• Home
  • Edmund A. Jarzembowski
Edmund A. Jarzembowski

Edmund A. Jarzembowski

About

325
Publications
49,619
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,780
Citations

Publications

Publications (325)
Article
Full-text available
The timing and ecological impacts of the Deccan Traps large igneous province eruption are vigorously debated. Pre–Cretaceous-Paleogene (KPg) boundary impacts of Deccan volcanism have been widely identified in marine sediments, but direct evidence of terrestrial impacts remains rare. We used mercury concentrations and isotopic compositions, a proxy...
Article
Resource pulses, occasional events of ephemeral resource superabundance, represent a fundamental mechanism by which energy, nutrients, and biomass are transported across ecotones. They are widespread in extant ecosystems; however, little is known about their deep-time record. We report the earliest-known mayfly swarm from the Early Jurassic Xiwan b...
Article
Full-text available
A new genus and species of fossil lacewing larva (Neuroptera: Chrysopoidea), Acanthochrysa langae gen. et sp. nov., is described from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Burmese) amber from Myanmar. This lacewing larva bears extremely elongate setose tubular tubercles (TTs) and is therefore a debris-carrying (camouflaging) morphotype. The new genus can be disti...
Article
Full-text available
The Mesozoic is considered as the ‘golden age’ for the diversification of Neuroptera (lacewings), and many unusual lacewing larvae have been discovered in Cretaceous amber. However, little is known about their early evolution because of the rarity of fossils. Herein, we describe a new genus and species, Kuafupolydentes hui gen. et sp. nov., one of...
Article
A new species of Elcanidae (Orthoptera: Elcanoidea), Panorpidium maculosum sp. nov., is described based on an exquisite specimen with both wing and body preserved from mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber. Wing venation suggests attribution to Panorpidium mainly on developed ScP (with six branches), three longitudinal branches between basal part of RP and C...
Article
Full-text available
A review of some of the discoveries made at Smokejacks over the last 50 years. Reference: Jarzembowski, E.A., Austen, P.A. 2022. Smokejacks: 50(+) years down the pit. Magazine of the Geologists’ Association, 21 (1), 39–40.
Article
A rare archostematan beetle, Lepidomma beuteli sp. nov. (Insecta: Coleoptera: Archostemata), is described based on a well-preserved specimen from mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber. It is the fourth species of the genus from the same locality that can be distinguished from the other three congeners by its elongated scape, exposed neck and, especially, rid...
Article
The Mesozoic is a key era for the rise of the modern insect fauna. Among the most important evolutionary events in Mesozoic insects are the radiation of holometabolous insects, the origin of eusocial and parasitoid insects, diversification of pollinating insects, and development of advanced mimicry and camouflage. These events are closely associate...
Article
Full-text available
The end-Permian mass extinction (EPME) led to a severe terrestrial ecosystem collapse. However, the ecological response of insects to the EPME remains poorly understood. Here, we report a new species assigned to Chauliodites, Chauliodites tongchuanensis sp. nov. (Grylloblattida: Chaulioditidae), from the Middle Triassic Tongchuan Formation of Shaan...
Article
Fossilized tree resin, or amber, commonly contains fossils of animals, plants and microorganisms. These inclusions have generally been interpreted as hollow moulds or mummified remains coated or filled with carbonaceous material. Here, we provide the first report of calcified and silicified insects in amber from the mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Burmese)...
Article
Full-text available
Aposematic coloration is among the most diverse antipredator strategies, which can signal unpleasantness of organisms to potential predators and reduce the probability of predation. Unlike mimesis, aposematic coloration allows organisms to warn their predators away by conspicuous and recognizable colour patterns. However, aposematism has been a reg...
Article
Alienopteridae are among the most perplexing fossil insects and once conspicuous members of Cretaceous Dictyoptera (now including cockroaches, termites and mantises). However, the precise nature of their life history, evolution, and phylogenetic affinities remained controversial and open to debate. Here we report new alienopterid nymphs from mid-Cr...
Article
Although as an ancient Mesozoic lineage among ensiferans, the family Gryllotalpidae has been underreported with limited fossil record. Herein, a new mole cricket, Chunxiania fania gen. et sp. nov., is described on the basis of an exquisitely-preserved specimen from mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber. It can be attributed to the family Gryllotalpidae (Orth...
