Edit Farkas

Edit Farkas
Centre for Ecological Research · Institute of Ecology and Botany

DSc, Dr. habil., PhD

About

78
Publications
31,182
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1,572
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1982 - December 2011
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (78)
Article
Seven new genera, i.e. Brianiopsis for the former ‘ Lambiella ’ impavida group, Farkasiella for the former ‘ Trapeliopsis ’ aeneofusca group, Gallowayiopsis for the former ‘ Trapelia ’ collaris group, Kleopowiella for the former ‘ Trapelia ’ placodioides group, Trapegintarasia for the former ‘ Trapelia ’ lilacea group, Trapejamesia for the former ‘...
Article
Seven genera new to science, i.e.: Helmutiopsis, Huriopsis, Johnsheardia, Klauskalbia, Kudratovia, Kurokawia and Poeltonia of the Physciaceae are proposed for the ‘Rinodina’ atrocinerea, the ‘Rinodina’ xanthophaea, the ‘Rinodina’ cinnamomea, the ‘Heterodermia’ obscurata, the ‘Rinodina’ straussii, the ‘Anaptychia’ isidiata and the ‘Physconia’ grisea...
Article
Acetone rinsing tolerance of the lichen species Cladonia foliacea is considerable - Volume 52 Issue 4 - Edit Farkas, Bernadett Biró, Zsolt Csintalan, Katalin Veres
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Full-text available
Terricolous lichens are relevant associates of biological soil crusts in arid and semiarid environments. Dunes are ecosystems of high conservation interest, because of their unique, vulnerable and threatened features. The function of lichens is affected by the changing seasons and different microhabitat conditions. At the same time, inland dunes ar...
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Lichenes Delicati Exsiccati Editae of little, fine, special lichens is edited in honour of Antonín Vězda (1920–2008). The fifth fascicle of the exsiccate is consisted of 20 species of lichens and lichenicolous fungi and distributed to 12 lichen herbaria of the world. Collectors are K. Buaruang, D. Kalb, K. Kalb, G. E. Lee, L. Lőkös, A. Mertens, W....
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The terricolous species Cladonia foliacea (Cladoniaceae, lichenised Ascomycota) widely distributed in open, dry lowland steppe and rocky mountain grassland vegetation in Europe was chosen as a potential test organism for ecological experiments, since their thalli are producing cortical solar radiation-protective and UV screening pigment dibenzofura...
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Eight species, new for science, i.e.: Lobothallia gangwondoana S. Y. Kondr., J.-J. Woo et J.-S. Hur and Phyllopsora dodongensis S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur from South Korea, Eastern Asia, Ioplaca rinodinoides S. Y. Kondr., K. K. Ingle, D. K. Upreti et S. Nayaka, Letrouitia assamana S. Y. Kondr., G. K. Mishra et D. K. Upreti, and Rusavskia indochinens...
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Three new for science genera, i.e.: Erichansenia S. Y. Kondr., Kärnefelt et A. Thell for the ‘Caloplaca’ epithallina group of the subfamily Xanthorioideae, as well as Lendemeriella S. Y. Kondr. for the Caloplaca reptans group, and Pisutiella S. Y. Kondr., L. Lőkös et E. Farkas for the Caloplaca conversa group of the subfamily Caloplacoideae of the...
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The new for science genus Loekoeslaszloa S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, confirmed by three gene phylogeny of the subfamily Teloschistoideae of the Teloschistaceae based on nrITS, nrLSU and mtSSU sequences, and ten new to science species from Eastern Asia, i.e. from South Korea: Bacidina loekoesiana S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, Fauriea jejuensis S. Y. Kon...
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As a result of collections made during the years 2009-2017, the number of Cladoniaceae species is enlarged to 27 species, providing fifteen new records to Albanian Cladonia. The distribution of many of the previously mentioned taxa is extended and the chemical variability for many of the species is discussed. Cladonia borealis, C. caespiticia, C. c...
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From the combined phylogenetic analysis of multi-locus sequence data of the Lecanoraceae including two nuclear protein-coding markers (RPB2 and RPB1), the internal transcribed spacer and a fragment of the mitochondrial small subunit, found that the originally monotypic eastern Asian genus Verseghya is positioned within the Verseghya-Lecidella-Pyrrh...
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Nomenclatural type definitions are one of the most important concepts in biological nomenclature. Being physical objects that can be re-studied by other researchers, types permanently link taxonomy (an artificial agreement to classify biological diversity) with nomenclature (an artificial agreement to name biological diversity). Two proposals to am...
