Eileen Baldry

Eileen Baldry
UNSW Sydney | UNSW · Chancellery

BA DipEd/TEFL MWP PhD
Eileen Baldry AO FASSA FRSN, Deputy Vice Chancellor Equity Diversity and Inclusion UNSW Sydney

About

115
Publications
31,183
Reads
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1,488
Citations
Introduction
Lead Chief Investigator (CI) on ARC Linkage project Indigenous Australians with mental health disorders and cognitive disability in the criminal justice system; CI on ARC Discovery project Comparative Youth Penality Project; CI on NHMRC project Social & Cultural Resilience of Aboriginal Mothers in Prison; CI on ARC Linkage project Working from the Ground Up: community development with social housing residents
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
UNSW Sydney
Position
  • Indigenous Australians with mental health disorders and cognitive disability in the criminal justice system
Description
  • http://www.mhdcd.unsw.edu.au/
January 1993 - April 2016
University of South Wales
Position
  • Professor of Criminology

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Crime rates in Australia have declined or been steady over the past decade yet prison populations are at all-time highs. Similarly, unemployment rates have been low but unemployment for those ex-prisoners seeking work is very high. In this paper, we draw on the findings of an Australia-wide survey of government-funded employment service providers w...
Article
Background People who inject drugs (PWID) are overrepresented among prisoner populations worldwide. This qualitative study used the psychological concept of “ego-depletion” as an exploratory framework to better understand the disproportionate rates of reincarceration among people with injecting drug use histories. The aim was to illuminate mechanis...
Article
Amidst the increase in protest, activism and scholarship about police violence and repression in recent years, considerations of disability and ableism continue to be relegated to the margins. This article draws on interviews with leading disability justice advocates in Australia to shed light on the nature of police interactions with people with d...
Research
Full-text available
This project targets critical knowledge and practice gaps to build The Disability Royal Commission’s knowledge and evidence base about police responses to people with disability, and how they can be improved. The project: • Examines innovative models/alternatives to police as first responders, • Takes an evidence-based approach in examining police...
Article
Introduction Access to services is key to successful community (re-)integration following release from prison. But many people experience disengagement from services, including people who inject drugs (PWID). We use a case study approach and the notion of structural competency to examine influences on access to services among a group of PWID recent...
Preprint
Full-text available
This research examined policies and programs relevant to the housing pathways of ex-prisoners with complex support needs in NSW, Victoria and Tasmania, including what criminal justice costs and benefits result from current housing assistance settings.
Article
Full-text available
This research examined policies and programs relevant to the housing pathways of ex-prisoners with complex support needs in NSW, Victoria and Tasmania, including what criminal justice costs and benefits result from current housing assistance settings.
Article
This article outlines the development of “Yuwaya Ngarra-li” (YN), a holistic, community-led partnership with a university that aims to realize Aboriginal Elders’ vision for wellbeing in their community. The Dharriwaa Elders Group (DEG), a community-controlled organization in Walgett, a remote town in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, invited the Un...
Article
Full-text available
The number and rate of people imprisoned in Australia has, with some exceptions, risen rapidly over the past three decades. The largest rates of increase have been in remand, women, and Indigenous prisoners. The flow prison population over a year in NSW appears to be 1.5 times the census or static population count due to the high numbers of remand...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Colonization continues in Australia, sustained through institutional and systemic racism. Targeted discrimination and intergenerational trauma have undermined the health and wellbeing of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, leading to significantly poorer health status, social impoverishment and inequity result...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose People with intellectual disability (ID) experience high rates of physical and mental health problems, while access to appropriate healthcare is often poor. This cohort was established to develop an epidemiological profile related to the health, health service use, disability services, mortality and corrective services records of people wit...
Article
The provision of appropriate education, training, and employment supports for incarcerated people is pivotal to mitigating the risk of recidivism, to improving rehabilitative outcomes, and to securing employment upon release. People with cognitive disability are disproportionately represented in prisons internationally. The vast majority of this gr...
Article
Like the United Kingdom and New Zealand, all eight Australian jurisdictions have legal provisions for the full-time accommodation of young children with their mothers in prison. Whether and how these laws are enacted varies, and there are no national or international norms. This article integrates a review of policies, principles and operating mode...
Article
While there has been extensive research on the health and social and emotional well-being (SEWB) of Aboriginal women in prison, there are few qualitative studies where incarcerated Aboriginal women have been directly asked about their health, SEWB, and health care experiences. Using an Indigenous research methodology and SEWB framework, this articl...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To describe the social, emotional and physical wellbeing of Aboriginal mothers in prison. Methods: Cross‐sectional survey, including a Short Form Health Survey (SF‐12) and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (5‐item version) administered to Aboriginal women who self‐identified as mothers. Results: Seventy‐seven Aboriginal mothers in New...
Article
Full-text available
Housing First is recognised internationally as effective in addressing homelessness, in particular for vulnerable cohorts, yet has been implemented internationally on only a limited basis. One reason is a lack of affordable housing. This policy review investigates how an affordable housing deficit impacts on the implementation of Housing First. The...
Article
