- and environment-related characteristics in Spain from 1993 to 2013. Methods Data were analyzed for all 203,622 traffic crashes involving a pedestrian and a motor vehicl...
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Original Drug use, family support and related factors in university students. a b s t r a c t Objective: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. Methods: A...
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Resumen Objetivo Cuantificar la magnitud de la asociación entre el tipo de vehículo y la probabilidad de ser el responsable de una colisión entre dos o más vehículos. Método A partir del registro de accidentes de tráfico con víctimas de la Dirección General de Tráfico (2014 y 2015) se diseñó un estudio de casos y controles emparejado. Los casos f...
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Objective: To assess the prevalence of illegal drug use in college students on any previous occasion, during the previous year and the previous month, and to analyze the relationship between illegal drug use and family support and other factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study using data from students participating in the uniHcos project (n = 3...
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Estimating the prevalence of the so-called “hidden populations” can be challenging, because the identification of its members is difficult due to their socially sanctionable or illegal behaviours. This article provides a critical review of the most widely used methods for estimating the size of a hard-to-reach population. All are indirect methods,...
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Estimating the prevalence of the so-called "hidden populations" can be challenging, because the identification of its members is difficult due to their socially sanctionable or illegal behaviors. This article provides a critical review of the most widely used methods for estimating the size of a hard-to-reach population. All are indirect methods, b...
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La estimación de la intensidad de exposición al tráfico rodado de la población general y, en particular, de los conductores de vehículos, es un aspecto esencial tanto en la investigación de los factores asociados a la morbi-mortalidad por tráfico, como a la hora de diseñar y priorizar las mejores estrategias para su prevención y control. La escasez...
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Aim: To quantify the relationship between patterns of psychostimulants, hypnotics/sedatives and alcohol consumption and the frequency of unintentional non-traffic injuries (UNTIs) requiring medical assistant in Spain. Methods: We carried out a cross sectional study using a randomized pooled sample from two household surveys on psychoactive drugs...
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Despite decades of evidence-based interventions, depression remains a great challenge for public health due to enormous treatment gap and lag which, at least partially, result from low professional help-seeking by people suffering from depressive symptoms. In this article, we aim to gain a better understanding of help-seeking behavior in depression...
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Background: This ecological study aimed i) to quantify the association of age and gender with the three components of pedestrians' death rates after a pedestrian-vehicle crash: exposure, risk of crash and fatality, and ii) to determine the contribution of each component to differences in death rates according to age and gender in Spain. Methods:...
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Aim: Part of the differences by age and gender in driver death rates from traffic injuries depends on the amount of exposure (km/year travelled). Unfortunately, direct indicators of exposure are not available in many countries. Our aim was to compare the age and gender differences in death rates with and without adjustment by exposure using a quas...
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This study aimed to quantify the association between pedestrian- and driver-related factors and the risk of causing road crashes involving pedestrians in urban areas in Spain between 1993 and 2011. From the nationwide police-based registry of road crashes with victims in Spain, we analyzed all 63,205 pairs of pedestrians and drivers involved in cra...
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The aim of this paper is to make a descriptive analysis of Problematic Internet Use in college students, evaluating the possible association with health problems and addictive behaviors, as well as gender differences in user types. A total of 2,780 students participated in the study between 2011 and 2014, 29% of them being males (age 20.8 ± 5.1 yea...
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The aim of this paper is to make a descriptive analysis of Problematic Internet Use in college students, evaluating the possible association with health problems and addictive behaviors, as well as gender differences in user types. A total of 2,780 students participated in the study between 2011 and 2014, 29% of them being males (age 20.8 ± 5.1 yea...
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Objetivos. Comparar las diferencias en las circunstancias de riesgo al volante en universitarios de Guatemala y España. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal realizado durante el 2007 a 2011 en una muestra de 2130 conductores (1016 en Guatemala y 1114 en España), quienes respondieron un cuestionario autoadministrado que valoraba: patrones de mo...
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of involvement in risky driving circumstances between Guatemalan and Spanish university students and identify in both populations the differences between the involvement in such circumstances and road crashes. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted during the...
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Objective: Drug and alcohol use are known to increase the risk of traffic accidents, especially among youth. However, the association between habitual drug use and the adoption of risky driving behavior is not well known. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the association between habitual drug use and involvement in risky driving p...
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To identify and quantify the factors depending on pedestrians, cyclists and the environment associated with the risk of causing a collision between a cyclist and a pedestrian in Spain from 1993 to 2011. Study design: retrospective case series. 1228 pedestrian-cyclist pairs involved in the same number of collisions in an urban area, only one of whom...
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Introducción. La implantación del proceso de Bolonia ha supuesto un cambio metodológico en la universidad española en los últimos tiempos. Ello revierte en la calidad de la docencia, específi camente en la titulación de medicina, que se ha ido transformando desde una metodología docente tradicional y unidireccional a otra, más actual, donde el estu...
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To estimate the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent urinary tract infection in patients (both gender) who undergo a cystoscopy with sterile urine. Search strategy (January 1980-December 2013) in Medline via PubMed, CENTRAL, and EMBASE. Additionally, we searched databases for registered trials and conference abstracts, as well as reference...
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This study was designed to quantify the percent contribution of exposure, risk of collision and fatality rate to the association of age and sex with the mortality rates among cyclists in Spain, and to track the changes in these contributions with time. Data were analyzed for 50,042 cyclists involved in road crashes in Spain from 1993 to 2011, and a...