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Nineteen new to science species of lichen forming fungi, i.e.: Agonimia ascendens S. Y. Kondr., L. Lokös et J.-S. Hur, A. sunchonensis S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, A. yongsangensis S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, Biatora loekoesiana S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, Caloplaca ivanpisutii S. Y. Kond., L. Lokös et J.-S. Hur, Candelariella makarevichiae S. Y. Kondr...
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We provide a phylogenetic revision of the Pseudocyphellaria crocata complex in the Americas. Specimens traditionally identified as P. crocata, based on their cyanobacterial photobiont, yellow pseudocyphellae, at least partially white medulla, and yellow soralia or soralia-like structures, are shown to represent 13 distinct species, forming a monoph...
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Cryptothecia austrocoreana is a new lichen species from South Korea. The species is characterized by the presence of a heteromerous thallus and faveolate ascigerous area (ascomata) immersed in a slightly raised thallus. The species has muriform ascospores, (4)6-8-spored 8-11 × 3-4 septate, (34)36-48(51) × (17)19-23(25) μm. Atranorin, chloroatranori...
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: Xanthoparmelia mougeotii is a usnic acid containing, small foliose, sorediate, parmelioid lichen species with a pantemperate distribution. In Europe it occurs in most countries especially in cool, humid, “suboceanic” habitats, mainly on acidic rocks, and rather sporadic in the continental areas, e.g. isolated populations in Slovakia (near Strečno...
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Eighteen new to science species, i.e.: 13 taxa from South Korea (Astroplaca loekoesiana S. Y. Kondr., E. Farkas, J.-J. Woo et J.-S. Hur, Buellia ulleungdoensis S. Y. Kondr., L. Lőkös et J.-S. Hur, Candelariella hakulinenii S. Y. Kondr., L. Lőkös et J.-S. Hur, Flavoplaca laszloana S. Y. Kondr. et J.-S. Hur, Lichenostigma epiporpidiae S. Y. Kondr., L...
Article
Trichonectria calopadiicola, a new lichenicolous fungus from tropical Africa is described. The species is the second member of nectrioid fungi known as parasitic on foliicolous lichens. It is characterized by often aggregated, dark reddish brown, subglobose, richly setose perithecia, covered by obtuse, septate, thick-walled setae, and by hyaline, n...
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Data on 54 new for China, India, Korea and Russia species of lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi, including 22 new for science taxa of lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi, i.e.: Acarospora ulleungdoensis, Amandinea trassii, Aspicilia geumodoensis, Biatora ivanpisutii, Caloplaca patwolseleyae, Catillaria ulleungdoensis, Coenogonium agonimieoid...
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Data on about 27 new for South Korea species of lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi, including one new for science genus Verseghya and 11 new for science species, i.e.: Agominia loekoesii, Lecanora pseudosambuci, Nectriopsis verseghyklarae, Polysporina golubkovae, Protoparmeliopsis zerovii, Psoroglaena chirisanensis, Pyrenopsis chejudoensis, Rop...
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Phaeophyscia esslingeri, a new species for science, is described from South Korea, Eastern Asia, compared with closely related taxa and illustrated with photographs. It is similar to Phaeophyscia hirtella, but diff ers by larger and light grey thallus, wider lobes, apothecia without a corona of dark rhizines around the base, shorter cortical hairs,...
Article
A total of 100 species of lichen-forming and lichenicolous fungi are enumerated from the small lichen collection of the late botany professor Andras Horanszky. Th e 250 specimens donated to the Hungarian Natural History Museum were collected primarily in Hungary and Austria, and secondarily from Germany, Serbia, and Slovenia. Th ese locality record...
Article
Farkas, E., Kursinszki, L., Szőke, É. & Molnár, K. 2015. New chemotypes of the lichens Xanthoparmelia pulvinaris and X. subdiffluens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). — Herzogia 28: 679–689. New chemotypes of Xanthoparmelia pulvinaris and X. subdiffluens containing norstictic acid were identified among many of the Hungarian collections of these species u...
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Two species of the foliicolous lichenized genus Lyromma so far known only from the Neotropics are reported for the first time from Africa. Lyromma multisetulatum, described from Bolivia and Brazil, was found recently in Kenya and Tanzania, and L. pilosum in Tanzania. Tanzanian specimens were discovered in lowland rainforest collections from 200 to...
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The checklist contains 135 names in current use for taxa of former Bacidia s. l. and 99 synonyms or invalid names. Place of description or new combination, basionym, synonyms, type, distribution is given for species. Type species, substrate, number of foliicolous species, systematic position, distribution is given for genera. Data are edited simila...
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The Tanzanian Mt Kanga was at first visited by Tamás Pócs in 1987 when he collected foliicolous lichens in lowland rainforest between 800 and 900 m elevation and in submontane rainforest between 900 and 1,250 m. Later, in 1989 he returned there with participants of the Nguru Mts expedition, when the author collected further lichens including foliic...
