Eduardo Zabaleta

Eduardo Zabaleta
Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata | UNMDP · Biological Research Institute (IIB)

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64
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (64)
Chapter
FerroptosisFerroptosis is an oxidative iron-dependent cell death that was recently described in vertebrates, invertebrates, fungi, plants, and bacteria. In plants, ferroptosisFerroptosis has been reported in response to heat shock in rootsRoots of 6-day-old Arabidopsis thalianaArabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) seedlings. Generally, all biochemical...
Article
Regulated cell death (RCD) is an essential process that plays key roles along the plant life cycle. Unlike accidental cell death, which is an uncontrolled biological process, RCD involves integrated signaling cascades and precise molecular-mediated mechanisms that are triggered in response to specific exogenous or endogenous stimuli. Ferroptosis is...
Article
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Significance Mitochondrial adrenodoxins (ADXs) are small iron–sulfur proteins that function as mobile shuttles transferring electrons. Their function has been largely known in animals, as they transfer electrons between an adrenodoxin reductase (ADXR) and mitochondrial P450s, which is a crucial step that leads to steroidogenesis. Here we show that...
Article
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Diatoms are unicellular organisms containing red algal‐derived plastids that probably originated as result of serial endosymbioses between an ancestral heterotrophic organism and a red alga or cryptophyte algae from which has only the chloroplast left. Diatom mitochondria are thus believed to derive from the exosymbiont. Unlike animals and fungi, d...
Article
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In flowering plants, pollen tubes undergo a journey that starts in the stigma and ends in the ovule with the delivery of the sperm cells to achieve double fertilization. The pollen cell wall plays an essential role to accomplish all the steps required for the successful delivery of the male gametes. This extended path involves female tissue recogni...
Article
Sensing and response to high temperatures are crucial to prevent heat‐related damage and to preserve cellular and metabolic functions. The response to heat stress is a complex and coordinated process that involves several subcellular compartments and multi‐level regulatory networks that are synchronized to avoid cell damage while maintaining cellul...
Article
Regulated cell death plays key roles during essential processes along the plant life cycle. It takes part of specific developmental programs and maintains the organism homeostasis in response to unfavorable environments. Ferroptosis is a recently discovered iron-dependent cell death pathway characterized by the accumulation of lipid reactive oxygen...
Article
The cytochrome P450 superfamily is a large enzymatic protein family that is widely distributed along diverse kingdoms. In plants, CYPs participate in a vast array of pathways leading to the synthesis and modification of multiple metabolites with variable and important functions during different stages of plant development. This includes the biosynt...
Article
The Arabidopsis genome encodes more than 450 proteins containing the pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) motif. The PPR proteins are classified into two groups, termed as P and PLS classes. Typically, the PLS subclass proteins are mainly involved in the RNA editing of mitochondrial and chloroplast transcripts, whereas most of the analyzed P sub-class pr...
Article
Mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase complex is the first complex of the mitochondrial electron transfer chain. In plants and in a variety of eukaryotes except Opisthokonta, complex I contains an extra spherical domain called Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) domain. This domain is thought to be composed of trimers of gamma type CA and CA-like subunits. In Arabi...
Article
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In plants, regulated cell death (RCD) plays critical roles during development and is essential for plant-specific responses to abiotic and biotic stresses. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent, oxidative, nonapoptotic form of cell death recently described in animal cells. In animal cells, this process can be triggered by depletion of glutathione (GSH)...
Article
The NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase [complex I (CI), EC 1.6.5.3] of the mitochondrial respiratory chain is the principal entry point of electrons, and vital in maintaining metabolism and the redox balance. In a variety of eukaryotic organisms, except animal and fungi (Opisthokonta), it contains an extra domain composed of putative gamma carbonic anh...
Article
The mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase complex (complex I) consists of several functional domains which independently arose during evolution. In higher plants, it contains an additional domain which includes proteins resembling gamma-type carbonic anhydrases. The Arabidopsis genome codes for five complex I-integrated gamma-type carbonic anhydrases (γ...
