Edward O Laumann

Edward O Laumann
University of Chicago | UC · Department of Sociology

Harvard University 1964

About

262
Publications
63,897
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31,691
Citations
Introduction
Co-principal investigator of the National Social Life, Aging and Health Project (NSHAP), funded by National Institute of Aging, for three waves (in 2005, 2010, 2015) of a longitudinal, nationally representative population survey of 3,005 U.S. adults aged 57 to 85, on social connectedness, diverse physical/mental health conditions , sexuality. and quality of life. Co-investigators Linda Waite, Martha McClintock, William Dale, M.D., Colm O'Muircheartaigh, Ellbert Huang, M.D.
Additional affiliations
June 2007 - August 2007
Yonsei University
Position
  • Visiting professor of sociology
Description
  • Taught courses on organizations and human sexuality and developed a research protocol connected to National Social Life, Health and Aging Project
April 1999 - June 1999
The London School of Economics and Political Science
Position
  • Distinguished Guest Professor of Sociology
April 1996 - December 2006
Pfizer
Position
  • Consultant
Education
September 1960 - August 1964
Harvard University
Field of study
  • Sociology
August 1960 - June 1962
Harvard University
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (262)
Article
Background: The National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) has collected 3 rounds of data on older adults' egocentric social networks. We describe the structure of network data collection for different components of the sample and the data that are available for those groups. We also describe survey techniques that were used to track...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine patterns of change in later-life social connectedness: (1) the extent and direction of changes in different aspects of social connectedness - including size, density, and composition of social networks, network turnover, and three types of community involvement; and (2) the sequential nature of these changes over time. Meth...
Article
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Social network analysis has been one of the most influential scientific revolutions of the past century. Its success has been due, in part, to its methodological sophistication and the emphasis it places on identifying and clearly depicting features of social structure. As such, social network analysis is often viewed in stark contrast to the struc...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: There is a growing burden of HIV and sex-related diseases in South Asia and India. Sociological research illustrates that key axes of social stratification, such as race and ethnicity, affect social network structure which, in turn, impacts sexual health and wellbeing. Research on networks has increasingly begun to examine the ways in w...
Chapter
Older adults are disproportionately likely to experience the death or other loss of a close network member. An important question is how their social networks are shaped by these experiences during a period that is already characterized by major life-course transitions. We study this question using longitudinal data on egocentric networks from the...
Chapter
This chapter describes the changing composition of personal networks over the life course and tests if the effects of network composition on well-being, especially happiness, vary over age. Data are drawn from the social network module in 2004 General Social Survey, which collected general social network information of respondents aged over 18 year...
Article
The order of the authors in the published article is incorrect. The authors should appear as follows: J. Schneider, B. Cornwell, A. Jonas, R. Behler, N. Lancki, B. Skaathun, L. E. Young, E. Morgan, S. Michaels, R. Duvoisin, A. S. Khanna, S. Friedman, P. Schumm, E. Laumann, for the uConnect Study Team The authors regret the error.
Article
Full-text available
Sexuality is a key component of health and functioning that changes with age. Although most sexual activity takes place with a partner, the majority of research on sexuality has focused on individuals. In this paper, we focused on the sexual dyad. We proposed and tested a conceptual model of the predictors of partnered sexual activity in older adul...
Article
Critical to the development of improved HIV elimination efforts is a greater understanding of how social networks and their dynamics are related to HIV risk and prevention. In this paper, we examine network stability of confidant and sexual networks among young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). We use data from uConnect (2013–2016), a popula...
Article
Background: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) have the highest rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States. Decades into the HIV epidemic, the relationships that YMSM-serving health and social organizations have with one another has not been studied in depth. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine th...
Article
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Objective: To examine how history of criminal justice involvement(CJI) is related to HIV care continuum metrics among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) 16-29 years of age. Design: Population-based survey. Methods: From 2013-2014 a representative sample of YBMSM was generated using Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) in Chicago (n?=?61...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The World Health Organization (WHO) has, since 1946, defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” The Medical or Biophysical framework of health includes physical organ system diseases or conditions Our Comprehensive framework of health includes additional dimen...