Article
The bibliography of foliicolous lichenised fungi is compiled, listing publications of the last 60 years following Santesson's world monograph on the foliicolous lichens. It consists of 708 scientific papers, journal publications, books, posters, exsiccates, dissertation manuscripts.
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The Hungarian lichenologist Ödön Szatala described 169 species and infraspecific taxa, with a majority of these being based on his own collections. He also described taxa from material sent to him for identification. In this study, original material for 27 names (Aspicilia latiloba, A. microspora var. astroidea, A. microspora var. insensibilis, A....
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Eleven new for science species of lichen-forming fungi, i.e.: Amandinea pseudomultispora, Buellia chujadoensis, Fuscidea coreana, F. extremorientalis, Hafellia extremorientalis, H. pseudosubnexa, Halecania subalpivaga, Lecanactis subdilleniana, Lecania chirisanensis, Maronella coreana, and Melanophloea coreana are described, illustrated and compare...
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The paper presents a new concept of conidial-ascosporic relationship in the foliicolous lichenized genus Lyromma and a revised key to species determination. Lyromma coronatum sp. nov. (Bolivia) is characterized by reduced perithecial appendages composed of clavate hyphae that form a crown around the ostiole. Lyromma multisetulatum sp. nov. (Bolivia...
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The foliicolous lichenized fungus Calopadia erythrocephala Farkas, Elix & Flakus, is described as new to science from the Atlantic submontane rainforests in Brazil. The species is very similar to C. puiggarii, but is distinguished by the presence of a red pigment in the campylidia, the darker apothecial discs and larger conidia. Fusarubin, the red...
Article
Though species of Xanthoparmelia are among the most widely studied groups, X. pulvinaris-a species that had been described from Hungary-has not been analysed regarding its genetics prior to our investigation. ThreeDNAsequences were gained from Hungarian material to make further phylogenetic analysis possible.
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Molnár, K. & Farkas, E. 2011: Depsides and depsidones in populations of the lichen Hypogymnia physodes and its genetic diversity. — Ann. Bot. Fennici 48: 473–482. The aim of this study was to determine the extent and geographical pattern of intraspe-cific chemical and genetic variability of the lichen Hypogymnia physodes by compar-ing populations f...
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Solenopsora candicans was an overlooked lichen species in Hungary. The two old localities were revisited (one of them could be confirmed) and five new occurrences were discovered. Its current distribution in Hungary is presented and discussed.
Article
Three common terricolous Toninia species (Toninia opuntioides, T. physaroides and T. sedifolia) - formerly kept under Toninia coeruleonigricans - were investigated in the same locality for comparison of various substrate parameters of their microhabitats. Classification and regression trees (CART) were used to examine the niche preference of these...
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The number of undescribed species of lichenized fungi has been estimated at roughly 10,000. Describing and cataloging these would take the existing number of taxonomists several decades; however, the support for taxonomy is in decline worldwide. In this paper we emphasize the dire need for taxonomic expertise in lichenology. We bring together 103 c...
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The number of undescribed species of lichenized fungi has been estimated at roughly 10,000. Describing and cataloging these would take the existing number of taxonomists several decades; however, the support for taxonomy is in decline worldwide. In this paper we emphasize the dire need for taxonomic expertise in lichenology. We bring together 103 c...
Article
Lichenes Delicati Exsiccati Editae of little, fine, special lichens is edited in honour of Antonín Vezda (1920-2008). The foliicolous lichens Coenogonium seychellense sp. n. and C. subdilucidum sp. n. were collected by Tamás Pócs, Fellhanera stanhopeae by Attila Borhidi, Lyromma dolicobelum of ascosporic state was found by Adam Flakus, Porina appla...
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Lichens are symbiotic organisms of fungi and algae or cyanobacteria. Lichen-forming fungi synthesize a great variety of secondary metabolites, many of which are unique. Developments in analytical techniques and experimental methods have resulted in the identification of about 1050 lichen substances (including those found in cultures). In addition t...
Article
The former Toninia coeruleonigricans now represents three almost equally frequent species in Hungary. Toninia opuntioides, T. physaroides and T. sedifolia were investigated in the same locality for comparison of various parameters of their microhabitats. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the niche preferences of these species. More than...
Article
Lobaria pulmonaria (lichen-forming fungi) in Hungary. – The foliose lichen-forming fun-gus, Lobaria pulmonaria had 72 herbarium records (BP, EGR, GODO, PECS, SZE, SZO) and 16 literature data accumulated in Hungary between 1799 and 1967. Verseghy listed it as a critically endangered species in 1994. As it was not collected during the last 4 decades,...