Article
A rare archaic beetle, Mallecupes zhangi sp. n., (Insecta: Coleoptera: Archostemata: Cupedidae) is described based on a well-preserved male specimen from mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber. It is the fourth species of the genus from the same location that can be distinguished from the other 3 congeners based on the combination of rounded temples and finge...
Article
Full-text available
The second genus and species of recently established planthopper family Inoderbidae, Ingensala xiai gen. et sp. nov., is described based on a well-preserved specimen from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Burmese) amber, and it can be definitely attributed to Inoderbidae mainly based on its head structure, pronotum and mesonotum without median and lateral car...
Article
The avoidance of detection by predators and parasites is critical to survival. Two complex mechanisms for such avoidance are mimicry and camouflage, with fossils providing valuable insight into the evolution of these strategies. Such fossil evidence is, however, rare, and the frequent partial and lopsided occurrence. Here, we report a diverse insec...
Article
Full-text available
A review of some of the discoveries made at Smokejacks over the last 50 years. Reference: Jarzembowski, E.A., Austen, P.A. 2021. Smokejacks: 50(+) years down the pit. Hastings & District Geological Society Journal, 27, 23–25.
Article
A new ommatin beetle, Omma ( Coronomma ) axsmithi subgen. et sp. nov. (Insecta: Coleoptera: Archostemata: Ommatidae sensu stricto (Cupedidae sensu lato)) is described in mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber from northern Myanmar. The new taxon distinctly differs from nominotypical Omma in possessing a subquadrilateral versus subglobose pronotum, the latter...
Article
Hemiphlebiidae are the most basal lestomorphan family following the latest phylogenetic analysis of the Zygoptera: this unique damselfly family today contains one relict species found in the wetlands of Australia. It was, however, very diverse and widespread during the Mesozoic. Nevertheless, very few species were known obscuring the origination an...
Article
Full-text available
The end-Permian mass extinction (EPME) led to a severe terrestrial ecosystem collapse. However, the ecological response of insects—the most diverse group of organisms on Earth—to the EPME remains poorly understood. Here, we analyse beetle evolutionary history based on taxonomic diversity, morphological disparity, phylogeny, and ecological shifts fr...
Article
Full-text available
The second species of Saltissus, as the first mimarachnid planthopper, is herein described from the upper Weald Clay Formation, Smokejacks brickworks, England. Saltissus fennahi Luo, Liu et Jarzembowski sp. nov. can be distinguished from the type species Saltissus eskovi Shcherbakov, 2007 due to the tegmen being more than 20 mm long, stem Pc+CP mer...
Article
Our results present a taxonomic and palaeoecological study on non-marine gastropods from the latest Cretaceous to Paleocene deposits of the Pingyi Basin, Shandong Province, eastern China. These gastropods are systematically described: three species belonging to three genera including Physa dongtaiensis Gu, 1989, Hydrobia datangensis Yü, 1977, and t...
Article
Full-text available
The record of immature insects from the non-marine Purbeck and Wealden groups (Lower Cretaceous) of southern England is reviewed and expanded. Fossils of adult terrestrial insects are locally common, but terrestrial immature remains are restricted to transported hemipterans, most of which are sessile nymphs or puparia resembling those of extant whi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The end-Permian mass extinction (EPME) led to a severe terrestrial ecosystem collapse. However, the ecological response of insects—the most diverse group of organisms on Earth—to the EPME remains poorly understood. Here, we analyse beetle evolutionary history based on taxonomic diversity, morphological disparity, phylogeny, and ecological shifts fr...
Article
Full-text available
This issue of Palaeoentomology is dedicated to the foremost Russian entomologist, palaeontologist, and evolutionary biologist, Alexandr Pavlovich Rasnitsyn, who will be 85 on September 24 this year. The authors and those numerous colleagues, who could not, for various reasons, participate, wish a happy birthday to the undisputed worldwide leader of...
Article
The cover image is based on the Research Article Depositional environment of Middle Triassic organic-rich shales in the Ordos Basin, Northwest China by Wei Wang et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/gj.4215.