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To show the usefulness of joinpoint trend analysis for assessing changes in traffic safety policies. Trends in driver death rates from traffic injury stratified by alcohol involvement in Spain during 2001-2011 were characterized with joinpoint regression to observe how changes in these rates match in time with the implementation of traffic regulati...
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of problem-based learning (PBL) on university students’ satisfaction with and academic performance in a course on epidemiology and social and demographic health. The participants in this interventional study were 529 students (272 in the intervention group and 257 in the control group) enrolled in a...
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Although mortality from traffic accident-related injuries is known to be higher in males especially among young drivers, the influence of gender on each link in the causal chain that leads to this outcome is not well understood, particularly in Spain. The aim of this study was to analyse gender-related differences in distances travelled, driving be...
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Objective: To assess the effect of age on the increase in DM prevalence in Spain between 2001 and 2012. Methods: From the DM prevalence data of the National Health Surveys performed in Spain in 2001, 2006, and 2012 and age distribution of the population, adjusted prevalence rates by age for each year were calculated by the direct method, taking...
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Background: To estimate the association of age and sex with the intensity of exposure of cyclists in Spain, between 1993 and 2009, in a global way and for subtypes of use. Methods: From the distribution of cyclists passively involved in collisions with other vehicles included in the register of the Spanish General Traffic Directorate between 199...
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A decomposition procedure was used to estimate the percentage contributions of exposure, risk of collision and fatality to explain the decreases in pedestrian collision death rates observed in Spain from 1993 to 2011. Information was obtained from the Spanish National Institute of Statistics and the Spanish Register of Road Crashes with Victims. A...
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The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the association between the amount of driving (km/year), traffic accidents, and other factors among university students in Guatemala. A cross-sectional study was performed during the 2010-2011 school year in a sample of 1,016 drivers who completed a self-administered questionnaire that assessed mob...
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Fundamento. Estimar la asociación de la edad y el sexo con la intensidad de exposición de los ciclistas en España, entre 1993 y 2009, globalmente y para subtipos de uso. Métodos. A partir de la distribución de los ciclistas pasivamente implicados en colisiones con otros vehículos, incluidos en el registro de la Dirección General de Tráfico entre 19...
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elacionan con la adquisición y/o consolidación de estilos y hábitos de vida que pueden determinar el estado de salud futuro. Una inadecua- da nutrición, un alto nivel de sedentarismo, conductas sexuales de ries- go, el abuso de las nuevas tecnologías o el inicio en el consumo de dro- gas tanto legales como ilegales, son algunas de las conductas más...
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The University stage gives rise to social and personal changes as the independence of the nuclear family and the increased responsibilities that are related to the acquisition and/or consolidation of life styles and habits that may determine the future health status. Inadequate nutrition, a high level of inactivity, risky sexual behavior, abuse of...
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This study aimed to estimate the association of cyclists' age and sex with the risk of being involved in a crash with and without adjustment for their amount of exposure. We used the distribution of the entire population and cyclists (total and non-responsible) involved in road crashes in Spain between 1993 and 2009 held by the Spanish National Ins...
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Objective: To identify key factors involved in modifying leisure time physical activity (LTPA) during early pregnancy. Methods: A prospective study was conducted of 1175 pregnant women who attended a scheduled visit at Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital, Granada, Spain, at 20-22 weeks of pregnancy. The Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questi...
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A quasi-induced exposure approach was applied to the Spanish Register of Traffic Crashes to identify driver- and vehicle-related factors associated with the risk of causing a road crash involving a cyclist in Spain from 1993 to 2009. We analyzed 19,007 collisions between a bicycle and another vehicle in which only one of the drivers committed an in...
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We tried to obtain preliminary evidence to test the hypothesis that the association between driving exposure and the frequency of reporting a road crash can be decomposed into two paths: direct and indirect (mediated by risky driving patterns). In a cross-sectional study carried out between 2007 and 2010, a sample of 1114 car drivers who were stude...
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Spain is one of the few countries to have widely implemented opioid substitution treatments (OST) and needle exchange programmes (NEP) for drug users in prison. We analyze the evolution of the need, coverage and the timeliness of these interventions in Spain between 1992 and 2009. Data on the provision of interventions is taken from official public...
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Introduction: Spain is one of the few countries to have widely implemented opioid substitution treatments (OST) and needle exchange programmes (NEP) for drug users in prison. We analyze the evolution of the need, coverage and the timelinessof these interventions in Spain between 1992 and 2009. Methods: Data on the provision of interventions is take...
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This study aimed to assess the association between cannabis use and unintended non-fatal injuries other than those caused by road crashes. Cross-sectional data were collected from a nationwide sample of 27,934 subjects surveyed in 2005 in Spain: 14,699 persons aged 15-34 years and 13,235 aged 35-64 years. Logistic regression was used to obtain odds...
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To quantify changes in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) type, frequency, duration and intensity during the first half of pregnancy as compared with the year prior to pregnancy. A cross sectional study was conducted at the Maternal University Hospital in Granada, Spain. A total of 1,175 healthy pregnant women attending a scheduled visit during...
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Background: Traffic Injuries are a major public health problem, especially among young people. However, we have not found any useful questionnaire designed in our country for the epidemiological research in this field. The objective of this study was to design and validate an easy and quickly-to-fill questionnaire aimed to collect information on h...
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Introduction: The objective of this paper is to amend the bias included in our previous work, presenting a corrected estimation of the need and coverage of syringes/needles in Spanish prisons between 1992 and 2009. Methods: Data on the provision of the needles exchange programs (NEPs) in prison is taken from official publications. The need was calc...