Edna Grünblatt

Edna Grünblatt
University of Zurich | UZH · Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, PUK

Prof. Dr. (PhD)

About

282
Publications
59,722
Reads
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10,345
Citations
Citations since 2017
105 Research Items
6041 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
Additional affiliations
March 2009 - present
University of Zurich
Position
  • Head of Department
January 2009 - December 2017
University of Zurich
Position
  • Head of Molecular and Neurobiochemistry Laboratory
October 2000 - October 2009
University of Wuerzburg
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
October 2015 - October 2020
University of Zurich
Field of study
  • Faculty of Medicine
September 2012 - September 2012
University of Zurich
Field of study
  • Habilitation (PD) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine
April 2008 - April 2008
University Hospital Würzburg
Field of study
  • Habilitation (PD) Clinical Neurochemistry, Faculty of Medicine

Publications

Publications (282)
Article
Despite decades of research, the mechanisms linking APOE to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remain poorly understood. Finding additional risk variants at the APOE locus, beyond the common APOE‐ε2 and APOE‐ε4 alleles, may help elucidate how APOE is involved in the disease. Association with case‐control status was tested in a sequenced discovery sample (Sta...
Article
Full-text available
Problematic Internet use (PUI) has become of increasing interest in mental health. Despite the rising number of PUI in all ages, the exact underpinning etiology is still missing. There is increasing evidence that, in particular, genetic, environmental, and personality factors are involved in the development and maintenance of PUI. However, the neur...
Article
Full-text available
Global concern about problematic usage of the internet (PUI), and its public health and societal costs, continues to grow, sharpened in focus under the privations of the COVID-19 pandemic. This narrative review reports the expert opinions of members of the largest international network of researchers on PUI in the framework of the European Cooperat...
Article
Full-text available
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, “Ecstasy”) use has been linked to persistent alterations of the brain serotonergic (5-HT) system in animal and human studies, but the molecular underpinnings are still unclear. Cytoskeletal structures such as neurofilament light chain (NfL) are promising markers of drug-induced brain toxicity and may be invo...
Article
Importance: The APOE ε2 and APOE ε4 alleles are the strongest protective and risk-increasing, respectively, genetic variants for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the mechanisms linking APOE to AD-particularly the apoE protein's role in AD pathogenesis and how this is affected by APOE variants-remain poorly understood. Identifying missen...
Chapter
Although research using animal models, peripheral and clinical biomarkers, multimodal neuroimaging techniques and (epi)genetic information has advanced our understanding of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the aetiopathology of this neurodevelopmental disorder has still not been elucidated. Moreover, as the primary affected tissue i...
Article
Characterization of the genetic landscape of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias (ADD) provides a unique opportunity for a better understanding of the associated pathophysiological processes. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study totaling 111,326 clinically diagnosed/'proxy' AD cases and 677,663 controls. We found 75 ris...
Article
Full-text available
Characterization of the genetic landscape of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related dementias (ADD) provides a unique opportunity for a better understanding of the associated pathophysiological processes. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study totaling 111,326 clinically diagnosed/‘proxy’ AD cases and 677,663 controls. We found 75 ris...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using genome-wide association data, we analyzed Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) associations in over 176,000 individuals with Parkinson’s (PD) or Alzheimer’s (AD) disease versus controls across ancestry groups. A shared genetic association was observed across diseases at rs601945 (PD: odds ratio (OR)=0.84; 95% confidence interval, [0.80; 0.88]; p=2.2...
Article
The COVID-19 outbreak has profoundly affected adolescents' life. Adolescents with pre-existing psychiatric disorders have been at particular risk of increased mental health problems and problematic media use. 178 patients, aged 12–18 years, referred before the COVID-19 outbreak to child and adolescent psychiatry, participated in an anonymous online...
Article
Full-text available
With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the accelerated spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus came jurisdictional limitations on mobility of citizens and distinct alterations in their daily routines. Confined to their homes, many people increased their overall internet use, with problematic use of the internet (PUI) becoming a potential reason for inc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using genome-wide association data, we analyzed Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) associations in over 176,000 individuals with Parkinson's (PD) or Alzheimer's (AD) disease versus controls across ancestry groups. A shared genetic association was observed across diseases at rs601945 (PD: odds ratio (OR)=0.84; 95% confidence interval, [0.80; 0.88]; p=2.2...