Article
At the third congress of the I.P.S. (International Palaeoentomological Society) in Beijing (2010), Professor Dong Ren, conference organiser, was presented with an author’s copy of the arthropod volume of the Geological Conservation Review of Great Britain, which included fossil insects, and had just been published (Jarzembowski et al., 2010). The p...
Article
Full-text available
A new genus and species of the extinct beetle-like dictyopteran family †Umenocoleidae, †Laticephalana liuyani gen. et sp. nov., is described based on a well-preserved adult female from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Myanmar/Burmese) amber. The new genus is characterized by two conspicuous autapomorphies, a triangular posterior extension of the head capsule...
Article
As an important combination of behaviour and pattern in animals to resemble benign objects, biolog ical mimesis can effectively avoid the detection of their prey and predators. It at least dates back to the Permian in fossil records. The recognition of mimesis within fossil, however, might be subjective and lack quantitative analysis being only bas...
Article
The Middle Triassic Tongchuan Formation in the Ordos Basin of northwestern China is a typical lacustrine deposit. A major component of this formation is thick layers of organic‐rich shales that are probably a potential hydrocarbon source and preserve the earliest known Mesozoic‐type lacustrine ecosystem. The exact depositional environment of the sh...
Article
A new genus and species belonging to the Procercopidae, Valdicopis tonyi Li, Chen and Jarzembowski, gen. et sp. nov., is described from the Lower Cretaceous (Wealden) of southern England. It represents the first definite record of the Procercopidae from England and is the first named procercopid from the Cretaceous of Europe, extending the distribu...
Article
Houia is a possible annectent form between horseshoe crabs and eurypterids (sea scorpions). However, fossils are rare, previously only known from a single locality. Here, we report a new species of this genus, Houia guangxiensis sp. nov., from the Lower Devonian Cangwu Formation of Guangxi Province, South China. This discovery extends the geographi...
Article
Full-text available
The fossil record of adult planthoppers is comparatively rich, but nymphs are rare and not well studied. Here, we describe a bizarre armoured planthopper nymph, Spinonympha shcherbakovi gen. et sp. nov., in mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber. The new genus is characterized by its large size, body armed with spines and tubercles, extremely long rostrum rea...
Preprint
Land snails in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber have aroused interest from palaeontologists in recent years. Here we describe three newly discovered species and a new genus belonging to families Pupinidae and Diplommatinidae: Cretatortulosa cretakachinensis sp. nov., Rhaphaulus zhuoi sp. nov. and Pulchraspira teneristoma gen. et sp. nov., using classic...
Article
Full-text available
A report on the effect of Storm Bella on the coastal section west of the Cuckmere, East Sussex. Reference: Jarzembowski, E.A., Jarzembowski, B., Austen, P.A. 2021. The Quaternary exposed west of the Cuckmere, East Sussex. Magazine of the Geologists’ Association, 20 (1), 25–26.
Article
Full-text available
A report on the effect of Storm Bella on the coastal section west of the Cuckmere, East Sussex. Reference: Jarzembowski, E.A., Jarzembowski, B., Austen, P.A. 2021 [February]. West Cuckmere after Storm Bella. Seaford Scene [Seaford Community Magazine], 166, 52.
Article
With a depositional history spanning the early Aptian to early Albian (~19 mys), the Lower Cretaceous Xinminpu Group in Jiuquan, NW China provides detailed record of an inland ecosystem responding to global climatic and environmental changes. The Xinminpu Group exhibits the most typical elements of the Jehol Biota found outside NE China, a highly d...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the coronavirus pandemic no fieldwork was undertaken at Smokejacks brickworks (Wealden) during 2020, but this article gives an update on earlier discoveries including two crustaceans – a prawn or shrimp new to the Wealden and an idoteid new to Smokejacks – together with additional of-site discoveries from previously collected material. Refe...
Article
A new genus and species of the enigmatic beetle-like family Umenocoleidae, Enervipraeala nigra gen. et sp. nov., is described based on a well-preserved specimen from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Myanmar) amber. The new genus mainly differs from the other genera in the ratio of the width of the head and pronotum, the square-shaped pronotum, the subrectang...
