Edvin Aldrian

Edvin Aldrian
Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi | BPPT

Prof. Dr.

About

119
Publications
193,304
Reads
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3,193
Citations
Introduction
Regional climate modeling, climate change, air quality, riverine carbon, oceanography, aerosol and forest fire
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - present
January 2000 - August 2003
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
Full-text available
The optical properties of aerosol could describe the potential source of prevalent pollutants of certain area. With the annual occurrences of biomass burning over the peat swamp forest, the study of aerosol characters in Central Kalimantan province becomes important. Aerosols from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data network combine with some env...
Article
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Air pollution has become a growing concern, especially in urban cities with rapidly developing economies, increasing infrastructure and vehicular population, and reduced green spaces. Fossil fuel and transportation are the main source of pollutive particles (e.g., sulfur oxide and nitrous) released into the atmosphere. Once they have entered the at...
Conference Paper
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The criteria of season onset and withdrawal in Indonesia determined by Agency for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) which need a month to confirm the period of the wet season and dry season. The determination of season onset based on the amount of 10- day rainfall equal to or more than 50 millimeters (mm) followed by the next two 10-day...
Book
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Komunikasi media massa memiliki gaya penulisan tersendiri. Menulis sesuatu yang bukan ilmiah dan bukan pula novel sehari hari. Di lain sisi, media massa memiliki daya penetrasi publik yang luar biasa hingga dapat menjangkau khalayak umum. Sehingga media massa merupakan sebuah wahana yang menarik untuk mengungkapkan gagasan dan ide agar tidak hanya...
Article
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Extreme biomass burning occurred in Jambi, Indonesia, in 2019 and coincided exacerbated with El Nino. Peak burning season was in September, with a total hotspot of 7034. Red sky has been reported on September 21 during the day. Sun photometer measurements in Jambi as one of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) stations in Indonesia from 1 to Septe...
Article
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Cloud seeding activities have been carried out in the form of experiments and operation activities as part of water resource management in some parts of the world. Recently, a new method of cloud seeding using a ground-based generator (GBG) was introduced in Indonesia. This method is used to seed orographic clouds with the aid of a 50 m GBG tower l...
Article
Heterogeneity in seasonal aerosol types due to different sources, local characteristics, and meteorology lead to different optical and radiative properties from one place to another. This study analyzes the long-term averages of aerosol optical and radiative properties obtained by the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) version 3 at four sites in Ind...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Extreme biomass burning occurred in Jambi, Indonesia, in 2019 and coincided exacerbated with El Nino. Peak burning season was in September, with a total hotspot of 7034. Red sky has been reported on September 21 during the day. Sun photometer measurements in Jambi as one of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) stations in Indonesia from 1 to Septe...
Article
Regional climate simulations from the Southeast Asia Regional Climate Downscaling/ Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment – Southeast Asia (SEACLID/CORDEX‐SEA) indicated model biases in temperature and rainfall over Southeast Asia (SEA). Given the influence of sea surface temperature (SST) variability on SEA climate, this study examine...
Article
A complex convective cloud with a horizontal scale area of more than 100 km, known as the mesoscale convective system (MCS), is important to the study as it brings heavy rainfall from its activity. The analysis of MCS with the flood-producing storm on the Indonesian Maritime Continent (IMC) receives less attention. The purpose of this study is to i...
Article
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This study reports a drought analysis which was carried out using the Standardized Precipitation and Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) to determine the spatial and temporal level of drought risk in Java, Indonesia. Apart from using the SPEI, this study also used the SPI (Standardized Precipitation Index) as a comparison in detecting drought and also...
Article
In this study, the projected drought characteristics over Vietnam for the future periods of the middle (2046–2065) and end of the 21st century (2080–2099) were investigated under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. The drought characteristics (duration, severity, intensity, inter‐arrival time, and geographic...
Article
In this study, a subset of the downscaled simulations of the Southeast Asia Regional Climate Downscaling / Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment – Southeast Asia (SEACLID/CORDEX‐SEA) was analyzed to examine the representation of tropical cyclone (TC) climatology over Southeast Asia, in terms of pattern, intensity, frequency, and lifet...