Article
Full-text available
Using genome-wide association data, we analyzed Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) associations in over 176,000 individuals with Parkinson’s (PD) or Alzheimer’s (AD) disease versus controls across ancestry groups. A shared genetic association was observed across diseases at rs601945 (PD: odds ratio (OR)=0.84; 95% confidence interval, [0.80; 0.88]; p=2.2...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer’s disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study res...
Article
Full-text available
As early detection of symptoms in the subclinical to clinical psychosis spectrum may improve health outcomes, knowing the probabilistic susceptibility of developing a disorder could guide mitigation measures and clinical intervention. In this context, polygenic risk scores (PRSs) quantifying the additive effects of multiple common genetic variants...
Article
Full-text available
The psychedelic psilocybin is being investigated for the treatment of depression and anxiety. Unclear is whether antidepressant treatments interact with psilocybin. The present study used a double‐blind, placebo‐controlled, cross‐over design with two experimental test sessions to investigate the response to psilocybin (25 mg) in healthy subjects af...
Preprint
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heritable disorder, but no definitive, replicated OCD susceptibility loci have yet been identified by any genome-wide association study (GWAS). Here, we report results from a GWAS in the largest OCD case-control sample (N = 14,140 OCD cases and N = 562,117 controls) to date. We explored the genetic architect...
Article
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heritable disorder, but no definitive, replicated OCD susceptibility loci have yet been identified by any genome-wide association study (GWAS). Here, we report results from a GWAS in the largest OCD case-control sample (N = 14,140 OCD cases and N = 562,117 controls) to date. We explored the genetic architect...
Article
Full-text available
Background To investigate the consequences of COVID-19 lockdown on screen media use in children and adolescents with mental health problems, an online survey was conducted on leisure media use before, during and after the lockdown of spring 2020. Method Parents of patients (10-18 yrs) referred to child and adolescent psychiatry participated in an...
Article
Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer's disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study res...
Article
Background Between unaffected mental health and diagnosable psychiatric disorders, there is a vast continuum of functioning. The hypothesized link between striatal dopamine signaling and psychosis has guided a prolific body of research. However, it has been understudied in the context of multiple interacting factors, subclinical phenotypes, and pre...
Article
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and several other obsessive-compulsive related disorders (OCRDs) including hoarding disorder, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), skin picking disorder, trichotillomania and the newly arising public health conditions of online gaming and gambling disorders, under the umbrella of Problematic Usage of the Internet (PUI...
Article
Full-text available
Ten human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines have been derived from five healthy controls matched to a study including Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder patients (ADHD). Both female and male children and adolescents aged 6 - 18 years were recruited. Isolated keratinocyte cells from the participants were reprogrammed into iPSCs using...
Article
Full-text available
Human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines have been derived from four male patients with childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children and adolescents between the ages 6 and 18 suffering from ADHD were recruited for this work. Isolated keratinocytes or peripheral blood mononuclear cells from the participants were reprog...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deciphering the genetic landscape of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is essential to define the pathophysiological pathways involved and to successfully translate genomics to potential tailored medical care. To generate the most complete knowledge of the AD genetics, we developed through the European Alzheimer’s Disease BioBank (EADB) consortium a discove...
Article
Full-text available
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. Although ADHD has been studied for nearly a century, the cause and pathophysiology of ADHD is yet largely unknown. However, findings from previous studies have resulted in the formation of a new hypothesis:...
Article
Full-text available
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most frequent disorders within child and adolescent psychiatry, with a prevalence of over 5%. Nosological systems, such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) and the International Classification of Diseases, editions 10 and 11 (ICD-10/11) contin...
Article
Full-text available
As a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments have introduced steps such as spatial distancing and “staying at home” to curb its spread and impact. The fear resulting from the disease, the ‘lockdown’ situation, high levels of uncertainty regarding the future, and financial insecurity raise the level of stress, anxiety, and depression exp...