Article
The fossil Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) are reviewed. Keys to the genera and species of this family are presented. Five new species of Embolemus are described from Cenomanian Kachin amber (Myanmar), namely: Em. antiquus sp. nov., Em. burmensis sp. nov., Em. cretacicus sp. nov., Em. ohmkuhnlei sp. nov. and Em. zherikhini sp. nov. They are...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the coronavirus pandemic no fieldwork was undertaken at Smokejacks brickworks (Wealden) during 2020, but this article gives an update on earlier discoveries including two crustaceans – a prawn or shrimp new to the Wealden and an idoteid new to Smokejacks – together with additional of-site discoveries from previously collected material. Refe...
Article
Full-text available
The Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP) has recently circulated a letter, dated 21st April, 2020, to more than 300 palaeontological journals, signed by the President, Vice President and a former President of the society (Rayfield et al. 2020). In this letter, significant changes to the common practices in palaeontology are requested. In our pr...
Article
Full-text available
The Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP) has recently circulated a letter, dated 21st April, 2020, to more than 300 palaeontological journals, signed by the President, Vice President and a former President of the society (Rayfield et al. 2020). In this letter, significant changes to the common practices in palaeontology are requested. In our pr...
Article
The first mud cricket, Archaicaripipteryx rotunda gen. et sp. nov., is described based on a well-preserved specimen from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. It can be definitely assigned to Ripipterygidae based on its uninflated mesotibiae, unsegmented cerci and each ventral valve with a powerful side tooth. However, the morphology of this new mud cricke...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP) has sent around a letter, dated 21st April, 2020 to more than 300 palaeontological journals, signed by the President, Vice President and a former President of the society (Rayfield et al. 2020). The signatories of this letter request significant changes to the common practices in palaeontology....
Article
A new genus and species of fossil whip spider (Chelicerata: Amblypygi), Burmacharon dunlopi gen. et sp. nov., is described from mid-Cretaceous Kachin (Burmese) amber of Myanmar. The new genus can be distinguished from the genus Kronocharon by the anterior margin of the carapace being slightly procurved (projected forwards and slightly rounded), and...
Article
A new genus and species, Magnidactylus robustus gen. et sp. nov., is described on the basis of a well-preserved orthopteran insect from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber and attributed to the subfamily Dentridactylinae of the family Tridactylidae (Orthoptera: Tridactyloidea). This new taxon not only provides novel morphological diversity in Tridactylida...
Article
A new genus and species, Birmaninemobius hirsutus gen. et sp. nov., is described on the basis of a well-preserved orthopteran specimen in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber and attributed to the subfamily Nemobiinae (ground crickets) of the family Trigonidiidae (Grylloidea). As the first record of Nemobiinae from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber, this new ta...
Article
Brachypsectridae is a small family with four genera and is extremely rare in the fossil record. Here we report a new Brachypsectridae, Cretopsectra pulchra gen. et sp. nov., based on a larva preserved in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar. The genus Cretopsectra is characterized by pointed squamous setae on the back and sides of long head, small ant...
Article
The end-Permian mass extinction (EPME; ca. 252 Ma) led to profound changes in lacustrine ecosystems. However, whether or not post-extinction recovery of lacustrine ecosystems was delayed has remained uncertain, due to the apparent rarity of Early and Middle Triassic deep perennial lakes. Here we report on mid–Middle Triassic lacustrine organic-rich...
Article
Full-text available
A new extinct genus and species of Anostraca (Crustacea, Branchiopoda), Daohugounaias cheni gen. et sp.nov. is described based on a well-preserved specimen from the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, InnerMongolia, China. The new genus differs from other Anostraca by the short, forward-pointing spines at thejoint of the abdomen and brood pouch. Scanning...
Article
Long predicted but not found, a Mesozoic amphipod is finally reported from the lower Weald Clay Formation (late Hauterivian) of the County of Surrey in Southeast England, UK. Occurring in non-marine Wealden deposits, and sideswimmer-like, this lilliputian is referred to a new senticaudatan collective group and named Gammaroidorum vonki gen. et sp....
Article
A new ommatin beetle, Omma davidbatteni sp. nov. (Insecta: Coleoptera: Archostemata) is described in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber from Kachin in northern Myanmar. This is the second species of this Triassic-Recent (and now relict) genus of archaic beetles to be described from amber inclusions. This uncommon species is readily distinguished from rec...
