Edoardo Casoli

Edoardo Casoli
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Environmental Biology

PhD

About

46
Publications
10,878
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303
Citations
Introduction
PhD in Environmental Biology, broadly interested in dynamics and conservation of marine benthic communities. My main research fields are: ecology and distribution of marine benthic invertebrates; patterns of bioconstruction and bioerosion in Mediterranean ecosystems; colonization and succession on artificial reefs; human impacts and global change effects on marine benthos; marine ecosystems restoration.
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - February 2017
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (46)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the past twenty years, the effect of anthropogenic pressures on coralligenous reefs has been extensively investigated through field surveys and experiments, whilst, there are few studies that investigate the re-colonization dynamic of impacted reefs and their recovery. Here, we introduce results from the 10-years monitoring (from 2012 to 2021) o...
Article
Full-text available
Sociality and ecological drivers that can influence individual association patterns are infrequently considered in wildlife management, although they are essential aspects affecting animals' responses to both human-related pressures and conservation strategies. In common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), sex-specific social dynamics and int...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring semi-natural grasslands is difficult and costly because they occur in highly dynamic and extremely complex habitat mosaics. We combined the use of a low-cost unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and Structure from Motion (SfM) photogrammetry to acquire high spatial resolution (~1.5 cm pixel) RGB imagery. After image classification through Objec...
Article
Full-text available
Many coastal ecosystems, such as coral reefs and seagrass meadows, currently experience overgrowth by fleshy algae due to the interplay of local and global stressors. This is usually accompanied by strong decreases in habitat complexity and biodiversity. Recently, persistent, mat-forming fleshy red algae, previously described for the Black Sea and...
Article
Ecological restoration is an important tool to reverse habitat loss and recover ecosystem services. Here, for two years, we examine the dynamic of Posidonia oceanica following the restoration of a 1149 m² meadow damaged by the Concordia shipwreck. To evaluate the suitability of a recently employed seagrass restoration protocol, we assessed the patc...
Article
Full-text available
Bioerosion is the destruction of hard substrates resulting from biological activity, and plays a relevant role in the ecological interactions and coastal dynamics processes. Several organisms have evolved structures and behaviors allowing them to perforate biotic and abiotic surfaces, transforming hard surfaces into particles, and contributing sign...
Article
Full-text available
The need for habitat recovery in coastal areas, especially those subjected to intensive exploitation, has increased because of significant historical loss and alteration of habitats and, therefore, adverse ecological impacts. The present study defines a stepwise approach to mitigate habitat loss in deep coastal environments, describing the planning...
Article
Full-text available
With its geographically isolated location and geological history, the Mediterranean Sea harbors well-known biodiversity hotspots, such as Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows. Recently, long-living mats formed by the fleshy red alga Phyllophora crispa have been described to be associated with a high diversity of sessile invertebrates in the Tyrrheni...
Article
Full-text available
Seagrasses rank among the most productive yet highly threatened ecosystems on Earth. Loss of seagrass habitat because of anthropogenic disturbances and evidence of their limited resilience have provided the impetus for investigating and monitoring habitat restoration through transplantation programmes. Although Structure from Motion (SfM) photogram...
Article
Protection and restoration are crucial components of conservation strategies aimed at preserving biodiversity and ecosystem services. Here, we propose a successful protocol to restore the most important and protected Mediterranean seagrass species, Posidonia oceanica. A 52-month experiment was carried out to evaluate the feasibility of the restorat...
Article
Full-text available
Historical traces of organisms on the seafloor, such as shells and tubes, constitute the ecological memory of ancient benthic assemblages and serve as an important resource for understanding the assembly of modern communities. Archeological shipwrecks are particularly interesting submerged substrata for both their archeological and biological impli...
Article
Full-text available
These datasets derived from our mapping protocol are presented as a research article in the Journal of Environmental Management [1]. In particular, by using a Structure from Motion photogrammetric workflow we produced high spatial resolution 2D raster maps and 3D outputs such as dense points clouds and textured meshes of an underwater seagrass rest...
Article
Full-text available
Presence-only data are typical occurrence information used in species distribution modelling. Data may be originated from different sources, and their integration is a challenging exercise in spatial ecology as detection biases are rarely fully considered. We propose a new protocol for presence-only data fusion, where information sources include so...