Article
Full-text available
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a "state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Despite general acceptance of this comprehensive definition, there has been little rigorous scientific attempt to use it to measure and assess population health. Instead, the dominant...
Article
Introduction: The incidence and prevalence of various sexual dysfunctions in women and men are important to understand to designate priorities for epidemiologic and clinical research. Aim: This manuscript was designed to conduct a review of the literature to determine the incidence and prevalence of sexual dysfunction in women and men. Methods: Mem...
Article
Introduction: This article presents a review of previous research concerning risk factors for sexual dysfunction in women and men. Aim: The aim is to evaluate past research studies to determine the contribution of all risk factors to the development and maintenance of sexual dysfunction among women and men. Methods: Studies were organized under a b...
Article
Introduction: Definitions of sexual dysfunctions in women and men are critical in facilitating research and enabling clinicians to communicate accurately. Aims: To present the new set of definitions of all forms of sexual dysfunction in women and men adopted by the Fourth International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM) held in 2015. Methods: C...
Article
In this article, we provide a broad overview of research findings on heterosexuality, focusing on sexual practices, attitudes and sexual dysfunctions. We briefly review the theory of sexual scripts as an introduction to interpreting a wide range of findings from numerous nationally representative surveys and several smaller studies, concentrating o...
Article
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Materials and methods • Respondent Driven Sampling was used to recruit 204 BMSM • Participants reported visit history with a diverse group of 9 Chicago health centers offering HIV services • Multiple linear regression determined association between characteristics and cumulative health center awareness and utilization. • Multiple regression quadrat...
Article
Objectives: Provide recommendations for researchers on the use of the Big Five personality battery in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), and ensure that the battery does proxy the Big Five. Also, describe the levels of Big Five traits across gender and age. Method: We used an Exploratory Structural Equation Model (ESEM)...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This article describes new longitudinal data on older adults' egocentric social networks collected by the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP). We describe a novel survey technique that was used to record specific personnel changes that occurred within respondents' networks during the 5-year study period, and we make...
Article
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Background This paper has two objectives. Firstly, it provides an overview of the social network module, data collection procedures, and measurement of ego-centric and complete-network properties in the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP). Secondly, it directly compares the KSHAP structure and results to the ego-centric network st...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Improve the ability to infer sex behaviors more accurately using network data. Methods A hybrid network analytic approach was utilized to integrate: (1) the plurality of reports from others tied to individual(s) of interest; and (2) structural features of the network generated from those ties. Network data was generated from digitally extr...
Article
Internationally, the Peer Change Agent (PCA) model is the most frequently used conceptual framework for HIV prevention. Change agents themselves can be more important than the messages they convey. PCA selection is operationalized via heterogeneous methods based upon individual-level attributes. A sociometric position selection strategy, however, c...
Article
Younger Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) ages 16-29 have the highest rates of HIV in the United States. Despite increased attention to social and sexual networks as a framework for biomedical intervention, the role of measured network positions, such as bridging and their relationship to HIV risk has received limited attention. A network samp...
Article
The authors examine the implications of health and personality characteristics for late-life marital conflict using data from the 2010–2011 wave of the National Social Life Health and Aging Project, a nationally representative study with data on both partners in 955 marital and cohabitational dyads. Using these data, they relate characteristics of...
Article
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Objectives: We evaluated network mixing and influences by network members upon Black men who have sex with men. Methods: We conducted separate social and sexual network mixing analyses to determine the degree of mixing on risk behaviors (e.g., unprotected anal intercourse [UAI]). We used logistic regression to assess the association between a ne...
Article
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Abstract Indian truck drivers and their younger apprentice drivers are at increased risk of HIV infection. We determine network and risk practices associated with willingness to adopt HIV prevention interventions currently not being used in India: rapid HIV testing, circumcision, and preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in order to inform the National AI...
Article
In the United States, black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are at highest risk for HIV infection and are at high risk for limited health service utilization. We describe HIV health center (HHC) affiliation network patterns and their potential determinants among urban BMSM. The Men's Assessment of Social and Risk Network instrument was used to eli...