Article
The NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase complex (Complex I -CI- EC 1.6.5.3) is the main entrance site of electrons into the respiratory chain. In a variety of eukaryotic organisms, except animal and fungi (Opisthokonta), it contains an extra domain composed of trimers of putative gamma carbonic anhydrases, named CA domain, which has been proposed to be...
Article
Plants alternate between two generations during their life cycle: the diploid sporophyte and the haploid male and female gametophytes, in which gametes are generated. In higher plants, the female gametophyte or embryo sac is a highly polarized seven-celled structure that develops within the sporophytic tissues of the ovule. It has been proposed tha...
Article
The aim of this experiment is to study mitochondrial functional status in Arabidopsis embryo sacs using the membrane potential indicator JC-1. Changes in the membrane potential are presumed to be due to the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), allowing passage of ions and small molecules. The resulting equilibrium of io...
Presentation
In plants, regulated cell death plays critical roles during several developmental processes and plant-specific responses to external stimuli. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying plant cell death remain unclear. While some pathways appear to be conserved in animal and plant cells, others are specific. In this work, we examined whether an ir...
Article
Previously considered as toxic by-products of aerobic metabolism, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are emerging as essential signaling molecules in eukaryotes. Recent evidence showed that maintenance of ROS homeostasis during female gametophyte development is crucial for embryo sac patterning and fertilization. Although ROS are exclusively detected in...
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can function as signaling molecules, regulating key aspects of plant development, or as toxic compounds leading to oxidative damage. In this article, we show that the regulation of ROS production during megagametogenesis is largely dependent on MSD1, a mitochondrial Mn-superoxide dismutase. Wild-type mature embryo sacs...
Article
Recent findings demonstrate that alkaline/neutral invertases (A/N-Invs), enzymes that catalyze the breakdown of sucrose into glucose and fructose, are essential proteins in plant life. The fact that different isoforms are present in multiple locations makes them candidates for the coordination of metabolic processes. In the present study, we functi...
Article
Many photosynthetic organisms have developed inorganic carbon (Ci) concentrating mechanisms (CCMs) that increase the CO₂ concentration within the vicinity of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO). Several CCMs, such as four carbon (C4) and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), bicarbonate accumulation systems and capsular structur...
Article
Iron is a key element in plant nutrition. Iron deficiency as well as iron overload results in serious metabolic disorders that affect photosynthesis, respiration and general plant fitness with direct consequences on crop production. More than 25% of the cultivable land possesses low iron availability due to high pH (calcareous soils). Plant biologi...
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We characterized the transcriptomic response of transgenic plants carrying a mitochondrial dysfunction induced by the expression of the unedited form of the ATP synthase subunit 9. The u-ATP9 transgene driven by A9 and APETALA3 promoters induce mitochondrial dysfunction revealed by a decrease in both oxygen uptake and adenine nucleotides (ATP, ADP)...
Article
Gamma carbonic anhydrases (gammaCA) are widespread in Prokaryotes. In Eukaryotes, homologous genes were found only in plant genomes. In Arabidopsis and maize, the corresponding gene products are subunits of mitochondrial Complex I. At present, only gammaCA homotrimers of Methanosarcina thermophila (CAM) show reversible carbon dioxide (CO(2)) hydrat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nitric oxide (NO) is a signalling and physiologically active molecule in animals, plants and bacteria. The specificity of the molecular mechanism(s) involved in transducing the NO signal within and between cells and tissues is still poorly understood. NO has been shown to be an emerging and potent signal molecule in plant growth, develop...
Article
Plant mitochondria include gamma-type carbonic anhydrases (gammaCAs) of unknown function. In Arabidopsis, the gammaCAs form a gene family of five members which all are attached to the NADH dehydrogenase complex (complex I) of the respiratory chain. Here we report a functional analysis of gamma carbonic anhydrase 2 (CA2). The gene encoding CA2 is co...
Article
Full-text available
Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein that is conserved throughout evolution. In yeast and mammals, frataxin is essential for cellular iron (Fe) homeostasis and survival during oxidative stress. In plants, frataxin deficiency causes increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and high sensitivity to oxidative stress. In this work we show that...