Book
This edited volume reviews the latest advances in policies and actions in understanding the science, impacts and management of climate change in Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change due to its geographical, physical, and social-economic situations. There are many initiatives to understand and deal with th...
Conference Paper
The importance of particle size of common salt, i.e. sodium chloride, has become a concern in many applications; and this is not excluding the salt sourced from solar evaporated seawater. Therefore, milling process to reduce the particle size of the salt is an important part. Hammer milling has an advantage that its open system can lead to higher c...
Article
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This paper examines the projected changes in rainfall in Southeast Asia (SEA) in the twenty-first century based on the multi-model simulations of the Southeast Asia Regional Climate Downscaling/Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment–Southeast Asia (SEACLID/CORDEX–SEA). A total of 11 General Circulation Models (GCMs) have been downscale...
Article
This study identified the analog locations of five big cities and the future appearance of novel climate in Southeast Asia (SEA) at the end of the 21st century under the Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5) and 4.5 (RCP4.5) scenarios. A modified version of an existing formulation to estimate climate distance is introduced, using the m...
Article
This study examines the projected precipitation extremes for the end of 21st century (2081–2100) over Southeast Asia (SEA) using the output of the Southeast Asia Regional Climate Downscaling/Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment – Southeast Asia (SEACLID/CORDEX-SEA). Eight ensemble members, representing a subset of archived CORDEX-SEA...
Book
Full-text available
Subsektor peternakan merupakan salah satu kontributor gas rumah kaca (GRK) nasional. Kontribusi GRK dari subsektor ini masih di bawah 2% dari total emisi GRK secara nasional. Kontribusi ini diasumsikan akan terus meningkat sejalan dengan upaya penambahan populasi ternak sebagai efek dari diterapkannya salah satu program pemerintah untuk pemenuhan p...
Article
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Resilience is an intangible concept. One way to describe it is done by indicators that can represent the same unit (index). The purpose of the study is to develop a method of measuring the climate resilience index (RI) based on the concepts and theory of vulnerability, risk, and resilience. The design of study and methods are: 1) framework for anal...
Article
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Nyepi or the Balinese Day of Silence (DOS) is a day when people celebrate every New Year according to the Balinese calendar (Saka). On that day, all resident activities were very restricted, with no outdoor activities. This event, which only lasted for 24 hours, is a unique period to conduct air quality measurements such as Total Suspended Particul...
Conference Paper
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The relative impacts of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) events of Rice Cropping Calendar on Equatorial and Monsoon Region of Indonesia were studied. The spatial distribution of partial correlations between rainfalls with the ENSO and IOD over West Sumatera and West Java indicated a significant impact on rainfal...
Article
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Many scientists assume that RCM output is directly used as input for climate change impact models, while it consists of systematic errors. Consequently, RCM still requires bias correction to be used as an input model. The purpose of this study was to analyze the RCM performance before and after bias correction, its best performance from several mod...
Article
This paper highlights detailed projected changes in rainfall over Thailand for the early (2011–2040), middle (2041–2070) and late (2071–2099) periods of the 21st century under the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and RCP 8.5 using the high‐resolution multi‐model simulations of the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (...
Conference Paper
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There are challenges in utilizing marine resources in Indonesia and one of them is environmental changes caused by ENSO phenomenon. Skipjack catch production in southern Malang has been fluctuated since this phenomenon occurred. Lack of information about ENSO phenomenon among fisherman has led to under-utilized fish production which resulting in le...
Article
Full-text available
An extreme biomass burning event occurred in Indonesia from September through October 2015 due to severe drought conditions, partially caused by a major El Niño event, thereby allowing for significant burning of peatland that had been previously drained. This event had the highest sustained aerosol optical depths (AODs) ever monitored by the global...
Article
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Abstract Two different mesoscale convective system (MCS) events that produced the heavy rainfall over the Greater Jakarta (GJ) during 15–18 January 2013 period were investigated. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the atmospheric conditions of two different MCSs during the heavy rainfall. Data consist of 3 hourly rainfalls of meteorolog...
Article
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The Quantile Mapping (QM) bias correction (BC) technique was applied for the first time to address biases in the simulated precipitation over Vietnam from the Regional Climate Model (RegCM) driven by five Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) Global Climate Model (GCM) products. The QM process was implemented for the period 1986-200...
