Efraín García-Sánchez

Efraín García-Sánchez
University of Granada | UGR · Department of Social Psychology

PhD

About

59
Publications
23,644
Reads
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306
Citations
Introduction
Efraín García-Sánchez currently works at the Department of Social Psychology, University of Granada. Efraín does research in Social Psychology, Organizational Psychology and Community Psychology. Their current projects are 'Perceptions and legitimacy of economic inequality' and 'Psychosocial aspects of work as an economic-productive activity.'
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
University of São Paulo
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2015 - July 2019
University of Granada
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se presenta la adaptación de una versión reducida de la escala de autoritarismo de derechas (RWA) en Colombia. En el Estudio 1 (n=417) se realizó un análisis fac-torial exploratorio para identificar las dimensiones de la escala; y en el Estudio 2 (n=396), se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio en donde se analizó la validez...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects thousands of women around the world and is prevalent in the Global South. Unequal social structures perpetuate hierarchies and maintain women’s vulnerability to violence. Difficulties women face in accessing education, economic resources, and employment diminish their power in intimate relationships, increasi...
Article
Full-text available
Support for redistribution is crucial for reducing economic inequality. Despite people's desire for reducing extreme inequalities, they still have mixed opinions regarding how to do so. The aim of the article is to examine the underlying latent dimensions of support for redistribution and test its correlates to perceptions of and attitudes toward i...
Article
Nature Reviews Psychology. You can read the paper here: https://rdcu.be/cJ0Kj ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Economic inequality might influence subjective wellbeing through psychological processes such as status competition and social dista...
Article
Full-text available
In Brazil, the Custody Hearing is a legal device established in 2015 to safeguard the rights of people arrested in flagrante delicto by the police. In an attempt to prevent the indiscriminate use of preventive detentions in the country, the custody hearings were created for the potential effects that an in-person meeting may have on the flow of the...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: La Orientación a la Dominancia Social (SDO) se define como la disposición individual a aceptar las relaciones jerárquicas y de dominación entre grupos. La medición de la SDO ha evolucionado conforme con el desarrollo de la teoría, aportando varias versiones de la escala. Esta escala ha mostrado indicadores de fiabilidad y validez apropiado...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we analyze the perception of economic inequality in everyday life in Spain based on political ideology. Using content analysis techniques, we processed 705 open-ended responses from 290 people and used network analysis to examine the relationships between the categories identified. We found that economic inequality is perceived prima...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La verificación de noticias falsas es una herramienta importante para mejorar la calidad de la información que circula en redes virtuales. Aunque existen distintas agencias de verificación de noticias, también encontramos algunas estrategias más informales como el uso del hashtag #Stopbulos. Así, la presente investigación pretende realizar...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to describe the pattern of interactions of Brazilian legislators on Twitter during 2019 in the construction of political discourses. Based on 20,076 replies during 2019 posted on Twitter by 514 Brazilian legislators, we conducted descriptive analysis of legislators’ Twitter profiles, social network analyses from their in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to examine the role of Belief in a Just World (BJW; Lerner, 1980) in the legitimation of economic inequality. Using data from 27 European countries (N=47,086), we conducted multilevel analyses and found that BJW positively predicted the legitimation of economic inequality, measured by three indicators: the perceived fairness of the...
Article
Full-text available
The legal socialization framework emphasizes the importance of adolescents’ encounters with police. We examine how different types of police contact and neighborhood experiences are linked to the legal socialization process among adolescents living in São Paulo, Brazil. Drawing on 669 participants across three waves of panel data from the São Paulo...
Article
Full-text available
Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated ge...
Preprint
Full-text available
The study of perceived economic differences in everyday life is relevant to deepening knowledge of how inequality shapes psychological processes. In the current research, Spanish undergraduates (N = 547) were asked what their friends with the most and least money could do with their resources. Using a qualitative and quantitative approach, we perfo...
Chapter
Full-text available
El presente capítulo es una invitación a las comunidades académicas y científicas para mantener la reflexión y la crítica sobre la ciencia y la producción de conocimiento como una práctica social y humana, atravesada por intereses y condiciones situados en tiempos y espacios concretos que determinan tanto el tipo de conocimiento posible y válido; a...
Chapter
Full-text available
El objetivo de este documento es presentar algunas consideraciones conceptuales y metodológicas para el desarrollo de una agenda de investigación sobre la percepción de la desigualdad económica desde una perspectiva psicosocial. Para ello, discuto cuatro momentos claves donde como investigadores/as debemos tomar decisiones fundamentales que determi...
