Eduardo Augusto Fernandes Nilson

Eduardo Augusto Fernandes Nilson
University of São Paulo | USP · Nupens - Núcleo de Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Nutrição e Saúde

Doctor of Public Health

About

53
Publications
17,340
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370
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - April 2020
Ministry of Health Brazil
Position
  • Vice Coordinator
July 1999 - August 2001
Ministry of Health Brazil
Position
  • Consultant
September 1997 - June 1999
Ministry of Health Brazil
Position
  • Consultant
Education
July 2016 - May 2020
University of São Paulo
Field of study
  • Global Health and Sustainability
January 1989 - December 1992
University of Brasília
Field of study
  • Biological Sciences

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo. Estimar os custos atribuíveis a hipertensão arterial, diabetes e obesidade no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) no Brasil em 2018. Métodos. Realizou-se uma estimativa dos custos atribuíveis a doenças crônicas não transmissíveis a partir dos riscos relativos e das prevalências populacionais de hipertensão, diabetes e obesidade, considerando cus...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Introduction Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the main cause of death among non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Brazil, and they have a high economic impact on health systems. Most populations around the world, including Brazilians, consume excessive sodium, which increases blood pressure and the risk of CVDs. Objective To model t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Excessive sodium consumption is one of the leading dietary risk factors for non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), mediated by high blood pressure. Brazil has implemented voluntary sodium reduction targets with food industries since 2011. This study aimed to analyse the potential health and economic impact of...
Chapter
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Dia 07 de junho de 2002 foi comemorado o Dia Mundial da Segurança de Alimentos (World Food Safety Day) com o lema “Alimentos seguros, mais saúde” para relacionar a segurança dos alimentos à saúde humana, desenvolvimento econômico, agricultura, acesso a mercados, turismo e desenvolvimento sustentável.34 Neste evento duas estratégias foram afirmadas:...
Chapter
Full-text available
O reconhecimento das dimensões sustentabilidade, resiliência e da inclusão dos sistemas alimentares globais para tornar a vida humana e a do planeta viáveis orienta a elaboração deste informe. O que tem sido apontado nas recomendações da FAO e do WFP para atingir a meta do Objetivo de Desenvolvimento Sustentável de acabar com a fome no mundo e prom...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Objectives Iodine deficiency in pregnant women is related to impaired foetal growth and development. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of insufficient iodine intake in pregnant women from different regions of the world. Subjects/Methods Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis...
Article
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Doenças crônicas não transmissíveis correspondem à principal causa de morte no mundo e têm a alimentação inadequada como um de seus principais fatores de risco modificáveis, destacando-se o consumo excessivo de sódio e sua associação com doenças cardiovasculares, mediadas pela pressão arterial. Este estudo avaliou o impacto de diferentes cenários d...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo O objetivo do estudo é sistematizar as ações de alimentação e nutrição desen-volvidas na atenção primária à saúde (APS), de 1999 a 2019, identificando os avanços no período e perspectivas atuais. É uma pesquisa qualitativa rea-lizada baseando-se na análise de documentos publicados entre 1999 e 2020, disponíveis em bases de dados científicos...
Article
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in children and associated risk factors. Design: Analysis of data from a cross-sectional multicenter study performed in the primary care units of the municipalities from January to June 2015. The children's legal guardians answered a socioeconomic questionnaire and the children'...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introdução: O consumo excessivo de sódio no Brasil é majoritariamente decorrente do uso indiscriminado de sal e condimentos ultraprocessados durante o preparo de refeições, sendo que a influência masculina em tais atividades necessita, ainda, de maior exploração. Objetivos: Este trabalho visa investigar a participação paterna na alimentação familia...
Conference Paper
Objetivo: Estimar a projeção da morbimortalidade por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNTs) atribuível ao excesso de peso no Brasil no período de 2020-2030. Método: Utilizou-se dados de Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) coletados por entrevista telefônica pelo Vigitel junto a 730.309 mil adultos (≥18 anos) nas capitais de estado do Brasil e Distr...
Article
Full-text available