Article
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Climat change (CC) which contributed to increased conflict/war had implicitly emerged in the IPCC’s 3rd and 4th reports (IPCC, 2001; 2007); meanwhile on the 5th report (IPCC, 2014) emphasized more on human security. The risk/impact of CC to human security was shown through interaction between livelihood, conflict, culture, and migration. The purpos...
Article
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The simulation of the mesoscale convection system (MCS) during the 13 - 19 January 2014 was conducted for Greater Jakarta (GJ) using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. In this study, WRF simulations were carried out for different sizes of urban and built-up area, which in the experiment (SCE) wider than the standard (CTL) simulations...
Conference Paper
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The needs of global analysis for oceanic fresh water budget (evaporation–precipitation, E-P) and Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) are important to better understand the Earth’s climate system and the global water cycle. However, this analysis is often obstructed by time series data availability of both variabilities. This research used the Sea Surface Sa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water mass characteristics in the waters around Maluku are influenced by the water mass of the Pacific Oceans. The parameters used to see the changes when the El Nino and La Nina are the sea surface temperature, salinity and TS diagram patterns. Generally, this research aims to examine the relationship of the Pacific Ocean and the Banda Sea in 1993...
Conference Paper
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The Greater Jakarta (GJ) area received serious attention from the government in the last 10 years due to the frequent occurrence of flood problems during the rainy season. Extreme rain events which leads to flooding often associated with highly convective cloud systems. One of the phenomena describes the presence of a broad convective cloud system...
Article
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This paper provides a detailed description of how ENSO events affect seasonal and extreme precipitation over Indonesia. Daily precipitation data from 97 stations across Indonesia covering the period from 1981 to 2012 were used to investigate the effects of El Niño and La Niña on extreme precipitation characteristics including intensity, frequency a...
Article
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A mesoscale convective system (MCS) is a large complex convective cloud system associated with a contiguous rainfall area that contributes significantly to heavy rainfall. This study analyzed the kinematic and thermodynamic structures of MCS during a heavy rainfall event. The MCSs that coincided with the heavy rainfall event and covered GJ occurred...
Article
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This article provides detailed information on projected changes in annual precipitation extremes over Southeast Asia under global warming of 2°C based on the multi-model simulations of the Southeast Asia Regional Climate Downscaling/Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment Southeast Asia (SEACLID/CORDEX-SEA). Four indices of extreme prec...
Article
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The impact of land use changes on meteorological parameters during a heavy rainfall event on 17 January 2014 in Greater Jakarta (GJ) was examined using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. This study performed two experimental simulation methods. The first WRF simulation uses default land use (CTL). The second simulation applies the ex...
Book
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Salah satu permasalahan lingkungan hidup terbesar abad ini adalah perubahan iklim, hal ini telah disampaikan dalam panel para ahli UNEP dalam berbagai forum ilmiah internasional. Perubahan iklim berdampak pada berbagi bidang kehidupan seperti pertanian, kesehatan, infrastruktur, maupun perhubungan termasuk transportasi udara di dalamnya. Berbagai u...
Article
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The southern region of Indonesia is one of the places where tropical cyclones grow in the southern hemisphere. During 1983-2017 there were 51 tropical cyclones occurring in the region. This study aims to understand the characteristic of tropical cyclones in southern Indonesia and their variations, both spatially and temporally, and their effect on...
Article
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In the period between July - August 2017, Indonesia experiences drought which was caused by The Australian Monsoon wind. Radiosonde data obtained from launches conducted at the Palembang Meteorological Station during the IOP of 17 July - 16 August 2017 and those from cities that represents monsoon area (Pangkalpinang, Jakarta, and Surabaya) were al...
Article
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Meteorological hazard has been frequently occurred in Indonesia due to torrential rains. It is important to examine the characteristics of the atmosphere during rainy seasons for hazard mitigation. National Laboratory of Weather Modification Technology has conducted a short Intensive Observation Program (IOP) from January 18th to February 16th, 201...
Article
This study examines the simulated temperature over Southeast Asia (SEA) using the Regional Climate Model version 4.3 (RegCM4.3), and its sensitivity to selected cumulus and ocean surface flux schemes. Model simulations were conducted for the SEA domain at 36 km spatial resolution for the period of 1989–2008, as part of the Southeast Asia Regional C...