Article
In this position statement, developed by The International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders, a group of international experts responds to recent developments in the evidence-based management of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The article presents those selected therapeutic advances judged to be of utmost relevance to the trea...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroimaging has played an important part in advancing our understanding of the neurobiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). At the same time, neuroimaging studies of OCD have had notable limitations, including reliance on relatively small samples. International collaborative efforts to increase statistical power by combining samples from a...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are persistent conditions resulting from disrupted/altered neurodevelopment. ASD multifactorial etiology-and its numerous comorbid conditions-heightens the difficulty in identifying its underlying causes, thus obstructing the development of effective therapies. Increasing evidence from both animal and human studies s...
Article
Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders are highly debilitating psychiatric conditions that lack a clear etiology and exhibit polygenic inheritance underlain by pleiotropic genes. The prevailing explanation points to the interplay between predisposing genes and environmental exposure. Accumulated evidence suggests that epigenetic regulation of...
Article
Full-text available
Copy-number variants (CNVs), in particular rare, small and large ones (< 1% frequency) and those encompassing brain-related genes, have been shown to be associated with neurodevelopmental disorders like autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and intellectual disability (ID). However, the vast majority of...
Chapter
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette disorder (TD) are neuropsychiatric disorders in which genetic factors play a substantial, and very often shared, role in both disorders. This chapter reviews the current literature on the genetics of OCD and TD, including genetic epidemiology within and across disorders, familiality, candidate gene s...
Article
Genetic influences on psychiatric disorders transcend diagnostic boundaries, suggesting substantial pleiotropy of contributing loci. However, the nature and mechanisms of these pleiotropic effects remain unclear. We performed analyses of 232,964 cases and 494,162 controls from genome-wide studies of anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit/hyperactivity...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene variants have been shown to affect the prevalence of preterm birth, mode of delivery and oxytocin (OXT) requirements for labor induction and augmentation. We hypothesized that this might be associated with different myometrium responses to oxytocin. Our aim was to investigate the influence of a selection o...
Article
Schizophrenia is a complex and chronic neuropsychiatric disorder, with a heritability of around 60–80%. Large (>100 kb) rare (<1%) copy number variants (CNVs) occur more frequently in schizophrenia patients compared to controls. Currently, there are no studies reporting genome‐wide CNVs in clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR‐P) individuals. The a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence are a major health problem and often follow a chronic course with severe consequences in later life. Depressive disorders cause the highest burden of disease in this age group across all medical conditions. Treatment adherence is usually very poor, and the use of antidepressant drugs is...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic cocaine users (CU) display reduced peripheral expression of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1), which is potentially involved in stress-related psychiatric symptoms frequently occurring in CU. However, it is unknown whether psychiatric symptoms and lower NR3C1 expression are related to each other and whether reduction of...
Article
Psychiatric genetic research has exploded in search of polygenic risk factors over the past decade, but because of the complexity and heterogeneity of mental illnesses, using the current understanding of the genome has not reached the conclusion of finding a cause for psychiatric disorders. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a relatively common and o...
Article
Full-text available
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) causes severe distress and is therefore counted by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as one of the 10 most impairing illnesses. There is evidence for a strong genetic underpinning especially in early onset OCD (eoOCD). Though several genes involved in neurotransmission have been reported as candidates, there is...
Article
Full-text available
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been postulated to associate with dopaminergic dysfunction, including the dopamine transporter (DAT1). Several meta-analyses showed small but significant association between the 10-repeat allele in the DAT1 gene in 3'-untranslated region variant number tandem repeat polymorphism and child and adol...
Article
Recently, there has been a major shift in the field of psychiatry towards the exploration of complex relationships between blood-based biomarkers and the pathophysiology of psychiatric and neuropsychiatric disorders. However, issues with study reproducibility, validity and reliability have hindered progress towards the identification of clinically...
Article
Genetic influences on psychiatric disorders transcend diagnostic boundaries, suggesting substantial pleiotropy of contributing loci. However, the nature and mechanisms of these pleiotropic effects remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of 232,964 cases and 494,162 controls from genome-wide studies of anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit/hypera...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder associated with insulin resistance and glucose hypometabolism in the brain. Oral administration of galactose, a nutrient that provides an alternative source of energy, prevents and ameliorates early cognitive impairment in a streptozotocin-induced model (STZ-icv) of the sporadic...