Article
A new species of stick insect, Cretophasmomima traceyae sp. nov., is proposed based on a forewing preserved in the Lower Cretaceous Weald Clay Formation (Wealden Group) of Surrey, southern England, and attributed to the genus Cretophasmomima Kuzmina, 1985 of the subfamily Susumaniinae (order Phasmatodea: superfamily Susumanioidea). As the first rec...
Article
Odonatans are rare as amber inclusions, but quite diverse in Cretaceous Burmese amber. In the past two years, over 20 new species have been found by the present authors after studying over 250 odonatans from 300,000 amber inclusions. Most of them have now been published, and here we provide a brief review. Three suborders of crown Odonata have been...
Chapter
Insects, which belong to the taxonomic group Hexapoda (‘six legs’; Table 1), are the most successful organisms on Earth if biodiversity is measured as a count of the number of species. Over a million different kinds of insect have been described in the past 260 years, comprising more than half of all the known species of life on Earth (Fig. 1A). In...
Article
The dysagrionid damselflies, characterized by a broad quadrilateral discoidal cell, are widely recorded in the Lower Cretaceous–lower Oligocene, and frequently found in mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber (Zheng et al., 2016, 2017a, b, 2018a). Three genera and four species of Dysagrionidae have been described from Kachin amber, including Burmadysagrion zha...
Article
Full-text available
A report on fieldwork undertaken at Smokejacks brickworks (Wealden) during 2019. Reference: Austen, P.A., Jarzembowski, E.A., 2019. Field meeting report: ‘Smokejacks’ brickworks – 2019. Hastings & District Geological Society Journal 25, 25–28.
Article
Full-text available
A report on fieldwork undertaken at Langhurstwood Quarry, Warnham (Wealden) during 2019. Reference: Austen, P.A., Jarzembowski, E.A., 2019. Langhurstwood Quarry, Warnham – 2019. Hastings & District Geological Society Journal 25, 35–37.
Article
Full-text available
A report on the Geologists’ Association field meeting at Langhurstwood Quarry, Warnham (Wealden), 28th July 2019. Reference: Jarzembowski, E.A., Austen, P.A., 2019. Field meeting report: Wealden Clay of Warnham – Sunday 28th July 2019. Magazine of the Geologists’ Association, 18(4), 22–23. [plus References]
Article
Xu, C.P., Fang, Y., Heads, S., Zhang, Q., Jarzembowski, E.A. & Wang, B. XX. 2019. The first Orthoptera (Insecta) from the Triassic of China. Alcheringa XXX, X–X. ISSN 0311-5518. The extinct family Locustavidae (Insecta: Orthoptera) is rare in the fossil record, and to date no representative has been reported from China. In this paper, Hejiafanga to...
Article
Grylloidea is a large superfamily of orthopteran insects, comprising over 4,000 species in four extant families (Gryllidae, Mogoplistidae, Gryllotalpidae and Myrmecophilidae) and two extinct families (Baissogryllidae and Protogryllidae) to date (Resh & Cardé, 2009; Cigliano et al., 2018; Wang et al., 2019). Grylloids, commonly known as true cricket...
Article
A rare ommatine beetle, Notocupes ohmkuhnlei sp. nov. (Insecta: Coleoptera: Archostemata), is described in Kachin amber from northern Myanmar. It is the first notocupedin in amber to be described from the fossil record belonging to an extinct, Mesozoic-Palaeocene group of archaic reticulated beetles which are better known as impressions in the sedi...
Article
A new genus and species, Liutiaogoucuna arachnoidea gen. et sp. nov., is established based on a stick insect with almost complete four wings preserved in the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Inner Mongolia, northeastern China, and assigned to the subfamily Susumaniinae of Susumaniidae (Phasmatodea). The discovery of the new taxon provides novel...
Article
Full-text available
Unequivocal palaeontological evidence for viruses is usually absent. A specimen of the extinct predatory cockroach Stavba babkaeva gen. et sp. n. from Cretaceous Myanmar amber (98 Ma) shows symptoms of Deformed Wing Virus infection caused by pathogenic DWV-Iflavirus. The hindwing is undeveloped and both curled forewings are symmetrically deformed,...