Article
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Despite limited HIV prevention potency, peer-based programs have become one of the most often used HIV prevention approaches internationally. These programs demonstrate a need for greater specificity in peer change agent (PCA) recruitment and social network evaluation. In the present three-phase study based in India (2009-2010), we first explored t...
Article
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Older adults who have diabetes vary widely in terms of comorbid conditions; these conditions help determine the risks and benefits of intensive glycemic control. Not all people benefit from intensive glycemic control. The objective of this study was to classify by comorbid conditions older American adults who have diabetes to identify those who are...
Article
Full-text available
Indian truck drivers and their younger apprentice drivers are at increased risk of HIV infection. We determine network and risk practices associated with willingness to adopt HIV prevention interventions currently not being used in India: rapid HIV testing, circumcision, and preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in order to inform the National AIDS Contro...
Article
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Ford Foundation (grant #940-1417) and the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (#1RO1 HD28356 and #1RO1 HD36963-01) in pursuing this work. We also want to thank the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) for their financial support in making it p...
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This article combines relational perspectives on gender identity with social network structural perspectives on health to understand men's sexual functioning. The authors argue that network positions that afford independence and control over social resources are consistent with traditional masculine roles and may therefore affect men's sexual perfo...
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Elder abuse is a pervasive human right and public health issue. We aimed to examine the mortality associated with elder abuse across levels of psychological and social factors. The Chicago Health and Aging Project (CHAP) is a prospective population-based cohort study that began in 1993. A subset of these participants enrolled between 1993 and 2005...
Article
Accurate estimates of prevalence/incidence are important in understanding the true burden of male and female sexual dysfunction and in identifying risk factors for prevention efforts. This is the summary of the report by the International Consultation Committee for Sexual Medicine on Definitions/Epidemiology/Risk Factors for Sexual Dysfunction. The...
Article
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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are of growing concern in China. Understanding the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and healthcare-seeking (HCS) behavior will help design effective policies to contain the epidemic of STIs across SES. We used the Chinese Health and Family Life Survey, a nationally representative survey of 3813...
Article
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The National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) was designed to examine the relationship between sexual behavior, sexual problems, and health among older women and men. We describe measures of sexual partnerships, sexual practices, sexual problems, attitudes toward sex, and nonsexual intimacy in the first wave of NSHAP. We compare measu...
Article
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This paper describes the rationale behind the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project's (NSHAP) social networks module, data collection procedures, and the measurement of several egocentric network properties. This includes a discussion of network size, composition, volume of contact with network members, density, and bridging potential. Da...
Article
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Using data from a nationally representative survey in China, this article examines the prevalence and risk factors for partner violence with a special focus on the important role of sexual jealousy. Among women aged 20 to 49, 7.2% reported that they were hit by their partners in the past year. Comparison shows that the Chinese prevalence is modestl...
Article
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To study sexual activity, the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and related help-seeking behaviors among mature adults in the United States of America, a telephone survey was conducted in 2001-2002. A total of 1491 individuals (742 men/749 women) aged 40-80 years completed the survey. Overall, 79.4% of men and 69.3% of women had engaged in sexual in...
Article
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The relationships between hygiene, sexual behaviour and HIV infection are poorly understood. We examine these relationships in Indian truck drivers, a group at high risk for HIV infection. Truck drivers (n = 189) were recruited into an integrated HIV and hygiene Information Motivation (IM) programme. Sociodemographic characteristics, sexual and hyg...
Article
This article presents a theoretical framework for the study of social and behavioral factors associated with elder self-neglect. The model presented reflects the authors' beliefs that a risk-vulnerability model offers a useful framework from which to study all forms of elder mistreatment, as well as elder self-neglect. This model has particular uti...
Conference Paper
Background: Sentinel surveillance conducted in AP includes sub-populations thought to be at high-risk for HIV, but has not included TD. Some reports suggest an HIV prevalence 11-31 times that of the adult population. There have been no studies of HIV prevalence and risk behavior of TD in AP. Methods: A cohort of 235 TD aged 15-56 were recruited f...