Article
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions are markers of oxidative damage with an age-dependent accumulation. In a previous study, we analyzed mtDNA levels in diverse neuronal cell types in order to unravel the impact of oxidativ...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet is now all-pervasive across much of the globe. While it has positive uses (e.g. prompt access to information, rapid news dissemination), many individuals develop Problematic Use of the Internet (PUI), an umbrella term incorporating a range of repetitive impairing behaviours. The Internet can act as a conduit for, and may contribute to,...
Article
Full-text available
Wnt‐signaling is one of the most abundant pathways involved in processes such as cell‐proliferation, ‐polarity, and ‐differentiation. Altered Wnt‐signaling has been linked with several neurodevelopmental disorders including attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as with cognitive functions, learning and memory. Particularly, lipopr...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, there is an increasing application of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) for disease modelling. The iPSC technology enables the study of patient-specific neuronal cell lines in vitro to evaluate dysfunction at the cellular level and identify the responsible genetic factors. This approach might be particularly valuable for fi...
Article
Full-text available
FREE ACCESS ONLINE: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.14388 Note: Consortium list in supplementary file. Dr. King conceived of the letter and wrote the first draft. Joel Billieux, Paul Delfabbro, Marc Potenza, John Saunders, and Dan Stein made substantial edits to multiple versions of the letter. Additional feedback from unnamed...
Article
Full-text available
Animal and cross‐sectional human studies suggest that chronic cocaine use is associated with altered responsivity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis to stress. Moreover, increased susceptibility to stress has been proposed as an important factor for development, maintenance and relapse of cocaine addiction. As the glucocorticoid receptor ge...
Article
Little is known about valid predictive markers for functional outcomes in an at-risk for psychosis population. In a cohort of 185 individuals (age: 13-35 years) at high risk (HR) and ultra-high risk (UHR), we assessed pan-NRG1 mRNA levels across good functional status (GFS) and poor functional status (PFS) at baseline, and good functional outcome (...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer’s disease, with the majority of cases being sporadic or “idiopathic”. The aetiology of the sporadic form is still unknown, but there is a broad consensus that Parkinson’s disease involves multiple pathways. In previous human post-mortem studies investigating substanti...
Article
Full-text available
Methylphenidate (Ritalin) is the most commonly prescribed drug in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is suggested that in vivo, methylphenidate treatment supports cortical maturation, however, the molecular and cellular mechanisms are not well understood. This study aimed to explore the potential effect of methylphenidate...
Article
Premortem, postmortem, and storage conditions are parameters that can influence the quality and interpretation of data from studies of postmortem tissue. While many neurochemicals in the brain are relatively stable for several hours after death if stored at 4°C, the postmortem delay nevertheless becomes an important variable when examining the dise...
Article
Full-text available
The glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia is related to the proposed dysregulation of d-amino acid oxidase (DAO), DAO activator (DAOA)/G72, and Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) genes. Genetic studies have shown significant associations between DAO, DAOA, NRG1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and schizophrenia. The systematic literature search yielded 6,...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that preferentially affects individuals of advanced age. Heritability estimates for AD range between 60 and 80%, but only few genetic risk factors have been identified so far. In the present explorative study, we aimed at characterizing the genetic contribution to late-onset AD in participant...
Chapter
Premortem, postmortem, and storage conditions are parameters that can influence the quality and interpretation of data from studies of postmortem tissue. While many neurochemicals in the brain are relatively stable for several hours after death if stored at 4°C, the postmortem delay nevertheless becomes an important variable when examining the dise...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is a newly proposed diagnosis in the International Classification of Diseases-version 11, which is currently intensively investigated. Childhood trauma is regarded as main source of CPTSD symptoms, even in later life. Induction of DNA methylation changes by childhood trauma may contribute to i...
Article
Full-text available
Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms and cognitive dysfunction. The glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia has been hypothesized to explain the negative symptoms and cognitive deficits better than the dopamine hypothesis alone. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate whether glutamatergic variants such as d-amino acid oxidase (DA...
Article
Full-text available
Background Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common and chronic disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts and behaviours. It is a complex genetic condition and, in case of early onset (EO), the patients manifest a more severe phenotype, and an increased heritability. Large (>500 kb) copy number variations (CNVs) pre...