Article
Frataxin, a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein, has been proposed to participate in Fe-S cluster assembly, mitochondrial energy metabolism, respiration, and iron homeostasis. However, its precise function remains elusive. Frataxin is highly conserved in living organisms with no major structural changes, in particular at the C-terminal protein do...
Article
The mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced (NADH) dehydrogenase complex (complex I) of plants has a molecular mass of about 1000 kDa and is composed of more than 40 distinct protein subunits. About three quarter of these subunits are homologous to complex I subunits of heterotrophic eukaryotes, whereas the remaining subunits are u...
Article
Frataxin, a protein crucial for the biogenesis of mitochondria in different organisms, was recently identified in Arabidopsis thaliana. To investigate the role of frataxin in higher plants, we analyze two knock-out and one knock-down T-DNA insertion mutants. The knock-out mutants present an embryo-lethal phenotype, indicating an essential role for...
Article
The structure of sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS: EC 2.4.1.14) from wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. San Agustin was studied using antibodies prepared against the enzyme purified from wheat germ. The antibodies revealed the presence of 55 and 35 kDa polypeptides in wheat germ, endosperm, embryos and whole seed, while in whole wheat leaf, a 90 kDa wa...
Article
Full-text available
Complex I of Arabidopsis includes five structurally related subunits representing γ-type carbonic anhydrases termed CA1, CA2, CA3, CAL1, and CAL2. The position of these subunits within complex I was investigated. Direct analysis of isolated subcomplexes of complex I by liquid chromatography linked to tandem mass spectrometry allowed the assignment...
Article
Mitochondria play an important role during sporogenesis in plants. The steady state levels of the nuclear-encoded mitochondrial complex I (nCI), PSST, TYKY and NADHBP transcripts increase in flowers of male-sterile plants with impairment of mitochondrial function generated by the expression of the unedited version of ATP9 (u-ATP9). This suggests a...
Article
Mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (complex I) of plants includes quite a number of plant-specific subunits, some of which exhibit sequence similarity to bacterial gamma-carbonic anhydrases. A homozygous Arabidopsis knockout mutant carrying a T-DNA insertion in a gene encoding one of these subunits (At1g47260) was generated to investigate its physiol...
Article
We report the identification by two hybrid screens of two novel similar proteins, called Arabidopsis thaliana gamma carbonic anhydrase like1 and 2 (AtgammaCAL1 and AtgammaCAL2), that interact specifically with putative Arabidopsis thaliana gamma Carbonic Anhydrase (AtgammaCA) proteins in plant mitochondria. The interaction region that was located i...
Article
Frataxin is a highly conserved protein from bacteria to mammals that has been proposed to participate in iron-sulfur cluster assembly and mitochondrial iron homeostasis. In higher organisms, the frataxin gene is nuclear-encoded and the protein is required for maintenance of normal mitochondrial iron levels and respiration. We describe here AtFH, a...
Article
Full-text available
Three genes from Arabidopsis thaliana with high sequence similarity to gamma carbonic anhydrase (gammaCA), a Zn containing enzyme from Methanosarcina thermophila (CAM), were identified and characterized. Evolutionary and structural analyses predict that these genes code for active forms of gammaCA. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that these Arabidopsi...
Article
Full-text available
MADS-box genes in plants are putative transcription factors involved in regulating numerous developmental processes, such as meristem and organ identity in inflorescences and in flowers. Recent reports indicate that they are involved in other processes than flower development such as the establishment of developing embryos, seed coat and ultimately...
Article
To study the effect of a mitochondrial dysfunction induced by the expression of the unedited form of the subunit 9 of ATP synthase gene (u-atp9) in Arabidopsis, we constructed transgenic plants expressing u-atp9 under the control of three different promoters: CaMV 35S, apetala 3 and A9. The size and shape of transgenic plants bearing the apetala3::...
Article
Chaperonins are a class of molecular chaperone, present in bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts, that are involved in protein folding and assembly in many organisms. Plastid and β chaperonins have been suggested to be involved specifically in the assembly of Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. However, to date there is no direct evidenc...