Article
Despite increasing demand for clinical interventions into sexual problems in an aging population, epidemiological data on the subject are scarce. To examine the prevalence of sexual problems across different sociodemographic groups, and risk factors for these problems in multiple domains of life. Statistical analysis of data from the 2005-2006 Nati...
Article
Full-text available
The National Social Life, Health and Aging Project is the first population-based, nationally representative study to ask older adults about their recent experience of mistreatment. This article provides estimates of mistreatment by family members and examines the association of mistreatment with demographic and health characteristics. We selected c...
Article
This study provides national estimates of the prevalence of childhood sexual contact and its association with sexual well-being and psychological distress among adults in China. A national stratified probability sample of 1,519 women and 1,475 men aged 20-64 years in urban China completed a computer-administered survey in 1999-2000. The data from t...
Article
The relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms and depressive symptoms was assessed using data from the Male Attitudes Regarding Sexual Health study. Lower urinary tract symptoms, depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction were assessed using International Prostate Symptom Score, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and a vali...
Article
Full-text available
For decades, scholars have wrestled with the notion that old age is characterized by social isolation. However, there has been no systematic, nationally representative evaluation of this possibility in terms of social network connectedness. In this paper, the authors develop a profile of older adults' social integration with respect to nine dimensi...
Article
Dramatic political, economic, and social changes in China over the past several decades have been accompanied by much discussion in popular media and among academics of a fundamental transformation in Chinese sexual behavior. Several studies have examined current Chinese sexual behavior but have been limited to particular provinces or cities and ha...
Article
Analysis of the first population-based sexual health survey in China found a prevalence of self-reported genitourinary (GU) symptoms among 2999 urban respondents for men and women as follows: burning (12.5% and 15.7%), discharge (2.6% and 20.1%), ulcer (1.3% and 3.6%) and warts (1.2% and 2.0%). Risk factors among men were unprotected commercial sex...
Article
While sexual dysfunctions are closely related to overall well-being, epidemiological data based on population-based surveys remain scant. To investigate the prevalence and correlates for sexual dysfunctions in urban China. Of the 4,157 urbanites sampled nationally, 3,159 participants completed the interview, giving a response rate of 76%. The focus...
Article
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The southern state of Andhra Pradesh (AP) has one of the highest rates of HIV-1 infection in India. Estimates of HIV infection in rural areas have begun to approximate the urban. Methods of HIV transmission in rural India are poorly understood. We examined risk factors for HIV transmission in a group of rural villages in AP through the use of a sex...
Conference Paper
Background:Patterns of access to STD testing and treatment in China are poorly understood. We sought to determine the characteristics and behaviors associated with seeking treatment for genitourinary symptoms in a formal hospital setting versus informal settings (private clinic or self-medication), in which care may be delayed or inadequate. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the aging of the population, little is known about the sexual behaviors and sexual function of older people. We report the prevalence of sexual activity, behaviors, and problems in a national probability sample of 3005 U.S. adults (1550 women and 1455 men) 57 to 85 years of age, and we describe the association of these variables with age an...
Article
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This study examined the prevalence and sources of masturbatory practice in a nationally representative sample from China completed in the year 2000, with analysis of sources focused on 2,828 urban respondents aged 20-59. In this subpopulation, 13% (95% CI, 10-18) of women and 35% (CI, 26-44) of men reported any masturbation in the preceding year. P...
Article
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are categorised as storage (urgency, frequency, nocturia and incontinence), voiding (sensation of incomplete emptying, hesitancy, weak stream and straining) or mixed symptoms. In this US population-based study, we investigated the prevalence of male LUTS and the relative frequency of the LUTS subtypes, and we eva...
Article
This paper examines the prevalence, precursors, and consequences of unwanted marital sex activities in a national sample of 1,127 married urban Chinese women aged 20-64. During the lifetime of their current marriage, 32% reported ever experiencing unwanted spousal intercourse, with about one-fifth reporting that this unwanted intercourse ever invol...
Article
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