Article
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The 2–days precipitation event over Jakarta in February 2015 was very unusual, the highest in the 135–year long historical records with a return period more than 60 years in the current climate. An intensified monsoon with an unusual northerly winds leading to this event is described. The 2015 event has become about 2.2 times more likely due to the...
Article
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The high precipitation around Southeast Asia results in abundant fresh water outflow, which transports terrestrial dissolved and particulate material to the world's largest marginal sea, namely the South China Sea (SCS). To estimate the riverine carbon flux to the SCS, carbonate data from 42 rivers were collected. These results, combined with liter...
Article
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Heavy rainfalls over the Greater Jakarta (GJ) basins during January 14 - 15th, 2013 were suspected to be derived from convective complex systems (CCSs) as subsets of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). This study, implementing a graph-theory based algorithm on black body temperature (TBB) dataset, identified CCS over GJ during heavy rainfall event...
Article
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A convective cloud system that large, long lived, and exhibits a quasi-circular cloud shield could be called a mesoscale convective complexes (MCC) system. These systems produce a wide variety of severe convective weather such as heavy rainfall. On January 15th, 2013, Jakarta experienced an extraordinary heavy rainfall event. In this study, we exam...
Article
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The few previous studies of precipitation isotopes (δ¹⁸O and δD) in Indonesia, based on low spatial resolution observation datasets, have found several types of patterns in their seasonal variabilities. This study conducted high spatial resolution rainfall sampling and investigated the temporal characteristics of precipitation isotope in Indonesia....
Article
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Aliran permukaan/limpasan (run off) merupakan salah satu variabel hidrologi yang sangat penting di dalam menunjang kegiatan pengembangan sumber daya air. Metode prediksi yang handal untuk menghitung jumlah dan laju limpasan yang berasal dari permukaan tanah dan bergerak menuju sungai di suatu DAS yang tidak dilengkapi alat ukur (ungaged watershed)...
Article
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Abstrak. Dengan letaknya diantara dua benua dan dua samudera serta berada di garis khatulistiwa, maka benua maritim Indonesia merupakan salah satu pusat konveksi utama dunia. Dengan kenyataan demikian maka Indonesia menghadapi risiko yang besar dari tingginya variabilitas iklim dan ekstremitas iklim. Guna menghadapi dampak dari iklim ekstrem maka d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate the characteristics of temperature and precipitation extremes in Indonesian Borneo both in space and time. Using daily data of 15 weather stations, a subset of 12 climate extreme indices has been calculated to clarify whether the frequency, intensity and duration of temperature and precipitation extremes have changed...
Article
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The total solar eclipse on 9th March 2016 has given a unique opportunity to assess impacts of the eclipse on various meteorological parameters in Ternate. A weather transmitter, a net radiometer, and a heat flux plate for measuring soil heat flux in bare soil were deployed during this special observation in Madaha, Ternate (0°51'17.5" N, 127°20'56....
Conference Paper
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When the tsunami began to occur in the earthquake epicenter, the displacement of sea water as high as a few centimeters but with wavelengths of several hundred kilometers can cause acoustic atmospheric gravity waves. The acoustic atmospheric gravity waves can propagate vertically. When it reaches the ionosphere, the waves cause fluctuations in the...
Article
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ABSTRAK Peningkatan aktivitas industri dan transportasi menjadi pemicu timbulnya potensi pencemaran udara yang berdampak pada kesehatan masyarakat, terutama di sekitar wilayah industri dan kota-kota besar. Pengenalan daerah yang rawan terhadap pemaparan konsentrasi pencemar udara maksimum perlu dilakukan untuk mengantisipasi dampak terhadap keseha...
Article
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This paper documents the changes in climate extremes over Indonesia during the past three decades (1983–2012) based on a subset of extreme indices recommended by the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI). The extreme indices were calculated based on the quality controlled daily observational data (minimum and maximum temperat...
Article
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Forest and land fires in Riau province of Sumatera increase along with the rapid deforestation, land clearing, and are induced by dry climate. Forest and land fires, which occur routinely every year, cause trans-boundary air pollution up to Singapore. Economic losses were felt by Indonesia and Singapore as the affected country thus creates tensions...