Objective In Brazil, national estimates of childhood malnutrition have not been updated since 2006. The use of health information systems is an important complementary data source for analysing time trends on health and nutrition. This study aimed to examine temporal trends and sociodemographic inequalities in the prevalence of malnutrition in chil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objetivo: Estimar a projeção da morbimortalidade por doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNTs) atribuível ao excesso de peso no Brasil no período de 2020-2030. Método: Utilizou-se dados de Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) coletados por entrevista telefônica pelo Vigitel junto a 730.309 mil adultos (≥18 anos) nas capitais de estado do Brasil e Distr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: To analyse the potential health and economic impact of the voluntary sodium reduction targets in Brazil, from 2013 to 2032. Design: Modelling study. A microsimulation approach of a close-to-reality synthetic population (IMPACT NCD BR) was used to evaluate the potential health benefits of setting voluntary upper limits for sodium content...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é identificar os fatores associados ao consumo elevado de sal na população brasileira adulta. Estudo transversal com dados de 8.083 adultos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS, 2014/15). O consumo de sal foi baseado na estimativa de excreção urinária de sódio de 24 horas, calculada pela relação sódio/creatinina em amos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Resumo: Doenças Crônicas Não Transmissíveis correspondem à principal causa de morte no mundo e tem a alimentação inadequada como um de seus principais fatores de risco modificáveis, destacando-se o consumo excessivo de sódio e sua associação com doenças cardiovasculares, mediadas pela pressão arterial. Este estudo avaliou o impacto de diferentes ce...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To identify the associated factors to high salt intake in the adult Brazilian population. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 8,083 adults participating in the National Health Survey (PNS, 2014/15). Salt consumption was based on the estimation of 24-hour urinary sodium calculatedthe sodium/creatinine ratio in urine spot. High salt intake w...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent the leading cause of death in Costa Rica and high blood pressure was associated with a mortality rate of 29% in 2018. The average household sodium intake in the country is also two times higher than the World Health Organization recommendation. The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of reducin...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have investigated the simultaneous effect of individual and contextual factors on the occurrences of anemia. This study aims to evaluate the variability of children’s hemoglobin levels from municipalities in social vulnerability and its association with factors of individual and municipal nature. This is a cross-sectional, multi-center...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Excessive salt consumption is the leading dietary risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In Brazil, 30% of salt in the diet comes from packaged foods; Government and food industries have agreed on voluntary salt reduction targets for 29 food categories since 2011. The objective of this study was to quantify the potential health an...
Experiment Findings
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Macrossimulation modelling of health policy scenarios.
Experiment Findings
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Macrossimulation modelling of health policy scenarios.
Thesis
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Introduction: Inadequate diets are important preventable risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the world. Among critical nutrients associated with NCDs, excessive sodium consumption is the largest risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, mediated by hypertension. Different dietary sources contribute to sodium intake; therefore, sodiu...
Article
Full-text available
Salt iodization is the main public health policy to prevent and control iodine deficiency disorders. The National Salt Iodization Impact Assessment Survey (PNAISAL) was conducted to measure iodine concentration among Brazilian schoolchildren. A survey including 6-14-year-old schoolchildren from public and private schools from all 26 Brazilian state...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a costing tool for hypertension and cardiovascular disease by adapting cost-of-illness methodologies to estimate the attributable burden of excessive salt intake on cardiovascular disease. The methodology estimates the changes in blood pressure that result from each gram change in salt intake and links diet to the direct and ind...
Article
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Background: Hunger, food insecurity, stunting, anemia, overweight, and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) may coexist in the same person, household, and community in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is an important cause of disability and premature death, which could be addressed with comprehensive polici...
Poster
Full-text available
Introdução As doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis são responsáveis por mais de 70% das mortes no Brasil e, dentre elas, destacam-se as doenças cardiovasculares, para as quais a alimentação inadequada, incluindo o consumo excessivo de sódio (maior que 2g/dia por pessoa, equivalentes a 5g/dia), é um dos principais fatores de risco. Objetivos Estimar...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: to investigate the frequency of exclusive breastfeeding, early introduction of other foods and association with prevalence of low weight in Brazilian children. Methods: we analyzed records of children under 6 months of age held on the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System for the year 2015; associations were investigated through Pois...
Article
Full-text available
Identificar os fatores associados à introdução de alimentos não recomendados no primeiro ano de vida, entre crianças residentes em municípios de baixo nível socioeconômico. Estudo multicêntrico transversal com 1.567 crianças de 12 a 59 meses de idade residentes em 48 municípios participantes do plano Brasil Sem Miséria da Região Sul do Brasil. Apli...
Article
Full-text available
