Edlaine Linares

Edlaine Linares
University of São Paulo | USP · Department of Biochemistry (IQ)

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37
Publications
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Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Acrolein (2-propenal) is an environmental pollutant, food contaminant, and endogenous toxic by-product formed in the thermal decomposition and peroxidation of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates. Like other α,β-unsaturated aldehydes, acrolein undergoes Michael addition of nucleophiles such as basic amino acids residues of proteins and nucleobases,...
Article
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The ubiquitous cellular labile iron pool (LIP) is often associated with the production of the highly reactive hydroxyl radical, which forms through a redox reaction with hydrogen peroxide. Peroxynitrite is a biologically relevant peroxide produced by the recombination of nitric oxide and superoxide. It is a strong oxidant that may be involved in mu...
Article
The Trypanosoma cruzi ascorbate peroxidase is, by sequence analysis, a hybrid type A member of class I heme peroxidases [TcAPx-cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP)], suggesting both ascorbate (Asc) and cytochrome c (Cc) peroxidase activity. Here, we show that the enzyme reacts fast with H2O2 (k = 2.9 × 10(7) M(-1)⋅s(-1)) and catalytically decomposes H2O2...
Article
Full-text available
Access to protein substrates homogenously modified by ubiquitin (Ub) is critical for biophysical and biochemical investigations aimed at deconvoluting the myriad biological roles for Ub. Current chemical strategies for protein ubiquitylation, however, employ temporary ligation auxiliaries that are removed under harsh denaturing conditions and have...
Data
Supplementary Figures 1-37, Supplementary Tables 1-5. Supplementary Methods and Supplementary References
Article
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ABSTRACT The seriousness to treat burn wounds infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa led us to examine whether the effect of the carbapenem antibiotic imipenem is enhanced by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO). The effects of HBO (100% O2, 3 ATA, 5 h) in combination with imipenen on bacterial counts of six isolates of P. aeruginosa and bacterial ultrastructure...
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The role of oxidative post-translational modifications of human superoxide dismutase 1 (hSOD1) in the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathology is an attractive hypothesis to explore based on several lines of evidence. Among them, the remarkable stability of hSOD1WT and several of its ALS-associated mutants suggests that hSOD1 oxidation may pre...
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive dysfunction and death of motor neurons by mechanisms that remain unclear. Evidence indicates that oxidative mechanisms contribute to ALS pathology, but classical antioxidants have not performed well in clinical trials. Cyclic nitroxides are an...
Data
Full-text available
Representative EPR spectra of tissues of G93A rats treated with i.p. tempol. The animals received tempol i.p. (26 mg/rat) and were euthanized at the different times specified in the figure. The spectrum of each sample was scanned before and after the addition of 1 mM ferricyanide. The shown spectra are representative of the spectra obtained from ho...
Data
Full-text available
Stereological analysis of oral tempol effects in the volume of spinal cord and of its anatomical regions. (PDF)
Article
This study aimed to evaluate the potential of soybean-promoted acidic nitrite reduction and to correlate this activity with the content of phenolics and with the bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Extracts of embrionary axes and cotyledons enriched in phenolics increased •NO formation at acidic pH at values that were 7.1 and 4....
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The role of NO in regulating the focal adhesion proteins, Src, FAK, p130 Cas, and PTP-alpha, was investigated. Fibroblasts expressing PTP-alpha (PTP-alpha(WT) cells), fibroblasts "knockout" for PTP-alpha (PTP-alpha(-/-) cells), and "rescued" "knockout" fibroblasts (PTP-alpha A5/3 cells) were stimulated with either S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (S...
Article
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive inflammatory and/or demyelinating disease of the human central nervous system (CNS). Most of the knowledge about the pathogenesis of MS has been derived from murine models, such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and viral encephalomyelitis. Here, we infected female C57BL/6 mice with a neurotropic...
Article
Full-text available
Bj-BPP-10c is a bioactive proline-rich decapeptide, part of the C-type natriuretic peptide precursor, expressed in the brain and in the venom gland of Bothrops jararaca. We recently showed that Bj-BPP-10c displays a strong, sustained anti-hypertensive effect in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR), without causing any effect in normotensive rats, by...
Article
The sporulation stage of the aquatic fungus Blastocladiella emersonii culminates with the formation and release to the medium of a number of zoospores, which are motile cells responsible for the dispersal of the fungus. The presence in the sporulation solution of 1H-[1,2,4]Oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), a potent and selective inhibitor of...
Article
DNA damage was investigated in the presence of sulfite, dissolved oxygen and cobalt(II) complexes with glycylglycylhistidine, glycylhistidyllysine, glycylglycyltyrosylarginine and tetraglycine. These studies indicated that only Co(II) complexed with glycylglycylhistidine (GGH) induced DNA strand breaks at low sulfite concentrations (1-80 microM) vi...
Article
Tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy) has long been known to protect experimental animals from the injury associated with oxidative and inflammatory conditions. In the latter case, a parallel decrease in tissue protein nitration levels has been observed. Protein nitration represents a shift in nitric oxide actions from physiologic...