Article
Full-text available
Coralligenous reefs are characterized by large bathymetric and spatial distribution, as well as heterogeneity; in shallow environments, they develop mainly on vertical and sub-vertical rocky walls. Mainly diver-based techniques are carried out to gain detailed information on such habitats. Here, we propose a non-destructive and multi-purpose photo...
Article
Full-text available
Ocean acidification has been broadly recognised to have effects on the structure and functioning of marine benthic communities. The selection of tolerant or vulnerable species can also occur during settlement phases, especially for calcifying organisms which are more vulnerable to low pH–high pCO2 conditions. Here, we use three natural CO2 vents (C...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Sea harbors more than 17,000 eukaryotic marine species, with several ecosystems recognized as biodiversity hotspots, such as Posidonia oceanica meadows. Recent research indicates that benthic mats formed by the fleshy red alga Phyllophora crispa are also associated with high species richness. Among key groups found in these mats a...
Article
Full-text available
The role of habitat degradation on the spread of the alien green alga Caulerpa cylindracea is reported here by comparing observations achieved through a multi-year assessment on three Mediterraneans habitats, namely Posidonia oceanica meadows, Phyllophora crispa turf, and coralligenous reefs. Due to the peculiarity of the study site, both natural-r...
Cover Page
Full-text available
The picture shows a dead matte area, precisely when the Costa Concordia shipwreck occurred, characterized by the spread of the invasive green algae Caulerpa cylindracea. The matte is a biogenic substrate, formed by the dense twist of seagrass roots, rhizomes, and sediment, that represents what remains after the regression of the Mediterranean endem...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of effective and affordable restoration interventions is pivotal to developing new tools to mitigate habitat loss and enhance natural recovery. Gorgonians create important three-dimensional habitats in the Mediterranean Sea providing several ecosystem services associated with coralligenous reefs. Transplantations of the octocorals Eu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Presence-only data are a typical occurrence in species distribution modeling. They include the presence locations and no information on the absence. Their modeling usually does not account for detection biases. In this work, we aim to merge three different sources of information to model the presence of marine mammals. The approach is fully general...
Article
Full-text available
Periodic assessments of population status and trends to detect natural influences and human effects on coastal dolphin are often limited by lack of baseline information. Here, we investigated for the first time the site-fidelity patterns and estimated the population size of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) at the Tiber River estuary (centra...
Article
We report here for the first time the effectiveness of Reteporella bryozoan genus in the early stage of coralligenous reefs recolonization through the analysis of the settlement and the population size structure over a two-years period at two impacted and two control sites. Results highlighted how Reteporella spp. colonies strongly recolonized, fro...
Article
Coralligenous reefs are considered as one of the most important benthic ecosystems in the Mediterranean Sea in terms of biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and aesthetic value. Bryozoans deserve special attention within the coralligenous framework fauna: they are among the most common animals, showing high diversity values and playing different fu...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological features of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile and its epiphyte community were studied in three acidified stations located in two CO2 vents systems and one control station under normal pH conditions off the island of Ischia (Italy) to highlight the possible effects of ocean acidification. Plant phenology was analyzed every tw...
Article
Polychaetes inhabit all the marine benthic communities and play a significant role in the degradation of calcareous substrates in marine environment. Colonization dynamics of encrusting epiben-thos and polychaete assemblages on limestone experimental substrates were studied over a 3-year period in a Marine Protected Area: the Underwater Archaeologi...
Article
The Costa Concordia shipwreck permitted to assess how multiple disturbances affected marine biota at different spatial and temporal scales, evaluating the effects of mechanical and physical disturbances on Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, an endemic seagrass species of the Mediterranean Sea. To assess the impacts of the shipwreck and its salvaging f...
Article
Full-text available
Polychaetes inhabit all the marine benthic communities and play a significant role in the degradation of calcareous substrates in marine environment. Colonization dynamics of encrusting epibenthos and polychaete assemblages on limestone experimental substrates were studied over a 3-year period in a Marine Protected Area: the Underwater Archaeologic...