Non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, are responsible for over 70% of deaths in Brazil. Currently, over 25% of Brazilian adults are diagnosed as hypertensive; overall, current dietary sodium intake in Brazil (4700 mg/person) is over twice the international recommendations, and 70–90% of adolescents and adults consume excessi...
Article
Full-text available
Brazilians consume excessive dietary sodium (4700 mg/d); hence, the reduction of dietary sodium intake has been a Brazilian government priority. A set of strategies has been implemented that includes food and nutrition education initiatives and the reduction in the sodium content of processed foods and foods consumed out of the households. Since 20...
Article
Full-text available
Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil and inadequate diet is an important risk factor. Among the NCDs, cardiovascular diseases are very prevalent and sodium reduction in the population is a priority of health sector, because Brazilians consume more than twice the daily World Health Organizat...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVE: to describe self-reported high sodium consumption prevalence in adults and compare results in Brazilian capitals and the Federal District based on data from the 2013 National Health Survey (PNS) and from the 2013 Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel). METHODS: this was a d...
Article
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Reducing dietary salt/sodium is one of the most cost-effective interventions to improve population health. There are five initiatives in the Americas that independently developed targets for reformulating foods to reduce salt/sodium content. Applying selection criteria, recommended by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)/World Health Organiz...
Article
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Objective The present communication reports a strategy to calculate the intake of Fe based on data available for folic acid and evaluate the programme of flour fortification in Brazil. Design Cross-sectional study conducted in Brazil during 2008 and 2009. A 2d dietary record of individuals was used. The usual intake of folic acid by sex and age gr...
Article
Reducing dietary salt is one of the most effective interventions to lessen the burden of premature death and disability. In high-income countries and those in nutrition transition, processed foods are a significant if not the main source of dietary salt. Reformulating these products to reduce their salt content is recommended as a best buy to preve...
Article
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Objective: To describe the nutritional situation of children under five years old resident in three cities of Brazil's northeastern region. Methods: A transversal epidemiological study was undertaken with the participation of 1,378 children. The anthropometric measurements height/age, weight/age and weight/height were calculated in terms of the Z s...
Article
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The development of methods that enable analysis of programs and public policies is a key point for their objectives to be attained. This study presents a Brazilian experience of analysis of two food and nutritional security programs in cities in Brazil's northeast region, namely the National Program for Vitamin A Supplementation, and monitoring hea...
Article
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The construction of strategies for reducing the sodium content of processed foods is part of a set of actions to decrease the intake of this nutrient in Brazil-from the current 12 g of salt per person per day to less than 5 g per person per day (2 000 mg sodium) by 2020. In this process, a central action is the pact between the government and the f...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the National Program for Vitamin A Supplementation in a municipality (county) in Northeast Brazil, with participation by the parents or guardians of children under five years of age. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 657 interviews were perf...
Article
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A Política Nacional de Alimentação e Nutrição ressalta a importância do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional - SISVAN, que se destina à identificação do diagnóstico descritivo e analítico da situação alimentar e nutricional da população brasileira, contribuindo para que se conheça a natureza e a magnitude dos problemas nutricionais do país...
Article
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The National Food and Nutrition Policy emphasizes the importance of the Food and Nutritional Surveillance System (SISVAN), which has the purpose of determining descriptive and analytical diagnoses of the food and nutritional status of the Brazilian population. It thus contributes towards providing knowledge on the nature and magnitude of the countr...
Article
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Medidas para o enfrentamento da fome e da desnutrição vêm sendo associadas a ações de prevenção dos efeitos da má nutrição, especialmente a obesidade e outras doenças crônicas, dado o aumento da sua prevalência. Esse quadro epidemiológico complexo exige a concepção de projetos estruturantes de médio e longo prazos ao lado de ações imediatas e criat...
Article
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Strategies to face hunger and undernutrition have been directly associated to actions to prevent bad nutrition effects, mainly chronic diseases and obesity. This complex epidemiological scenario requires initiative of medium and long-term projects, with simultaneously immediate and creative measures for emergency situations when no food is availabl...

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