Purpose The rise in the incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers is a major public health issue with multiple sequelae for Aboriginal children and the cohesiveness of Aboriginal communities. This paper reviews the available literature relating to Australian Aboriginal women prisoners’ experiences of being a mother. Design/me...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the impact of vocational education and training in the custody setting on returns to custody among Australian adult prisoners from selected jurisdictions. Vocational education and training, education, and behavioural change programme participation in custody and demographic and risk assessment data were provided by correc...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and Aims: Managed alcohol programs (MAPs) are a novel harm reduction intervention for people who experience long‐term homelessness and severe long‐term alcohol dependence. MAPs provide regulated amounts of alcohol onsite under supervision. Preliminary international evidence suggests that MAPs are associated with improvements such as re...
Chapter
Persons with mental and cognitive disabilities from disadvantaged backgrounds are over-represented amongst prison populations across ‘Western’ countries. There is systematic criminalisation of disadvantaged and racialised persons with disability. This chapter considers how persons with disability are criminalised in the community as well as whilst...
Chapter
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are grossly over-represented in Australian prisons. It is known that Indigenous women in custody experience poor mental health, yet there is a dearth of empirical research on their specific perspectives and needs. Drawing on critical research methodologies, we report on innovative qualitative and quantita...
Article
Full-text available
Masculinities theorising has promoted a traditional view of maleness, conceptualising it as being dominant, successful and non-emotional; that is hegemonic masculinity. Contemporary work on men and their behaviour, recognising need and emotions, has been classified as subordinate to hegemonic masculinity. We examine the procurement of sexual servic...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Corston Report, commissioned by the British Labour Government and published in 2007, identified the need for a radically different approach to criminalised disadvantaged women, aiming to reduce significantly the numbers cycling in and out of prison in the United Kingdom (UK). The Report spurred internationally a revisiting of women-specific cor...
Article
Full-text available
Although several criminologists and social scientists have drawn attention to the high rates of mental and cognitive disability amongst populations of young people embroiled in youth justice systems, less attention has been paid to the ways in which young people with disability are disproportionately exposed to processes of criminalisation and how...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Unfitness to plead laws in Australia have been widely recognised as requiring reform and modernisation. The Unfitness to Plead Project sought to develop practical and legal options to address the problem of people with cognitive disabilities being found unfit to plead and subject to indefinite detention. According to the research team’s final repo...
Article
The stigmatisation, control, criminalisation and incarceration of people with disability have a long history. While in recent decades there has been increasing commitment to the rights of people with disabilities by governments in western nations, the over-representation of people with mental and cognitive disability in criminal justice systems has...
Article
One of the challenges that people recently released from custody face is securing housing. Many individuals rely on supported accommodation programs for housing in the immediate post-release period. However, the value of supported accommodation programs in producing positive criminal justice and health outcomes for people released from custody has...
Article
Prison industries represent an important component of service delivery for correctional administrations around the world and yet there have been few attempts to articulate the specific role that they play in prisoner reintegration. This article describes the operation of an Australian prison industry programme. It identifies key programme character...
Research
Full-text available
Written Submission to the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory. This submission details some of the key findings from the Comparative Youth Penality Project.
Research
Full-text available
Written submission to the Australian Human Rights Commission on Australia's ratification of OPCAT in the context of youth detention centres
Article
Full-text available
Purpose People with intellectual disability are a minority group who experience poorer physical and mental health than the general population and have difficulty accessing healthcare services. There is lack of knowledge about healthcare service needs and gaps experienced by people with intellectual disability. This study aims to interrogate a large...
Article
Full-text available
The number and rate of people imprisoned in Australia has, with some exceptions, risen rapidly over the past three decades. The largest rates of increase have been in remand, women, and Indigenous prisoners. The flow prison population over a year is close to double the numbers in the census or static population count due to the high numbers of rema...
Article
Full-text available
Background People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing on in-depth interviews with incarcerated Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers in Western Australia, we report on the women’s use of violence in their relationships with others. Results reinforce that Aboriginal women are overwhelmingly victims of violence; however, many women report also using violence, primarily as a strategy to d...
Article
Although the association between unemployment and offending is well established, relatively little is known about the impact of vocational education and training programs on re-offending, with much of the previous work in this area failing to control for, or correct, selection bias. This article reports the findings of a systematic review, which co...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Young people with drug and alcohol problems are likely to have poorer health and other psychosocial outcomes than other young people. Residential treatment programmes have been shown to lead to improved health and related outcomes for young people in the short term. There is very little robust research showing longer term outcomes or b...
Presentation
Full-text available
Resolving deep seated and complicated social and cultural injustices is not achieved by the application of an equation or medication. The criminalization of some people with mental and cognitive disability is just such a serious social matter. Although this criminalization is in small part a result of deinstitutionalization, poverty, inequality and...