Poster
Full-text available
A NEW TOOL FOR THE STUDY AND THE MONITORING OF CORALLIGENOUS REEFS
Article
Full-text available
Composition, trophic structure, and species-substrate relationships of molluscan assemblages inhabiting different hard bottom habitats (Sabellaria alveolata reef, photophilic bottoms, Phyllophora crispa sciaphilic assemblage, and coralligenous bioconstruction) were studied in two different sites of the Tyrrhenian Sea. In particular, molluscs from t...
Article
The study investigated the role of boring polychaetes in the bioerosion of a submerged Roman mosaic floor in the Underwater Archaeological Park of Baiae (Naples, Italy). Three boring species, Dodecaceria concharum, Polydora ciliata, and Pseudopolydora antennata, were found. The initial colonization phases of boring polychaetes were investigated on...
Article
Full-text available
A human-made environmental disaster due to the shipwrecked of Costa Concordia cruise vessel on the Tuscan Island of Giglio (Italy) coast and the possible pollutants release has been feared, so requiring the activation of removal operations and the monitoring of the marine environment. In the present study, the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delil...
Article
The coralligenous habitats found in the Mediterranean Sea are hotspots comparable in biodiversity to tropical reefs. Coralligenous reefs are vulnerable to many human pressures, thus they are among the most threatened habitats in the Mediterranean Sea. In this study, we assessed the impacts on coralligenous habitats of activities associated with sal...
Article
The effects of scuba diving activities on coralligenous concretions builders in the Mediterranean Sea arereported for a non-marine protected area (non-MPA). Five erect bryozoan species, which are particularlyvulnerable due to their fragile structure, were investigated: Adeonella calveti, Myriapora truncata, Pen-tapora fascialis, Reteporella grimald...
Poster
Full-text available
The present work aimed at assessing the structure of coralligenous assemblages dominated by Eunicella cavolini (Koch, 1887) and Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1826) in the Tyrrhenian Sea. A standardized non-destructive method was applied through photoquadrat sampling. A hierarchical sampling design was used. A total of 64 species belonging to 9 morpho...
Article
Tube worms and phytobenthic assemblages in three infralittoral and shallow circalittoral Mediterranean benthic communities developed between 5 and 35 m depth at Punta del Lazzaretto (Giglio Island, Central Thyrrenian sea) were investigated. Despite being three algae-dominated habitats, these displayed different covering both in terms of algal layer...
Article
Full-text available
The Costa Concordia cruise-ship disaster occurred just off the coast of Italy on January 13 th , 2012, and entailed the largest marine salvage operation in history. The salvage employed vessels from different European harbours, providing an unexpected means for transporting alien species into the Mediterranean. In this work we identified mussel spe...
Article
The endolithic activity of the green alga Acetabularia acetabulum (Linnaeus) P.C. Silva, 1952 (Ulvophyceae, Dasycladales, Polyphysaceae) was documented on different lithotypes recovered in the Underwater Archaeological Park of Baiae (Naples). The results show that rhizoids of A. acetabulum penetrate several micrometres deep into marble and limeston...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Serpulidae polychaetes associated to coralligenous assemblages upon vertical walls (10-30 m depth) have been studied along P.ta del Lazzaretto, Giglio Island (Tuscany). High species richness and high density values have been recorded in all bio-concretion samples. Although they are not primary builders, these calcareous tube worms have a pivotal ro...
Article
Underwater archaeological sites represent assets of great value that are subjected to physical and biological stresses. The study of biological settlement on calcareous substrata is the first step to understanding the biodeterioration processes that take place on man-made structures (marble, statues, columns and other architectonic elements) in mar...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project aims to build on the current knowledge of bottlenose dolphins in central Mediterranean (Tyrrhenian Sea, Rome, Italy) using distibution modelling, photoidentification and acoustic methods. The study will also aim to characterize dolphins’ acoustic repertoire by measuring vocal parameters and identifying changes in relation to different behavioural states. Social structure will be investigated as well.
Project
Submerged archaeological remains are susceptible to the deterioration caused by environmental factors and bioerosion activity of micro- and macroborers. The aim of this project is to study the macroborers’ impact, i.e. algae, bivalves, sponges, polychaetes, sipunculans, on submerged archeological calcareous materials and to estimate the bioerosive activity of the boring species.