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Changing land use has a major impact on lichen diversity. This study attempts to identify patterns or trends of lichen functional groups along a land use gradient, ranging from natural forests to open agricultural landscape. In eight countries, covering six main European biogeographic regions, lichen vegetation was assessed according to a standardi...
Article
In the search for cost-effective methods for measuring and monitoring lichen diversity, we tested the performance of two possible indicators: lichen genus diversity and macrolichen diversity. We studied the lichen vegetation of eight European countries situated in six different biogeographic regions. In each country, six land-use units (each 1 km(2...
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Fifteen lichens are reported growing on living leaves in Trinidad of which four are new records for the Caribbean Islands, and nine from Trinidad & Tobago. The collections were made from two sites with different degrees of disturbance and only two species were common to both sites. This study suggests that lichens in this ecological niche have pote...
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Comments on 11 species of cyanophilic lichens are presented. A new combination Peccania cernohorskyi is proposed, commented on and typified. Anema nodulosum, A. prodigulum, Lempholemma intricatum, Leptogium ferax, Porocyphus rehmicus and Zahlbrucknerella calcarea are reported from Slovakia for the first time, Leptogium biatorinum and L. magnussonii...
Article
Sarcopyrenia gibba was discovered as new to Hungary recently. Specimens were collected throughout the country at 11 localities mainly on anthropogenic substrates (concrete, asbestos roof, stone walls, etc.) from 1982. The floristically new species seems to be spreading in Hungary probably due to the effect of urbanisation.
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For air pollution lichen mapping of Komarom (NW Hungary) 50 lichen taxa were collected at 84 sites between October 1997 and April 1999. Except for 3 species (Caloplaca decipiens, Evernia prunastri, Physcia tenella) all are new for the investigated area, as it was lichenol-ogically poorly known before. The occurrence of the most frequent species (Am...
Article
A brief historical account on the Hungarian lichenology is given in three stages. The early stage involves the oldest collections and the lichenological activity of F. Hazslinszky. In the mid-stage a separate, independent lichen collection was established in the Natural History Museum, and a rapid development of floristical and taxonomic research t...
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Bibliographic records are presented of 324 scientific papers on foliicolous lichenized fungi published subsequent to Santesson’s survey of 1952. The 482 species presently known are listed in an alphabetical checklist, with references to important descriptions, keys and illustrations published by or after Santesson (1952), and an indication of the d...
Article
Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. thalli were collected (together with the supporting bark) from four localities in Hungary in Budapest and in the Pilis Mountains NW from Budapest and studied using SEM-EDXRA methods. The surface, dorsal cortex, gonidial layer, medulla, ventral cortex and the supporting bark were analysed separately. Presence of Na, Mg,...
Article
Leptopelis uluquruensis Barbour & Loveridge an endemic Tanzanian treefrog species is recorded from the East Usambara Mountains. Possibility of foliicolous lichen mimicry of this species is discussed and illustrated.
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Five new foliicolous species ofDimerella Trevisan (Gyalectaceae) are reported from a collection of lichens from Tanzania:D. flavicans sp. n.,D. pocsii sp. n.,D. subdilucida sp. n. ad int.,D. tanzanica, sp. n. andD. usambarensis sp. n. A determination key is provided to all the known African foliicolous species.
Article
Rich collections of foliicolous lichens were made, especially from submontane and montane areas, in the Usambara Mountains of Tanzania during the Usambara Rain Forest Research Project expeditions in 1982, 1984 and 1985. An enumeration of the identified species is provided together with taxonomic, ecological and geographical notes. This first part t...
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The recent distribution of lichens in Budapest was examined and heavy metal concentrations in two lichen species were measured to indicate air pollution zones of Budapest. A lichen zone map was drawn according to the distribution of epiphytic lichen species. This map was compared to a sulphur dioxide zone map, to the distribution map of lichens com...
Article
AGUIRRE-HUDSON, B., FARKAS, E. & LŐKÖS, L. 2005. New records of Leptorhaphis and other ascomycete genera from the Carpathian basin (Europe). – Herzogia 18: 47–50. New distribution data are provided for taxa previously included in the genus Leptorhaphis within the lichen and mycological collections of the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest....
Article
Összeállítottuk a hazai zuzmók (lichenizált gombák) 196 nemzetséghez tartozó 864 fajának és a zuzmólakó mikrogombák 38 nemzetséghez tartozó 54 fajának revideált fajlistáját. Florisztikai kutatásaink eredményeként Magyarország flórájára 29 zuzmófajt és 3 mikrogombafajt újként mutattunk ki. Közreműködtünk 8 zuzmófaj (Cetraria aculeata, Cladonia arbus...

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The Carpathians are one of the main c