Article
Full-text available
Algunas investigaciones sugieren que el miedo al delito afecta a la actitud de las personas hacia las políticas de seguridad pública, favoreciendo una preferencia por acciones represivas o punitivas frente a lo que se considera un peligro o una amenaza. Los estudios han señalado una variedad de posibles factores individuales y contextuales que son...
Article
Full-text available
Algunas investigaciones sugieren que el miedo al delito afecta a la actitud de las personas hacia las políticas de seguridad pública, favoreciendo una preferencia por acciones represivas o punitivas frente a lo que se considera un peligro o una amenaza. Los estudios han señalado una variedad de posibles factores individuales y contextuales que son...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O apoio aos sistemas democráticos depende tanto da confiança política e a desigualdade estrutural que as pessoas vivenciam em suas vidas. Nesse sentido, a confiança política teria um efeito positivo sobre o apoio à democracia, enquanto a desigualdade reduziria a legitimidade desse sistema, pois os indivíduos desacreditariam na democracia como forma...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current chapter highlights the implications of the scars of inequality by first reviewing some common indices of economic inequality. We then discuss research on public attitudes toward inequality and examine the effects of societal-level inequities on various outcomes. Within this section, we focus on how the ever-expanding disparities between...
Article
Men sometimes withdraw support for gender equality movements when their higher gender status is threatened. Here, we expand the focus of this phenomenon by examining it cross‐culturally, to test if both individual‐ and country‐level variables predict men's collective action intentions to support gender equality. We tested a model in which men's zer...
Article
Self-censorship orientation — that is, the preference to hide truth- ful information — is determined by multiple individual, group and contextual factors which can either generate negative conse- quences or subvert information flows. Due to the social relevance that self-censorship can have, this study aims to adapt and provide evidence of validity...
Preprint
Perception of economic inequality is defined as the subjective representation of economic resources. However, this representation is not abstract, but it is contingent on the individuals’ context and ideologies. The aim of the study (N = 290) is to analyse how economic inequality is perceived in Spain, and how such perceptions vary according to ind...
Preprint
El autoritarismo es un constructo ampliamente estudiado en psicología para investigar comportamientos políticos. Para su medición se suele usar la escala de autoritarismo de derechas (RWA), la cual tiene variaciones en sus propiedades psicométricas según cada contexto. En este artículo traducimos y adaptamos una versión reducida del autoritarismo d...
Chapter
In the last 40 years, inequality has risen to levels unseen since before World War II. Although these increases correlate with numerous harmful outcomes, research has largely overlooked the psychological mechanisms that transmit the macro-level effects of inequality onto micro-level outcomes. We address this oversight by proposing a macro-micro mod...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objetivo general. Analizar la relación entre diferentes formas de percibir y justificar la desigualdad económica en Colombia, y el apoyo a medidas redistributivas orientadas a la reducción de la desigualdad. Objetivos específicos. Describir las ideologías y percepciones de la desigualdad económica en diferentes regiones del país, así como las acti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objetivo general. Analizar las dinámicas de algunos procesos psicosociales (e.g., identidad, emociones y estereotipos) involucrados en la difusión y el consumo de noticias falsas sobre inmigración en España. Objetivos específicos. Caracterizar los contenidos de las noticias falsas sobre inmigración en España que circulan en distintos medios y redes...
Article
Social class and power inequalities are defining features of current societies and tend to influence several social psychological processes. Two types of consequences of social class and power inequalities can be differentiated: mechanical and contextual. Mechanical effects occur when inequality strengthens the relation between social class or powe...
Article
Full-text available
Although economic inequality has increased over the last few decades, support for redistributive policies is not widely accepted by the public. In this paper, we examine whether attitudes toward redistribution are a product of both perceptions of, and beliefs about, inequality. Specifically, we argue that the association between perceived inequalit...
Article
Full-text available
Perceived greater economic inequality is supposedly associated with higher demand for redistribution. However, the findings in the literature are mixed in this regard, with some researchers providing evidence in favour of this association and some findings evidence against it. Given that perceived economic inequality and endorse- ment of system-jus...
Article
Full-text available
This article studies the interactional functions of racism discourse in mobilizing support for right-wing populism. The analysis focuses on the controversy surrounding UKIP’s “Breaking Point” poster campaign which launched days before the historic British EU referendum. We focus on the development of “tripolar relations” between the UKIP party lead...