Research
Full-text available
Springboard is a leaving care service funded by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) ($16.9 million over four years: 2011/12 – 2014/15). The program, which commenced in 2012, assists young people aged 16 to 20 on Victorian Custody or Guardianship orders who are in, or have recently left, residential care. The focus is on ass...
Research
Full-text available
Springboard is a leaving care service funded by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) ($16.9 million over four years: 2011/12 – 2014/15). The program, which commenced in 2012, assists young people aged 16 to 20 on Victorian Custody or Guardianship orders who are in, or have recently left, residential care. The focus is on ass...
Research
Full-text available
Springboard is a leaving care service funded by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) ($16.9 million over four years: 2011/12 – 2014/15). The program, which commenced in 2012, assists young people aged 16 to 20 on Victorian Custody or Guardianship orders who are in, or have recently left, residential care. The focus is on ass...
Research
Full-text available
Springboard is a leaving care service funded by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) ($16.9 million over four years: 2011/12 – 2014/15). The program, which commenced in 2012, assists young people aged 16 to 20 on Victorian Custody or Guardianship orders who are in, or have recently left, residential care. The focus is on ass...
Article
Like many other parts of the world (Ritter et al., 2011; Djachenko et al., 2015), Australian prison authorities are moving to tackle high rates of tobacco smoking among inmates by introducing smoke free programs. Prisons in the Northern Territory have been tobacco free since July 2013, Queensland prisons have been smoke free since 2014, Victorian p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2015 A predictable and preventable path: Aboriginal people with mental and cognitive disabilities in the criminal justice system. UNSW, Sydney. https://www.mhdcd.unsw.edu.au/ ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Article
Full-text available
Background: Aboriginal Australians are more likely than other Australians to cycle in and out of prison on remand or by serving multiple short sentences-a form of serial incarceration and institutionalisation. This cycle contributes to the over-representation of Aboriginal Australians in prison and higher rates of recidivism. Our research examined...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing valorisation of Indigenous knowledges, methodologies and approaches to social work renders visible the inadequacy of western approaches to the praxis of research by non-Indigenous social workers researching with Indigenous peoples. Non-Indigenous social workers often are unaware of the colonising and racist assumptions underpinning t...
Article
Full-text available
People with mental and cognitive disability are over-represented as both victims and offenders. In Australia those with disability who are most likely to be incarcerated are persons from poor, highly disadvantaged families and neighbourhoods, as well as Indigenous Australians. The article first clarifies definitions of mental and cognitive impairme...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an exploration of prison abolitionism in the context of the Australian colonial project. It advances critical understanding of the challenges and paradoxes presented to prison abolitionism by the colonial project.
Article
Full-text available
Imprisonment in Australia has been a growing industry and large numbers of vulnerable people find themselves in a state of serial incarceration. Women and Indigenous peoples in particular have experienced rapidly expanding imprisonment rates over recent decades. Our argument in this article is relatively straightforward: to understand contemporary...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter considers the intersecting experiences of homelessness, disability and the criminal justice system in Australia. Homelessness is significant amongst offenders and people accused of offending especially amongst those entering and exiting prison in Australia. But certain groups of prisoners and ex-prisoners experience homelessness at a m...
Chapter
This chapter explores the use of imprisonment in Australia, the demographics of the prisoner population, and overviews the use of a holistic critical social work approach to working with people in prison and post-release settings. The philosophical and social justifications for imprisonment are examined, as are the legislative frameworks in which s...
Article
Persons with such cognitive disabilities as intellectual disability, borderline intellectual disability, and acquired brain injury are overrepresented in Australian criminal justice systems both as victims and as offenders. Data obtained in Australia and internationally indicate that up to 12% of the prison population has an intelligence quotient (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract for Ian Webster Oration 2013 Professor Eileen Baldry The $5.5 million 22 year old: how we have created complex needs and what to do about it This is a story of tragedies, vicious cycles created in the lives of individuals and communities by compounding disability, disadvantage, discrimination, policy disasters and service siloing, refusa...
Article
High rates of substance dependence are consistently documented among homeless people, and are associated with a broad range of negative outcomes among this population. Investigations of homelessness among drug users are less readily available. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of housing instability among clients of needle syringe p...
Article
Imprisonment in Australia has been a growing industry and large numbers of vulnerable people find themselves in a state of serial incarceration. Women and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in particular have experienced rapidly expanding imprisonment rates over recent decades. Our argument is this article is relatively straightforward:...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aims and rationale: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify what is known about effective strategies for providing coordinated health care from prison to primary health care in the community for Aboriginal Australians. We examined the physical, mental health and social support needs, barriers to access and the impact of strategies...
Book
Full-text available
What are the various forces influencing the role of the prison in late modern societies? What changes have there been in penality and use of the prison over the past 40 years that have led to the re-valorization of the prison? Using penal culture as a conceptual and theoretical vehicle, and Australia as a case study, this book analyses internationa...