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The substantial therapeutic potential of tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy) and related cyclic nitroxides as antioxidants has stimulated innumerous studies of their reactions with reactive oxygen species. In comparison, reactions of nitroxides with nitric oxide-derived oxidants have been less frequently investigated. Neverthele...
Article
S(IV) (SO(2),HSO(3)(-)andSO(3)(2-)) autoxidation catalyzed by Cu(II)/tetraglycine complexes in the presence of DNA or 2'-deoxyguanosine (dGuo) resulted in DNA strand breaks and formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo), respectively. Ni(II), Co(II) or Mn(II) (1.0x10(-4)M) complexes had much smaller effects. Cu(II)/tetraglycine (1...
Article
Murine hepatitis virus strain 3 (MHV-3) produces a strain-dependent pattern of disease, with A/J and BALB/c mice being considered models of resistance and susceptibility, respectively. A role for nitric oxide in controlling infection remains debatable; thus, we monitored nitric oxide levels in blood and liver of immunized and nonimmunized spf mice...
Article
NiIIGGH (GGH = glycylglycylhistidine) reacts rapidly with S(IV), in air-saturated solution, to produce NiIIIGGH. A mechanism is proposed where initial NiIII oxidizes SO3(2-) to SO3*-, which reacts with dissolved oxygen to produce SO5*-, initiating radical chain reactions. DNA strand breaks and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine formation were obse...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxynitrite, a strong oxidant formed intravascularly in vivo, can diffuse onto erythrocytes and be largely consumed via a fast reaction (2 x 10(4) m(-1) s(-1)) with oxyhemoglobin. The reaction mechanism of peroxynitrite with oxyhemoglobin that results in the formation of methemoglobin remains to be elucidated. In this work, we studied the reactio...
Article
In the absence of redox-active transition metal ions, the removal of Tempol by Trolox occurs by a simple bimolecular reaction that, most probably, involves a hydrogen transfer from phenol to nitroxide. The specific rate constant of the process is small (0.1 M(-1) s(-1)). Metals can catalyze the process, as evidenced by the decrease in rate observed...
Article
Although oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sepsis, there is little evidence for the formation of radicals other than nitric oxide in its experimental models. Here we used low temperature EPR and EPR spin trapping to monitor nitric oxide and secondary radical formation in blood, liver, and bile samples from rats treated wit...
Article
Peroxynitrite, which is formed by the fast reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide anion, has been receiving increasing attention as a mediator of human diseases. An initial controversy about the possibility of free radical production from peroxynitrite in test tubes has been resolved, and presently it is important to establish whether peroxyn...
Article
Nitrogen dioxide and carbonate radical anion have received sporadic attention thus far from biological investigators. However, accumulating data on the biochemical reactions of nitric oxide and its derived oxidants suggest that these radicals may play a role in various pathophysiological processes. These potential roles are also indicated by recent...
Article
The cytotoxins produced by phagocytic cells lacking peroxidases such as macrophages remain elusive. To elucidate macrophage microbicidal mechanisms in vivo, we compared the lesion tissue responses of resistant (C57Bl/6) and susceptible (BALB/c) mice to Leishmania amazonensis infection. This comparison demonstrated that parasite control relied on le...
Article
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease that leads to chronic inflammation. Macrophages, depending on their activation state, are either hosts or killers of the parasites. Downregulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by the parasite infecting the macrophages has been proposed to be an important evading mechanism based on in vitro studies. We confirme...
Article
The cytotoxins produced by phagocytic cells lacking peroxidases such as macrophages remain elusive. To elucidate macrophage microbicidal mechanisms in vivo, we compared the lesion tissue responses of resistant (C57Bl/6) and susceptible (BALB/c) mice to Leishmania amazonensis infection. This comparison demonstrated that parasite control relied on le...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have provided evidence for a dual role of nitric oxide (NO) during murine leishmaniasis. To explore this problem, we monitored the formation of NO and its derived oxidants during the course of Leishmania amazonensis infection in tissues of susceptible (BALB/c) and relatively resistant (C57BL/6) mice. NO production was detected direct...
Article
Activated macrophages simultaneously synthesize nitric oxide and superoxide anion which can react with each other producing peroxynitrite. Consequently, it has been difficult to assess the precise contribution of each of the formed reactive oxygen- and nitrogen-derived species to the microbicidal activities of macrophages, particularly in vivo. To...
Article
Peroxynitrite, the potent oxidant formed by the fast reaction between nitric oxide and superoxide anion, has been suggested to be the reactive intermediate responsible for some of the pathologies associated with an over-production of nitric oxide. In this report, we demonstrate that both nitric oxide and peroxynitrite are formed during infection of...
Article
Os mecanismos oxidativos pelos quais macrófagos exercem atividade microbicida permanecem em discussão, e estudos com hospedeiros animais serão essenciais para elucidar tal questão. Nesse trabalho, estudamos os mecanismos microbicidas de macrófagos in vivo comparando parâmetros de infecção nas lesões de camundongos resistentes (CS7BI/6) e suscetívei...