Article
Full-text available
People’s desired levels of inequality are informed by the levels of inequality they perceive to exist. Perceived economic inequality is used as a reference point in determining people’s ideal level of inequality. However, recent research has suggested that the strength of this relationship depends on people’s endorsement of system-justifying belief...
Article
Full-text available
Research on perceptions of economic inequality focuses on estimations of the distribution of financial resources, such as perceived income gaps or wealth distribution. However, we argue that perceiving inequality is not limited to an economic idea but also includes other dimensions related to people’s daily life. We explored this idea by conducting...
Article
Full-text available
Socioeconomic class is a relevant variable with regard to the process of social hierarchization; specifically, subjective social class (SSC) has been found to correlate positively with the self-efficacy of persons. In the present study, with mixed methodology and a population size of 280 participants, we attempted to replicate these results by oper...
Article
Full-text available
Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with an intelligent category (“professor”) subsequently performed 13.1% better on a trivia test than participants primed with an unintelligent category (“soccer hooligans”). Two unpublished replications of this study by the original authors, designed to verify the appropriate...
Chapter
Full-text available
La construcción de identidades representa procesos complejos, dinámicos, inacabados y constantes a partir de los cuales los individuos se sitúan frente al mundo y frente a los otros. En este capítulo se describen estos procesos a partir de una investigación sobre la construcción de identidades profesionales de oficiales de policía en Colombia. Desd...
Chapter
Full-text available
La investigación sobre identidades profesionales puede ser abordada desde diferentes perspectivas, según la forma como se conciban los conceptos y se planteen las preguntas de investigación. En este capítulo se reseña el abordaje metodológico de un estudio de caso sobre la construcción de identidades profesionales en una organización policial. Para...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we examined the joint effects of perceived economic inequality and legitimacy on ideal economic inequality. We hypothesized that only for those individuals who legitimate inequality, perceived inequality will be positively related with ideal inequality. Conversely, for individuals that do not legitimize inequality, a weaker relation b...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este documento revisa y reflexiona sobre el rol de los cuerpos de policía en las dinámicas actuales de convivencia y seguridad ciudadana, con énfasis en el papel de la educación policial en los procesos de reforma y de mejoramiento continuo del servicio de policía. Para ello, se hizo una lectura sistemática de la literatura especializada nacional e...
Article
Full-text available
We developed a teaching-led research project to empirically ground methodological reflection about digital ethnography. Drawing on Cordelois' collective ethnographic observation approach, fifteen emerging professionals (from a private general education university and a Police Academy in Bogota) collaborated in a method seminar on digital ethnograph...
Chapter
Full-text available
La presente investigación aborda algunos indicadores sobre violencia, en el marco de la tendencia de las personas a mantener relaciones de desigualad y dominación u orientación a la dominancia social (ODS). El objetivo consistió en explorar las relaciones existentes entre la victimización, la perpetración y el conocimiento de la violencia, con la o...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Se presentan los resultados de una investigación sobre la relación entre los sentidos de trabajo construidos a partir de la trayectoria y los recursos para afrontar el mundo del trabajo. Se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad con personas agrupadas por rangos de edad utilizando el análisis de contenido, desde una perspectiva integradora e...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
different editorial projects on Organizational and work Psychology, work Psychology,, research, employability
Project
Este proyecto editorial busca presentar de forma aplicada diferentes formas de investigar en Psicología organizacional y del trabajo, así como en psicología social. El objetivo de este libro es el de recoger de manera diversa e integradora diferentes formas de investigar, discutiendo conceptualmente el método, trascendiendo la técnica de análisis y ejemplificando la investigación desde la experiencia misma de quienes investigan.
Project
Este proyecto pretende contribuir a un mejor entendimiento sobre desigualdad, posverdad y fake news en, al menos, tres aspectos. 1. En primer lugar, describir detalladamente tanto los contenidos como las redes de difusión de las fake news en relación con la desigualdad en España. 2. En segundo evalúa empíricamente el efecto que tiene la exposición o consumo de fake news sobre las percepciones de la desigualdad y el apoyo a medidas redistributivas. 3. Tercero, se evalúa los mecanismos psicológicos que podrían explicar el efecto (Modelo de Probabilidad de Elaboración) que existe del consumo de fake news sobre la percepción de la desigualdad y el apoyo a medidas redistributivas. Este proyecto hace parte del Plan Propio de Investigación de la Universidad de Granada Año 2018-2019. Programa de Proyectos de Investigación Precompetitivos para Jóvenes Investigadores