Article
Full-text available
Two-component signal systems regulate a variety of cellular activities. They involve at least two common signalling molecules: a signal-sensing kinase and a response regulator that mediates the output response. Multistep systems also require proteins containing phosphotransfer domains. Here we report that the response regulator ARR2 from Arabidopsi...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondria contain several large multisubunit enzyme complexes that are composed of proteins encoded in the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. Particularly for correct assembly of these enzyme complexes, expression of the respective mitochondrial and nuclear genes has to be coordinated to ensure correct stoichiometries of the protein subunits. Pa...
Article
 Flowers of tobacco transformed with the genomic (unedited) coding sequence of the mitochondrial atp9 gene (u-atp9), fused to the yeast coxIV mitochondrial targeting pre-sequence, exhibited either semi-fertile or male-sterile phenotypes. The inheritance of the induced male-sterile trait, was first investigated on a population of 25 plants of the R0...
Chapter
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While the molecular origin of mitochondrial human pathologies started to be known in some detail at the end of the 1980s, plant mitochondrial mutations were known several decades before (Rogers and Edwardson 1952). In this review we describe the molecular origin of a mitochondrial mutation observed in plants leading to the emergence of cytoplasmic...
Article
Regulatory promoter regions responsible for the enhanced expression in anthers and pollen are defined in detail for three nuclear encoded mitochondrial Complex I (nCl) genes from Arabidopsis thaliana. Specific regulatory elements were found conserved in the 5' upstream regions between three different genes encoding the 22 kDa (PSST), 55 kDa NADH bi...
Article
Respiratory complex I of plant mitochondria has to date been investigated with respect to physiological function, biochemical properties and molecular structure. In the respiratory chain complex I is the major entry gate for low potential electrons from matrix NADH, reducing ubiquinone and utilizing the released energy to pump protons across the in...
Article
Full-text available
RNA editing in plant mitochondria is a post-transcriptional process involving the partial change of C residues into U. These C to U changes lead to the synthesis of proteins with an amino acid sequence different to that predicted from the gene. Proteins produced from edited mRNAs are more similar to those from organisms where this process is absent...
Article
RNA editing in plant mitochondria is a post-transcriptional process involving the partial change of C residues into U. These C to U changes lead to the synthesis of proteins with an amino acid sequence different to that predicted from the gene. Proteins produced from edited mRNAs are more similar to those from organisms where this process is absent...
Article
Flowers of tobacco transformed with an unedited copy of the mitochondrial atp9 gene sequence fused to the yeast coxIV mitochondrial targeting presequence, showed several anther abnormalities leading to pollen abortion. The gene was expressed in vegetative and reproductive tissues of the plant. Cytological analysis revealed that tapetum development...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously shown that the expression of an unedited atp9 chimeric gene correlated with male-sterile phenotype in transgenic tobacco plant. To study the relationship between the expression of chimeric gene and the male-sterile trait, hemizygous and homozygous transgenic tobacco lines expressing the antisense atp9 RNA were constructed. The an...
Article
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To study the pattern of gene regulation of the plastid chaperonin 60 beta gene family a chimaeric gene was constructed fusing the 5'-flanking region of the chaperonin 60 beta B3 gene to the beta-glucuronidase reporter gene. Histochemical and fluorometric analysis of the GUS activity present in transgenic plants harbouring this gene construct showed...
Article
Chaperonins (Cpn) are implicated in the folding and assembly of multimeric proteins in plastids and mitochondria of eukaryotes and in prokaryotes. Plastid Cpn is composed of two different polypeptides termed Cpn60 alpha and Cpn60 beta. We have isolated cDNA and genomic clones encoding Cpn60 beta from Arabidopsis thaliana. The steady-state level of...
Article
Full-text available
When wheat (Triticum aestivum) seedlings are exposed to a cold temperature (2-4 degrees C) above 0 degrees C, sucrose accumulates and sucrose synthase activity increases. The effect of a cold period on the level of sucrose synthase (SS) was investigated. Using antibodies against wheat germ SS, Western blots studies showed that the amount of the SS...

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